Virtual Storage Platform

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Virtual Storage Platform is the brand name for a Hitachi Data Systems line of computer data storage systems for data centers. Model numbers include G200, G400, G600, G800, G1000, and G1500.


Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform, also known as VSP was first introduced in September, 2010.[1] This storage platform builds on the design of Universal Storage Platform V, originally released in 2007.[2]


At the heart of the system is the HiStar E-Network, a network crossbar switch matrix. This storage platform is made up of different technologies than USP and USP V. The connectivity to back-end disks is via 6Gbit/s SAS links instead of 4Gbit/s Fibre Channel loop. The internal processors are now Intel multi-core processors, and in addition to 3.5-inch drives support has been added for 2.5 inch small-form factor HDDs. The VSP supports SSD, SAS and SATA drives.[3]

Features included:[4]

  • The ability for growth in three ways:
    • Scale up to meet increasing demands by dynamically adding processors, connectivity and capacity in a single unit. This enables tuning the configuration for optimal performance for both open systems and mainframe environments.
    • Scale out to meet demands by dynamically combining multiple units into a single logical system with shared resources. Support increased needs in virtualized server environments and ensure safe multitenancy and quality of service through partitioning of cache and ports.
    • Scale deep to extend the functions of Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform to multivendor storage through virtualization. Offload less-critical data to external tiers in order to optimize the availability of the tier one resources.
  • Supports automated storage tiering, known as Dynamic Tiering, to automate the movement of data between tiers to optimize performance.
  • Front to back cooling airflow for more efficient cooling
  • Improved capacity per square foot and lower power consumption compared to the USP V.
  • Enables virtualization of external SAN storage from Hitachi and other vendors into one pool
  • Supports online local and distance replication and migration of data nondisruptively internally and between heterogeneous storage, without interrupting application I/O through use of products such as Tiered Storage Manager, ShadowImage, TrueCopy and Universal Replicator.
  • Single image global cache accessible across all virtual storage directors for maximum performance.[5]
  • Automated wide-striping of data, which allows pool balancing and lets volume grow or shrink dynamically.[5]
  • The system can scale between one and six 19-inch rack cabinets. It can hold a maximum of 2,048 SAS high-density 2.5-inch drives for 1.2 petabytes of capacity, or 1,280 3.5-inch SATA drives for a maximum capacity of 2.5 petabytes.[6]
  • Supports thin provisioning and storage reclamation on internal and external virtual storage
  • Provides encryption, WORM and data shredding services, data resilience and business continuity services and content management services.


Virtual Storage Platform specifications in 2010 were:[7][8]

  • Frames (19-inch racks) - Integrated Control Chassis/Disk Chassis Frame (2) and up to 4 optional Disk Chassis Frames
  • HiStar-E Network - Number of grid switches 4 pair (8)
  • Aggregate bandwidth (GB/sec) - 192
  • Aggregate IOPS - 5,600,000
  • Cache Memory
    • Number of data cache adapters (DCA) 2-16
    • Module capacity 2-8GB
    • Maximum cache memory 1,024GB
  • Control Memory
    • Number of control memory modules 2-8
    • Module capacity 2-4GB
    • Maximum control memory 32GB
  • Front End Directors (Connectivity)
    • Number of Directors 2-24
    • Fibre Channel host ports per Director - 8 or 16
    • Fibre Channel port performance - 2, 4, 8 Gbit/s
    • Maximum Fibre Channel host ports - 192
    • Virtual host ports - 1,024 per physical port
    • Maximum IBM FICON host ports - 192
    • Maximum IBM FCoE host ports - 96
  • Logical Devices (LUNs) — Maximum Supported
    • Open systems 65,536
    • IBM z/OS 65,536
  • Disks
    • Type: Flash 200GB (2.5"), 400GB (3.5")
    • Type: SAS 146, 300, 600GB (2.5")
    • Type: SATA II 2TB
    • Number of disks per system (max) 2.5" - 2,048; 3.5" - 1,280
    • Number spare disks per system (min-max) 1-256
    • Maximum Internal Raw Capacity - (2TB disks) 2.52PB
    • RAID 1, 5, 6 support
    • Maximum internal and external capacity 255PB
    • Max. Usable Internal capacity RAID-5 (7D+1P)
      • OPEN-V 2,080.8TB
      • z/OS 3390M 2,192.2TB
    • Max. Usable Internal Capacity RAID-6 (6D+2P)
      • OPEN-V 1,879TB
      • z/OS 3390M 1,779.7TB
    • Max. Usable Internal Capacity RAID-1+0 (2D+2D)
      • OPEN-V 1,256.6TB
      • z/OS 3390M 1,190.2TB
  • Virtual Storage Machines 32 max
  • Back End Directors 2-8
  • Operating System Support
    • Mainframe
      • IBM: z/OS, z/OS.e, OS/390, z/VM, VM/ESA, zVSE, VSE/ESA, MVS/XA, MVS/ESA, TPF, Linux for IBM S/390 and zSeries;
    • Open systems
      • HP: HP-UX, Tru64 UNIX, Open VMS
      • IBM: AIX
      • Microsoft: Windows Server 2000, 2003, 2008
      • Novell: NetWare, SUSE Linux
      • Red Hat: Enterprise Linux
      • Oracle: Solaris
      • VMware: ESX Server

Storage Management[edit]

Hitachi Command Suite (formerly Hitachi Storage Command Suite) delivers management along three dimensions in support of the system as it does for all of the company's systems. 3D management simplifies operations and lowers costs along three distinct dimensions:

  • Manage up to scale with the largest infrastructure deployments
  • Manage out with breadth to manage storage, servers and the IT infrastructure
  • Manage deep with the integration required to manage the multivendor resources of today’s complex data centers

Command Suite provides integrated storage resource management, tiered storage and business continuity software solutions allowing customers to align their storage with application requirements based upon metrics including Quality-of-Service, Service Level Objectives, Recovery Time Objectives and Recovery Point Objectives.[9] Hitachi Command Suite employs a use case-driven, step-by-step wizard-based approach that allows administrators to perform tasks such as new volume provisioning, configuration of external storage, and creation/expansion of storage pools easily on the fly.[10]

Hitachi Command Suite is composed of the following software products:[11]

  • Hitachi Basic Operating System[12]
    • Hitachi Dynamic Provisioning
    • Hitachi Device Manager
    • Hitachi Dynamic Link Manager Advanced
  • Hitachi Basic Operating System V[13]
    • Hitachi Universal Volume Manager
  • Hitachi Dynamic Tiering
  • Hitachi Command Director
  • Hitachi Storage Capacity Reporter, powered by APTARE
  • Hitachi Tiered Storage Manager
  • Hitachi Tuning Manager
  • Hitachi Virtual Server Reporter, powered by APTARE

Hitachi Command Suite also supports management interfaces such as SNMP and SMI-S.[14]


  1. ^ "Hitachi Data Systems Unveils the World's First 3D Scaling Storage Platform for Unprecedented Cost Savings and Agility". Hitachi Data Systems l. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  2. ^ "Hitachi Data Systems Unveils 3D Scaling Storage Platform". Network Computing. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  3. ^ "HDS unveils 3D scaling with revamped flagship: the Virtual Storage Platform" (PDF). the 451 Group. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  4. ^ "Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform Datasheet" (PDF). Hitachi Data Systems. February 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform Overview" (PDF). Hitachi Data Systems. September 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 9, 2010. Retrieved October 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Hitachi launches top-end storage array". ZDNet. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  7. ^ "Virtual Storage Platform Product Page". Hitachi Data Systems l. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  8. ^ "Hitachi VSP (Virtual Storage Platform) & Command Suite 7– Technology, Comparisons, Architecture". StorageNerve. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 
  9. ^ "Hitachi Command Suite Overview" (PDF). Hitachi Data Systems. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  10. ^ "The Evolution of the Data Center and the Role of Virtualized Infrastructure and Unified 3D Management" (PDF). IDC. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  11. ^ "Hitachi Command Suite Overview" (PDF). Hitachi Data Systems. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  12. ^ "One Set of Management Tools for All Hitachi Storage Systems". Hitachi Data Systems. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  13. ^ "Hitachi Command Suite Overview" (PDF). Hitachi Data Systems. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  14. ^ "Hitachi Data Systems and SMI-S". Hitachi Data Systems l. Retrieved 2010-03-24.