Virtual machine escape
In computer security, virtual machine escape is the process of breaking out of a virtual machine and interacting with the host operating system. A virtual machine is a "completely isolated guest operating system installation within a normal host operating system". In 2008, a vulnerability (CVE-2008-0923) in VMware discovered by Core Security Technologies made VM escape possible on VMWare Workstation 6.0.2 and 5.5.4. A fully working exploit labeled Cloudburst was developed by Immunity Inc. for Immunity CANVAS (commercial penetration testing tool). Cloudburst was presented in Black Hat USA 2009.
Previous known vulnerabilities
- CVE-2007-1744 Directory traversal vulnerability in shared folders feature for VMware
- CVE-2008-0923 Directory traversal vulnerability in shared folders feature for VMware
- CVE-2009-1244 Cloudburst: VM display function in VMware
- CVE-2012-0217 The x86-64 kernel system-call functionality in Xen 4.1.2 and earlier
- CVE-2014-0983 Oracle VirtualBox 3D acceleration multiple memory corruption
- CVE-2015-3456 VENOM: buffer-overflow in QEMU's virtual floppy disk controller
- CVE-2015-7835 Xen Hypervisor: Uncontrolled creation of large page mappings by PV guests
- CVE-2016-6258 Xen Hypervisor: The PV pagetable code has fast-paths for making updates to pre-existing pagetable entries, to skip expensive re-validation in safe cases (e.g. clearing only Access/Dirty bits). The bits considered safe were too broad, and not actually safe.
- CVE-2016-7092 Xen Hypervisor: Disallow L3 recursive pagetable for 32-bit PV guests
- CVE-2017-0075 Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
- CVE-2017-0109 Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
- What is VM Escape? - The Lone Sysadmin
- "Virtual Machines: Virtualization vs. Emulation". Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- Core Security Technologies
- Researcher: Critical vulnerability found in VMware's desktop apps | ZDNet
- Hacking Tool Lets A VM Break Out And Attack Its Host - Dark Reading
- Black Hat ® Technical Security Conference: USA 2009 // Briefings
- Cloudburst (Hacking 3D And Breaking Out Of Vmware) Blackhat 2009 (Video)
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