Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna
|Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna|
Unipol Arena – 9,513|
PalaDozza – 5,570
|Main sponsor||Segafredo Zanetti|
|Head coach||Stefano Sacripanti|
|Team captain||Brian Qvale|
15 Italian Championships|
8 Italian Cups
1 Saporta Cup
1 Italian Supercup
1 Italian LNP Cup
1 Serie A2 Basket
|Retired numbers||3 (4, 5, 10)|
Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna, known for sponsorship reasons as Virtus Segafredo Bologna, is an Italian professional basketball club based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna. The club was founded in 1929, which makes it the oldest club in Italy and one of the oldest one in Europe. Virtus is the second most titled basketball club in Italy after Olimpia Milano, having won 15 Italian national championships, 8 Italian National Cups and 1 Italian Supercup. Moreover it is one of the most successful team in Europe, having won two EuroLeague Championships and a Cup Winners' Cup. It currently plays in the Italian first division LBA as well as in the Basketball Champions League.
Some of the club's star players over the years have included: Renato Villalta, Jim McMillian, Krešimir Ćosić, Micheal Ray Richardson, Roberto Brunamonti, Predrag Danilović, Zoran Savić, Radoslav Nesterovič, Antoine Rigaudeau, Manu Ginóbili and Matjaž Smodiš.
- 1 History
- 2 Logos
- 3 Arena
- 4 Honours
- 5 Season by season
- 6 Top performances in European & Worldwide competitions
- 7 The road to the European Cup victories
- 8 Players
- 9 Notable players
- 10 Head coaches
- 11 Sponsorship names
- 12 Kit manufacturer
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Beginnings and first championships
Virtus was founded in 1871 as a gymnastics club, forming its first professional basketball team in 1929 as part of a multi sports club. The team's home court was the former church of Santa Lucia in the city center. The first official championship of Virtus dates back to 1934, the year in which the Bolognese team won the first division tournament, obtaining the promotion in the top tournament after a hard-fought group of play-offs against Unione Sportiva of Milan and Ginnastica Rome. After the promotion, Virtus settled permanently at the top of the national basketball league, and achieved a long series of honorable placings: in the nine championships disputed from 1935 to the outbreak of the Second World War, the Black V collected 6 second places, 2 third places and a sixth place.
At the end of the world war, the Santa Lucia was no longer available for basketball games and after a brief period of outdoor matches on a field in Via del Ravone, the team moved to Sala Borsa, the city's stock exchange, readjusted in the evening for basketball matches. This unusual venue became the hallmark of a new Italian basketball season, compared to the worldwide famous Boston Garden. Right here in 1945, Virtus, led by Achille Canna, Luigi Rapini and Antonio Calebotta, won its first national Serie A title, adding the next three editions as well. The Black V won the national title again in 1955 and 1956, achieving a so-called "back-to-back". During the 1950s the long-time rivalry with Olimpia Milano began, as also the first derbies with Gira and Moto Morini.
Due to the increasingly fame of Virtus, the Sala Borsa was no longer suitable for hosting games; so in 1956, the long-time Mayor of Bologna, Giuseppe Dozza, inaugurated a new arena, which was simply known as "Sports Hall" and had a seating capacity of more than 7,000 people. The arena was later nicknamed Il Madison, after New York's Madison Square Garden and, in 1966, after Dozza's retirement from politics, it was re-named "PalaDozza".
During 1960s and 1970s
The 1960s have been an unfortunate decade for Virtus. The Bolognese team did not win any national title and the Italian basketball was dominated by its historic rivals, Olimpia Milano and Ignis Varese. The turning point came from 1968, when the lawyer Gianluigi Porelli was appointed by the then president of the multi-sport club, Elkan, at the head of the basketball section. Alternately nicknamed "Torquemada" or "Robespierre" for his quick and often dictatorial methods, or, more frequently, L'Avvocato ("The Lawyer"), Porelli has been one of the most prominent figures in the history of Virtus, which through initiatives often unpopular but almost always winning, definitively ferried towards professionalism.
As soon as he arrived, at only 38 years old, Porelli cleaned up the old managers and sold the best player of the time, Gianfranco Lombardi, unleashing a popular uprising that even ended up in court. Soon after, in 1970, thanks to Porelli, Virtus was also one of the main proponents and founders of the Lega Basket, the governing body of the top-tier level professional Italian basketball league. In the same year, Virtus broke away from the multi sports club and became a joint-stock company. Thanks to this choice, which was highly criticized, Porelli definitively healed the finances and in 1973 opened a new season of triumphs, thanks to a partnership with Sinudyne, a famous Italian domestic appliances company, and especially with the engagement of the young American coach Dan Peterson, coming from the Chile's national basketball team. Virtus immediately won its first Italian Cup in 1973/74 and, after two years, its seventh national championship, thanks to the leadership of players like Terry Driscoll, Carlo Caglieris, Gianni Bertolotti, Marco Bonamico and Luigi Serafini. In 1978 coach Peterson moved to Olimpia Milano and the former player Terry Driscoll was appointed new head coach. Under him, Virtus won two consecutive national titles in 1979 and 1980. The most important players of that back-to-back were Renato Villalta, Jim McMillian, and Krešimir Ćosić.
Returning to the top in Italy, the Black V attempted to become a major team in Europe too, and in 1981 they reached the final of the Champions Cup in Strasbourg. However they lost by only one point against Maccabi Tel Aviv, after a very contested game and dubious referee's choices. After the defeat in the Cup, Porelli hired Aleksandar Nikolić, worldwide known as "The Professor". The team was composed also by young and talented Italians like Roberto Brunamonti and Augusto Binelli. Despite his fame, Nikolić did not succeed in brining Virtus back to title, so in 1983, Alberto Bucci, a 35 years-old man from Bologna, became the new head coach. Under Bucci, Virtus won its tenth national championship, defeating Peterson's Olimpia in a historic final, always remembered as one of the best in Italian basketball history. In the same year, the team completed a domestic double by adding a National Cup.
In 1988, Porelli hired Bob Hill, who was New York Knicks' head coach until the previous season. Hill brought in Italy two former NBA players: Micheal Ray Richardson, a NBA All-Star and former player for NY Knicks and New Jersey Nets, who was banned from the NBA for violations of the league's drug policy, and Clemon Johnson, 1983 NBA champion with the Philadelphia 76ers, who notable played also for Indiana Pacers and Seattle SuperSonics. In 1988/89 Virtus won its third Italian Cup but it was defeated in the semi-final for the national championship.
In the following summer, Hill resigned from his post, and his assistant, the 30 years-old Ettore Messina, was appointed new head coach. The Black V won the Italian Cup again and on 13 March 1990 won its first European title, the Cup Winners' Cup, the second-tier level European-wide competition, defeating the Real Madrid coached by George Karl. The final was characterized by an outstanding performance of Richardson, capable of scoring 29 points.
The Golden Age of 1990s
In 1991, Alfredo Cazzola, a local trade fair entrepreneur, became the new president of Virtus. After two consecutive defeats in national semi-finals, Cazzola hired Predrag Danilović, a young Yugoslav player who won the latest Champions Cup with Partizan Belgrade. Under the strong leadership of Danilović, the team immediately won another national championship with Ettore Messina as head coach. However, on the following year, Messina became the new coach of Italy's national basketball team and Alberto Bucci, returned to coach Virtus, with whom he had won a national champion in 1984. Virtus won the scudetto again in 1994 and 1995, accomplishing a three-peat. In the same years, the team took part in the McDonald's Championship, an international cup competition between NBA and European teams, where Virtus was slightly defeated by Phoenix Suns Houston Rockets.
After the three-peat, Danilović left Virtus for the Miami Heat and without its Yugoslav leader, the Bolognese team won only an Italian Supercup for 1995/96 and its fifth Italian Cup on the following year. In 1996 Kinder, a product brand line of Italian confectionery multinational Ferrero SpA, became the new sponsor of Virtus, while in 1997, the team moved to PalaMalaguti, an indoor sporting arena in Casalecchio di Reno with a seating capacity of more than 8,000 people, leaving PalaDozza after almost 40 years. In the same year, with the return of Messina and Danilović, the team was completed with important international players like Zoran Savić, Radoslav Nesterovič, Antoine Rigaudeau, Hugo Sconochini, Alessandro Frosini and Alessandro Abbio. On 23 April 1998, Virtus won its first EuroLeague, defeating AEK Athens in Barcelona. While on 31 May, Virtus conquered its 14th national title, defeating in Game 5 of the final, Fortitudo Bologna. At twenty seconds from the end of the game, with Fortitudo leading by 4, Danilović scored a three-points shot and at the same time suffered a foul by Dominique Wilkins, completing the so-called “four-point shot”. Than Virtus would won the match in the over time. The 1998 final between Virtus and Fortiudo is widely considered as the greatest one in the history of Italian basketball, with two teams from the same city, which were among the best ones in the continent. During this period, Bologna was nicknamed "Basket City", due to the fame and the wins of town's two teams.
In the following season, Virtus won its 7th Italian Cup but lost in the EuroLeague final against Zalgiris Kaunas of Tyus Edney and was eliminated in the semi-finals for the national championship. Under Cazzola's presidency and thanks to the leaderships of Danilović and coach Messina, the 1990s were considered the "Golden Age" of Virtus, which collected four national titles, two Italian Cups, a Cup Winners' Cup and a EuroLeague, becoming one the most notable and successful team in Europe.
Glory, fall and rebirth through 2000s
In 2000, Marco Madrigali, a video game entrepreneur, became the new president of the club. New players, like Marko Jarić, Manu Ginóbili, Matjaž Smodiš, Rashard Griffith and David Andersen arrived in Bologna; while at the beginning of the season, Sasha Danilović suddenly announced his retirement from basketball. The absence of a strong leader like Danilović and the subsequent ban for doping of another historic player like Hugo Sconochini, forced every single player of the team to take more responsibility, but at the same time opened spaces to the immature and talented newcomers, free to show their abilities and experience at a high level. After a though beginning, the season had a turning point during the Christmas derby against Fortitudo, which was soundly won by the Balck V by 99–62. From then, Virtus started an outstanding season, characterized by an unrepeatable group capable of beating every record and becoming one of the strongest European teams of all time and, according to many, the strongest ever. After the double in 1998, in 2000/01 season, Virtus completed a Triple Crown (known in Italy as Grande Slam), winning the Italian Cup, the EuroLeague against Tau Vitoria and the national title, beating Fortitudo 3–0. Manu Ginóbili was named the 2001 Euroleague Finals MVP and Italian League MVP.
On the following year, Virtus won the Italian Cup, but after some defeats Madrigali fired Messina. However, after a peaceful field invasion by Virtus supporters before a match against Pallacanestro Trieste, Madrigali was forced to re-hire him. Despite this, the team lost the EuroLeague final, which was held in PalaMalaguti, against the Panathinaikos B.C. of Dejan Bodiroga, and was eliminated in the semi-finals for the national championship by the Benetton Treviso.
In 2003, Ginóbili moved to the NBA, where he played for the San Antonio Spurs, and Ettore Messina was hired by Benetton, thus Bogdan Tanjević was appointed new head coach. After a soundly defeat in Fabriano, Tanjević was replaced by Valerio Bianchini, who failed in reaching the playoffs (for the first time in Virtus history) but succeeded in saving the team from relegation. However, suffering from serious financial problems, mainly caused by the failure of Madrigali's video game company CTO SpA, Virtus was excluded from the Serie A in August 2003, after missing payments to players, first of all the young Slovenian Sani Bečirovič. The bankruptcy was avoided thanks to the intervention of a local trade fair entrepreneur, Claudio Sabatini, who transacted all the debts of the club, after agreements with creditors and took over the company from Madrigali. Sabatini acquired also the team Progresso Castelmaggiore, from a small town in Bologna's hinterland, which played in Serie A2 and sponsored the new team with FuturVirtus brand, guaranteeing therefore the continuity of the glorious name "Virtus" despite the exclusion from the championships. In 2003/04, FuturVirtus did not reach the promotion in Serie A, losting 3–0 in the final series of playoffs from Aurora Jesi. However, during the summer 2004 the club obtained the re-affiliation to the Italian Basketball Federation and the right to use the name "Virtus Pallacanestro" again. The Black V, led by Corey Brewer and A.J. Guyton, returned to the top division in 2004, defeating 3–0 the Premiata Montegranaro.
After two years, in 2006-07 season, Virtus, led by Travis Best and coach Zare Markovski, reached the Italian Cup final, losing against Benetton Treviso, qualified for the playoffs after a five-year absence, and reached the championship finals, being defeated 3–0 by Montepaschi Siena. The Black V reached the EuroCup semifinals, where it was defeated by the Ukrainian team Azovmash Mariupol. In the following year, the team was suddenly reshaped and Markovski was fired by Sabatini, whose presidency was characterized by his fickle nature, which led him in implementing oftenly unpopular choices. Virtus participated to the EuroLeague, but arrived last in the Group A, winning only two games out of 14. In 2009 the team was completely renewed with prominent players like the former NBA player Earl Boykins, Keith Langford, Sharrod Ford and Dušan Vukčević. Under the coaching of Matteo Boniciolli, the Black V added another trophy to their showcase, with the European third tier EuroChallenge, with 21 points from Finals MVP Keith Langford in the final against Cholet Basket. However the team lost the Italian Cup final against Siena and was eliminated in the first round of national playoff by Treviso. Boniciolli was immediately fired by president Sabatini and the team was reshaped again during summer.
Relegation and return to Europe in 2010s
In July 2010, Sabatini sold Virtus to a foundation of local entrepreneurs, however he remained as CEO and de facto general manager. After years of poor success, Sabatini definitively exited from the club and in 2013, Renato Villalta, a former Virtus star, was appointed president. In 2014, Virtus returned to the playoffs, thanks to an outstanding season of his top-scorers Allan Ray, Jeremy Hazell and Okaro White. In the following year Villalta was abruptly removed from his post and Bertolini was appointed president by the foundation. After few months, Bertolini was replaced too by Alberto Bucci, the former Virtus coach, who won three national titles with the Black V between 1980s and 1990s. However, the season was characterized by a serious injury to team captain, Allan Ray, and the substitute players hired by the club failed to adequately replace the injured top-player. On 4 May 2016, at the end of the regular season the team ranked 16th and last, therefore it was relegated to Serie A2 Basket for the first time in its history.
In the summer, president Bucci announced Alessandro Ramagli, as new head coach of Virtus. The club built a good team for the league, led by important players such as Guido Rosselli, Klaudio Ndoja, Michael Umeh and Kenny Lawson. During the season there was also a big change in ownership: the coffee entrepreneur and former politician, Massimo Zanetti, owner of Segafredo, who was also team's sponsor, became a majority shareholder of the club. Virtus ended second in the regular season behind Treviso and on 19 June 2017 won the playoffs, beating Trieste by 3–0, thus returned to the maximum series after only one year. During the play-offs the Black V returned after more than twenty years to Bologna's historic arena, PalaDozza, which became the new official home court in the following season.
In summer 2017, the club hired two of the most prominent Italian players, Pietro Aradori and Alessandro Gentile, as well as two international players like Marcus Slaughter and Oliver Lafayette. Despite good premises, the team was eliminated in the first round of Italian Cup's Final Eight and failed to qualify for the championship playoffs. The 2018/19 season began with the appointment of Alessandro Dalla Salda as new club's CEO and the hire of Stefano Sacripanti as new head coach. Moreover, the club signed, among others, Tony Taylor, Kevin Punter and Brian Qvale, to partecipate in the Basketball Champions League, which was Virtus's first European competition after ten years.
Since its foundation, Virtus Bologna has changed several home arenas. Each of them was more than just a basketball court, rather a real "house" of the Black V, marking, in the period when they were used, a different era of the long history of society:
- 1934–1946: Church of Santa Lucia (former Catholic church, nowadays it is the auditoriom of the University of Bologna)
- 1946: Court of Via Ravone (outdoor field used after WW2)
- 1946–1957: Sala Borsa (city's stock exchange, nowadays it is a library)
- 1957–1996: PalaDozza (known as "Sports Hall" until 1966)
- 1996–2017: Unipol Arena (known as "PalaMalaguti" until 2008 and "Futurshow Station" until 2011)
- 2017–present : PalaDozza and Unipol Arena
Total titles: 28
- Winners (15): 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1975–76, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1983–84, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1997–98, 2000–01
- Runners-up (16): 1935–36, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1942–43, 1949–50, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1980–81, 2006–07
- Winners (8): 1973–74, 1983–84, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1996–97, 1998–99, 2000–01, 2001–02
- Runners-up (6): 1992–93, 1999–00, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10
- Winners (1): 1995
- Runners-up (7): 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2009, 2010
- Winners (1): 2017
- Winners (1): 2016–17
- Winners (2): 1997–98, 2000–01
- Runners-up (3): 1980–81, 1998–99, 2001–02
- 4th place (1): 1979–80
- Final Four (3): 1998, 1999, 2002
- Winners (1): 2008–09
- Winners (1): 2000–01
Season by season
Top performances in European & Worldwide competitions
|1979-80||Semi-final group stage||4th place in a group with Maccabi Elite, Real Madrid, Bosna, Nashua EBBC and Partizan|
|1980-81||Final||lost to Maccabi Elite 79-80 in the final (Strasbourg)|
|1984-85||Semi-final group stage||6th place in a group with Cibona, Real Madrid, Maccabi Elite, CSKA Moscow and Banco di Roma Virtus|
|1991-92||Quarter-finals||eliminated 2-1 by Partizan, 65-78 (L) in Belgrade, 61-60 (W) and 65-69 (L) in Bologna|
|1992-93||Quarter-finals||eliminated 2-0 by Real Madrid, 56-76 (L) in Bologna and 58-79 (L) in Madrid|
|1993-94||Quarter-finals||eliminated 2-1 by Olympiacos, 77-64 (W) in Bologna, 69-89 (L) and 62-65 (L) in Piraeus|
|1994-95||Quarter-finals||eliminated 2-1 by Panathinaikos, 85-68 (W) in Bologna, 55-63 (L) and 56-99 (L) in Athens|
|1997-98||Champions||defeated Partizan 83-61 in the semi-final, defeated AEK 58-44 in the final of the Final Four in Barcelona|
|1998-99||Final||defeated Teamsystem Bologna 62-57 in the semi-final, lost to Žalgiris 74-82 in the final (Munich)|
|2000-01||Champions||defeated 3-2 Tau Cerámica, 65-78 (L) and 94-73 (W) in Bologna, 80-60 (W) and 79-96 (L) in Vitoria-Gasteiz, finally 82-74 (W) in Bologna|
|2001-02||Final||defeated Benetton Treviso 90-82 in the semi-final, lost to Panathinaikos 83-89 in the final (Bologna)|
|1974-75||Quarter-finals||3rd place in a group with Spartak Leningrad, Jugoplastika and Moderne|
|1977-78||Final||lost to Gabetti Cantù 82-84 in the final (Milan)|
|1978-79||Semi-finals||eliminated by EBBC, 85-73 (W) in Bologna and 92-105 (L) in Den Bosch after two overtimes|
|1981-82||Semi-finals||eliminated by Real Madrid, 78-79 (L) in Bologna and 94-107 (L) in Madrid|
|1989-90||Champions||defeated Real Madrid 79-74 in the final of European Cup Winner's Cup in Florence|
|1990-91||Quarter-finals||3rd place in a group with Dynamo Moscow, Pitch Cholet and Ovarense|
|1999-00||Final||lost to AEK 76-83 in the final (Lausanne)|
|1975-76||Semi-finals||eliminated by Jugoplastika, 83-74 (W) in Split and 79-92 (L) in Bologna|
|2006-07||Final Four||3rd place in Girona, lost to Azovmash 73-74 in the semi-final, defeated MMT Estudiantes 80-62 in the 3rd place game|
|2008-09||Champions||defeated Proteas EKA AEL 83-69 in the semi-final, defeated Cholet 77-75 in the final of the Eurochallenge Final Four in Bologna|
|1993||Final||defeated Limoges 101-85 in the semi-final, lost to Phoenix Suns 90-112 in the final (Munich)|
|1995||Final||defeated Real Madrid 102-96 in the semi-final, lost to Houston Rockets 112-126 in the final (London)|
The road to the European Cup victories
1989–90 FIBA European Cup Winner's Cup
1997–98 FIBA Euroleague
Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.
|Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna roster|
Updated: October 3, 2018
- 4 – Roberto Brunamonti (PG, 1982–1996)
- 5 – Predrag Danilović (G, 1992–1995, 1997–2000)
- 10 – Renato Villalta (C, 1976–1989)
Other notable players
- Renzo Poluzzi - 2 seasons: 1948-1950
- Dino Fontana - 1 season: '50-'51
- Venzo Vannini - 1 season: '51-'52
- Larry Strong - 1 season: '52-'53
- Giancarlo Marinelli - 1 season: '53-'54
- Larry Strong - 1 season: '54-'55
- Vittorio Tracuzzi - 5 seasons: '55-'60
- Eduard Kucharski - 3 seasons: '60-'63
- Mario Alesini - 3 seasons: '63-'66
- Jaroslav Sip - 1 1/2 seasons: '66-'68
- Renzo Ranuzzi - 1/2 season: '68-'69
- Nello Paratore - 1 season: '69-'70
- Vittorio Tracuzzi - 1 1/2 seasons: '70-'71
- Nico Messina - 1 1/2 seasons: '71-'73
- Dan Peterson - 5 seasons: '73-'78
- Terry Driscoll - 2 seasons: '78-'80
- Ettore Zuccheri - 1/2 season: '80-'81
- Renzo Ranuzzi - 1/2 season: '81
- Aleksandar Nikolić - 1 season: '81-'82
- George Bisacca - 1/2 season: '82
- Mauro Di Vincenzo - 1/2 season: '82-'83
- Alberto Bucci - 2 seasons: '83-'85
- Alessandro Gamba - 2 seasons: '85-'87
- Krešimir Ćosić - 1 season: '87-'88
- Bob Hill - 1 season: '88-'89
- Ettore Messina - 4 seasons: '89-'93
- Alberto Bucci - 3 1/2 seasons: '93-'97
- Lino Frattin - 1/2 season: '97
- Ettore Messina - 5 seasons: '97-'2002
Giordano Consolini - 2 games: '01-'02
- Bogdan Tanjević - 1/2 season: '02
- Valerio Bianchini - 1/2 season: '02-'03
- Giampiero Ticchi - 1/2 season: '03
- Alberto Bucci - 1 season: '03-'04
- Giordano Consolini - 1 season: '04-'05
- Zare Markovski - 2 seasons: '05-'07
- Stefano Pillastrini - 1/2 season: '07
- Renato Pasquali - 1/2 season: '08
- Matteo Boniciolli - 1 season: '08-'09
- Lino Lardo - 2 seasons: '09-'11
- Alessandro Finelli - 2 seasons: '11-'13
- Luca Bechi - 1 season: '13-'14
- Giorgio Valli - 2 season: '14-'16
- Alessandro Ramagli - 2 season: '16-'18
- Stefano Sacripanti - 1 season: '18-present
Throughout the years, due to sponsorship, the club has been known as :
- Minganti Bologna (1953–1958)
- Oransoda Bologna (1958–1960)
- Idrolitina Bologna (1960–1961)
- Virtus Bologna (1961–1962)
- Knorr Bologna (1962–1965)
- Candy Bologna (1965–1969)
- Virtus Bologna (1969–1970)
- Norda Bologna (1970–1974)
- Sinudyne Bologna (1974–1983)
- Granarolo Bologna (1983–1986)
- Dietor Bologna (1986–1988)
- Knorr Bologna (1988–1993)
- Buckler Beer Bologna (1993–1996)
- Kinder Bologna (1996-2002)
- Virtus Bologna (2002–2003)
- Carisbo Bologna (2003–2004)
- Caffè Maxim Bologna (2004–2005)
- VidiVici Bologna (2005–2007)
- La Fortezza Bologna [Domestically] (2007–2009)
- VidiVici Bologna [European competition] (2007–2008)
- Virtus BolognaFiere [European competition]) (2008–2009)
- Canadian Solar Bologna (2009–2012)
- SAIE3 Bologna (2012–2013)
- Oknoplast Bologna (2013)
- Granarolo Bologna (2013–2015)
- Obiettivo Lavoro Bologna (2015–2016)
- Segafredo Bologna (2016–present)
- Majority Shareholder
- "Obiettivo Lavoro e Virtus: facciamo squadra insieme" [Obiettivo Lavora and Virtus: we form a team together]. Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna (in Italian). 18 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Champions Cup 1965-66
- Euroleague mourns ULEB founder Gianluigi Porelli.
- Il mito delle Vu Nere
- "Virtus VidiVici - Club profile". Euroleague. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Basket, venti anni fa il tiro impossibile di Danilovic: e la Virtus beffò la Fortitudo
- Basket city, i migliori giocatori della storia della Virtus
- Le squadre più forti di sempre: la Virtus del Triplete di Messina
- Il Grande Slam della Virtus Kinder
- Virtus, Grande Slam. Lo Scudetto dopo l'Europa
- Manu Ginoboli Info Page – Bio Archived 24 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine., nba.com. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
- "Virtus Bologna is no more."La Gazzetta dello Sport, Roma, 4 August 2003. Retrieved on 3 June 2015.(in Italian)
- "Virtus is out, Messina retaken.", Messaggero Veneto – Giornale del Friuli via Lega Basket, 1 September 2003. Retrieved on 3 June 2015.(in Italian)
- "Virtus BolognaFiere beat brave Cholet". FIBA Europe. 26 April 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Virtus Bologna, Renato Villalta accetta l'incarico di Presidente
- "Virtus Bologna relegated for the first time". Eurohoops. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
- Zanetti conquista la Virtus. È il primo socio con il 40%
- Zanetti conquista la Virtus
- Virtus Segafredo-Ambalt Recanati, Virtus.it, Retrieved 23 March 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna.|
- Official website (in Italian)
- Historical record and names at Lega Basket Serie A Retrieved 27 June 2015 (in Italian)