Visa policy of Turkey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The visa policy of Turkey deals with the requirements which a foreign national wishing to enter Turkey must meet to be permitted to travel to, enter and remain in the country.[1]

Visitors to Turkey must obtain a visa from one of the Turkish diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the 91 visa-exempt countries and territories or one of the 28 countries and territories whose citizens are eligible to apply for an electronic visa. Turkish visas are documents issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its subsequent diplomatic missions abroad with the stated goal of regulating and facilitating migratory flows.[2][3]

Visitors of most nationalities must hold a passport valid for no less than 150 days from the date of arrival. The passport validity requirement does not apply to citizens of Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland who can enter with a passport expired for less than five years, citizens of Germany who can enter with a passport or an ID card expired for less than one year, citizens of Bulgaria who are only required to have a passport valid for their period of stay.[4] An identity card is accepted in lieu of a passport for citizens of Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Northern Cyprus, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland and Ukraine. The validity period requirement also does not apply to nationals of countries whose identity cards are accepted.[5][6][7][8]

Even though Turkey is a candidate country for membership of the European Union, it has a more complex visa policy than the visa policy of the Schengen Area.[2] Turkey requires visas from citizens of one EU member state Cyprus, as well as Schengen Annex II countries and territories – Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Canada, Dominica, East Timor, Grenada, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Palau, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Taiwan, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates and United States. However, citizens of most of these countries can obtain an electronic visa. On the other hand, Turkey grants visa-free access to citizens of other countries and territories – Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belize, Bolivia, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Jordan, Lebanon, Mongolia, Morocco, Qatar, Russia, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia and Uzbekistan.

The Turkish government announced that effective from 2 March 2020, visas are not required for passport holders from the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Republic of Ireland, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom.[9]

Visa policy map[edit]

Visa policy of Turkey map.png

Visa free access[edit]

Turkish entry passport stamp issued at Istanbul Atatürk Airport.

Citizens of the following countries and territories who hold ordinary passports do not require a visa to visit Turkey for the durations described below for tourism or business purposes (unless otherwise stated). For visits of up to 90 days within a 180-day period, an identity card is accepted in lieu of a passport for citizens of some countries.[2]

Indefinite period (1)
90 days per visit, 90 days within a 180-day period (82)
60 days per visit, 90 days within a 180-day period (1)
30 days per visit, 90 days within a 180-day period (7)

ID – May enter with an ID card for a stay of up to 90 days per 180-day period
T – Visa free for tourism purposes only.
1 - Entry with ID card instead of passport is allowed for citizens of Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Spain
2 - Entry with ID card instead of passport is allowed for citizens of Liechtenstein, Norway[c] and Switzerland
3 – British citizens only.[18]
4 – Excluding journalists.[19][20]

Conditional visa free access
up to 90 days within 180-day period[2]

T — Only for touristic visits.
1 — provided being under the age of 15 or above the age of 65.
2 — provided residing in North Cyprus and directly arriving from Ercan International Airport or seaports of Famagusta, Gemikonağı, or Kyrenia.[1]
3 — provided being under the age of 16 or above the age of 55.

Non-ordinary passport holders[edit]

Under reciprocal agreements, holders of diplomatic or service passports or laissez-passers issued by the following jurisdictions are allowed to enter and remain in Turkey for up to 90 days in a 180-day period (unless otherwise noted)

90 days within a 180-day period

T — only for touristic visits
1 — visa exempt in general
2 – 30 days in a 180-day period

D — diplomatic passports
S — service passports

  •  United Nations (UN) Laissez-Passer holders who have blue UN travel documents shall be exempted from entry visa requirement for their official visits to Turkey for up to 90 days in a 180-day period, if they can certify their official assignment. Otherwise general visa provisions shall apply.
    Red UN Travel Document holders, shall be exempted from entry visa and may stay in Turkey 90 days within the preceding 180 days regardless of their purpose of visit.[26][2]
  • Visa waiver agreements for diplomatic passports were signed with  Laos in November 2018 and with  Zambia in May 2019 and they are yet to come into force.[27][28][29]

Electronic Visas (e-Visa)[edit]

Holders of passports of the following 28 countries and territories can apply and obtain an electronic visa (e-Visa) for a fee prior to arrival. The duration of stay for most of these nationalities is up to 90 days (up to 30 days for some) within 180 days.[30][31]

ID – May enter with an ID card for a stay of up to 90 days per 180-day period
1 – May only apply for a single entry e-visa on which they can stay for up to 30 days.
2 – Allowed to enter with an expired passport (up to 5 years)
3 – e-Visas are issued free of charge. Fees apply to Mexican citizens who obtain e-Visas on arrival.
4 – Not eligible for e-visas on arrival.
5 – May apply for a single entry e-visa on which they can stay for up to 30 days.

Conditional e-Visa[edit]

Citizens of these countries and territories are eligible to apply for a single entry e-Visa on which they can stay for up to 30 days only if meeting the conditions listed below:[30][2]

1 – e-Visas are issued free of charge.

Sticker visa required in advance without an exception[edit]

Citizens of the following countries and territories are not eligible for any of the “Visa Free Access”, “Electronic Visa” or “Conditional Electronic Visa” schemes. Therefore they have to obtain appropriate type of visa for their intended visits in advance at a Turkish diplomatic mission:[2][1]

Visitor statistics[edit]

Most tourist arrivals in Turkey come from the following countries:[34][35][36][37][38]

Rank Country 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
1  Russia Increase 7,017,657 Increase 5,964,631 Increase 4,715,438 Decrease 866,256 3,649,003
2  Germany Increase 5,027,472 Increase 4,512,360 Decrease 3,584,653 Decrease 3,890,074 5,580,792
3  Bulgaria Increase 2,713,464 Increase 2,386,885 Increase 1,852,867 Decrease 1,690,766 1,821,480
4  United Kingdom Increase 2,562,064 Increase 2,254,871 Decrease 1,658,715 Decrease 1,711,481 2,512,139
5  Iran Increase 2,102,890 Decrease 2,001,744 Increase 2,501,948 Decrease 1,665,160 1,700,385
6  Georgia Decrease 1,995,254 Decrease 2,069,392 Increase 2,438,730 Increase 2,206,266 1,911,832
7  Ukraine Increase 1,547,996 Increase 1,386,934 Increase 1,284,735 Increase 1,045,043 706,551
8  Iraq Increase 1,374,896 Increase 1,172,896 Increase 896,876 Decrease 420,831 1,094,144
9  Netherlands Increase 1,117,290 Increase 1,013,642 Decrease 799,006 Decrease 906,336 1,232,487
10  Azerbaijan Increase 901,723 Increase 858,506 Increase 765,514 Increase 606,223 602,488
11  Poland Increase 880,839 Increase 646,365 Increase 296,120 Decrease 205,701 550,779
12  France Increase 875,957 Increase 731,379 Increase 578,524 Decrease 555,151 847,259
13  Greece Increase 836,882 Increase 686,891 Increase 623,705 Decrease 593,150 755,414
14  Romania Increase 763,320 Increase 641,484 Increase 423,868 Decrease 357,473 441,097
15  United States Increase 578,074 Increase 448,327 Decrease 329,257 Decrease 459,493 798,787
16  Palestine Increase 569,368 Increase 443,732 Increase 380,415 Increase 293,988 224,568
17  Saudi Arabia Decrease 564,816 Increase 747,233 Increase 651,170 Increase 530,410 450,674
18  Belgium Increase 557,435 Increase 511,559 Increase 419,998 Decrease 413,614 617,406
19  Jordan Increase 474,874 Increase 406,469 Increase 277,729 Increase 203,179 162,866
20  Kazakhstan Increase 455,724 Increase 426,916 Increase 402,830 Decrease 240,188 423,744
21  Sweden Increase 444,285 Increase 384,397 Increase 289,134 Decrease 320,580 624,649
22  China Increase 426,344 Increase 394,109 Increase 247,277 Decrease 167,570 313,704
23  Austria Increase 401,475 Increase 353,628 Decrease 287,746 Decrease 310,946 486,044
24  Italy Increase 377,011 Increase 284,195 Decrease 205,788 Decrease 213,227 507,897
25  Lebanon Increase 376,721 Increase 338,837 Increase 237,476 Decrease 191,642 197,552
26  Kuwait Increase 374,191 Increase 298,620 Increase 255,644 Increase 179,938 174,486
27  Denmark Increase 335,877 Increase 326,278 Decrease 269,026 Decrease 329,618 408,841
28  Czech Republic Increase 311,359 Increase 228,251 Increase 126,567 Decrease 87,328 212,464
29   Switzerland Increase 311,107 Decrease 269,649 Decrease 206,479 Decrease 215,194 380,338
30  Turkmenistan Increase 297,706 Increase 252,911 Increase 230,881 Decrease 165,762 174,330
31  Algeria Increase 295,512 Increase 288,207 Increase 213,333 Increase 176,233 171,873
32  Serbia Increase 282,347 Increase 225,312 Increase 146,852 Decrease 110,594 178,997
33  Cyprus Increase 268,341 Increase 266,859 Increase 256,059 Decrease 233,181 246,245
34  Libya Increase 259,243 Increase 188,312 Increase 99,395 Decrease 72,014 234,762
35  Belarus Increase 258,419 Increase 245,254 Increase 229,229 Decrease 113,793 204,355
36  Spain Increase 257,342 Increase 178,018 Increase 106,757 Decrease 106,582 236,063
37  Uzbekistan Increase 252,138 Increase 241,235 Increase 195,745 Decrease 134,330 143,331
38  Morocco Increase 234,264 Increase 176,538 Increase 114,155 Decrease 87,660 109,775
39  India Increase 230,131 Increase 147,127 Increase 86,996 Decrease 79,316 131,869
40  Lithuania Increase 229,704 Increase 199,371 Increase 134,264 Decrease 109,749 112,654
Total Increase 51,747,198 Increase 46,112,592 Increase 37,969,824 Decrease 30,906,680 41,114,069


Turkey issued 16,199,968 electronic visas between April 2013 and January 1, 2017. Acceptance rate was 87.79% as 18,452,733 applications were filed in this period. Most visas were issued to nationals of the United Kingdom (4.6 million), Iraq (2 million) and the Netherlands (1.8 million).[39]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Citizens of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus have the right to enter, reside, study, and work indefinitely in Turkey without any immigration restrictions.[10]
  2. ^ For Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport holders
  3. ^ until 31 December 2022

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Gulf Air. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 21 July 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ "T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı Turkish Embassy in New Delhi". Archived from the original on 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  4. ^ "Passport Validity Requirements While Entering Turkey in Accordance with Law on Foreigners and International Protection". Turkish MFA. Archived from the original on 2017-09-12. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
  5. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their national ID's / Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Mfa.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 2015-10-08. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  6. ^ "Polonya Cumhuriyeti'nin Kimlik Kartı Hamili Vatandaşlarının Türkiye'ye Yapacakları Her 180 Gün İçinde Azami 90 Gün İkamet Süreli Turistik Amaçlı Seyahatlerinde ve Transit Geçişlerinde Vize Muafiyeti Sağlanması Hakkında Karar". Cumhurbaşkanı kararı No. 5423 of April 18, 2022 (PDF) (in Turkish). President of the Turkish Republic. Archived 2022-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Bulgaristan Cumhuriyeti'nin Kimlik Kartı Hamili Vatandaşlarının Türkiye'ye Yapacakları Her 180 Gün İçinde Azami 90 Gün İkamet Süreli Turistik Amaçlı Seyahatlerinde ve Transit Geçişlerinde Vize Muafiyeti Sağlanması Hakkında Karar". Cumhurbaşkanı kararı No. 5887 of July 27, 2022 (PDF) (in Turkish). President of the Turkish Republic. Archived 2022-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Bosna Hersek'e kimlik kartıyla seyahat dönemi".
  9. ^ "Türkiye'den 11 ülkeye vize muafiyeti". NTV. 2020-03-02. Archived from the original on 2020-03-02. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  10. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their national ID's / Rep. Of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Archived from the original on 2015-10-08. Retrieved 2013-12-14.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-01-30. Retrieved 2021-01-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Turkey Azerbaijan agree on Mutual visa exemption". Anadolu Agency. 2020-06-03. Archived from the original on 2020-06-03. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  13. ^ "From Rep. Of Türkiye Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Archived from the original on 2016-07-16. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
  14. ^ "Cumhuriyet haber verir... Son dakika haberler ve doğru haberin sitesi". www.cumhuriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2020-06-03. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  15. ^ "Sırbistan ile Türkiye arasında kimlikle geçiş uygulaması". Archived from the original on 2022-07-26. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  16. ^ "Türkiye'den 6 Avrupa ülkesine vize muafiyeti". NTV. 2020-02-20. Archived from the original on 2020-02-20. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  17. ^ https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2021/12/20211222-5.pdf Archived 2021-12-22 at the Wayback Machine[bare URL PDF]
  18. ^ "Visa Information for Foreigners / Rep. Of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Archived from the original on 2022-03-18. Retrieved 2022-03-13.
  19. ^ "Turkey Introduces Visa Regime for Russian Journalists". themoscowtimes.com. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Türki̇ye, Hi̇zmet Pasaportu Hami̇li̇ Rusya... – T.C. Moskova Büyükelçiliği-Посольство Турции Москва-Turkish Embassy Moscow". Facebook. 2016-04-18. Archived from the original on 2021-10-06. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  21. ^ "Maldives, Turkey to sign agreement to facilitate visa-free travel to Turkey". Archived from the original on 2022-01-31. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  22. ^ https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2021/10/20211017-5.pdf Archived 2021-10-17 at the Wayback Machine[bare URL PDF]
  23. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2021-06-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "200305-6.pdf" (PDF). 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-03-05. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  25. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-03-06. Retrieved 2020-11-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "General Information About Turkish Visas". mfa.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  27. ^ Turkey in Ethiopia [@TC_AddisAbabaBE] (May 11, 2017). "FM @MevlutCavusoglu and Sierra Leone FM Kamara signed visa free agreement for diplomatic passports @_AfricanUnion" (Tweet). Retrieved 3 April 2018 – via Twitter.
  28. ^ "Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu visited Laos, 7–8 November 2018". www.mfa.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 12 November 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  29. ^ "Zambia, Turkey waive visa requirements for diplomatic passport holders". Xinhua. 8 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  30. ^ a b "Electronic Visa Application System". Electronic Visa Application System. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  31. ^ "Vize Harc Miktarlari En.pdf" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-03-19. Retrieved 2015-03-02.
  32. ^ Must be below 18 or over 35 years old.holding valid visa or residence permit issued by Schengen area countries, Ireland or the United Kingdom
  33. ^ "Electronic Visa Application System". Electronic Visa Application System. Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Republic of Turkey. "Number of Arriving-Departing Foreigners and Citizens, December 2016". Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  35. ^ NUMBER OF ARRIVING-DEPARTING VISITORS, FOREIGNERS AND CITIZENS December 2017
  36. ^ "DISTRIBUTION OF ARRIVING FOREIGN VISITORS - TOP 5 COUNTRIES (2016-2018) JANUARY-DECEMBER".
  37. ^ "Tourism Receipts-Expenditures (2003-2019)".
  38. ^ "2019". Ktb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2022-03-24.
  39. ^ "Turkey issued over 16 million online visas since 2013". dailysabah.com. 25 January 2017. Archived from the original on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.

External links[edit]