Visa policy of Turkey

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The visa policy of Turkey deals with the requirements which a foreign national wishing to enter Turkey must meet to be permitted to travel to, enter and remain in the country.[1]

Visitors to Turkey must obtain a visa from one of the Turkish diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the 78 visa-exempt countries and territories or one of the 42 countries and territories whose citizens are eligible to apply for an e-Visa online. Turkish visas are documents issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its subsequent diplomatic missions abroad with the stated goal of regulating and facilitating migratory flows.[2][3]

Visitors of most nationalities must hold a passport valid for no less than 150 days from the date of arrival. The passport validity requirement does not apply to citizens of Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland who can enter with a passport expired for less than five years, citizens of Germany who can enter with a passport or an ID card expired for less than one year, citizens of Bulgaria who are only required to have a passport valid for their period of stay.[4] An identity card is accepted in lieu of a passport for citizens of Azerbaijan, Belgium, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Northern Cyprus, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and Ukraine. The validity period requirement also does not apply to nationals of countries whose identity cards are accepted.[5]

Even though Turkey is a candidate country for membership of the European Union, it has a more complex visa policy than the visa policy of the Schengen Area.[2] Turkey requires visas from citizens of one EU member state Cyprus, as well as Schengen Annex II countries and territories – Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Canada, Dominica, East Timor, Grenada, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Palau, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Taiwan, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United States, and Vanuatu. On the other hand, Turkey grants visa-free access to citizens of other countries and territories – Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belize, Bolivia, Ecuador, Iran, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Jordan, Lebanon, Mongolia, Morocco, Qatar, Russia, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

The Turkish government announced that effective from 2 March 2020, visas are not required for passport holders from the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Republic of Ireland, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom.[6]

Visa policy map[edit]

Visa policy of Turkey

As of right[edit]

Citizens of the following countries or territories have the right to enter, reside, study, and work indefinitely in Turkey without any immigration restrictions:

Visa-free[edit]

Citizens of the following countries and territories do not require a visa to visit Turkey for the durations described below for tourism or business purposes (unless otherwise stated). For visits of up to 90 days within a 180-day period, an identity card is accepted in lieu of a passport for citizens of some countries.[2]

90 days per visit, 90 days per 180-day period (84)
60 days per visit, 90 days per 180-day period (1)
30 days per visit, 90 days per 180-day period (8)

ID – May enter with an ID card for a stay of up to 90 days per 180-day period
T – Visa free for tourism purposes only.
1 – Allowed to enter with an expired passport (up to 5 years)
2 – Allowed to enter with an expired passport or ID card (up to 1 year)
3 – Except for journalists and holders of service passports[13][14]

Visa is also not required for holders of a "Laissez-Passer" issued by the United Nations.[2]

The visa-free regime also applies to the citizens of the following countries under certain conditions:[2]

  •  Algeria – provided being under 15 or above 65 for a maximum stay of 90 days within 180 days
  •  Cyprus – provided residing in Northern Cyprus and directly arriving from Ercan International Airport or seaports of Famagusta, Kyrenia, or Karavostassi for a maximum stay of 90 days within 180 days[1]
  •  Libya – provided being under the age of 16 and above the age of 55, for a maximum stay of 90 days within any 180 days period.
  •  Palestine – provided holding a VIP passport

Diplomatic and service category passports[edit]

Citizens of Algeria, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria (30 days), Cambodia (30 days), China, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, Grenada, Guyana, Indonesia, Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Kenya, Latvia, Libya (tourism purpose only), Maldives (30 days), Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal (tourism purpose only), Spain, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia (tourism purpose only), Sierra Leone,[15] South Africa (30 days), Spain, Tanzania, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam and Yemen (30 days) and for holders of diplomatic passports of Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, India, Liberia, Mali, Mexico, Niger, Nigeria, Palestine, Russia, Senegal, South Sudan (tourism purpose only), Sudan (tourism purpose only), Togo,[16] Uganda and United Kingdom – provided holding diplomatic, service and special passports for a maximum stay of 90 days within 180 days

Visa waiver agreements for diplomatic passports were signed with Laos in November 2018 and with Zambia in May 2019 and they are yet to come into force.[17][18][19]

e-Visa[edit]

Holders of passports of the following 29 countries and territories can obtain e-Visas online for a fee prior to arrival. The duration of stay for most of these nationalities is 90 days (30 days for some) within 180 days.[20][21]

ID – May enter with an ID card for a stay of up to 90 days per 180-day period
1 – May only apply for a single entry e-visa on which they can stay for up to 30 days.
2 – Allowed to enter with an expired passport (up to 5 years)
3 – e-Visas are issued free of charge. Fees apply to Mexican citizens who obtain e-Visas on arrival.
4 – Not eligible for e-visas on arrival.
5 – May apply for a multiple entry e-visa on which they can stay for up to 30 days.

Conditional e-Visa[edit]

Citizens of these countries and territories are eligible to apply for a single entry e-Visa on which they can stay for up to 30 days only if meeting the conditions listed below:[20][2]

1 – e-Visas are issued free of charge.

Conditions:

  • All nationalities, except for citizens of Gabon and Zambia, must hold a valid visa or residence permit from one of the following countries: Schengen area countries, Ireland, the United Kingdom or the United States. Electronic visas or e-residence permits are not accepted. Egyptian citizens who are under 20 or over 45 years old do not need to fulfill this requirement.
  • All citizens except for the citizens of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Philippines must travel with one of the airlines that has protocols with Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The following airlines meet the criteria: Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines and Turkish Airlines.[23] Citizens of Egypt may also travel on flights operated by EgyptAir.
  • Must hold a hotel reservation and adequate financial means (US$50 per day).
  • Algerian citizens must be aged below 18 or over 35 years old to be eligible for e-Visa. Otherwise, a sticker visa is required.
  • Afghanistan, Iraq, Zambia and Philippines citizens not eligible for e-visa on arrival at Istanbul Airport

Visa on arrival only under limited circumstances[edit]

Citizens of  North Korea may only obtain a visa on arrival for a stay of max 30 days if holding a valid visa or residence permit issued by Schengen area countries, Ireland or the United Kingdom.[2]

Sticker visa required[edit]

Citizens of the following countries and territories must obtain a sticker-type visa in advance at one of the Turkish diplomatic missions:[2][1]

Visitor statistics[edit]

Most tourist arrivals in Turkey are from the following countries of nationality.[24][25][26][27][28]

Rank Country 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
1  Russia Increase 7,017,657 Increase 5,964,631 Increase 4,715,438 Decrease 866,256 3,649,003
2  Germany Increase 5,027,472 Increase 4,512,360 Decrease 3,584,653 Decrease 3,890,074 5,580,792
3  Bulgaria Increase 2,713,464 Increase 2,386,885 Increase 1,852,867 Decrease 1,690,766 1,821,480
4  United Kingdom Increase 2,562,064 Increase 2,254,871 Decrease 1,658,715 Decrease 1,711,481 2,512,139
5  Iran Increase 2,102,890 Decrease 2,001,744 Increase 2,501,948 Decrease 1,665,160 1,700,385
6  Georgia Decrease 1,995,254 Decrease 2,069,392 Increase 2,438,730 Increase 2,206,266 1,911,832
7  Ukraine Increase 1,547,996 Increase 1,386,934 Increase 1,284,735 Increase 1,045,043 706,551
8  Iraq Increase 1,374,896 Increase 1,172,896 Increase 896,876 Decrease 420,831 1,094,144
9  Netherlands Increase 1,117,290 Increase 1,013,642 Decrease 799,006 Decrease 906,336 1,232,487
10  Azerbaijan Increase 901,723 Increase 858,506 Increase 765,514 Increase 606,223 602,488
11  Poland Increase 880,839 Increase 646,365 Increase 296,120 Decrease 205,701 550,779
12  France Increase 875,957 Increase 731,379 Increase 578,524 Decrease 555,151 847,259
13  Greece Increase 836,882 Increase 686,891 Increase 623,705 Decrease 593,150 755,414
14  Romania Increase 763,320 Increase 641,484 Increase 423,868 Decrease 357,473 441,097
15  United States Increase 578,074 Increase 448,327 Decrease 329,257 Decrease 459,493 798,787
16  Israel Increase 569,368 Increase 443,732 Increase 380,415 Increase 293,988 224,568
17  Saudi Arabia Decrease 564,816 Increase 747,233 Increase 651,170 Increase 530,410 450,674
18  Belgium Increase 557,435 Increase 511,559 Increase 419,998 Decrease 413,614 617,406
19  Jordan Increase 474,874 Increase 406,469 Increase 277,729 Increase 203,179 162,866
20  Kazakhstan Increase 455,724 Increase 426,916 Increase 402,830 Decrease 240,188 423,744
21  Sweden Increase 444,285 Increase 384,397 Increase 289,134 Decrease 320,580 624,649
22  China Increase 426,344 Increase 394,109 Increase 247,277 Decrease 167,570 313,704
23  Austria Increase 401,475 Increase 353,628 Decrease 287,746 Decrease 310,946 486,044
24  Italy Increase 377,011 Increase 284,195 Decrease 205,788 Decrease 213,227 507,897
25  Lebanon Increase 376,721 Increase 338,837 Increase 237,476 Decrease 191,642 197,552
26  Kuwait Increase 374,191 Increase 298,620 Increase 255,644 Increase 179,938 174,486
27  Denmark Increase 335,877 Increase 326,278 Decrease 269,026 Decrease 329,618 408,841
28  Czech Republic Increase 311,359 Increase 228,251 Increase 126,567 Decrease 87,328 212,464
29   Switzerland Increase 311,107 Decrease 269,649 Decrease 206,479 Decrease 215,194 380,338
30  Turkmenistan Increase 297,706 Increase 252,911 Increase 230,881 Decrease 165,762 174,330
31  Algeria Increase 295,512 Increase 288,207 Increase 213,333 Increase 176,233 171,873
32  Serbia Increase 282,347 Increase 225,312 Increase 146,852 Decrease 110,594 178,997
33  Cyprus Increase 268,341 Increase 266,859 Increase 256,059 Decrease 233,181 246,245
34  Libya Increase 259,243 Increase 188,312 Increase 99,395 Decrease 72,014 234,762
35  Belarus Increase 258,419 Increase 245,254 Increase 229,229 Decrease 113,793 204,355
36  Spain Increase 257,342 Increase 178,018 Increase 106,757 Decrease 106,582 236,063
37  Uzbekistan Increase 252,138 Increase 241,235 Increase 195,745 Decrease 134,330 143,331
38  Morocco Increase 234,264 Increase 176,538 Increase 114,155 Decrease 87,660 109,775
39  India Increase 230,131 Increase 147,127 Increase 86,996 Decrease 79,316 131,869
40  Lithuania Increase 229,704 Increase 199,371 Increase 134,264 Decrease 109,749 112,654
Total Increase 51,747,198 Increase 46,112,592 Increase 37,969,824 Decrease 30,906,680 41,114,069


Turkey issued 16,199,968 electronic visas between April 2013 and January 1, 2017. Acceptance rate was 87.79% as 18,452,733 applications were filed in this period. Most visas were issued to nationals of the United Kingdom (4.6 million), Iraq (2 million) and the Netherlands (1.8 million).[29]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Gulf Air. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Passport Validity Requirements While Entering Turkey in Accordance with Law on Foreigners and International Protection". Turkish MFA.
  5. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their national ID's / Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Mfa.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 2015-10-08. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  6. ^ a b "Türkiye'den 11 ülkeye vize muafiyeti". NTV. 2020-03-02.
  7. ^ "Turkey grants visa exemptions to 4 more EU nations, plus Norway". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  8. ^ https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2021/01/20210130-1.pdf
  9. ^ "Turkey Azerbaijan agree on Mutual visa exemption". Anadolu Agency. 2020-06-03.
  10. ^ "Cumhuriyet haber verir... Son dakika haberler ve doğru haberin sitesi". www.cumhuriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  11. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Türkiye'den 6 Avrupa ülkesine vize muafiyeti". NTV. 2020-02-20.
  13. ^ "Turkey Introduces Visa Regime for Russian Journalists". themoscowtimes.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Türki̇ye, Hi̇zmet Pasaportu Hami̇li̇ Rusya... – T.C. Moskova Büyükelçiliği-Посольство Турции Москва-Turkish Embassy Moscow". Facebook. 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  15. ^ "200305-6.pdf" (PDF). 2020.
  16. ^ https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2020/11/20201125M2-4.pdf
  17. ^ "Turkey in Ethiopia on Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  18. ^ Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu visited Laos, 7–8 November 2018
  19. ^ [http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-05/08/c_138043756.htm Zambia, Turkey waive visa requirements for diplomatic passport holders]
  20. ^ a b "Electronic Visa Application System". Electronic Visa Application System. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Vize Harc Miktarlari En.pdf" (PDF).
  22. ^ Must be below 18 or over 35 years old.holding valid visa or residence permit issued by Schengen area countries, Ireland or the United Kingdom
  23. ^ "Electronic Visa Application System". Electronic Visa Application System. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Republic of Turkey. "Number of Arriving-Departing Foreigners and Citizens, December 2016". Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  25. ^ NUMBER OF ARRIVING-DEPARTING VISITORS, FOREIGNERS AND CITIZENS December 2017
  26. ^ "DISTRIBUTION OF ARRIVING FOREIGN VISITORS - TOP 5 COUNTRIES (2016-2018) JANUARY-DECEMBER".
  27. ^ "Tourism Receipts-Expenditures (2003-2019)".
  28. ^ https://www.ktb.gov.tr/EN-249306/2019.html
  29. ^ "Turkey issued over 16 million online visas since 2013". dailysabah.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.