Visa policy of Turkmenistan

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Emblem of Turkmenistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan visa with entry (right) and exit stamps inside a Singapore passport at Ashgabat Airport

In accordance with the law, citizens of all countries require a visa to visit Turkmenistan.[1] To obtain a tourist visa for Turkmenistan, all foreign nationals must supply an invitation letter issued by a travel agency licensed in Turkmenistan.[2]

Holders of a letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan with a prior approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can obtain a visa on arrival valid for 10 days, and extendable for another 10 days.[3]

Citizens of all countries have the right to visa-free transit through the international transit area of the Ashgabat Airport.

Special permits[edit]

A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[4]

Special visa exemptions[edit]

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

  Turkmenistan
  Visa-free for holders of diplomatic and service category passports
  Visa-free for holders of diplomatic passports
  Visa on arrival for holders of diplomatic passports

Holders of diplomatic or service category passports of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, South Korea, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates and holders of diplomatic passports of Estonia, India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan do not require a visa to visit Turkmenistan. Holders of diplomatic passports of Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom and the United States may obtain a free visa on arrival.

Statistics[edit]

Ashgabat International Airport

Turkmenistan is one of the most closed countries in the world. Very few foreigners are granted a Turkmenistani visa. Directly after independence, in the 1990s, Turkmenistan was a slightly more open country than it is now, and in 1998, for example, 300,000 foreigners visited the country. Between 2000 and 2013, however, the number of visas issued was tiny fitting a policy of isolationism, the neutral status of Turkmenistan and the dictatorship in that country[7].

Year Visitors
1992—1994
No data
1995
Increase 218,000[8]
1996
Decrease 217,000[8]
1997
Increase 257,000[8]
1998
Increase 300,000[8]
1999
No data
2000
Decrease 3,256[9]
2001
Increase 5,200[8]
2002
Increase 10,800[8]
2003
Decrease 8,200[8]
2004
Increase 14,800[8]
2005
Decrease 11,600[8]
2006
Decrease 5,600[8]
2007
Increase 8,177[9]
2008
Increase 9,777[9]
2009
Decrease 7,628[9]
2010
Increase 9,631[9]
2011
Decrease 8,687[9]
2012—2013
No data
2014
Increase More 110,000[10]
2015
Increase More 110,000[10]
2016
Increase More 130,000[10]
2017
Increase More 130,000[10]
2018
Increase More 130,000[10]
Total (1995-1998, 2000-2011 and 2014-2018) More 1,700,000[10]
Country 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2011[9] 2010[9] 2009[9] 2008[9] 2007[9] 2000[9]
 Uzbekistan Increase 108,288[11] Increase 105,269[12] Increase 98,176[13] Increase 96,604[14]
77,387[15]
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
 Russia Increase 28,127[16] Decrease 27,490[17]
29,047[17]
No data
No data
Decrease 82
Increase 250
Increase 140
Increase 96
80
68
 Iran
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Increase 3,874
Increase 3,397
Increase 2,391
Increase 2,355
2,133
122
 Germany
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Decrease 1,143
Decrease 1,277
Decrease 1,392
Increase 1,576
1,338
270
 USA
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Decrease 531
Increase 660
Decrease 535
Increase 663
566
430
 Italy
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Decrease 277
Decrease 392
Decrease 412
Decrease 595
600
340
 Japan
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Decrease 253
Increase 388
Decrease 344
Decrease 508
537
282
 Netherlands
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Increase 245
Decrease 238
Decrease 296
Increase 439
160
95
 France
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Decrease 212
Decrease 230
Increase 315
Decrease 232
682
650
Flag of the United Nations.svg Other
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Decrease 2,080
Increase 2,799
Decrease 1,803
Increase 3,313
2,081
999
Total
No data
No data
No data
No data
No data
Decrease 8,697
Increase 9,631
Decrease 7,628
Increase 9,777
8,177
3,256

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Получение визы. Список необходимых документов — ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ МИГРАЦИОННАЯ СЛУЖБА ТУРКМЕНИСТАНА". migration.gov.tm. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  3. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2016-01-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "О ратификации Соглашения между Правительством Республики Казахстан и Правительством Туркменистана о взаимных поездках граждан - ИПС "Әділет"". adilet.zan.kz. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  6. ^ "С ВИЗАМИ И БЕЗ... - Интернет-газета Turkmenistan.Ru". www.turkmenistan.ru. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  7. ^ "В Туркмении сейчас диктатура? А как там живут люди? Можно ли приехать в Ашхабад туристом? Стыдные вопросы про одну из самых закрытых стран в мире". Meduza.io. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "International tourism, number of arrivals: Turkmenistan". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan (Page 280)" (PDF). stat.gov.tm. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Approximate numbers
  11. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2018 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2017 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2016 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2015 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2014 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Выезд граждан РФ, 2018-17 гг" (PDF). atorus.ru. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Выезд граждан РФ, 2016-17 гг" (PDF). atorus.ru. Retrieved 13 March 2019.

Links[edit]