Visa policy of Turkmenistan

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In accordance with the law, citizens of all countries require a visa to visit Turkmenistan, unless they have special passports. From 2003-2013, people from certain parts of Kazakhstan or Uzbekistan also enjoyed visa exemptions.[1] To obtain a tourist visa for Turkmenistan, all foreign nationals must supply an invitation letter issued by a travel agency licensed in Turkmenistan.[2]

Holders of a letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan with a prior approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can obtain a visa on arrival valid for 10 days, and extendable for another 10 days.[1]

Citizens of all countries have the right to visa-free transit through the international transit area of Ashgabat International Airport.[1]

Visa policy map[edit]

World map of the visa policy of Turkmenistan.png

Special permits[edit]

A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Kerki, Hazar, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[3]

Special visa exemptions in 2003–2013[edit]

From 2003 to 2013, citizens of some regions of neighboring Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan could visit Turkmenistan without a visa with certain conditions.

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

  Turkmenistan
  Visa-free for holders of diplomatic and service category passports
  Visa-free for holders of diplomatic passports
  Visa on arrival for holders of diplomatic passports

Holders of diplomatic or service category passports of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, South Korea, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates and holders of diplomatic passports of Estonia, India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan do not require a visa to visit Turkmenistan.[1] Holders of diplomatic passports of Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom and the United States may obtain a free visa on arrival.[1]

A mutual visa exemption agreement for diplomatic, service and official passports was signed with  Singapore in August 2019; however, it has yet to be ratified.[9]

Statistics[edit]

Ashgabat International Airport

Turkmenistan is one of the most closed countries in the world. Very few foreigners are granted a Turkmenistani visa. Directly after independence, in the 1990s, Turkmenistan was a slightly more open country than it is now, and in 1998, for example, 300,000 foreigners visited the country. Between 2000 and 2013, however, the number of visas issued was tiny fitting a policy of isolationism, the neutral status of Turkmenistan and the dictatorship in that country.[10]

Year Visitors
1992—1994
No data
1995
Increase 218,000[11]
1996
Decrease 217,000[11]
1997
Increase 257,000[11]
1998
Increase 300,000[11]
1999
No data
2000
Decrease 3,256[12]
2001
Increase 5,200[11]
2002
Increase 10,800[11]
2003
Decrease 8,200[11]
2004
Increase 14,800[11]
2005
Decrease 11,600[11]
2006
Decrease 5,600[11]
2007
Increase 8,177[12]
2008
Increase 9,777[12]
2009
Decrease 7,628[12]
2010
Increase 9,631[12]
2011
Decrease 8,687[12]
2012—2013
No data
2014
Increase More 110,000[13]
2015
Increase More 110,000[13]
2016
Increase More 130,000[13]
2017
Increase More 130,000[13]
2018
Increase More 130,000[13]
Total (1995-1998, 2000-2011 and 2014-2018) More 1,700,000[13]
Country 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2011[12] 2010[12] 2009[12] 2008[12] 2007[12] 2000[12]
 Uzbekistan Increase 108,288[14] Increase 105,269[15] Increase 98,176[16] Increase 96,604[17] 77,387[18] No data No data No data No data No data No data
 Iran No data No data No data No data No data Increase 3,874 Increase 3,397 Increase 2,391 Increase 2,355 2,133 122
 Germany No data No data No data No data No data Decrease 1,143 Decrease 1,277 Decrease 1,392 Increase 1,576 1,338 270
 United States No data No data No data No data No data Decrease 531 Increase 660 Decrease 535 Increase 663 566 430
 Italy No data No data No data No data No data Decrease 277 Decrease 392 Decrease 412 Decrease 595 600 340
 Japan No data No data No data No data No data Decrease 253 Increase 388 Decrease 344 Decrease 508 537 282
 Netherlands No data No data No data No data No data Increase 245 Decrease 238 Decrease 296 Increase 439 160 95
 France No data No data No data No data No data Decrease 212 Decrease 230 Increase 315 Decrease 232 682 650
Flag of the United Nations.svg Other No data No data No data No data No data Decrease 2,080 Increase 2,799 Decrease 1,803 Increase 3,313 2,081 999
Total No data No data No data No data No data Decrease 8,697 Increase 9,631 Decrease 7,628 Increase 9,777 8,177 3,256

Citizens of the Russian Federation[edit]

Country 2021[19] 2020[20] 2019[21] 2018[22] 2017[23] 2016[24] 2015[25] 2014[26] 2013[27] 2012[28] 2011[29] 2010[30]
 Russia Decrease 6,096 Decrease 11,322 Increase 30,504 Increase 28,127 Decrease 27,490 Increase 29,047 Decrease 28,470 Decrease 29,530 Decrease 34,494 Decrease 36,387 Decrease 42,664 45,052

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Gulf Air. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Получение визы. Список необходимых документов — ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ МИГРАЦИОННАЯ СЛУЖБА ТУРКМЕНИСТАНА". migration.gov.tm. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2016-01-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "О ратификации Соглашения между Правительством Республики Казахстан и Правительством Туркменистана о взаимных поездках граждан - ИПС "Әділет"". adilet.zan.kz. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  5. ^ "С ВИЗАМИ И БЕЗ... - Интернет-газета Turkmenistan.ru". www.turkmenistan.ru. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  6. ^ "The President of Turkmenistan has simplified the visa regime for UN staff | Politics".
  7. ^ "Turkmenistan opens visa-free regime for UN staff". March 2021.
  8. ^ "Официальному представителю ООН вручена вербальная нота о безвизовом въезде в Туркменистан | Политика".
  9. ^ Grace Ho (27 August 2019). "Singapore inks three pacts with Turkmenistan during state visit of its leader | The Straits Times". www.straitstimes.com. Archived from the original on 23 April 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2022. Two were on the avoidance of double taxation and mutual exemption of visa requirements for diplomatic, official or service passport holders, and the other was a memorandum of understanding on legal cooperation.
  10. ^ "В Туркмении сейчас диктатура? А как там живут люди? Можно ли приехать в Ашхабад туристом? Стыдные вопросы про одну из самых закрытых стран в мире". Meduza.io. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "International tourism, number of arrivals: Turkmenistan". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan (Page 280)" (PDF). stat.gov.tm. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Approximate numbers
  14. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2018 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2017 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2016 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2015 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Распределение по странам числа граждан Республики Узбекистан, выехавших из Республики Узбекистан в 2014 году". stat.uz. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  19. ^ fedstat.ru
  20. ^ fedstat.ru
  21. ^ fedstat.ru
  22. ^ fedstat.ru
  23. ^ fedstat.ru
  24. ^ fedstat.ru
  25. ^ fedstat.ru
  26. ^ fedstat.ru
  27. ^ fedstat.ru
  28. ^ fedstat.ru
  29. ^ fedstat.ru
  30. ^ fedstat.ru

Links[edit]