Visa requirements for Afghan citizens

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Visa requirements for Afghan citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Afghanistan. As of October 2021, Afghan citizens have visa-free or visa on arrival access to 26 countries and territories, ranking the Afghan passport 116th and worst in the world according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] Because the ruling Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan is not internationally recognized, it is continuing to issue passports bearing the name of the former, internationally-recognized government, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which are accepted for international travel. However, obtaining foreign visas from within Afghanistan is difficult as many embassies in Afghanistan have closed in the wake of the Fall of Kabul on 15 August 2021.[2] The Taliban government has said it may issue passports bearing the name "Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan" in the future.[3]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Afghan citizens
  Afghanistan
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Albania Visa required[4]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[4]
 Angola Visa required[4]
 Antigua and Barbuda eVisa[5][needs update?]
 Argentina Visa required[4]
 Armenia Visa required[4]
 Australia Visa required[4]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[6]
 Austria Visa required[4]
 Azerbaijan Visa required[4]
 Bahamas Visa required[4]
 Bahrain Visa required[4]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[4]
 Barbados Visa required[4]
 Belarus Visa required[4]
  • Registration upon arrival for stays longer than 5 days is mandatory.
 Belgium Visa required[4]
 Belize Visa required[4]
 Benin eVisa[7][needs update?]
 Bhutan Visa required[4]
 Bolivia Visa required[4]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[4]
 Botswana Visa required[4]
 Brazil Visa required[4]
 Brunei Visa required[4]
 Bulgaria Visa required[4]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[4]
 Burundi Visa required[4]
 Cambodia Visa on arrival[4]
 Cameroon Visa required[4]
 Canada Visa required[4]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[4][8] 3 months
 Central African Republic Visa required[4]
 Chad Visa required[4]
 Chile Visa required[4]
 China Visa required[4]
 Colombia Visa required[4]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[4][9] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[4]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[4]
 Costa Rica Visa required[4]
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[4]
 Croatia Visa required[4]
 Cuba Visa required[4]
 Cyprus Visa required[4]
 Czech Republic Visa required[4]
 Denmark Visa required[4]
 Djibouti eVisa[10][needs update?] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[4] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[4]
 Ecuador Visa required[4]
 Egypt Visa required[4]
  • Visa not required for passenger aged 50 years and above or 16 years and below[needs update?]
 El Salvador Visa required[4]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[4]
 Eritrea Visa required[4]
 Estonia Visa required[4]
 Eswatini Visa required[4]
 Ethiopia eVisa[11][needs update?] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[4]
 Finland Visa required[4]
 France Visa required[4]
 Gabon eVisa[12][needs update?]
 Gambia Visa required[4]
 Georgia Visa required[4]
 Germany Visa required[4]
 Ghana Visa required[4]
 Greece Visa required[4]
 Grenada Visa required[4]
 Guatemala Visa required[4]
 Guinea Visa required[4]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[4][14] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[4]
 Haiti Visa not required[4][15] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[4]
 Hungary Visa required[4]
 Iceland Visa required[4]
 India eVisa[16][17][needs update?] 6 months
 Indonesia Visa required[4]
 Iran Visa required[4]
 Iraq Visa required[4]
 Ireland Visa required[4]
 Israel Visa required[4]
  • Confirmation from the Israeli Foreign Ministry is required before a visa is issued.[18]
 Italy Visa required[4]
 Jamaica Visa required[4]
 Japan Visa required[4]
 Jordan Visa required[4]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[4]
 Kenya Visa required[4]
 Kiribati Visa required[4]
 North Korea Visa required[4]
 South Korea Visa required[4]
 Kuwait Visa required[4]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[19][needs update?]
 Laos Visa required[4]
 Latvia Visa required[4]
 Lebanon Visa required[4]
 Lesotho Visa required[4]
 Liberia Visa required[4]
 Libya Visa required[4]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[4]
 Lithuania Visa required[4]
 Luxembourg Visa required[4]
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[4][14] 90 days
 Malawi Visa required[4]
 Malaysia Visa required[4]
 Maldives Visa on arrival[4][20] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[4]
 Malta Visa required[4]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[4]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[4][21]
 Mauritius Visa required[4]
 Mexico Visa required[4]
 Micronesia Visa not required[4][22] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[4]
 Monaco Visa required[4]
 Mongolia Visa required[4]
 Montenegro Visa required[4]
 Morocco Visa required[4]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[4][23] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[4]
 Namibia Visa required[4]
 Nauru Visa required[4]
   Nepal Visa required[4]
 Netherlands Visa required[4]
 New Zealand Visa required[4]
 Nicaragua Visa required[4]
 Niger Visa required[4]
 Nigeria Visa required[4]
 North Macedonia Visa required[4]
 Norway Visa required[4]
 Oman Visa required[4]
 Pakistan Visa required[4]
 Palau Visa on arrival[4][14] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[4]
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[4]
 Paraguay Visa required[4]
 Peru Visa required[4]
 Philippines Visa required[4]
 Poland Visa required[4]
 Portugal Visa required[4]
 Qatar Visa required[4]
 Romania Visa required[4]
 Russia Visa required[4]
 Rwanda Visa on arrival[4][14] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa required[4]
 Saint Lucia Visa required[4]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[4][26] 1 month
 Samoa Visa on arrival[4][27] 60 days
  • Issued free of charge.
 San Marino Visa required[4]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa required[4]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[4]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[4]
 Serbia Visa required[4]
 Seychelles Visa on arrival[4][27] 3 months
  • Issued free of charge.
 Sierra Leone Visa required[4]
 Singapore Visa required[4]
 Slovakia Visa required[4]
 Slovenia Visa required[4]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[4]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[4][27] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[4]
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[28][needs update?]
  • Obtainable online[29]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[29]
 Spain Visa required[4]
 Sri Lanka Visa required[4]
 Sudan Visa required[4]
 Suriname eVisa[30][needs update?]
 Sweden Visa required[4]
  Switzerland Visa required[4]
 Syria Visa required[4]
 Tajikistan Visa required[4]
 Tanzania Visa required[4]
 Thailand Visa required[4]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[4][31] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[4][32] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[4]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[4]
 Tunisia Visa required[4]
 Turkey Visa required[4]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[4]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[4][33] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[4][34] 3 months
 Ukraine Visa required[4]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[4]
 United Kingdom Visa required[4]
 United States Visa required[4]
 Uruguay Visa required[4]
 Uzbekistan Visa required[4]
 Vanuatu Visa required[4]
  Vatican City Visa required[4]
 Venezuela Visa required[4]
 Vietnam Visa required[4][37]
 Yemen Visa required[4]
 Zambia eVisa[38][needs update?]
 Zimbabwe eVisa[7][needs update?]

Territories and disputed areas[edit]

Visa requirements for Afghan citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas and restricted zones:

Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Africa
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[39] Special permit required.
 Eritrea (outside Asmara) Travel permit required[40] To travel in the rest of Eritrea, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa)
 Ascension Island eVisa[41][42]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena eVisa[43][44]
 Tristan da Cunha Visa required[45] Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
(Western Sahara controlled territory)
Un­known
 Somaliland Visa on arrival[46][47] 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival
Asia
 Hong Kong Visa required[48]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for all of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and parts of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[49][50][51][52][53]
 Macau Visa on arrival[4][54]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent travel)
 Taiwan Visa required[55]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province Special permits required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[56][57][58]
Tibet Autonomous Region Travel permit required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[59][60][61]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Caribbean and North Atlantic
 Anguilla Visa required[62]
 Aruba Visa required[63]
 Bermuda Visa required[64]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[65]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[66]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[67]
 Curacao Visa required[68]
France French Guiana Visa required[69]
France French West Indies Visa required[70]
 Montserrat Visa required[71]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[72]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[73]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[74]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[48]
Europe
 Abkhazia Visa required[75]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: €25 for Orthodox visitors, €35 for non-Orthodox visitors, €18 for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[76][77]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required[78]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access permit required[79] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Gibraltar Visa required[80]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[80] Permit issued by the local police required for a stay of less than 24 hours[81] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying more than 24 hours.[82]
 Kosovo Visa required[83]
  • Visa not required for holders of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa , a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[84]
 Artsakh Visa required[85][86] Travellers with Artsakh visas (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (eg stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[87]
 South Ossetia Visa required[88][89] Three day prior notification required.
 Transnistria Visa not required[90][91] Registration required after 24h.
Oceania
 American Samoa Visa required[92]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Authoristion required Special authorisation required.[93]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[94]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[4][95] 31 days
 French Polynesia Visa required[96]
 Guam Visa required[97]
 Niue Visa not required[4]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required[98][99][100] 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permit required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[101][102][103][104][105][106][107]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
 Falkland Islands Visa required[108]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[109][110]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[111][112][113][114][115][116][117][118][119][120][121][122]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[123] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Togo, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[124] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[125]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[126][127]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers with regard to quarantine requirements or when deciding to allow them entry at all.[128] This is justified by research that shows that the efficacy of the BioNTech vaccine lasts for six months or so.[129]

Passport validity length[edit]

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card - especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[130][131] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[132]

Some countries, such as Japan,[133] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[134] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[135] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[136] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[137] Philippines,[138] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[139]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[140] and South Africa.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[141] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[142]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[143] Lebanon,[144] Libya,[145] Syria,[146] and Yemen[147] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to the state of war that between Armenia and Azerbaijan in 2020,[148][149][150] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[151][152][153]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[153] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[154] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[155] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[156]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[157][158] Argentina,[159] Brunei, Cambodia,[160] China,[161] Ethiopia,[162] Ghana, Guinea,[163] India, Japan,[164][165] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[166] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[167] Mongolia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[168] Singapore, South Korea,[169] Taiwan, Thailand,[170] Uganda,[171] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[172][173][174] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[175]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[176] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[177][178]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ Henley & Partners (5 October 2021). "The Henley Passport Index: Q4 2021 Global Ranking" (PDF). Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  2. ^ Amy Cheng; Haq Nawaz Khan (6 October 2021). "Hundreds of Afghans gather outside passport office as Taliban resumes issuing travel documents". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  3. ^ Ray, Meenakshi (26 September 2021). "Taliban to change Afghan passports, national identity cards: Report". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc "The Henley Passport Index". Henley & Partners. 5 October 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
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  6. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  7. ^ a b Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  9. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  10. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  11. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  12. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  13. ^ "FAQ: Assistance leaving Afghanistan".
  14. ^ a b c d Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  15. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  18. ^ "Visa requirements" (PDF). mfa.gov.il.
  19. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  20. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  21. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  27. ^ a b c Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  29. ^ a b "Apply for a South Sudan Visa Online". Ministry of Internal Affairs. South Sudan.
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  35. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State document: "Special Immigrant Visas for Afghans - Who Were Employed by/on Behalf of the U.S. Government".
  36. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State document: "U.S. Refugee Admissions Program Priority 2 Designation for Afghan Nationals".
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  40. ^ Splinter, Hans van der. "Ministry of Tourism - Tourism Service Center". www.eritrea.be.
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  42. ^ "Entry Visas". 13 November 2018. Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  43. ^ "Saint Helena eVisa". Saint Helena Government.
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  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-11-17. Retrieved 2006-11-17.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ a b Visit visa / entry permit requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Immigration Department of Hong Kong, April 2017.
  49. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2013-11-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  50. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2014-08-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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Notes