Visa requirements for Argentine citizens

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Front cover of Argentine passport

Visa requirements for Argentine citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Argentina.

As of January 2019, Argentine citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access 170 countries and territories ranking the Argentine passport 18th, in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Front side of current version of the DNI

For journeys within South America (except the Guyanas), Argentines do not need to use a passport, as they may use their National Identity Document (DNI).[2]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of an Argentine passport
  Argentina
  ID card travel
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of normal passports not travelling as journalists:

Argentina is a full member of Mercosur. As such, its citizens enjoy unlimited access to any of the other full members (Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay) and associated members (Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador) with the right to residence and work, with no requirement other than nationality. Citizens of these nine countries (including Argentina) may apply for the grant of "temporary residence" for up to two years in another country of the bloc [3]. Then, they may apply for "permanent residence" just before the term of their "temporary residence" expires.[4][5]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[6]
 Albania Visa not required[7] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[8][9]
 Andorra Visa not required[10]
 Angola eVisa[11][12] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[13]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[14]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[15] 1 month
 Armenia Visa not required[16] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[17][18]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa). Transit visa is not required.[19]
 Austria Visa not required[20] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa[21] 30 days[22]
 Bahamas Visa not required[23] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[24] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[25]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[26] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[27]
 Barbados Visa not required[28] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[29] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period[30]
 Belgium Visa not required[31] 90 days
 Belize Visa not required[32] 90 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[33][34] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[35]
 Bolivia Visa not required[36] 90 days
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Bolivia under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[37] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa not required[38] 90 days
  • 90 days per year
 Brazil Visa not required[39] 90 days
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Brazil under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Brunei Visa required[40]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[41] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[42] 90 days
 Burundi Visa required[43]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[44] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[45]
 Cameroon Visa required[46]
 Canada Visa required[47]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[48]
  • Not available at all entry points.[49]
 Central African Republic Visa required[50]
 Chad Visa required[51]
 Chile Visa not required[52] 90 days
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Chile under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 China Visa required[53]
 Colombia Visa not required[57] 90 days
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Colombia under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[58]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[59]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[60]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[61] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[62]
 Croatia Visa not required[63] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[64]
 Cyprus Visa not required[65] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[66] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[67] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[68] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[69] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[70] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[71] 90 days[72]
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Ecuador under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Egypt Visa on arrival[73] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[74] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[75]
 Eritrea Visa required[76]
 Estonia Visa not required[77] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa not required[78] 30 days[72]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[79] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[82] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[83] 90 days
 France Visa not required[84] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[85]
 Gambia Visa not required[87]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[88]
 Georgia Visa not required[89] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[90] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[91]
 Greece Visa not required[92] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[93] 30 days[94]
 Guatemala Visa not required[95] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[96]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[97] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[98] 90 days
 Haiti Visa not required[99] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[100] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[101] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[102] 90 days
 India e-Visa[103] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][104]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[105] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[106] 30 days
 Iraq Visa required[107]
 Ireland Visa not required[108] 3 months
 Israel Visa not required[109] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[110] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa not required[111] 30 days
 Japan Visa not required[112] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[113]
  • Conditions apply.[114]
  • Not available at all entry points.[115]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[116][117] 30 days
  • 30 days within any year period
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[118] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[119]
 North Korea Visa required[120]
 South Korea Visa not required[121] 30 days
 Kuwait Visa required[122]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[123] 1 month
 Laos Visa on arrival[125] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[126]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[127] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[128] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return of circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[129][130]
 Liberia Visa required[131]
 Libya Visa required[132]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[133] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[134] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[135] 90 days
 Macedonia Visa not required[136] 90 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[137] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[138]
 Malaysia Visa not required[139] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[140] 30 days[72]
 Mali Visa required[141]
 Malta Visa not required[142] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[143] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[144]
 Mauritius Visa not required[145] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[146] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[147] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[148] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[149]
 Mongolia Visa not required[150] 90 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[151] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Morocco Visa not required[152] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[153] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[155] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[156]
 Nauru Visa required[157]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[158] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[159] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa not required[160] 90 days
 Nicaragua Visa not required[161] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[162]
 Nigeria Visa required[163]
 Norway Visa not required[164] 90 days
 Oman eVisa[165] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[166]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[167]
 Palau Visa on arrival[168] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[169] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[170] 30 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[171] 90 days
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Paraguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Peru Visa not required[172] 183 days
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Peru under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Philippines Visa not required[173] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[174] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[175] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[176] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[177] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa not required[178] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[179] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[180] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[181] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[182] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[183] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[184]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa required[185]
  • Visa is obtained online.[186]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[187]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[188] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[189] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[190] 3 months[72]
 Sierra Leone Visa required[191]
 Singapore Visa not required[192] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[193] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[194] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[195] 3 months
 Somalia Visa on arrival[196] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[197] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[198]
 Spain Visa not required[199] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[200] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[201]
 Suriname Visa not required[202] 90 days
 Sweden Visa not required[203] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[53] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[204]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[205] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[207][208] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[209] 3 months
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[210] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[211]
 Togo Visa on arrival[212] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[213]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[214] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[215] 90 days
 Turkey Visa not required[216] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[217]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[218] 1 month[72]
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[219]
  • Determined at the port of entry. May apply online.[220]
 Ukraine Visa not required[221] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[222] 90 days
 United Kingdom and Crown dependencies Visa not required[223] 6 months
 United States Visa required[224]
 Uruguay Visa not required[225] 3 months
  • National Identity Document accepted
  • Argentinians can live and work legally in Uruguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being an Argentinian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Uzbekistan Visa required[226]
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[227]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[228] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[229]
 Venezuela Visa not required[230] 90 days
 Vietnam eVisa[231] 30 days[232]
 Yemen Visa required[233]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[234] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[235] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[236]
 Artsakh Visa not required[237] Travelers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[238]
 Kosovo Visa not required[239] 90 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[240]
 Palestine Visa not required[241] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[242]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[243][244]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[245][246]
 Taiwan Visa required[247][248]
 Transnistria Visa not required[249] Registration required after 24h.[250][251]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[252] 90 days
 Macau Visa on arrival[253] 30 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required
 Greenland Visa not required
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[254]
 French Guiana Visa not required[255]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[256]
France French West Indies
Guadeloupe Visa not required
Martinique
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Martin
 Mayotte Visa not required[257]
 New Caledonia Visa not required[258]
 Réunion Visa not required[259]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[260]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[261]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[262]
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
 Bonaire Visa not required[263]
 Sint Eustatius
 Saba
 Curaçao Visa not required[264]
 Sint Maarten Visa not[265]
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[266] 31 days
 Niue Visa not required[267] 30 days
 Tokelau Permit required[268]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[269] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[270]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty.[271]
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required[272]
 Anguilla Visa not required[273][274]
 Bermuda Visa not required[275]
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[276]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[277]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[278]
 Falkland Islands
(Malvinas)
Visa not required[279]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[280]
 Montserrat Visa not required[281]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[282][283][284]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[285]
 Ascension Island eVisa[286][287]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[288]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[289][290]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[291]
United States
 American Samoa Entry permit required[292]
 Guam Visa required[293]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[294]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[295]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[296]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[297][298][299][300][301][302][303][304][305][306][307][308]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Back cover of Argentine passport
Back side of current version of the DNI

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[309] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[310] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Vietnam.[311]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months beyond the period of intended stay include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals), Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, New Zealand and 3 months validity on arrival in Albania, Honduras, Macedonia, Panama, Qatar and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the period of intended stay include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[312][313] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[314]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[315] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[316]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[317] Lebanon,[318] Libya,[319] Saudi Arabia,[320] Sudan,[321] Syria[322] and Yemen[323] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [324] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[325][326] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[327] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[328] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[329] As of January 2019 the list contains 795 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [330]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[citation needed]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[331]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[332][333] Argentina,[334] Brunei, Cambodia,[335] China,[336] Ethiopia,[337] Ghana, India, Japan,[338][339] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[340] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[341] Singapore, South Korea,[342] and Taiwan.[343]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[344][345]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "The Henley Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners Holdings Ltd. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2019. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2019 Henley Passport Index. As the index uses dense ranking, in certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Documentos de viaje de los Estados Partes del MERCOSUR y Estados Asociados - MERCOSUR/CMC/Decisión Nº 18/08
  3. ^ "Residir e trabalhar no Mercosul" , www.mercosur.int
  4. ^ "Perguntas mais freqüentes sobre integração regional e MERCOSUL" (in Portuguese). MRE.
  5. ^ "Paraguai assina acordos sobre migração no Mercosul" (in Portuguese). ansa.it.
  6. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  7. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  8. ^ "Embassy of Algerie". Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  9. ^ http://www.mae.gov.dz/images/sce/documents/visas.pdf
  10. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  11. ^ SME E-VISA[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  13. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  14. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  15. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  16. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  17. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  18. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  19. ^ Do I need a visa to transit through Australia?
  20. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  21. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  22. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  23. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  24. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  27. ^ Available at Shahjalal International Airport, Shah Amanat International Airport and Osmani International Airport only.
  28. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  29. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  30. ^ [2]
  31. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  32. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  33. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  34. ^ eVisa Benin
  35. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  36. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  37. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  38. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  39. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  40. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  41. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  42. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  43. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  44. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  45. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  49. ^ Obtainable at Nelson Mandela International Airport, Cesária Évora Airport, Amílcar Cabral International Airport and Aristides Pereira International Airport.
  50. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  51. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  52. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  54. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  55. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  56. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  57. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  58. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  59. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  62. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  63. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  64. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  65. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  66. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  67. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  68. ^ eVisa
  69. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  72. ^ a b c d e Extendable length of stay.
  73. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  74. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  75. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  76. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  77. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  80. ^ "Ethiopia visa on arrival". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  81. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  84. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  85. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  86. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ "ENTRY INTO THE GAMBIA. GAMBIA IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT". gid.gov.gm. 2017-12-23. Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  89. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  90. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  91. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  92. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  93. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  94. ^ [3]
  95. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  96. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  97. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  98. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  99. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  100. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  101. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  102. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  103. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  104. ^ e-Visa
  105. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  108. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  109. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  110. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  111. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  112. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  113. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  114. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  115. ^ Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ http://mfa.gov.kz/index.php/ru/poslednie-novosti/2289-kazakhstantsy-mogut-poseshchat-argentinu-bez-vizy
  118. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  121. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  122. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  123. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  124. ^ "e-VISA". evisa.e-gov.kg. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  125. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  126. ^ "The Department Of Immigration. Checkpoints". The Department Of Immigration Of Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  127. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  128. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  129. ^ eVisa Lesotho
  130. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  131. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  134. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  135. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  136. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  137. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  138. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  141. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  142. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  143. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  144. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  145. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  146. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  147. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  148. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  149. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  150. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  151. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  152. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  153. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  155. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  156. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  157. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  158. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  159. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  160. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  161. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  162. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  163. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  164. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  165. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
  166. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  167. ^ Business Visa. Ministry of Interior of Pakistan
  168. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  169. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  170. ^ eVisa, Papua New Guinea (PNG) Immigration and Citizenship Authority (ICA)
  171. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  172. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  173. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  174. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  175. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  176. ^ [4]
  177. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  178. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  179. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  180. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  181. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  182. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  183. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  184. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  185. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  186. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 May 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  187. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  188. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  189. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  190. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  191. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  192. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  193. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  194. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  195. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  196. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  197. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  198. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  199. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  200. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  201. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  202. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  203. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  204. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  205. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  206. ^ https://www.evisa.tj
  207. ^ eVisa Tanzania
  208. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  209. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  210. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  211. ^ Obtainable at the Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport or at the Dili Sea Port.
  212. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  213. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  214. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  215. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  216. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  217. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  218. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  219. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  220. ^ Uganda Electronic Visa/Permit Application System
  221. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  222. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  223. ^ UK visa requirements: list for carriers, Government of the United Kingdom, 2 October 2017.
  224. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  225. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  226. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  229. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  230. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  231. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  232. ^ E-visa
  233. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  234. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  235. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  237. ^ "The procedure of foreign citizens' entry to the NKR".
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  239. ^ "Visas For Foreign Citizens - For Kosovo Citizens - Consular Services - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo.
  240. ^ "VISA Regulations". Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
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  242. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
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  245. ^ [6]
  246. ^ [7]
  247. ^ Visa, Bureau of Consular Affairs of Taiwan.
  248. ^ "線上填寫簽證申請系統".
  249. ^ "Министерство иностранных дел - Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". Министерство иностранных дел.
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  251. ^ Rules and recommendations | Transnistria tour
  252. ^ Visit visa / entry permit requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Immigration Department of Hong Kong, April 2017.
  253. ^ Entry and exit of non-residents, Public Security Police Force of Macau.
  254. ^ [8]
  255. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  256. ^ Ruling of 29 December 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of French Polynesia, Légifrance (in French).
  257. ^ Ruling of 4 February 2015 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Mayotte, Légifrance (in French).
  258. ^ Ruling of 22 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of New Caledonia, Légifrance (in French).
  259. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  260. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  261. ^ http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/coming-to-france/getting-a-visa/article/foreign-nationals-holding-ordinary-passports-exempt-from-visa-requirements
  262. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  263. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  264. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  265. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  266. ^ Visas and immigration, Discover Cook Islands.
  267. ^ Travelling to Niue, Niue Tourism Office.
  268. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
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  270. ^ [10]
  271. ^ "Visa and passport requirements".
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  274. ^ http://www.gov.ai/visas_travel.php
  275. ^ Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda.
  276. ^ British Indian Ocean Territory travel advice - GOV.UK
  277. ^ Visas, Tourism Board of the British Virgin Islands.
  278. ^ Visa-free and visa-required countries, Department of Immigration of the Cayman Islands.
  279. ^ Immigration Ordinance 1999, Falkland Islands Government, 31 July 2017.
  280. ^ Visas and immigration, Government of Gibraltar.
  281. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
  282. ^ "Tourist Information | Visas & Legal Info | Pitcairn Island Tourism". Archived from the original on 2013-10-18. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
  283. ^ Pitcairn Islands
  284. ^ http://www.government.pn/immigration%20ordinance.pdf
  285. ^ Useful info : St Helena Tourism
  286. ^ "Ascension Island E-Visa System". 13 November 2018.
  287. ^ "Entry Visas". 13 November 2018.
  288. ^ Tristan da Cunha Information for Visitors
  289. ^ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (British Overseas Territory) travel advice - GOV.UK
  290. ^ "Information for Visitors - South Georgia Website". Archived from the original on 12 April 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  291. ^ Requirements to obtain a Turks and Caicos visitor's visa, Ministry of Border Control and Employment of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  292. ^ General information, American Samoa Visitors Bureau.
  293. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  294. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  295. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  296. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  297. ^ http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/about_antarctica/tourism/index.php
  298. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  299. ^ http://britishantarcticterritory.fco.gov.uk/en/tourism/
  300. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-a-l-Antarctique
  301. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-aux-iles-australes
  302. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-aux-iles-Eparses
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  304. ^ http://www.antarctica.gov.au/living-and-working/predeparture/expeditioner-engagement-information
  305. ^ http://www.heardisland.aq/about/frequently-asked-questions#visit_heard_island
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  307. ^ http://www.npolar.no/en/antarctica/dronning-maud-land.html
  308. ^ http://www.mfat.govt.nz/Foreign-Relations/Antarctica/3-New-Zealand-Procedures-for-Visitors-to-Antarctica/index.php
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  316. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
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  345. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)