Visa requirements for Armenian citizens

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Visa requirements for Armenian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Armenia. As of 7 January 2020, Armenian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 62 countries and territories, ranking the Armenian passport 81st in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Armenian citizens
  Armenia
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required
  Admission refused

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required[3] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[7] 1 month
 Argentina Visa not required[8] 90 days
 Australia Visa required[9]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[10]
 Austria Visa required[11]
 Azerbaijan Admission refused[12]
 Bahamas Visa not required[13] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa required[14]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[15] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[16] 28 days
 Belarus Visa not required[17]
 Belgium Visa required[18]
 Belize Visa required[19]
  • Visa required, except for passengers with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Member State for a maximum stay of 90 days.
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[20][21] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[22]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[23] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[24]
  • Visa not required for a maximum stay of 7 days for valid visa holders or residents of the European Union member states.
 Botswana Visa required[25]
 Brazil Visa not required[26] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa required[27]
 Bulgaria Visa required[28]
  • Visa not required for a maximum stay of 90 days within 180 days for valid visa holders or residents of the European Union member states.
 Burkina Faso Visa required[29]
 Burundi Visa required[30]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[31] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[32]
 Canada Visa required[33]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[34]
 Central African Republic Visa required[35]
 Chad Visa required[36]
 Chile Visa required[37]
 China Visa not required[38] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  • Visa-free access to  Hong Kong for 30 days
  • Visa-free access to  Macau for 90 days
 Colombia Visa required[39]
  • E-visas can be obtained before departure at www.cancilleria.gov.co. Passengers must have a printed e-visa confirmation.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[40]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[41]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[42]
 Costa Rica Visa required[43]
  • Visa required, except for Passengers with a multiple-entry business or tourist visa issued by Canada, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland or an EU Member State
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[44] 3 months
 Croatia Visa required[45]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[46]
 Cyprus Visa required[47]
 Czech Republic Visa required[48]
 Denmark Visa required[49]
 Djibouti eVisa[50] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[51] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[52]
  • Visa required, except for passengers with a valid visa issued by Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland (Rep.), Romania, United States, United Kingdom or a Schengen Member State
 Ecuador Visa not required[53] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[54]
 El Salvador Visa required[55]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[56]
 Eritrea Visa required[57]
 Estonia Visa required[58]
 Eswatini Visa required[59]
 Ethiopia eVisa[60] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[61]
 Finland Visa required[62]
 France Visa required[63]
 Gabon eVisa[64]
 Gambia Visa required[65]
 Georgia Visa not required[66] 1 year
 Germany Visa required[67]
 Ghana Visa required[68]
 Greece Visa required[69]
 Grenada Visa required[70]
 Guatemala Visa required[71]
 Guinea eVisa[72] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[73] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[74]
 Haiti Visa not required[75] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[76]
 Hungary Visa required[77]
 Iceland Visa required[78]
 India e-Visa[79] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][80]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[81] 30 days
 Iran Visa not required[82] 90 days[83]
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Iraq Visa required[84]
 Ireland Visa required[85]
 Israel Visa required[86]
 Italy Visa required[87]
 Jamaica Visa on arrival[88]
 Japan Visa required[89]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[90] 3 months
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[91] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.
 Kenya Visa required[92]
 Kiribati Visa required[93]
 North Korea Visa required[94]
 South Korea Visa required[95]
 Kuwait Visa required[96]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[97]
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[98][99] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[100] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020.[101]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa required[102]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[103] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[104][105]
 Liberia Visa required[106]
 Libya Visa required[107]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[108]
 Lithuania Visa required[109]
 Luxembourg Visa required[110]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[111] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[112][113] 90 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[114] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[115] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[116]
 Malta Visa required[117]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[118]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[119]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[120] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[121]
  • Visa required, except for passengers with a valid visa issued by Canada, Japan, United States, United Kingdom or a Schengen Member State for a maximum stay of 180 days.
 Micronesia Visa not required[122] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[123] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa required[124]
 Mongolia Visa required[125]
 Montenegro Visa required[126]
 Morocco Visa required[127]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[128] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[129]
 Namibia Visa not required[130] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[131]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[132] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[133]
 New Zealand Visa required[134]
 Nicaragua Visa required[135]
 Niger Visa required[136]
 Nigeria Visa required[137]
 North Macedonia Visa required[138]
 Norway Visa required[139]
 Oman Visa required[140]
  • E-visa available, in case of valid multiple entry Schengen visa.
 Pakistan Visa required[141]
 Palau Visa on arrival[142] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[143] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[144]
 Paraguay Visa required[145]
 Peru Visa required[146]
 Philippines Visa required[147]
 Poland Visa required[148]
 Portugal Visa required[149]
 Qatar Visa not required[150][151] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Romania Visa required[152]
 Russia Visa not required[153] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[154] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa[155][156]
 Saint Lucia Visa required[157]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[158] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[159] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[160]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[161][162]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[163]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[164] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[165] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period.
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[166] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[167]
 Singapore eVisa[168]
  • Some provisions for 96 hours visa-free transit.
 Slovakia Visa required[169]
 Slovenia Visa required[170]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[171]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[172] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[173]
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[174]
  • Obtainable online[175]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[176]
 Spain Visa required[177]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[178] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[179]
 Suriname eVisa[180]
 Sweden Visa required[181]
  Switzerland Visa required[182]
 Syria Visa required
  • According to the Law No. 2 of 2014 all visitors require visas prior to arrival.[183][184][185] According to the IATA database, visa may be obtained on arrival and is valid for 15 days.[186]
 Tajikistan Visa not required[187]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[188][189] 3 months
 Thailand Visa required[190]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[191] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[192] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[193]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[194]
 Tunisia Visa required[195]
 Turkey eVisa[196] 1 month
 Turkmenistan Visa required[197]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[198] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[199]
 Ukraine Visa not required[201]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[202]
 United Kingdom Visa required[203]
 United States Visa required[204]
 Uruguay Visa not required[205] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[206] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.
 Vanuatu Visa required[207]
  Vatican City Visa required[208]
 Venezuela Visa required[209]
 Vietnam eVisa[210] 30 days[211]
 Yemen Visa required[212]
 Zambia eVisa[213]
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[214] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Artsakh[edit]

  • Armenian citizens do not need visas to enter the disputed region of Artsakh.

Future[edit]

  • On 15 March 2017 the Ex-President of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan announced that Armenia will launch talks with the European Union over establishing visa-free travel for Armenian citizens into the EU's Schengen Area soon.[215]
  • On 23 March 2017 The United Arab Emirates and Armenia agreed on exempting citizens of both countries from visas, as they will be given visas on arrival at the airport.[216]
  • On 1 May 2018 the newly appointed Prime Minister of Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan announced that Armenian citizens would be able to travel within the EU’s Schengen Area visa-free in the nearest future.[citation needed]
  • On 24 August 2018 the Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel during her meeting with the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan said “Georgian and Ukrainian citizens don’t need visa to enter the European Union, and we will do everything possible to reach visa liberalisation with Armenia as well.”[citation needed]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[217] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[218]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[219]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[220] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[221] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[222]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland and the United Kingdom also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[223][224] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[225]

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[226] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. [227]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[228] Lebanon,[229] Libya,[230] Sudan,[231] Syria,[232] and Yemen[233] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Passports are not stamped at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[234]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due war between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the latter bars entry of Armenians and all foreigners of Armenian descent.[235][236]

So far as feasible it bans any visits by foreigners to Nagorno-Karabakh (the main zone under conflict)[237] being the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh, its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreigners entering such places will be permanently banned from entering Azerbaijan[238] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[239] As of 2 September 2019, the list had 852 people.

On request, the notionally independent, pro-Armenian authorities of the largely unrecognised zone may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper to help to avoid third-party later detection of travel history.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[240]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[241][242] Argentina,[243] Brunei, Cambodia,[244] China,[245] Ethiopia,[246] Ghana, Guinea,[247] India, Japan,[248][249] Kenya (and photo),[250] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[251] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[252] Singapore, South Korea,[253] Taiwan, Thailand,[254] Uganda[255] and the United States.

Many countries require a photo be taken of each person entering.

The United States, among countries who do not fully implement exit controls (long mandated by its legislature),[256] [257] [258] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[259] Its Department of Homeland Security in 2016 said it would greatly increase the biometric data it collects at the borders.[260]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[261] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[262][263]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2020" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 7 January 2020. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2020 Henley Passport Index. In certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  7. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  8. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  9. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  10. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  11. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  12. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  13. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  14. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
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  16. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  17. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
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  19. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  20. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  21. ^ eVisa Benin
  22. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  23. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
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  25. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
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  44. ^ [2]
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  61. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  64. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  68. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  69. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  72. ^ Guinea eVisa
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  74. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  75. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  76. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  77. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  78. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  79. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  80. ^ e-Visa
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  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ https://termehtravel.com/Iran-Visa/Nationality/Armenia
  84. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  85. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  86. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  87. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  90. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  91. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  92. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  93. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  94. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  95. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  96. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  97. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  101. ^ [3]
  102. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  103. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  104. ^ eVisa Lesotho
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  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  108. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  109. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  110. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  111. ^ eVisa Madagascar
  112. ^ [4]
  113. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  114. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  115. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  118. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  121. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  122. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  123. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  124. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
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Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)