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Visa requirements for Australian citizens

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Visa requirements for Australian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Australia entering with an Australian passport.

As of 1 January 2017, Australian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 170 countries and territories, ranking the Australian passport 7th in terms of travel freedom (tied with South Korean passport) according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[1]

Besides visa requirements, most countries specify other requirements which may preclude the entry of Australian and other citizens into their country, for example a prospective entrant has a criminal history, or health issues, evidence of sufficient funds, evidence of ticket for exit, etc.

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for Australian passport holders

Reciprocity issues

In 2014 Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania notified the European Commission that they consider Australia requires a visa for their citizens.[2] Implications are that if the notification is accepted the EU may suspend the visa exemption for certain categories of Australian nationals and at the latest six months after publication of the regulation, the Commission may decide to suspend the visa-free access to all Australian citizens.[3]

Some countries regard the ETA as being equivalent to visa-free travel when deciding whether to grant the same to Australians wishing to enter their territory. The United States, for example, offers their Visa Waiver Program to Australian passport-holders,[4] and one of the conditions for joining this scheme is that "Governments provide reciprocal visa-free travel for U.S. citizens for 90 days for tourism or business purposes".[5] However, United States require from January 2009 similar ETA from citizens of Australia and some more countries. This system is not called visa, but Electronic System for Travel Authorization, therefore the USA still allows visa-free travel for Australians. As of December 1998, Japan has also granted visa-free access to Australians.[6] Other ETA eligible countries and territories Canada,[7] Hong Kong,[8] Malaysia,[9] Singapore,[10] South Korea (90 days)[11] and Taiwan (90 days)[12] also grant visa-free access to Australians while Brunei grants Australians a 30-day visa on arrival.[13]

Visa requirements

Each country has a multitude of visa types, each with its particular purpose and requirements. Rules for short visits by ordinary passport holders are as follows:

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[14] Visa not required for Afghan-born citizens.
 Albania Visa not required[15] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[16]
 Andorra Visa not required[17]
 Angola Visa required[18]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[19] 1 month
 Argentina Reciprocity fee in advance[20] 90 days. Reciprocity fee must be paid online in advance (valid for 1 year).[21]
 Armenia Visa on arrival[22] 120 days. Obtainable on arrival at Zvartnots International Airport or prior to travel online.[23]
 Austria Visa not required[24] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Azerbaijan eVisa[25] 30 days[26]
 Bahamas Visa not required[27] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[28] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[29] 30 days. Not available at all entry points.[30]
 Barbados Visa not required[31] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[32] 5 days, must arrive via Minsk International Airport;
Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport
if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[33]
 Belgium Visa not required[34] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Belize Visa not required[35] 1 month[36]
 Benin Visa required[37]
 Bhutan Visa required[38] Visa approved via tour operators only.
 Bolivia Visa not required[39] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[40] 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa not required[41] 90 days per year
 Brazil Visa required[42]
 Brunei Visa on arrival[43] 30 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[44] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[45] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[46]
 Cambodia Visa on arrival[47] 30 days. Visa is also obtainable online.[48]
 Cameroon Visa required[49]
 Canada Visa not required[50] 6 months; eTA required if arriving by air.[51]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[52] Not available at all entry points.[53]
 Central African Republic Visa required[54] Visa can be issued at the Consulate General of France.
 Chad Visa required[55] Letter of invitation required.
 Chile Visa not required[56] 90 days. Australian tourists entering Chile through Santiago International Airport are required to pay a "reciprocity fee" of US$117.
 China Visa required[57] 72-hours visa free visit when in transit at Beijing, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Harbin, Kunming, Qingdao, Shenyang, Tianjin, Wuhan, Xi'an and Xiamen.
144-hours visa free visit when in transit at Hangzhou, Nanjing and Shanghai's airports, Railway Station and port.
 Colombia Visa not required[58] 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[59]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[60]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[61] Visa not required for Congolese-born visitors
 Costa Rica Visa not required[62] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[63] 3 months; eVisa holders must arrive via Port Bouet Airport.
 Croatia Visa not required[64] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[65]
 Cyprus Visa not required[66] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[67] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Denmark Visa not required[68] 90 days within any 180 day period regardless of previous time spent in other Schengen countries (except the other Nordic countries)
 Djibouti Visa on arrival[69] Not available at all entry points.[70]
 Dominica Visa not required[71] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[72] 90 days (10 USD Tourist Card valid for 30 days must be purchased upon arrival)
 Ecuador Visa not required[73] 90 days[36]
 Egypt Visa on arrival[74] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[75] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[76]
 Eritrea Visa required[77]
 Estonia Visa not required[78] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Ethiopia Visa on arrival[79] Not available at all entry points.[80]
 Fiji Visa not required[81] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[82] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 France Visa not required[83] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area (in Regions of France)
 Gabon e-Visa[84] Electronic visa holders must arrive via Libreville International Airport.
 Gambia Visa not required[85] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[86] 360 days[87]
 Germany Visa not required[88] 90 days within any 180 day period regardless of previous time spent in Schengen countries
 Ghana Visa required[89][90]
 Greece Visa not required[91] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Grenada Visa not required[92] 3 months[36]
 Guatemala Visa not required[93] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[94]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[95] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[96] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[97] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[98] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[99] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Iceland Visa not required[100] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 India e-Tourist Visa[101] 30 days
 Indonesia Visa not required[102][103] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[104] 30 days[105]
 Iraq Visa required[106]
 Ireland Visa not required[107] 3 months
 Israel Visa not required[108] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[109] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Jamaica Visa not required[110]
 Japan Visa not required[111] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[112] Conditions apply.[113] Not available at all entry points.[114]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[115] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa[116] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[117] 30 days
 North Korea Visa required[118]
 South Korea Visa not required[119] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa[120] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[121] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[122] 30 days.[36] Not available at all entry points.[123]
 Latvia Visa not required[124] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[125] 1 month extendable for 2 additional months; granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[126] 14 days[36]
 Liberia Visa required[127]
 Libya Visa required[128]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[129] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Lithuania Visa not required[130] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Luxembourg Visa not required[131] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Macedonia Visa not required[132] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[133] 30 days free of charge
 Malawi Visa on arrival[134]
 Malaysia Visa not required[135] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[136] 30 days[36]
 Mali Visa required[137]
 Malta Visa not required[138] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[139] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[140] Available at Nouakchott–Oumtounsy International Airport.
 Mauritius Visa not required[141] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[142] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[143] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[144] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[145]
 Mongolia Visa required[146] Registration required after 30 days.
 Montenegro Visa not required[147] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Morocco Visa not required[148] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[149] 30 days, conditions apply[150]
 Myanmar eVisa[151] 28 days. eVisa holders must arrive via Yangon, Nay Pyi Taw or Mandalay airports.
 Namibia Visa not required[152] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[153] Criminal record and medical fitness certificates are not required for Australian citizens.[154]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[155] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[156] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen area (European Netherlands)
 New Zealand Freedom of movement[157] Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement
 Nicaragua Visa not required[158] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[159]
 Nigeria Visa required[160] Visa not required for Nigerian-born citizens
 Norway Visa not required[161] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Oman Visa on arrival[162] 30 days[36]
 Pakistan Visa required[163] Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[164]
 Palau Visa on arrival[165] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[166] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Free Visa on arrival[167] 30 days, available at Gurney Airport (Alotau), Mount Hagen Airport, Port Moresby Airport and Tokua Airport (Rabaul).
 Paraguay Visa on arrival[168] 90 days, only available at Silvio Pettirossi International Airport in Luque. Reciprocity fee applies.
 Peru Visa not required[169] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[170] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[171] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Portugal Visa not required[172] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Qatar Visa on arrival[173] 1 month. Not available at all entry points.[174]
 Romania Visa not required[175] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa required[176]
 Rwanda Visa on arrival[177] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[178] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[179] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[180] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[181] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[182]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[183]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[184]
 Senegal Visa not required[185]
 Serbia Visa not required[186] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[187] 3 months[36]
 Sierra Leone Visa required[188]
 Singapore Visa not required[189] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[190] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Slovenia Visa not required[191] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[192] 3 months
 Somalia Visa required[193] Visa may be obtained on arrival, provided an invitation letter by the sponsor had been submitted to the authorities before arrival.
 South Africa Visa not required[194] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[195]
 Spain Visa not required[196] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Sri Lanka Electronic Travel Authorization[197] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[198] Visa not required for Sudanese-born citizens
 Suriname Visa required[199]
 Swaziland Visa not required[200] 30 days[36]
 Sweden Visa not required[201] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
  Switzerland Visa not required[202] 90 days within any 180 day period in the Schengen Area
 Syria Visa required[203]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[204] 45 days at Dushanbe International Airport. Visa also available online. E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[205]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[206]
 Thailand Visa not required[207] 30 days (maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air)
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[208] 30 days. Not available at all entry points.[209]
 Togo Visa on arrival[210] 7 days
 Tonga Visa on arrival[211] 31 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa on arrival[212] 30 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[213][214] 3 months
 Turkey eVisa[215] 3 months.[216] Cruise ship passengers do not require a visa for up to 72 hours.[217] eVisa can be obtained on arrival for a higher fee.
 Turkmenistan Visa required[218] Transit visa is required.
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[219] 1 month[36]
 Uganda Visa on arrival[220] Determined at the port of entry. May apply online.[221]
 Ukraine Visa on arrival[222] Visa on arrival valid for 15 days is available only at the Boryspil International Airport. Invitation letter is not required for Australian citizens.[223]
 United Arab Emirates Visa on arrival[224] 30 days
 United Kingdom Visa not required[225] 6 months
 United States Visa Waiver Program[226] 90 days on arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[227]
 Uruguay Visa not required[228] 3 months
 Uzbekistan Visa required[229] Pre-arranged visa can be obtained on arrival for a maximum of 7 days.
 Vanuatu Visa not required[230] 30 days[36]
  Vatican City Visa not required[231]
 Venezuela Visa not required[232] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa required[233] Pre-arranged visa obtained online through travel agencies available at Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City or Da Nang airports.
Phú Quốc without a visa for up to 30 days.[234]
 Yemen Visa required[235]
 Zambia Visa on arrival[236] 90 days; also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe. eVisa available.
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[237] 3 months. Strictly tourism purposes only. Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia. eVisa available.

Territories

Visa requirements for Australian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognised countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[238]
Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[239][240]
Belarus Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park Visa not required 3 days;[241] must first obtain an electronic pass[242]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[243]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[244][245]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[246] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[247]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[248]
 Guernsey Visa not required[249]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[250]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[251] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[252]
 Jersey Visa not required[253]
 Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[254]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[255][256] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[257]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[258][259]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[260]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[261][262]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[263][264]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[265]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[266]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[267]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[268]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[269]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[270][271]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[272]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa on arrival[273] 15 days. Available at Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.
Visa not required for 15 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (5 or more people)[274]
 Hong Kong Visa not required 3 months[275]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh.
Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[276][277][278][279][280][281]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[282]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[283]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[284]
 Macao Visa not required 30 days[285]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[286]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[287]
 Palestine Visa not required[288] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[289]
 Taiwan Visa not required 90 days[290]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[291][292][293]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[294][295][296]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required 30 days[297]
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[298]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[299]
 Aruba Visa not required 30 days, extendable to 180 days[300][301]
 Bermuda Visa not required Up to 6 months, decided on arrival.[302]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required 3 months[303][304]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 30 days, extensions possible[305]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[306]
 Curacao Visa not required 3 months[307]
France French Guiana Visa not required 3 months[308]
France French West Indies Visa not required 3 months (French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy)[309]
 Greenland Visa not required[247]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[310]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[311][312]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required 3 months[313][314]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[315]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa not required Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.[316]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Entry permit required Entry permit is required.[317]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[318]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[319]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[320]
 Guam Visa not required 45 days
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[321]
 French Polynesia Visa not required 90 days within 180 days[322]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[323]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[324] 45 days
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[325][326][327]
 Puerto Rico Visa not required Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.[328]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[329][330][331][332][333][334][335]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[336]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[337]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[338][339]
Antarctica Special permits required for Norway Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica,
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands,
Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[340][341][342][343][344][345][346][347][348][349][350][351]

Additional rules

Visa exemptions for Schengen states

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than three months (but no more than three months in any individual member state)

The Australian Government has signed bilateral visa waiver agreements with a number of the individual countries who are Schengen signatories, which allow Australian citizens to spend up to three months in the relevant country, without reference to time spent in other Schengen signatory states. Since these agreements continue to remain valid despite the implementation of the Schengen agreement, the European Commission has confirmed that in practice if Australians visit Schengen countries which have signed these types of bilateral agreements with Australia, then the terms of these agreements override the conditions normally imposed as a result of the Schengen visa exemption agreement.[352] However, amendments are under consideration restrict the exit from the Schengen area only through the territory of the Member State which is a Contracting Party to the bilateral agreement and the authorities of which have extended the stay [353]

Australia has individual bilateral visa waiver agreements with the following Schengen signatories:

Consequently, Australian citizens can visit the above Schengen member states visa-free for periods of up to three months in each country. If, however, an Australian citizen then visits another Schengen state not included in the list above, the restriction of no more than three months out of a six-month period in the Schengen area as a whole applies. Therefore, if an Australian citizen has already spent three months in one or more of the above Schengen countries, any visits to another Schengen country without a bilateral visa waiver agreement with Australia may lead to difficulties with local law enforcement agencies (e.g. being accused of having overstayed upon leaving a Schengen country which is not in the list above).

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of up to three months

Australian citizens are classified as 'Annex II' foreign nationals, and so are permitted to stay visa-free in the 26 member states of the Schengen Area as a whole — rather than each country individually — for a period not exceeding 3 months every 6 months.

During the visa exemption period, Australian citizens are permitted to work in Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovenia and Sweden.[363] In addition, Australian citizens intending to stay and work in Estonia for up to 90 days can do so without a visa as long as the employer has completed a 'registration of short-term employment'.[364]

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than 3 months (and more than 3 months in an individual member state)

In general, any person who is not a European Union, European Economic Area or Swiss citizen and who wishes to stay in a Schengen member state for more than 3 months is required to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit. Australian citizens aged 18–30 (or 18-35 in some cases) are able to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit from some Schengen member states on the basis of a working holiday (see below). Schengen member states also issue national long-stay 'D' visas and residence permits for other reasons to those fulfilling criteria laid out in their national immigration policies (e.g. skilled workers, students, au pair).

In general, the national long-stay 'D' visa/residence permit needs to be obtained in advance through the member state's embassy/consulate. However, some Schengen member states offer exceptions for Australian citizens.

 Austria allows Australian citizens to enter the country without a visa and to apply for a temporary residence permit or a 'Red-White-Red Card' (issued to permanent immigrants) after arrival, rather than in advance through an Austrian embassy/consulate.[365][366]

The  Czech Republic allows Australian citizens to apply for a work visa under a special scheme known as a 'Green Card' (rather than a 'Blue Card' or work permit which is required by most non-EU citizens). The application for a Green Card can be lodged at any Czech embassy/consulate (or, in some circumstances, within the Czech Republic if the applicant is already resident there) and is usually processed within 60 days.[367] Note that 'Green Cards' are no longer issued after 24 June 2014.[368]

 Germany permits Australian citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be applied for in advance at a German foreign mission).[369][370]

 Estonia permits Australian citizens to stay and work in Estonia for more than 90 days but less than 6 months as long as they obtain a category 'D' long-stay visa at a cost of €80 in advance at an Estonian foreign mission after the employer has completed a 'registration of short-term employment'.[371] Australian citizens intending to stay and work in Estonia for more than 6 months can apply for a temporary residence permit for employment after arrival in the country.[372]

 Hungary allows Australian citizens who wish to stay for more than 90 days in the country to apply for a residence card from the regional directorate of the Office of Immigration and Nationality within 90 days of arrival and do not need to obtain a residence permit prior to arrival in Hungary (unlike most other non-EEA and Swiss foreign nationals).[373]

 Latvia permits Australian citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months as self-employed persons or as businesspersons to enter Latvia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit must be lodged in advance at a Latvian foreign mission).[374]

 Netherlands exempts Australian citizens from the requirement to obtain a Schengen category "D" visa (the visa issued for long term stays in The Netherlands of over 90 days, known in Dutch as the "MVV" visa) - an exemption which goes beyond the visa waiver afforded to most other non-EEA and non-Swiss foreign nationals who are usually only given a visa waiver of up to 90 days in a 180-day period.[375]

 Norway permits Australian citizens who have qualifications as a skilled worker to stay in the country without a visa for up to 6 months to seek employment as a skilled worker or a specialist (except as a religious leader/teacher or an ethnic cook), as long as they register with the police within 3 months of arriving in Norway.[376]

Visa exemptions and requirements for the United Kingdom

Australian citizens are able to visit the United Kingdom for up to 6 months (or 3 months if they enter from the Republic of Ireland) without the need to apply for a visa as long as they fulfil all of the following criteria:

  • they do not work during their stay in the UK
  • they must not register a marriage or register a civil partnership during their stay in the UK
  • they can present evidence of sufficient money to fund their stay in the UK (if requested by the border inspection officer)
  • they intend to leave the UK at the end of their visit and can meet the cost of the return/onward journey
  • they have completed a landing card and submitted it at passport control unless in direct transit to a destination outside the Common Travel Area[377]
  • if under the age of 18, they can demonstrate evidence of suitable care arrangements and parental (or guardian's) consent for their stay in the UK[378]

However, even though, strictly speaking, he or she is not required to apply for a visa if he or she satisfies all of the above criteria, an Australian citizen who falls into any of the following categories has been strongly advised by the UK Border Agency (replaced by UK Visas and Immigration) to apply for a visa prior to travelling to the UK:

  • he/she has any unspent criminal convictions in any country
  • he/she has previously been refused or breached the terms of any entry to the UK, or been deported or otherwise removed from the UK
  • he/she has previously applied for a visa and been refused one
  • he/she has been warned by a UK official that he/she should obtain a visa before travelling to the UK

Australian citizens who were born before 1983[citation needed] and qualify for the right of abode are able to live and work in the United Kingdom indefinitely.

Australian citizens with a grandparent born either in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands or Isle of Man at any time or in the Republic of Ireland on or before 31 March 1922 can apply for UK Ancestry Entry Clearance, which enables them to work in the UK for five years, after which they can apply to settle indefinitely.

Australian citizens aged 18 to 30 can apply for a Youth Mobility Scheme visa which allows them to pursue a working holiday in the UK for two years.

Visa exemption for New Zealand

By virtue of the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, Australian citizens are exempt from the requirement to hold a permit on arrival in New Zealand and may reside or work for an indefinite period as long as:[379]

  • they present a valid Australian passport OR hold a foreign passport showing their Australian Citizen Endorsement or Australian Citizen Declaratory Visa (either with a label or a confirmation letter) as evidence of their Australian citizenship
  • they have no criminal convictions
  • they have no untreated tuberculosis
  • they have not been deported, excluded or removed from any country

Travel ban

It is an offence for Australians to travel or remain in Declared Areas. Those are currently parts of northern Iraq and parts of northern Syria.

APEC Business Travel Card

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[380]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[381]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (USA)

Vaccination

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever. Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[382]

Passport validity

Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.[383]

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra - 3 months and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah - on arrival), Israel, Kenya, North Korea, Laos, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Marshall Islands, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam.

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia, Zambia.

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 3 months on arrival include European Union countries (except Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom), Georgia, Honduras, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Nauru, Panama, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates.

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 1 month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, South Africa.[384] Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or passport valid throughout the period of intended stay.

Israeli stamps

Visitors with passport stamp of Israel are not allowed to enter a number of countries because of the Arab League boycott of Israel. Israel have since stopped the usage of stamps on passports in general and is now using electronic ticketing system.

Fingerprinting

Several countries including Argentina, Cambodia, Japan, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, United States, South Korea demand all passengers to be fingerprinted on arrival.[385][386][387][388][389][390][391]

Furthermore, the UAE conducts retina scanning on visitors, however, that is normally for those who have to apply for a visa.[392]

Foreign travel statistics

This section is transcluded from Australian passport. (edit | history)

According to the statistics these are the numbers of Australian visitors to various countries per annum in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Data for 2014
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao Data for 2016
  3. ^ a b c d e f Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  4. ^ a b c d e Data for 2013
  5. ^ a b Data for 2011
  6. ^ a b c Data for arrivals by air only.
  7. ^ Data for 2012
  8. ^ a b c Data for 2009
  9. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  10. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).


See also

References

  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Information from the Commission about notifications by the Member States of cases of non-reciprocity in accordance with Article 1(4)(a) of Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 as amended by Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council". European Commission. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  3. ^ EU gives US six months to come clean on visa policy
  4. ^ "Visa Waiver Program (VWP)". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  5. ^ "Visa Waiver Program - How a Country Qualifies". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  6. ^ "Visa Free Entry to Japan for Short-term Visitors from Australia". Department of Immigration and Citizenship. 1998-11-05. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  7. ^ "Countries and territories whose citizens do not need a visa (visa exemptions)". Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Visit Visa / Entry Permit Requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region". Immigration Department of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Visa Requirement by Country". Immigration Department of Malaysia. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Visa Requirements for Entry into Singapore". High Commission of The Republic of Singapore - London. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Nationals of countries or regions allowed for visa-free entry". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Visa-Exempt Entry and Landing Visas". Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  13. ^ "Visa Information". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Visa Information for Afghanistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Visa Information for Albania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "Visa Information for Algeria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Visa Information for Andorra: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  18. ^ "Visa Information for Angola: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Visa Information for Antigua and Barbuda: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "Visa Information for Argentina: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ "Visa Information for Armenia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  23. ^ e-Visa - Republic of Armenia Electronic Visa System
  24. ^ "Visa Information for Austria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  25. ^ "Visa Information for Azerbaijan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). 
  26. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  27. ^ "Visa Information for Bahamas: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  28. ^ "Visa Information for Bahrain: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  29. ^ "Visa Information for Bangladesh: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  30. ^ Available at Shahjalal International Airport, Shah Amanat International Airport and Osmani International Airport only.
  31. ^ "Visa Information for Barbados: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  32. ^ "Visa Information for Belarus: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  33. ^ [2]
  34. ^ "Visa Information for Belgium: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  35. ^ "Visa Information for Belize: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Extendable length of stay.
  37. ^ "Visa Information for Benin: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  38. ^ "Visa Information for Bhutan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  39. ^ "Visa Information for Bolivia, Plurinational State of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  40. ^ "Visa Information for Bosnia and Herzegovina: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  41. ^ "Visa Information for Botswana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  42. ^ "Visa Information for Brazil: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  43. ^ "Visa Information for Brunei Darussalam: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  44. ^ "Visa Information for Bulgaria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  45. ^ "Visa Information for Burkina Faso: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  46. ^ "Visa Information for Burundi: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  47. ^ "Visa Information for Cambodia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  48. ^ [3]
  49. ^ "Visa Information for Cameroon: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  50. ^ "Visa Information for Canada: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  51. ^ canada.ca/eTA
  52. ^ "Visa Information for Cape Verde: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  53. ^ Obtainable at Nelson Mandela International Airport, Cesária Évora Airport, Amílcar Cabral International Airport and Aristides Pereira International Airport.
  54. ^ "Visa Information for Central African Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  55. ^ "Visa Information for Chad: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  56. ^ "Visa Information for Chile: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  57. ^ "Visa Information for China: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  58. ^ "Visa Information for Colombia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  59. ^ "Visa Information for Comoros: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  60. ^ "Visa Information for Congo: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  61. ^ "Visa Information for Congo, the Democratic Republic of the: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  62. ^ "Visa Information for Costa Rica: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  63. ^ Visa at International Airport Felix Houphouet Boigny in Abidjan
  64. ^ "Visa Information for Croatia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  65. ^ "Visa Information for Cuba: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  66. ^ "Visa Information for Cyprus: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  67. ^ "Visa Information for Czech Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  68. ^ "Visa Information for Denmark: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  69. ^ "Visa Information for Djibouti: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  70. ^ Obtainable at Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport.
  71. ^ "Visa Information for Dominica: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  72. ^ "Visa Information for Dominican Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  73. ^ "Visa Information for Ecuador: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  74. ^ "Visa Information for Egypt: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  75. ^ "Visa Information for El Salvador: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  76. ^ "Visa Information for Equatorial Guinea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  77. ^ "Visa Information for Eritrea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  78. ^ "Visa Information for Estonia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  79. ^ "Visa Information for Ethiopia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  80. ^ Obtainable at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport.
  81. ^ "Visa Information for Fiji: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  82. ^ "Visa Information for Finland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  83. ^ "Visa Information for France: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  84. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  85. ^ "Visa Information for Gambia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  86. ^ "Visa Information for Georgia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  87. ^ Georgia Restores One-Year Visa-Free Rules
  88. ^ "Visa Information for Germany: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  89. ^ "Visa Information for Ghana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  90. ^ http://www.ghanahighcom.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=53&Itemid=59
  91. ^ "Visa Information for Greece: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  92. ^ "Visa Information for Grenada: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  93. ^ "Visa Information for Guatemala: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  94. ^ "Visa Information for Guinea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  95. ^ "Visa Information for Guinea-Bissau: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  96. ^ "Visa Information for Guyana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  97. ^ "Visa Information for Haiti: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  98. ^ "Visa Information for Honduras: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  99. ^ "Visa Information for Hungary: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  100. ^ "Visa Information for Iceland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  101. ^ e-Tourist Visa
  102. ^ "Visa Information for Indonesia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  103. ^ http://setkab.go.id/tidak-untuk-jurnalistik-wisatawan-dari-169-negara-ini-bebas-visa-kunjungan-ke-indonesia/
  104. ^ "Visa Information for Iran, Islamic Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  105. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
  106. ^ "Visa Information for Iraq: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  107. ^ "Visa Information for Ireland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  108. ^ "Visa Information for Israel: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  109. ^ "Visa Information for Italy: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  110. ^ "Visa Information for Jamaica: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  111. ^ "Visa Information for Japan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  112. ^ "Visa Information for Jordan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  113. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  114. ^ Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).
  115. ^ "Visa Information for Kazakhstan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  116. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  117. ^ "Visa Information for Kiribati: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  118. ^ "Visa Information for Korea, Democratic People's Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  119. ^ "Visa Information for Korea, Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  120. ^ Kuwait eVisa
  121. ^ "Visa Information for Kyrgyzstan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  122. ^ "Visa Information for Lao People's Democratic Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  123. ^ Available at international airports Wattay Vientiane, Pakse Savannakhet and Luang Prabang, and at land borders Friendship Bridge, Vientiane and Savannakhet; Nam Heuang Friendship Bridge, Sayabouly Province; and border crossings at Boten-Mohan, Dansavan-Lao Bao, Houaysay-Chiang Khong, Thakhek-Nakhon Phanom, Nong Haet-Nam Kan, Nam Phao-Kao Cheo, Veun Kham-Dong Calor, and Vangtao-Chong Mek as well as Tha Naleng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkhai, Thailand. Entry points Napao-Chalo, Taichang-Sophoun, Pakxan-Bungkan, and Xiengkok are open only to visa holders.
  124. ^ "Visa Information for Latvia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  125. ^ "Visa Information for Lebanon: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  126. ^ "Visa Information for Lesotho: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  127. ^ "Visa Information for Liberia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  128. ^ "Visa Information for Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  129. ^ "Visa Information for Liechtenstein: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  130. ^ "Visa Information for Lithuania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  131. ^ "Visa Information for Luxembourg: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  132. ^ "Visa Information for Macedonia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  133. ^ "Visa Information for Madagascar: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  134. ^ "Visa Information for Malawi: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  135. ^ "Visa Information for Malaysia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  136. ^ "Visa Information for Maldives: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  137. ^ "Visa Information for Mali: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  138. ^ "Visa Information for Malta: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  139. ^ "Visa Information for Marshall Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  140. ^ "Visa Information for Mauritania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  141. ^ "Visa Information for Mauritius: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  142. ^ "Visa Information for Mexico: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  143. ^ "Visa Information for Micronesia, Federated States of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  144. ^ [4]
  145. ^ "Visa Information for Monaco: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  146. ^ "Visa Information for Mongolia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  147. ^ "Visa Information for Montenegro: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  148. ^ "Visa Information for Morocco: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  149. ^ "Visa Information for Mozambique: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  150. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  151. ^ Myanmar eVisa
  152. ^ "Visa Information for Namibia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  153. ^ "Visa Information for Nauru: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  154. ^ Immigration Regulations 2014 SL No. 2 of 2014
  155. ^ "Visa Information for Nepal: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  156. ^ "Visa Information for Netherlands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  157. ^ "Visa Information for New Zealand: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  158. ^ "Visa Information for Nicaragua: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  159. ^ "Visa Information for Niger: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  160. ^ "Visa Information for Nigeria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  161. ^ "Visa Information for Norway: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  162. ^ "Visa Information for Oman: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  163. ^ "Visa Information for Pakistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  164. ^ [5]
  165. ^ "Visa Information for Palau: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  166. ^ "Visa Information for Panama: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  167. ^ "Visa Information for Papua New Guinea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  168. ^ "Visa Information for Paraguay: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  169. ^ "Visa Information for Peru: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  170. ^ "Visa Information for Philippines: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  171. ^ "Visa Information for Poland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  172. ^ "Visa Information for Portugal: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  173. ^ "Visa Information for Qatar: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  174. ^ Available only at Doha International Airport.
  175. ^ "Visa Information for Romania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  176. ^ "Visa Information for Russian Federation: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  177. ^ [6]
  178. ^ "Visa Information for Saint Kitts and Nevis: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  179. ^ "Visa Information for Saint Lucia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  180. ^ "Visa Information for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  181. ^ "Visa Information for Samoa: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  182. ^ "Visa Information for San Marino: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  183. ^ http://www.smf.st/virtualvisa/
  184. ^ "Visa Information for Saudi Arabia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  185. ^ "Visa Information for Senegal: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). 
  186. ^ "Visa Information for Serbia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  187. ^ "Visa Information for Seychelles: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  188. ^ "Visa Information for Sierra Leone: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  189. ^ "Visa Information for Singapore: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 12 Oct 2016. 
  190. ^ "Visa Information for Slovakia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  191. ^ "Visa Information for Slovenia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  192. ^ "Visa Information for Solomon Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  193. ^ "Visa Information for Somalia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). 
  194. ^ "Visa Information for South Africa: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  195. ^ "Visa Information for South Sudan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  196. ^ "Visa Information for Spain: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  197. ^ "Visa Information for Sri Lanka: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  198. ^ "Visa Information for Sudan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  199. ^ "Visa Information for Suriname: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  200. ^ "Visa Information for Swaziland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  201. ^ "Visa Information for Sweden: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  202. ^ "Visa Information for Switzerland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  203. ^ "Visa Information for Syrian Arab Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  204. ^ "Visa Information for Tajikistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  205. ^ https://www.evisa.tj
  206. ^ "Visa Information for Tanzania, United Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  207. ^ "Visa Information for Thailand: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  208. ^ "Visa Information for Timor-Leste: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  209. ^ Obtainable at the Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport or at the Dili Sea Port.
  210. ^ "Visa Information for Togo: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  211. ^ "Visa Information for Tonga: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  212. ^ "Visa Information for Trinidad and Tobago: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  213. ^ [7]
  214. ^ "Visa Information for Tunisia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  215. ^ "Visa Information for Turkey: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  216. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.tr/visa-applications-at-points-of-entry-to-the-republic-of-turkey-as-of-11-april-2014-and-measures-to-be-taken-during-the-transit.en.mfa
  217. ^ [8]
  218. ^ "Visa Information for Turkmenistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  219. ^ "Visa Information for Tuvalu: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  220. ^ "Visa Information for Uganda: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  221. ^ Uganda Electronic Visa/Permit Application System
  222. ^ "Visa Information for Ukraine: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  223. ^ [9]
  224. ^ "Visa Information for United Arab Emirates: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  225. ^ "Visa Information for United Kingdom: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  226. ^ "Visa Information for United States: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  227. ^ [10]
  228. ^ "Visa Information for Uruguay: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  229. ^ "Visa Information for Uzbekistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  230. ^ "Visa Information for Vanuatu: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  231. ^ "Visa Information for Holy See (Vatican City State): Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  232. ^ "Visa Information for Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  233. ^ "Visa Information for Viet Nam: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  234. ^ [11]
  235. ^ "Visa Information for Yemen: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  236. ^ "Visa Information for Zambia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  237. ^ "Visa Information for Zimbabwe: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  238. ^ http://mfaapsny.org/aps/council/visa.php
  239. ^ http://www.athosfriends.org/PilgrimsGuide/planning/
  240. ^ http://www.mountathosinfos.gr/pages/agionoros/pilgrims_info.en.html
  241. ^ Visa-free trips to Belovezhskaya Pushcha as from 12 June
  242. ^ VISA-FREE TRAVEL THROUGH THE CHECKPOINT «PEREROV - BIALOWIEZA» FOR FOREIGN CITIZENS
  243. ^ Foreigners Now Need Russian Visa to Visit Crimea
  244. ^ http://www.korinia.com/living-north-cyprus.php
  245. ^ http://www.cypnet.co.uk/ncyprus/tourism/tourist.html
  246. ^ http://www.unficyp.org/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=1608&tt=graphic&lang=l1
  247. ^ a b [12]
  248. ^ "Visa Information for Gibraltar: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  249. ^ Do I require an entry clearance/ VISA
  250. ^ An overview of Immigration in the Isle of Man
  251. ^ http://www.jan-mayen.no/visit.htm
  252. ^ http://www.lovdata.no/for/sf/jd/xd-19620601-0001.html
  253. ^ Visa and passport requirements for visitors
  254. ^ http://www.mfa-ks.net/?page=2,158
  255. ^ http://www.nkr.am/en/the-procedure-of-foreign-citizens-entry-to-the-nkr/92/
  256. ^ http://www.nkrusa.org/nkr_office/visa_travel.shtml
  257. ^ http://mfa.gov.az/index.php?options=content&id=587
  258. ^ Kiev declares passport control on border with rebel-held regions
  259. ^ Ukraine crisis: Kiev imposes passport control around rebel-held regions
  260. ^ "Russian Federation Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  261. ^ http://mfa-rso.su/node/55
  262. ^ http://mfa-rso.su/en/node/406
  263. ^ http://www.luxlana.net/Transdniestr.html
  264. ^ http://transnistria-tour.com/en/rules-and-tipps
  265. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/asia-oceania/british-indian-ocean-territory?ta=entryRequirements&pg=4
  266. ^ http://www.eritrea.be/MoT.htm
  267. ^ http://www.ascension-island.gov.ac/services/entry-permits/
  268. ^ http://www.sthelenatourism.com/the-island/useful-info/
  269. ^ http://www.tristandc.com/visitsadmin.php
  270. ^ http://www.lonelyplanet.com/somaliland-puntland-and-somalia/practical-information/visas
  271. ^ http://www.somalilandgov.com/Visa%20Application.htm
  272. ^ "Republic of South Sudan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  273. ^ https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&COUNTRY=CN&SECTION=VI&SUBSECTION=00&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C
  274. ^ Tours must be organized by a travel agent registered in Hainan province and approved by the National Tourism Administration of China.
  275. ^ "Visa Information for Hong Kong: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  276. ^ [13]
  277. ^ http://as.and.nic.in/TourismAND/TCorner/ForeignersNew.htm
  278. ^ http://arunachaltourism.com/entry_formalities.php
  279. ^ http://manipurbhawan.nic.in/entryformalities.htm
  280. ^ http://manipurhub.com/news/manipur/protected-area-permit-requirement-lifted-from-manipur-for-one-year/
  281. ^ http://lakshadweeptourism.nic.in/web9.htm
  282. ^ "Visa Information for Iraq: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  283. ^ "Kazakhstan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  284. ^ "Iran Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  285. ^ "Visa Information for Macao: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  286. ^ "Malaysia Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  287. ^ "Maldives Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  288. ^ "Visa Information for State of Palestine: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  289. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  290. ^ "Visa Information for Taiwan, Province of China: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  291. ^ http://www.pamirs.org/visas.htm
  292. ^ http://www.traveltajikistan.com/visas/gbao.html
  293. ^ http://tajiktourism.com/tajikistan-visa/
  294. ^ http://www.xzta.gov.cn/yww/Essential/Notice/4719.shtml
  295. ^ http://www.tibettravel.org/tibet-travel-permit/tibet-permits.html
  296. ^ http://www.tibettravelplanner.com/travel_permit.htm
  297. ^ www.vietseatourist.vn/News/category1/news-57/No-visa-required-for-tourists-to-Phu-Quoc-on-short-stay.html
  298. ^ "Yemen Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  299. ^ "Visa Information for Anguilla: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  300. ^ "Visa Information for Aruba: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  301. ^ "Aruba Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  302. ^ "Visa Information for Bermuda: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  303. ^ "Visa Information for Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  304. ^ "Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba (BES) Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  305. ^ "Visa Information for Virgin Islands, British: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  306. ^ "Visa Information for Cayman Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  307. ^ "Visa Information for Curaçao: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  308. ^ "Visa Information for French Guiana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  309. ^ "Visa Information for Guadeloupe: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  310. ^ "Vietnam Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  311. ^ [14]
  312. ^ "Visa Information for Montserrat: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  313. ^ "Visa Information for Sint Maarten: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  314. ^ "Sint Maarten Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  315. ^ "Visa Information for Turks and Caicos Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  316. ^ "Visa Information for Virgin Islands, U.S.: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  317. ^ "Visa Information for American Samoa: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  318. ^ http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/mpa/ashmore/activities.html
  319. ^ http://www.clipperton.fr/incagen.html?geopolitique.htm~main
  320. ^ http://www.cook-islands.gov.ck/faq.php
  321. ^ "Fiji Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  322. ^ "Visa Information for French Polynesia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  323. ^ http://www.niueisland.com/getting-niue
  324. ^ "Visa Information for Northern Mariana Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). 
  325. ^ http://www.visitpitcairn.pn/visitpitcairn/visaslegalinfo/touristinfo/index.html
  326. ^ http://www.government.pn/visaInfo.php
  327. ^ http://www.government.pn/immigration%20ordinance.pdf
  328. ^ "Visa Information for Puerto Rico: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  329. ^ http://www.fws.gov/bakerisland/visit.html
  330. ^ http://www.fws.gov/howlandisland/visit.html
  331. ^ http://www.fws.gov/jarvisisland/
  332. ^ http://www.fws.gov/johnstonisland/visit.html
  333. ^ http://www.fws.gov/kingmanreef/visit.html
  334. ^ http://www.fws.gov/midway/visit.html
  335. ^ http://www.fws.gov/palmyraatoll/visit.html
  336. ^ Sistema de Calificación y Control de Residencia - Consejo de Gobierno de Galápagos
  337. ^ http://www.falklandislands.com/product.php/35/17/entry_and_exit_requirements/abce58e896311945651c12e01c7562dc
  338. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/south-america/south-georgia-south-sandwich#entryRequirements
  339. ^ http://www.sgisland.gs/index.php/(v)Information_for_Visitors_to_South_Georgia?useskin=vis
  340. ^ http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/about_antarctica/tourism/index.php
  341. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/content/en/travel-advice/north-central-south-america/12940285/fco_trv_ca_britishantarcticterr?ta=travelSummary&pg=1
  342. ^ http://britishantarcticterritory.fco.gov.uk/en/tourism/
  343. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-a-l-Antarctique
  344. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-aux-iles-australes
  345. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-aux-iles-Eparses
  346. ^ http://www.dna.gov.ar/DIVULGAC/INDEX.HTM
  347. ^ http://www.antarctica.gov.au/living-and-working/predeparture/expeditioner-engagement-information
  348. ^ http://www.heardisland.aq/about/frequently-asked-questions#visit_heard_island
  349. ^ http://www.npolar.no/en/antarctica/peter-I-oy.html
  350. ^ http://www.npolar.no/en/antarctica/dronning-maud-land.html
  351. ^ http://www.mfat.govt.nz/Foreign-Relations/Antarctica/3-New-Zealand-Procedures-for-Visitors-to-Antarctica/index.php
  352. ^ Opinion concerning the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a touring visa and amending the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement and Regulations (Brussels, 28 July 2014)
  353. ^ Duration of short-stay in the Schengen area Extension of that duration under bilateral agreements concluded by Member States with third countries - Draft regulations on Entry/Exit system and Touring visa (Brussels, 25 October 2016)
  354. ^ Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Belgium concerning Visas and Visa Fees (1951)
  355. ^ Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Denmark regarding Visas and Visa Fees (1952)
  356. ^ http://www.nyidanmark.dk/en-us/coming_to_dk/visa/Visa_free_travel.htm
  357. ^ Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany regarding Visas and Visa Fees (1953)
  358. ^ http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/EN/EinreiseUndAufenthalt/StaatenlisteVisumpflicht_node.html
  359. ^ Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Italy on Visas and Visa Fees (1951)
  360. ^ Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Netherlands concerning Visas and Visa Fees (1951)
  361. ^ AU passport holders traveling in Europe/Schengen zone. Bilateral Visa Waiver Agreement
  362. ^ http://www.norway.org.au/Services/Visas-and-Residence-Permits1/FAQ-Visa-application/#.Vuerl-L5icx
  363. ^ Information pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement
  364. ^ http://www.politsei.ee/en/teenused/working-in-estonia/registration-of-short-term-employment/
  365. ^ http://www.migration.gv.at/en/types-of-immigration/temporary-residence.html
  366. ^ http://www.migration.gv.at/en/types-of-immigration/permanent-immigration-red-white-red-card/very-highly-qualified-workers.html
  367. ^ http://portal.mpsv.cz/sz/zahr_zam/zelka/ciz#jakziskat
  368. ^ http://www.mvcr.cz/mvcren/article/green-cards.aspx
  369. ^ Table of countries whose citizens require/do not require visas to enter Germany
  370. ^ Studying and working in Germany
  371. ^ http://www.vm.ee/?q=en/node/9232
  372. ^ http://www.politsei.ee/en/teenused/residence-permit/tahtajaline-elamisluba/tootamiseks/oluline-info-tootamiseks-elamisloa-taotlejale.dot#erand
  373. ^ [15]
  374. ^ http://www.pmlp.gov.lv/en/pakalpojumi/residence/documents_submitted.html
  375. ^ [16]
  376. ^ http://www.udi.no/Norwegian-Directorate-of-Immigration/Central-topics/Work-and-residence/Do-I-need-a-residence-permit/#skilled
  377. ^ UK Border Agency: Arriving at the UK border (If one is not a citizen of the EU, EEA or Switzerland)
  378. ^ UK Border Agency: Child visitors
  379. ^ http://www.nzembassy.com/australia/going-new-zealand/visas
  380. ^ APEC Business Travel Card
  381. ^ APEC Business Travel Card
  382. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation
  383. ^ "International Travel Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  384. ^ Timatic
  385. ^ Argentina strengthens migratory control
  386. ^ Japan fingerprints foreigners as anti-terror move
  387. ^ S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors
  388. ^ Cambodia Country Specific Information
  389. ^ Malaysia Country Specific Information
  390. ^ Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners
  391. ^ Office of Biometric Identity Management
  392. ^ Immigration & visas
  393. ^ Statistical Yearbook p. 91
  394. ^ Anuário de Estatística do Turismo
  395. ^ [17]
  396. ^ Tourism Statistics for Antigua and Barbuda
  397. ^ [18]
  398. ^ Number of foreign citizens arrived to Azerbaijan by countries
  399. ^ Stopovers by Country, table 34
  400. ^ Tourisme selon pays de provenance
  401. ^ [19]
  402. ^ "Arrivals of informational visitors by country of residence". 
  403. ^ "TOURISM STATISTICS Cumulative data, January – December 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  404. ^ Tourism Statistics Annual Report 2015
  405. ^ [20]
  406. ^ Brunei Darussalam Tourism Report 2011
  407. ^ Tourism Statistics Report
  408. ^ Service bulletin International Travel: Advance Information, December 2016
  409. ^ Air Visitor Arrivals - Origin & General Evolution Analysis
  410. ^ [21]
  411. ^ [22]
  412. ^ The data obtained on request. Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo de Colombia
  413. ^ [23]
  414. ^ [24]
  415. ^ Anuario de Turismo
  416. ^ [25]
  417. ^ ARRIVALS OF TOURISTS BY COUNTRY OF USUAL RESIDENCE
  418. ^ 2015 Visitors Statistics Report
  419. ^ [26]
  420. ^ [27]
  421. ^ [28]
  422. ^ VISITOR ARRIVALS - NUMBER BY COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE, Fiji Bureau of Statistics
  423. ^ [29]
  424. ^ [30]
  425. ^ Nombre de touristas
  426. ^ International arrivals 2016
  427. ^ Tourismus in Zahlen 2016, Statistisches Bundesamt
  428. ^ [31]
  429. ^ [32]
  430. ^ Visitor arrival statistics. Origin of air arrivals
  431. ^ Visitor Arrivals Statistics
  432. ^ TOURISM IN HUNGARY 2016
  433. ^ International visitor arrivals statistics
  434. ^ [33]
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