Visa requirements for Bahraini citizens

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Visa requirements for Bahraini citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bahrain. As of 11th October, Bahraini citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 81 countries and territories, ranking the Bahraini passport 63rd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Bahraini citizens do not need a visa to enter other member states the GCC. In June 2017, many GCC countries stopped allowing Qatar citizens to enter but Qatar has not imposed the same restrictions on citizens of those GCC countries.

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Bahraini citizens
  Bahrain
  Freedom of movement
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required (temporary)[3]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[7]
 Argentina Visa required[8]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[9][10] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[11]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[12]
 Austria Visa required[13]
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[14] 30 days[15]
 Bahamas Visa not required[16] 3 months
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[17] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[18] 90 days
 Belarus Visa not required[19] 30 days
 Belgium Visa required[20]
 Belize Visa required[21]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[22][23] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[24]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[25] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[26] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa not required[27] 90 days
 Brazil Visa required[28]
 Brunei Visa on arrival[29] 30 days
 Bulgaria Visa required[30]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[31]
 Burundi Visa required[32]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[33] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[34]
 Canada Visa required[35]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[36]
 Central African Republic Visa required[37]
 Chad Visa required[38]
 Chile Visa required[39]
 China Visa required[40]
 Colombia Visa required[41]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[42]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[43]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[44]
 Costa Rica Visa required[45]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[46]
 Croatia Visa required[47]
 Cuba Visa required[48]
 Cyprus Visa required[49]
 Czech Republic Visa required[50]
 Denmark Visa required[51]
 Djibouti eVisa[52] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[53] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[54]
 Ecuador Visa not required[55] 90 days
 Egypt Visa not required[56] 3 months
 El Salvador Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[58]
 Eritrea Visa required[59]
 Estonia Visa required[60]
 Eswatini Visa required[61]
 Ethiopia eVisa[62] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[63]
 Finland Visa required[64]
 France Visa required[65]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[66]
 Gambia Visa required[68]
 Georgia Visa not required[69] 1 year
 Germany Visa required[70]
 Ghana Visa required[71]
 Greece Visa required[72]
 Grenada Visa required[73]
 Guatemala Visa not required[74] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[75]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[76] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[77]
 Haiti Visa not required[78] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[79] 90 days
 Hungary Visa required[80]
 Iceland Visa required[81]
 India Visa required[82]
 Indonesia Visa not required[83] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[84] 30 days[85]
 Iraq Visa on arrival[86]
  • When arriving at Basra International Airport or Al Najaf International Airport.
 Ireland Visa required[87]
 Israel Visa required[88]
  • Confirmation from Israeli government is required before a visa is issued.[89]
 Italy Visa required[90]
 Jamaica Visa required[91]
 Japan Visa required[92]
 Jordan Visa not required[93] 3 months
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[94] 30 days[95]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[96] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[97]
 North Korea Visa required[98]
 South Korea Visa not required[99] 30 days
 Kuwait Visa not required[100]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[101] 60 days
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[102] 30 days
 Latvia Visa required[103]
 Lebanon Visa not required[104] 6 months
 Lesotho eVisa[105][106]
 Liberia Visa required[107]
 Libya Visa required[108]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[109]
 Lithuania Visa required[110]
 Luxembourg Visa required[111]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[112] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[113]
 Malaysia Visa not required[114] 90 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[115] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[116]
 Malta Visa required[117]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[118]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[119]
 Mauritius Visa not required[120] 90 days
 Mexico Visa required[121]
 Micronesia Visa not required[122] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[123]
 Monaco Visa required[124]
 Mongolia Visa required[125]
 Montenegro Visa required[126]
 Morocco Visa not required[127] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[128] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[129] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[130]
 Nauru Visa required[131]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[132] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[133]
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[134] 90 days
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained alongside Electronic Travel Authority.[135]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[136] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[137]
 Nigeria Visa required[138]
 North Macedonia Visa required[139]
 Norway Visa required[140]
 Oman Visa not required[141]
 Pakistan Electronic Travel Authorization[142]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[143]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[144]
  • Online Visa eligible.[145]
 Palau Visa on arrival[146] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[147]
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[148]
 Paraguay Visa required[149]
 Peru Visa required[150]
 Philippines Visa not required[151] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[152]
 Portugal Visa required[153]
 Qatar Visa not required[154]
 Romania Visa required[155]
 Russia Visa required[156]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[157] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa[158]
 Saint Lucia Visa required[159]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[160] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[161] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[162]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[163]
 Saudi Arabia Visa not required[164]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[165] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[166] 90 days
  • 90 days within a 6-month period
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[167] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[168]
 Singapore Visa not required[169] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[170]
 Slovenia Visa required[171]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[172]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[173]
 South Africa Visa required[174]
 South Sudan Visa required[175]
 Spain Visa required[176]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[177] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[178]
 Suriname eVisa[179]
 Sweden Visa required[180]
  Switzerland Visa required[181]
 Syria Visa required[182]
  • According to the Law No. 2 of 2014 all visitors require visas prior to arrival.[183][184][185]
 Tajikistan eVisa[186] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[187]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[188][189] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[190] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[191] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[192] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[193]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[194]
 Tunisia Visa not required[195] 3 months
 Turkey eVisa[196] 3 months
  • Visa is issued free for charge.
 Turkmenistan Visa required[197]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[198] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[199]
 Ukraine eVisa[201] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[202]
 United Kingdom Visa required[203]
 United States Visa required[204]
 Uruguay Visa required[205]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[206] 30 days
  • 5-day visa-free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[207]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[208] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[209]
 Venezuela Visa required[210]
 Vietnam Visa required[211]
 Yemen Visa on arrival[214] 3 months
 Zambia eVisa[215]
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[216] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Bahraini citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[217]
 Kosovo Visa not required[218]

Do not need a visa a holder of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa , a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[219]

 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[220]
 Mayotte Visa required[221]
 Réunion Visa required[221]
 Ascension Island eVisa[222][223]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena eVisa[224][225]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[226][227]
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[228]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa not required 14 days[229][230]
 Hong Kong Visa not required[231] 30 days
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[232][233][234][235][236][237]
 Kazakhstan closed cities Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[238]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[239]
 Macau Visa on arrival[240] 30 days
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[241]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[242] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[243]
 Taiwan Electronic Entry Visa[244]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[245][246][247]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[248][249][250]
 Turkmenistan closed cities Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[251]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa required[252]
 Aruba Visa required[253]
 Bermuda Visa required[254] Visa free for a maximum stay of 3 months if transiting through the United Kingdom.
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[255]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[256]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[257]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[258][259]
 Curacao Visa required[260]
France French Guiana Visa required[261]
France French West Indies Visa required[262] French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
 Greenland Visa required[263]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa required All visitors are fingerprinted.[264]
 Montserrat Visa required[265]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[266]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[221]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[267]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[268] 30 days
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[269]
Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[270][271]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[272]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required[273] 90 days
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[274] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa required[263]
 Gibraltar Visa required Visa not required if holding a Schengen multiple entry visa with a minimum remaining validity of 7 days or visiting on a day trip as part of an organised tour arranged through a Gibraltar-based tour operator.
 Guernsey Visa required[275]
 Isle of Man Visa required[276]
 Jersey Visa required[277]
 Artsakh Visa required[278][279]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Entry permit required[280]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[281]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[282]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[283]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[284]
 French Polynesia Visa required[285]
 Guam Visa required[286] 45 days
 New Caledonia Visa required[221]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[287]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[288]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa required
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[289][290][291][292][293][294][295]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[221]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[296]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[297][298]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[299][300][301][302][303][304][305][306][307][308][309][310]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[311] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[312] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[313]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[314][315] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[316]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[317] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana[318].

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[319]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[320] Lebanon,[321] Libya,[322] Sudan,[323] Syria,[324] and Yemen[325] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [326] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[327]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[328][329] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[330] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[331] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[332] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[333] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[334]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[335][336] Argentina,[337] Brunei, Cambodia,[338] China,[339] Ethiopia,[340] Ghana, India, Japan[341][342], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [343], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[344] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[345] Singapore, South Korea,[346] Taiwan, Uganda[347] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[348] [349] [350] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[351]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[352] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[353][354]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  7. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  8. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  9. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  10. ^ Only at Yerevan, Gyumri Airport, Ayrum railway station, Bagratashen, Bavra, Gogavan and Megri land borders.
  11. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  12. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  13. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  14. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  15. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  16. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  17. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  18. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  19. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  20. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  21. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  22. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  23. ^ eVisa Benin
  24. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  25. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  26. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  27. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  28. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  29. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  30. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  31. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  32. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  33. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  34. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  35. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  36. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  42. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  43. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  44. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  45. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  49. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
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  51. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
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  354. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
Notes
  1. ^ Available at