Visa requirements for Bangladeshi citizens

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Visa requirements for Bangladeshi citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Bangladesh by the authorities of other states.

As of 22 May 2018, Bangladeshi citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 41 countries and territories, ranking the Bangladeshi passport 94th in terms of travel freedom (tied with passports from Lebanon, Libya and South Sudan) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Bangladeshi citizens
  Bangladesh
  Visa-free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required[2]
 Algeria Visa required[2]
 Andorra Visa required[2]
 Angola Visa required[2]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[2] 30 days
  • USD100 visa waiver fee applies.
 Argentina Visa required[2]
 Armenia Visa required[2]
 Australia Visa required[2]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[3]
 Austria Visa required[2]
 Azerbaijan Visa required[2]
 Bahamas Visa not required[2] 4 weeks
 Bahrain Visa required[2]
 Barbados Visa not required[2] 6 months
 Belarus Visa required[2]
 Belgium Visa required[2]
 Belize Visa required[2]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[2][4] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa not required[5][2]
 Bolivia Visa required[2]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[2]
 Botswana Visa required[2]
 Brazil Visa required[2]
 Brunei Visa required[2]
 Bulgaria Visa required[2]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[2]
 Burundi Visa required[6][2]
 Cambodia Visa required[2]
 Cameroon Visa required[2]
 Canada Visa required[2]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[2]
 Central African Republic Visa required[2]
 Chad Visa required[2]
 Chile Visa required[2]
 China Visa required[2]
 Colombia Visa required[2]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[2]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[2]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[2]
 Costa Rica Visa required[2]
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[2]
 Croatia Visa required[2]
 Cuba Visa required[2]
  • Visa must be obtained in advance lieu of a tourist card.
 Cyprus Visa required[2]
 Czech Republic Visa required[2]
 Denmark Visa required[2]
 Djibouti eVisa[2] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[2] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa required[2]
 Ecuador Visa required[2]
 Egypt Visa required[2]
 El Salvador Visa required[2]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[2]
 Eritrea Visa required[2]
 Estonia Visa required[2]
 Ethiopia eVisa[2]
 Fiji Visa not required[2] 4 months
 Finland Visa required[2]
 France Visa required[2]
 Gabon eVisa[7]
 Gambia Visa not required[2] 90 days
 Georgia Visa required[2]
  • eVisa available for holders of a valid Schengen visa or a valid visa from any of the OECD member countries; or a valid residence permit of a Schengen or OECD country. or a valid residence permit of UAE [8]
 Germany Visa required[2]
 Ghana Visa required[2]
 Greece Visa required[2]
 Grenada Visa not required[2] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa required[2]
 Guinea Visa required[2]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[2] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[2]
 Haiti Visa not required[2] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[2]
 Hungary Visa required[2]
 Iceland Visa required[2]
 India Visa required[2]
  • No visa for Diplomatic & Official Passport holders
 Indonesia Visa not required[2] 30 days
 Iran Visa required[2]
 Iraq Visa required[2]
 Ireland Visa required[2]
 Israel Visa required[2]
  • Confirmation from Israeli government required before visa is issued
 Italy Visa required[2]
 Jamaica Visa not required[2]
 Japan Visa required[2]
 Jordan Visa required[2]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[2]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[9] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[2]
 North Korea Visa required[2]
 South Korea Visa required[2]
  • Visa-free Entry to Jeju Islands for 30 days.[10] Bangladeshi national who hold a visa, re-entry permit, permanent residency to enter the United States, Canada, Japan, Australia, or New Zealand can enter Korea without a Korean visa for a stay of up to 30 days, if their purpose of visit is transit.[11][12]
 Kuwait Visa required[2]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[2]
 Laos Visa required[2]
  • Unless travelling on an official visit and holding an official letter of guarantee issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Laos.
 Latvia Visa required[2]
 Lebanon Visa required[2]
 Lesotho Visa not required[2] 90 days
 Liberia Visa required[2]
 Libya Admission refused[2]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[2]
 Lithuania Visa required[2]
 Luxembourg Visa required[2]
 Macedonia Visa required[2]
  • Approval from the Ministry of Interior required
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[2] 90 days
 Malawi Visa required[2][13]
 Malaysia eVisa[14] 30 days
  • Single Entry.
 Maldives Visa on arrival[2] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[2]
 Malta Visa required[2]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[2]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[2]
 Mauritius Visa required[2]
 Mexico Visa required[2]
  • Visa is not required if holding U.S or Canadian permanent resident card.[15]
 Micronesia Visa not required[2] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[2]
 Monaco Visa required[2]
 Mongolia Visa required[2]
 Montenegro Visa required[2]
  • Holder of a valid UAE residence permit may enter without visa for seven days.
 Morocco Visa required[2]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[2] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[16] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[2]
 Nauru Visa required[2]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[2] 30 days
 Netherlands Visa required[2]
 New Zealand Visa required[2]
 Nicaragua Visa required[2]
 Niger Visa required[2]
 Nigeria Visa required[2]
 Norway Visa required[2]
 Oman Visa required[2]
  • Bangladeshi holding GCC Visa of certain categories (managers, sales executives etc.) are granted a visit Visa on Arrival if they are coming directly from a GCC Country Bangladeshi holding GCC Visa of certain categories (managers, sales executives etc.) are granted a visit Visa on Arrival if they are coming directly from a GCC Country
 Pakistan Visa required[2]
 Palau Visa required[2]
 Panama Visa required[2]
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[2]
 Paraguay Visa required[2]
 Peru Visa required[2]
 Philippines Visa required[2]
 Poland Visa required[2]
 Portugal Visa required[2]
 Qatar eVisa[17][2]
 Romania Visa required[2]
 Russia Visa required[2]
  • No visa for official and diplomatic passport holders
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[2] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[2]
 Saint Lucia Visa required[2]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[2] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[2] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[2]
  • Visa not required if holding a valid Schengen Visa
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa required[2]
  • Visa is obtained online.[18]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[2]
 Senegal Visa required[2]
 Serbia Visa required[2]
  • Visa free for a maximum stay of 90 days for valid visa holders or residents of the European Union member states and the United States.
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[2] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[2]
 Singapore Visa required[2]
  • May obtain online.[19]
 Slovakia Visa required[2]
 Slovenia Visa required[2]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[2]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[20] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[2]
 South Sudan Visa required[2]
 Spain Visa required[2]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[2] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[2]
  • Entry and transit is refused unless arriving for commercial delegations or as students studying at a Sudanese institute of higher education or university and holding a residence permit.[21]
 Suriname Visa required[2]
 Swaziland Visa required[2]
 Sweden Visa required[2]
  Switzerland Visa required[2]
 Syria Visa required[2]
 Tajikistan Visa required[2]
 Tanzania Visa required[2]
  • Visa on arrival if holding a referral visa.
 Thailand Visa required[2]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[2] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[2] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[2]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[2]
 Tunisia Visa required[2] Visa on Arrival for up to 15 days available for valid residence permit holders of any country in the GCC (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE)
 Turkey Visa required[2]
  • No visa for Diplomatic & Official passport holders
  • eVisa available for holders of a valid Schengen visa or a valid visa from any of the OECD member countries(USA, Canada); or a valid residence permit of a Schengen or OECD country.
 Turkmenistan Visa required[2]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[2] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[2]
  • May apply online.[22]
 Ukraine Visa required[2]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[2]
 United Kingdom Visa required[2]
 United States Visa required[2]
 Uruguay Visa required[2]
 Uzbekistan Visa required[2]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[2] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[2]
 Venezuela Visa required[2]
 Vietnam Visa required[2]
  • Traveling directly to Phu Quoc Island are allowed to stay on the island for up-to 30 days without a visa.[23][24]
 Yemen Visa required[2]
 Zambia eVisa[2]
 Zimbabwe eVisa[2]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[25] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[26] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Vietnam.[27]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months beyond the period of intended stay include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals), Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, New Zealand and 3 months validity on arrival in Albania, Honduras, Macedonia, Panama, Qatar and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the period of intended stay include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[28][29] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[30]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[31] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[32]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[33] Lebanon,[34] Libya,[35] Saudi Arabia,[36] Sudan,[37] Syria[38] and Yemen[39] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [40] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[41][42] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[43] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[44] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[45] As of April 2018 the list contains 710 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [46]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[47]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[48]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[49][50] Argentina,[51] Brunei, Cambodia,[52] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[53] Ethiopia,[54] Ghana, India, Japan,[55][56] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[57] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[58] Singapore, South Korea,[59] and Taiwan.[60]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[61][62]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2018" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  3. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. 
  4. ^ eVisa Benin
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "MINISTERE DE LA SECURITE PUBLIQUE, DIRECTION GENERALE DE LA POLICE NATIONALE, COMISSARIAT GENERAL DE LA POLICE DE L'AIR, DES FRONTIERES ET DES ETRANGERS NOTE CIRCULAIRE DU 17/02/2015". Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Republic of Kenya – eCitizen portal
  10. ^ "제주국제컨벤션센터 홈페이지에 오신 것을 환영합니다. | 제주국제컨벤션센터". www.iccjeju.co.kr. Retrieved 2017-08-26. 
  11. ^ "▒ Toronto 대사관 ▒". ▒ Toronto 대사관 ▒. Retrieved 2017-11-08. 
  12. ^ "Immigration Guide - Foreigners". www.hikorea.go.kr. Retrieved 2017-11-08. 
  13. ^ MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS AND INTERNAL SECURITY NEW VISA REGIME FOR MALAWI EFFECTIVE 1ST OCTOBER 2015
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ "Mexico visa for Bangladesh passport holder living in United States of America". VisaHQ.com. Retrieved 2018-01-18. 
  16. ^ "Myanmar eVisa". Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  17. ^ [3][permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 May 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015. 
  19. ^ Submission of Application for Visa Electronically (SAVE)
  20. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  21. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  22. ^ Uganda Electronic Visa/Permit Application System
  23. ^ "Visa Requirements | Vietnam Tourism". vietnamtourism.vn. Retrieved 2018-01-18. 
  24. ^ html, www.sitecreation.com.au - web design, sydney, design, freelance,. "Discover Phu Quoc - island paradise in the Gulf of Thailand, secluded and beautiful beaches, resorts and hotels on Phu Quoc island, Vietnam..." discoverphuquoc.com. Retrieved 2018-01-18. 
  25. ^ ]https://www.evisa.gov.bh/VisaBhr5En.html]
  26. ^ [4]
  27. ^ Timatic
  28. ^ "Foreign Affairs Manual, 9 FAM 403.9-3(B)(2) f". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  29. ^ "How long should my passport be valid when traveling to the United States?" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  30. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany – Passports expired within the last year / ID’s expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria – Valid ordinary passport 
  31. ^ "Country Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  32. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
  33. ^ "Travel Report - Kuwait". Voyage.gc.ca. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  34. ^ Travel Advice for Lebanon - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine. and Lebanese Ministry of Tourism Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  35. ^ "Travel Advice for Libya - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  36. ^ Michael Freund, Canada defends Saudi policy of shunning tourists who visited Israel, 2008-12-07, Jerusalem Post
  37. ^ "Travel Advice for Sudan - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  38. ^ Travel Advice for Syria - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine. and Syrian Ministry of Tourism
  39. ^ "Travel Advice for Yemen - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  40. ^ "Israel travel advice - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  41. ^ Azerbaijan Country Page Archived 2009-03-08 at the Wayback Machine.. NCSJ: Advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia. Accessed 23 May 2010.
  42. ^ Azerbaijan doesn't allow Armenians in the country - Panarmenian.net
  43. ^ "Azerbaijan Country Page of the NCSJ (advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia) accessed 23 May 2010". Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  44. ^ "Warning for the foreign nationals wishing to travel to the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  45. ^ "List of foreign citizens illegally visited occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  46. ^ Government of Canada -- Overcome criminal convictions
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-10. 
  48. ^ Calder, Simon (24 April 2017). "Airline lobbying for a relaxation of draconian rules for London-Auckland travellers". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for travellers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently “strict requirements for travellers” in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration. 
  49. ^ "How to enter Afghanistan. The Entry Requirements for Afghanistan - CountryReports". Countryreports.org. 
  50. ^ Nordland, Rod (19 November 2011). "In Afghanistan, Big Plans to Gather Biometric Data". Nytimes.com. 
  51. ^ "Argentina strengthens migratory control". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. 
  52. ^ "Cambodia Foreign Entry Requirements". Us-passport-information.com. 
  53. ^ "China to require fingerprints of all foreign visitors as new security step". Boing Boing. 8 Feb 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The fingerprinting of foreigners will be introduced at Shenzhen airport in the south from Friday, and it will then be gradually rolled out at other entry points around the country, the ministry said in a statement. All foreign passport holders aged 14-70 will have to give their fingerprints, it said, without saying if other biometric data would also be collected. The ministry said the regulation would strengthen immigration controls and increase efficiency. 
  54. ^ "Äthiopien: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise". Auswaertiges-amt.de. 
  55. ^ "Japan fingerprints foreigners as anti-terror move". 20 November 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017 – via Reuters. 
  56. ^ "Anger as Japan moves to fingerprint foreigners - World". Theage.com.au. 
  57. ^ "Malaysia". CountryReports. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  58. ^ "Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners - SecureIDNews". secureidnews.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  59. ^ F_161. "S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors - People's Daily Online". peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  60. ^ "404 - Page Not Found". travel.state.gov. Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. [dead link]
  61. ^ "Iris Scan Implemented at Doha International Airport". Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. 
  62. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system. 
Notes