Visa requirements for Belarusian citizens

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Visa requirements for Belarusian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Belarus by the authorities of other states. As of 5 October 2021, Belarusian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 78 countries and territories, ranking the Belarusian passport 73nd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Belarusian citizens
  Belarus
  Visa free
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorisation or eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa-free for voucher holders
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required[3] 30 days
  • No longer than 90 days within one calendar year
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[7] 1 month
 Argentina Visa not required[8] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period[9]
 Armenia Visa not required[10]
 Australia Visa required[11]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[12]
 Austria Visa required[13]
 Azerbaijan Visa not required[14] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  • If staying more than 15 days passengers visiting relatives must register with local police. If staying in a hotel, this will be arranged by the hotel.
  • Who are of Armenian descent Government of Azerbaijan bans the entry.
 Bahamas Visa required[15]
 Bahrain Visa required[16]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[17] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[18] 28 days
 Belgium Visa required[19]
 Belize Visa required[20]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[21][22] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[23]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[24] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[25]
 Botswana Visa required[26]
 Brazil Visa not required[27] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa required[28]
 Bulgaria Visa required[29]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[30]
 Burundi Visa required[31]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[32] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[33]
 Canada Visa required[34]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[35]
 Central African Republic Visa required[36]
 Chad Visa required[37]
 Chile Visa required[38]
 China Visa not required[39] 30 days
  • Visa free for 30 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within any year period.[40]
 Colombia Visa required[41]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[42]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[43]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[44]
 Costa Rica Visa required[45]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[46] 3 months
 Croatia Visa required[47]
 Cuba Visa not required[48] 30 days
 Cyprus Visa required[49]
 Czech Republic Visa required[50]
 Denmark Visa required[51]
 Djibouti eVisa[52] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[53] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[54]
 Ecuador Visa not required[55] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[56]
 El Salvador Visa required[57]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[58]
 Eritrea Visa required[59]
 Estonia Visa required[60]
 Eswatini Visa required[61]
 Ethiopia eVisa[62] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[63]
 Finland Visa required[64]
 France Visa required[65]
 Gabon e-Visa[66]
 Gambia Visa not required[67] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[68] 360 days[69]
 Germany Visa required[70]
 Ghana Visa required[71]
 Greece Visa required[72]
 Grenada Visa required[73]
  • Holders of a pre-clearance letter may collect visa upon arrival.
 Guatemala Visa required[74]
 Guinea eVisa[75] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[76] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[77]
  • Visa on arrival for holders of a letter of invitation from sponsor or host.
 Haiti Visa not required[78] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[79]
 Hungary Visa required[80]
 Iceland Visa required[81]
 India eVisa[82] 90 days
 Indonesia Visa not required[83] 30 days
 Iran eVisa/Visa on arrival[84] 30 days[85]
 Iraq Visa required[86]
 Ireland Visa required[87]
  • Visa waiver for UK 'C' visa holders until October 2021.
 Israel Visa not required[89] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Italy Visa required[90]
 Jamaica Visa on arrival[91] 30 days

visa waived for holders of a valid visa issued by Canada, United States, United Kingdom or Schengen member states and who hold a proof that they are immunized against measles, rubella and polio

 Japan Visa required[92]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[93]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[94] 90 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[95] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[96]
 North Korea Visa required[97]
 South Korea Visa required[98]
 Kuwait Visa required[99]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[100]
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[101][102] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane international airports, the 4 Thai-Lao Friendship Bridges,[Note 1] 13 border crossings,[Note 2] and Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane.[103] Visa on arrival facilities will be gradually phased out starting in January 2020.[104]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • The Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou border crossings are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa required[105]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[106] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[107][108]
 Liberia Visa required[109]
 Libya Visa required[110]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[111]
 Lithuania Visa required[112]
 Luxembourg Visa required[113]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[114] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[115][116] 90 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[117] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[118] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[119]
 Malta Visa required[120]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[121]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[122]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[123] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[124]
 Micronesia Visa not required[125] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[126] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa required[127]
 Mongolia Visa not required[128] 90 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[129][130] 30 days
 Morocco Visa required[131]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[132] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[133] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[134] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[135]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[136] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[137]
 New Zealand Visa required[138]
  • Diplomatic and service passports with the former USSR symbol issued in Belarus, as well as USSR standard and Belarus standard passports issued in Belarus which do not bear multiple exit stamps, are unacceptable and visas will not be endorsed in them.[139]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[140]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[141] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[142]
 Nigeria Visa required[143]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[144]
  • Must hold a voucher or travel through an agency.
 Norway Visa required[145]
 Oman Visa not required[146]
  • Eligible for eVisa if holding a valid Schengen Visa, or a valid visa or residence permit from Australia, Canada, UK or USA.
  • 14 days visa free
 Pakistan Online Visa[147]
 Palau Visa on arrival[148] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[149] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[150]
 Paraguay Visa required[151]
 Peru Visa not required[152] 183 days
 Philippines Visa required[153]
 Poland Visa required[154]
 Portugal Visa required[155]
 Qatar Visa not required[156] 30 days
 Romania Visa required[157]
 Russia Visa not required[158]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[161] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[162] 30 days
  • Maximum stay of 90 days in one calendar year.
 Saint Lucia Visa required[163]
  • Cruise ship passengers visiting for one day are exempted from obtaining visas.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[164] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[165] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[166]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[167]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[168]
 Senegal Visa required[169]
 Serbia Visa not required[170] 30 days
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[171] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[172]
 Singapore eVisa[173]
  • Visa free for 96 hours in case of transit to/from 3rd countries. [23]
 Slovakia Visa required[174]
 Slovenia Visa required[175]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[176]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[177] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[178]
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[179]
  • Obtainable online[180]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[181]
 Spain Visa required[182]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[183] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[184]
 Suriname eVisa[185]
 Sweden Visa required[186]
  Switzerland Visa required[187]
 Syria Visa required
  • According to the Law No. 2 of 2014 all visitors require visas prior to arrival.[188][189][190] According to the IATA database, visa may be obtained on arrival and is valid for 15 days.[191]
 Tajikistan Visa not required[192]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[193][194] 3 months
 Thailand Visa required[195]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[196] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[197] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[198]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[199]
 Tunisia Visa not required[200]
 Turkey Visa not required[201] 30 days
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within any 180 day period
 Turkmenistan Visa required[202]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[203] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[204]
 Ukraine Visa not required[206] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[207][208] 90 days
 United Kingdom Visa required[209]
 United States Visa required[210]
 Uruguay Visa required[211]
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[212]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[213] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[214]
 Venezuela Visa not required[215] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa not required[216] 15 days
  • A single entry eVisa valid for 30 days is also available.[217]
 Yemen Visa required[218]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[219] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[220] 3 months

Territories and disputed areas[edit]

Visa requirements for Belarusian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[221]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Visa required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[222][223]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required[224][225]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Visa required[226] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Gibraltar Visa required[227]
Norway Jan Mayen Visa required[228] Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[229] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[230]
 Kosovo Visa required[231]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa not required[232][233] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[234]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[235][236] Three day prior notification required.
 Transnistria Visa not required[237][238] Registration required after 24h.
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Visa required[239] Special permit required.
 Eritrea (outside Asmara) Visa required[240] To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa)
 Ascension Island Admission refused[241][242] From May 2015, the Ascension Island Government does not issue entry visas including eVisas to nationals of Belarus.[243]
 Saint Helena eVisa[244][245]
 Tristan da Cunha Visa required[246] Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
(Western Sahara controlled territory)
Undefined visa regime
 Somaliland Visa on arrival[247][248] 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Visa not required[249] 30 days[250]
 India PAP/RAP Visa required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for all of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and parts of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[251][252][253][254][255]
 Macao Visa not required[256] 30 days from 27 November 2016[257]
 Palestine Visa not required[258] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.
 Taiwan Visa required[259]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province Visa required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[260][261][262]
China Tibet Autonomous Region Visa required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[263][264][265]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa required[266]
 Aruba Visa required[267]
 Bermuda Visa required[268]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[269]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[270]
 Cayman Islands Visa on arrival[271]
 Curacao Visa required[272]
France French Guiana Visa required[273]
France French West Indies Visa required[274]
 Montserrat Visa required[275]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[276]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[277]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[278]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[279]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa required[280]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Visa required Special authorisation required.[281]
France Clipperton Island Visa required Special permit required.[282]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[283] 31 days
 French Polynesia Visa required[284]
 Guam Visa required[285]
 Niue Visa on arrival[286] 30 days
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required[287][288][289] 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.
 Tokelau Entry permit required[290]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Visa required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[291][292][293][294][295][296][297]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required[298]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Visa required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[299][300]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[301][302][303][304][305][306][307][308][309][310][311][312]

Permission stamps[edit]

Until 1 January 2008, Belarusian citizens had to apply for permission stamps in their passports in order to cross Belarusian borders. Permission stamps were only issued if there were no specific legal restrictions for their travel.

In 2002, the Constitutional Court of Belarus stated in its decision that permission stamps were not constitutional. The Council of Ministers was ordered to propose a different kind of a citizen border control before 1 January 2006.

The decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus dated 17 December 2007 finally abolished permission stamps.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[313] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Togo, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[314] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[315]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[316][317]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers with regard to quarantine requirements or when deciding to allow them entry at all.[318] This is justified by research that shows that the efficacy of the Pfizer vaccine lasts for six months or so.[319]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[320] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[321] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[322] Philippines,[323] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[324]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[325] and South Africa.

Other countries, such as Japan,[326] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[327] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

A very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[328][329] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[330]

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[331] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[332]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[333] Lebanon,[334] Libya,[335] Syria,[336] and Yemen[337] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[338]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan,[339][340][341] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[342][343][344]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[344] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[345] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[346] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[347]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[348][349] Argentina,[350] Brunei, Cambodia,[351] China,[352] Ethiopia,[353] Ghana, Guinea,[354] India, Japan,[355][356] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[357] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[358] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[359] Singapore, South Korea,[360] Taiwan, Thailand,[361] Uganda,[362] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[363][364][365] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[366]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[367] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[368][369]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  7. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  8. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  9. ^ "О безвизовом режиме между Республикой Беларусь и Аргентинской Республикой. - Посольство Республики Беларусь в Аргентинской Республике".
  10. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  11. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  12. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  13. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  14. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  15. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  16. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  17. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  18. ^ [1], Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 1 July 2020.
  19. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  20. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  21. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  22. ^ eVisa Benin
  23. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  24. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  25. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  26. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  27. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  28. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  29. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  30. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  31. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  32. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  33. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  34. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  35. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  36. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  339. ^ "2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Azerbaijan". U.S. Department of State. Office of the Inspector General. 30 March 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021. Significant human rights issues included: unlawful or arbitrary killing; torture; arbitrary detention; harsh and sometimes life-threatening prison conditions; political prisoners; arbitrary interference with privacy; politically motivated reprisal against individuals outside the country; pervasive problems with the independence of the judiciary; heavy restrictions on free expression, the press, and the internet, including violence against journalists, the criminalization of libel and slander, harassment and incarceration of journalists on questionable charges, and blocking of websites; substantial interference with the rights of peaceful assembly and freedom of association; restrictions on freedom of movement; severe restrictions on political participation; systemic government corruption; police brutality against individuals based on sexual orientation; and existence of the worst forms of child labour. Significant human rights issues connected with the Nagorno-Karabakh armed conflict included unlawful killings, civilian casualties, and inhuman treatment. The government did not prosecute or punish the majority of officials who committed human rights abuses; impunity remained a problem.
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Notes
  1. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  2. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)