Visa requirements for Bhutanese citizens

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Visa requirements for Bhutanese citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bhutan. As of 26 March 2019, Bhutanese citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 55 countries and territories, ranking the Bhutanese passport 84th in terms of travel freedom (tied with passports from Gabon, Guinea, Mali and Togo) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Bhutanese citizens
  Bhutan
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required[3]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[7]
 Argentina Visa required[8]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[9] 120 days
 Australia and territories Visa required[10]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[11]
 Austria Visa required[12]
 Azerbaijan Visa required[13]
 Bahamas Visa required[14]
 Bahrain Visa required[15] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa not required[16]
 Barbados Visa required[17]
 Belarus Visa required[18]
 Belgium Visa required[19]
 Belize Visa required[20]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[21][22] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bolivia Visa required[23]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[24]
 Botswana Visa required[25]
 Brazil Visa required[26]
 Brunei Visa required[27]
 Bulgaria Visa required[28]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[29]
 Burundi Visa required[30]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[31]
 Cameroon Visa required[32]
 Canada Visa required[33]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[34]
 Central African Republic Visa required[35]
 Chad Visa required[36]
 Chile Visa required[37]
 China Visa required[38]
 Colombia Visa not required[39] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[40]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[41]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[42]
 Costa Rica Visa required[43]
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[44]
 Croatia Visa required[45]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[46]
 Cyprus Visa required[47]
 Czech Republic Visa required[48]
 Denmark Visa required[49]
 Djibouti eVisa[50] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[51] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[52]
 Ecuador Visa not required[53] 90 days
 Egypt Visa on arrival[54]
 El Salvador Visa required[55]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[56]
 Eritrea Visa required[57]
 Estonia Visa required[58]
 Eswatini Visa required[59]
 Ethiopia eVisa[60] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[61]
 Finland Visa required[62]
 France Visa required[63]
 Gabon eVisa[64]
 Gambia Visa not required[65] 90 days
 Georgia eVisa[66]
 Germany Visa required[67]
 Ghana Visa required[68]
 Greece Visa required[69]
 Grenada Visa required[70]
 Guatemala Visa required[71]
 Guinea Visa required[72]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[73] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[74]
 Haiti Visa not required[75] 90 days
 Honduras Visa required[76]
 Hong Kong Visa not required[77] 14 days
 Hungary Visa required[78]
 Iceland Visa required[79]
 India Freedom of movement[80]
 Indonesia Visa not required[81] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[82] 15 days[83]
 Iraq Visa required[84]
 Ireland Visa required[85]
 Israel Visa required[86]
 Italy Visa required[87]
 Jamaica Visa required[88]
 Japan Visa required[89]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[90] 3 months
 Kazakhstan Visa required[91]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[92] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[93]
 North Korea Visa required[94]
 South Korea Visa required[95]
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[96] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[97]
 Laos Visa on arrival[98] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 1] and at 13 border crossings[Note 2] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[99]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa required[100]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[101] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[102][103]
 Liberia Visa required[104]
 Libya Visa required[105]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[106]
 Lithuania Visa required[107]
 Luxembourg Visa required[108]
 Macedonia Visa required[109]
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[110] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[111]
 Malaysia eVisa[112][113]
 Maldives Visa on arrival[114] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[115]
 Malta Visa required[116]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[117]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[118]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[119] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[120]
 Micronesia Visa not required[121] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[122]
 Monaco Visa required[123]
 Mongolia Visa required[124]
 Montenegro Visa required[125]
 Morocco Visa required[126]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[127] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[128] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[129]
 Nauru Visa required[130]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[131] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[132]
 New Zealand and territories Visa required[133]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[134]
 Niger Visa required[135]
 Nigeria Visa required[136]
 Norway Visa required[137]
 Oman Visa required[138]
 Pakistan Visa required[139]
 Palau Visa on arrival[140] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[141] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[142]
 Paraguay Visa required[143]
 Peru Visa required[144]
 Philippines Visa not required[145] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[146]
 Portugal Visa required[147]
 Qatar eVisa[148]
 Romania Visa required[149]
 Russia Visa required[150]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[151] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa required[152]
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[153] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[154] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[155] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[156]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[157]
  • Visa is obtained online.[158]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[159]
 Senegal Visa required[160]
 Serbia Visa required[161]
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[162] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[163]
 Singapore Visa not required[164] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[165]
 Slovenia Visa required[166]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[167]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[168] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[169]
 South Sudan Visa required[170]
 Spain Visa required[171]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[172]
 Sudan Visa required[173]
 Suriname Visa required[174]
 Sweden Visa required[175]
  Switzerland Visa required[176]
 Syria Visa required[177]
 Tajikistan Visa required[178]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[179][180] 3 months
 Thailand Visa on arrival[181] 15 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[182] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[183] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[184]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[185]
 Tunisia Visa required[186]
 Turkey Visa required[187]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[188]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[189] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[190] 3 months
 Ukraine eVisa[192] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[193]
 United Kingdom
excluding some Overseas territories
Visa required[194]
 United States and territories Visa required[195]
 Uruguay Visa required[196]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[197] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[198]
 Vanuatu Visa required[199]
  Vatican City Visa required[200]
 Venezuela Visa required[201]
 Vietnam Visa required[202]
 Yemen Visa required[204]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[205] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[206] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[207] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[208] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[209]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[210][211] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[212]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[213] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[214]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[215] Lebanon,[216] Libya,[217] Saudi Arabia,[218] Sudan,[219] Syria,[220] and Yemen[221] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [222] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[223][224] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[225] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[226] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[227] As of January 2019, the list contains 795 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[228] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[229]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[230][231] Argentina,[232] Brunei, Cambodia,[233] China,[234] Ethiopia,[235] Ghana, India, Japan[236][237], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [238], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[239] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[240] Singapore, South Korea,[241] Taiwan, Uganda[242] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[243] [244] [245] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[246]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[247] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[248][249]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  22. ^ eVisa Benin
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  147. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
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Notes
  1. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  2. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)