Visa requirements for British Nationals (Overseas)

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Visa requirements for British Nationals (Overseas) are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states and territories placed on British National (Overseas) passport holders. Several million people, the vast majority with a Hong Kong connection, hold this passport.

Holders of this nationality are British nationals and Commonwealth citizens, but not British citizens. This nationality, by itself, does not grant the right of abode anywhere in the world, including the United Kingdom or Hong Kong,[1] but most BN(O)s possess either right of abode or right to land in Hong Kong. BN(O)s are subject to British immigration controls and do not have the automatic right to live or work in the United Kingdom.[2]

The British National (Overseas) status was created in 1985 in anticipation of the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong on 1 July 1997. This nationality was "tailor-made" for British Hong Kong residents with British Dependent Territories Citizen (BDTC) status by virtue of their connection with Hong Kong; it allowed the people of Hong Kong to retain a relationship with the United Kingdom after the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong to China. BN(O)s enjoy consular protection as British nationals would when travelling outside Hong Kong. However, since most BN(O)s also hold Chinese nationality, they do not enjoy consular protection in China and Macau, owing to the master nationality rule.[3] From 1 July 1987 to 30 June 1997, nearly 3.4 million of British Dependent Territories Citizens in Hong Kong successfully registered as a British National (Overseas).[4] All BDTCs relate only to Hong Kong lost their BDTC status on 1 July 1997, and any BDTC who did not register as a BN(O) and without other nationality automatically acquired British Overseas Citizenship.

Visa requirements for other classes of British nationals such as British citizens, British Overseas Citizens, British Overseas Territories Citizens, British Protected Persons or British Subjects are different.

Visa requirements map[edit]

Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for British Nationals (Overseas)
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes
 Afghanistan Visa required[5]
 Albania Visa not required[6] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[7]
 Andorra Visa not required[8]
 Angola Visa required[9]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[10] 6 months
 Argentina Visa not required[11] 30 days[12]
 Armenia Visa on arrival[13] 120 days Traveling as tourists and arriving at Yerevan. Payable in local currency only. Stay are extendable.
 Australia Electronic Travel Authority[14] 90 days
  • If granted, Electronic Travel Authority allows British Nationals (Overseas) to stay in Australia for 90 days per visit.
  • Issued free of charge and valid for one year.
  • Not eligible to apply for Electronic Travel Authority online: British Nationals (Overseas) must apply through airlines, travel agencies, or Australian embassies or consulates.
 Austria Visa not required[15] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa[16] 30 days[17]
 Bahamas Visa not required[18] 21 days
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[21] 3 months
  • Visas can be issued on arrival for a stay up to 3 months.[22]
  • eVisa issued for 14 days, extendable once.[23]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[24] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[28] 6 months[29][30]
 Belarus Visa not required[31] 30 days
  • Must arrive and leave via Minsk International Airport.
  • Visas are also issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport if the support documents were submitted by inviting organization/person not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[32] Visa and police registration required for stays of more than 5 days.[31]
 Belgium Visa not required[33] 90 days
 Belize Visa not required[34] 30 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[35] 30 days / 8 days
 Bhutan Visa required[36]
  • Visa via approved tour operators only[37][38]
 Bolivia Visa not required[39] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[40] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period.
 Botswana Visa not required[41] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[42] 90 days
  • Extendable for further 90 days[43]
 Brunei Visa required[44]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[45] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[46] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[47]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[48] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[51][52]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Canada Visa not required[53] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[56]
 Central African Republic Visa required[57][58]
 Chad Visa required[59]
 Chile Visa not required[60] 90 days
  • May be extended.
 China Travel Permit required; Access denied for BN(O) passport alone[61]
 Colombia Visa not required[62] 180 days
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period.[63]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[64]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[65]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[66]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[67] 3 months
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[68] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[69] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[70]
 Cyprus Visa not required[71] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[72] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[74] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[75] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa required[76][77]
 Ecuador Visa not required[78] 90 days
  • May be extended.
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[79][80] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa required[81][82]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[83]
 Eritrea Visa required[84]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Estonia Visa not required[85] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa not required[86] 30 days
 Ethiopia eVisa[87] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[89] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[90] 90 days
 France Visa not required[91] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa[92]
 Gambia Visa not required[93] 90 days
 Georgia Visa required[94][95]
 Germany Visa not required[96] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[97]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[98] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[99] 6 months
 Guatemala Visa required[100]
 Guinea Visa required[101]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[102] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[103] 30 days
 Haiti Visa not required[104] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[105] 30 days
 Hungary Visa not required[106] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[107] 90 days
 India Visa required[108]
 Indonesia Visa required[109]
 Iran Visa required[110]
 Iraq Visa required[111]
 Ireland Visa not required[112] 90 days
 Israel Visa not required[113] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[114] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa not required[115] 180 days
 Japan Visa not required[116] 90 days
  • May be extended once.
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[117][118]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[120] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[121] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[122] 30 days
 North Korea Visa required[123]
 South Korea Visa not required[124] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[125] 3 months[126]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[127] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[128] 30 days
 Latvia Visa not required[129] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa required[130]
  • Tourist groups of minimum 8 people can obtain a visa on arrival at Beirut International Airport for a maximum stay of 6 months. They must be sponsored by a registered tour operator in Lebanon.
 Lesotho Visa not required[131] 14 days
 Liberia Visa required[132][133]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[134]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[135] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[136] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[137] 90 days
 Macedonia Visa not required[138]
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[139] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[140] 30 days
  • Extendable to 90 days.
 Malaysia Visa not required[141] 3 months
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[142] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[143]
 Malta Visa not required[144] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[145] 30 days[146]
  • Issued free of charge
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[147]
 Mauritius Visa not required[148] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[149] 180 days[150]
 Micronesia Visa not required[151] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[138] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[152] 30 days
 Mongolia Visa required[153][154]
 Montenegro Visa not required[155] 90 days
  • Must register with the local police station (either through a tourist organisation or at hotel reception) within 24 hours of arrival.[156]
 Morocco Visa not required[157] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[158] 30 days[159]
 Myanmar eVisa[160] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[164] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[167]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[168] 90 days
  • Visa-on-arrival is extendable[169]
 Netherlands Visa not required[170] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa not required[171] 3 months
 Nicaragua Visa not required[172] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[173]
 Nigeria Visa required[173][174]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Norway Visa not required[175] 90 days
 Oman eVisa / Visa on arrival[176] 3 months
 Pakistan Visa required[177]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[178]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[179]
 Palau Free visa on arrival[180] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[181] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa not required[182] 60 days
  • Issued free of charge
 Paraguay Visa not required[183] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[184] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[185] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[186] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[187] 90 days
 Qatar eVisa / Visa on arrival[188] 30 days
  • Available at Hamad International Airport.
  • eVisa is also available.[189]
  • Transit visas valid 5 to 96 hours are available in Hamad International Airport only if travelling on Qatar Airways and continuing to a third country.
 Romania Visa not required[190] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa required[191]
  • 72-hours visa free visit when entering by regular ferry via port of St. Petersburg, provided that a passenger spends the night on-board or in accommodation specifically approved by the travel agency.[192]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[193] 30 days[194]
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Uganda.[195]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[196] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[197] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[198] 1 month
 Samoa Free Entry Permit on arrival[199] 60 days
  • Free of charge.
 San Marino Visa not required[200]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[201] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[202]
 Senegal Visa not required[203] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[204] 90 days
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[205] 3 months
  • Issued free of charge.
 Sierra Leone Visa required[206]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Singapore Visa not required[207] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[208] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[209] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[210] 3 months
  • Issued free of charge.
 Somalia Visa on arrival[211]
 South Africa Visa not required[212] 30 days[213]
 South Sudan Visa required[214][215]
 Spain Visa not required[216] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[217] 30 days
  • British Nationals (Overseas) are allowed to extend their stay twice when in the country to a maximum stay of 90 days in total.[218]
 Sudan Visa required[219][220]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[221] 90 days
 Sweden Visa not required[222] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[223] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[224]
  • Visa not required for Nationals born in Syria.
 Tajikistan eVisa[225] 45 days
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[226]
 Thailand Visa not required[227] 30 days
  • If not arriving by air, British Nationals (Overseas) are only permitted two visits per year.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[228] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[229] 7 days
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[230] 31 days
  • Issued free of charge.
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[231] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[232] 3 months
 Turkey eVisa / Visa on arrival[233] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[234]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tuvalu Free visa on arrival[235] 1 month
  • Issued free of charge.
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[236]
  • May apply online.[237]
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Rwanda.[195]
 Ukraine Visa not required[238]
 United Arab Emirates eVisa[239][240]
 United Kingdom Visa not required[250] 6 months
 United States Visa required[251]
 Uruguay Visa not required[252] 90 days
 Uzbekistan eVisa[253] 30 days
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
  • Simplified procedure for British Nationals (Overseas) - no requirement for tourist voucher or invitation letter from Uzbekistan.[254]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[255] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[256]
 Venezuela Visa not required[257] 90 days[258]
 Vietnam eVisa[259] 30 days
  • A single entry eVisa valid for 30 days is available.[260]
 Yemen Visa required[261][262]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[263] 90 days
  • British Nationals (Overseas) are eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.[264]
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[265] 3 months
  • British Nationals (Overseas) are also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.[264]

British Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories[edit]

British Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[266][267]
  • British Nationals (Overseas) with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Bermuda Visa not required 6 months[268][269]
  • British Nationals (Overseas) with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 British Antarctic Territory Special permit required[270][271]
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[272][273]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 1 month[274][275]
  • Extension of stay possible.
  • British Nationals (Overseas) with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 30 Days[276][277]
  • The passenger must arrive directly from the United Kingdom.
  • British Nationals (Overseas) with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Falkland Islands Visitor's permit on arrival 4 weeks[278][279]
  • The initial visitor's permit is valid for 4 weeks.
  • Visitors who have a connection with the Falkland Islands have right of abode.
 Guernsey Visa not required[280]
 Isle of Man Visa not required
  • Work or employment permit is required for persons without "Isle of Man worker" status.[281][282]
 Jersey Visa not required
  • Work or employment permit is required.[283]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[284]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[285]
  • British Nationals (Overseas) with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days[286]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Ascension Island eVisa[291][292] 3 months
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena Entry permit on arrival 183 days[293]
  • The entry permit costs £25 and is issued on arrival.
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[298][299]
  • British Nationals (Overseas) with a connection to the territory have right of abode.

Territories and disputed areas[edit]

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[300]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[301][302]
Belarus Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park Visa not required 3 days;[303] must first obtain an electronic pass[304]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa policy of Russia applies de facto.[305]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[306][307]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[308] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[309]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[310] Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[311] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[312]
 Jersey Visa not required[313]
 Kosovo Visa not required[314] 90 days
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[315][316] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[317]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[318][319]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[320]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[321][322]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[323][324]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[325]
 Mayotte Visa not required[326] 90 days
 Réunion Visa not required[326] 90 days
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Visa not required Visa not required up to 3 months.[327]
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[328][329]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[330]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Right Abode from HKPID Card[331] Right of abode or right to land.[332]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[333][334][335][336][337][338]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival 15 days[339]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[340]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[341]
 Macao Visa not required[342] 6 months
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[343]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[344]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[345] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[346]
 Taiwan Visa on arrival[347] Visa on arrival (for a fee) or free online registration for 30 days, only applicable to British Nationals (Overseas) who were born in Hong Kong or Macao. British Nationals (Overseas) who were not born in Hong Kong or Macao must apply for an Entry and Exit Permit (EEP) prior to arrival unless they have previously travelled to Taiwan as a permanent resident of Hong Kong or Macao.
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[348][349][350]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[351]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required Can visit without a visa for up to 30 days.[352]
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[353]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Aruba Visa not required[354] 30 days, extendable to 180 days[355]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[356] 90 days
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[357]
 Curacao Visa not required[358] 3 months
France French Guiana Visa not required[359] 90 days
France French West Indies Visa not required 90 days. French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[360]
 Greenland Visa not required[309]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[361]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[362]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[326]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[363] 3 months[364]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[365]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa required[366][367]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[368]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[369]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[370] 31 days
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[371]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[372] 90 days
 Guam Visa not required[373] Visa not required under the Guam - CNMI Visa Waiver Program, for 45 days. Must also present a Hong Kong identity card.
 New Caledonia Visa not required[326] 90 days
 Niue Visa on arrival[374] 30 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[375] Visa not required under the Guam - CNMI Visa Waiver Program, for 45 days. Must also present a Hong Kong identity card.
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permit required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[376][377][378][379][380][381][382]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[326] 90 days
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[383]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Antarctica Special permits required for  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Bouvet Island Bouvet Island, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[384][385][386][387][388][389][390][391][392][393][394][395]

Right to consular protection[edit]

Diplomatic missions of the United Kingdom

When in a country where there is no British embassy, British Nationals (Overseas) have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other commonwealth or European Union country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of the United Kingdom.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[396] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[397] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Vietnam.[398]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months beyond the period of intended stay include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals), Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, New Zealand and 3 months validity on arrival in Albania, Honduras, Macedonia, Panama, Qatar and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the period of intended stay include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[399][400] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[401]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[402] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[403]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[404] Lebanon,[405] Libya,[406] Saudi Arabia,[407] Sudan,[408] Syria[409] and Yemen[410] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [411] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[412][413] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[414] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[415] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[416] As of January 2019 the list contains 795 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [417]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[citation needed]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[418]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[419][420] Argentina,[421] Brunei, Cambodia,[422] China,[423] Ethiopia,[424] Ghana, India, Japan,[425][426] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[427] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[428] Singapore, South Korea,[429] and Taiwan.[430]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[431][432]

Foreign travel statistics[edit]

According to the Foreign travel advice provided by the British Government (unless otherwise noted) these are the numbers of British visitors to various countries per annum in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):[433]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Data for 2014
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c Data for 2015
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Data for 2016
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  6. ^ Data for 2011
  7. ^ a b c d e Data for arrivals by air only.
  8. ^ a b Data for 2012
  9. ^ a b c Data for 2013
  10. ^ a b Data for 2009
  11. ^ Data for 2010
  12. ^ Data for 2005
  13. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  93. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  96. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
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  98. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  99. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  106. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  107. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  108. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  109. ^ "Entry requirements - Indonesia travel advice". Government of the United Kingdom.
  110. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  111. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  112. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  113. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  114. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  115. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  118. ^ "Jordan axes visa fee to encourage tourists". Archived from the original on 2015-05-08. Retrieved 2017-06-26.
  119. ^ http://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_client.cgi?ExpertMode=TIDFT/JO/VI/IS/ID42022&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C
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  121. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  122. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  123. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  124. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  125. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  127. ^ "Entry requirements - kyrgyzstan travel advice". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  128. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  129. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  130. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  131. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ "Entry requirements - Liberia travel advice". Government of the United Kingdom.
  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  135. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  136. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  137. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
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  152. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
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  284. ^ Visas and immigration, Government of Gibraltar.
  285. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
  286. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
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  289. ^ http://www.government.pn/immigration%20ordinance.pdf
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Notes