Visa requirements for British citizens

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Visa requirements for British citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United Kingdom. As of 7 July 2020, British citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 185 countries and territories, ranking the British passport 7th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Belgium, Norway, Switzerland and the US) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] Additionally, the World Tourism Organisation also published a report on 15 January 2016 ranking the British passport 1st in the world (tied with Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and Singapore) in terms of travel freedom, with a mobility index of 160 (out of 215 with no visa weighted by 1, visa on arrival weighted by 0.7, eVisa by 0.5, and traditional visa weighted by 0).[2]

Visa requirements for other classes of British nationals such as British Nationals (Overseas), British Overseas Citizens, British Overseas Territories Citizens, British Protected Persons or British Subjects are different.

History[edit]

Visa requirements for British citizens were lifted by some European nations following World War II. The first changes occurred in 1947 with visa restrictions for British citizens being removed by France on 1 January 1947.[3]

This was then quickly followed by Belgium on 15 February 1947,[4] Luxembourg 15 February 1947,[5] Norway on 1 March 1947,[6] Denmark on 22 March 1947,[7] Sweden on 1 April 1947,[8] Netherlands on 15 April 1947,[9] Switzerland on 24 June 1947[10] Liechtenstein on 24 June 1947[10] and Iceland on 1 July 1947.[11]

The following year, the requirement to obtain a visa in advance of travel was lifted by Italy on 1 January 1948,[12] Monaco (8 November 1948),[13] Austria (15 May 1955),[14][15] Paraguay (27 November 1966),[16] United States (1 July 1988), Poland (1 July 1992), Bulgaria (March 1997),[17] Romania (1 January 2001),[18] Serbia and Montenegro (31 May 2003),[19] Ukraine (1 May 2005 for EU citizens, temporary extension for British citizens from 30 January 2020),[20][21] Georgia (1 June 2006),[22] Moldova (1 January 2007),[23] Kyrgyzstan (27 July 2012),[24] Armenia (10 January 2013), Kazakhstan (15 July 2014),[25] Indonesia (13 June 2015),[26] Vietnam (1 July 2015)[27] Belarus (12 February 2017),[28] Cape Verde (1 January 2019),[29] Uzbekistan (1 February 2019)[30] and Turkey (2 March 2020) [31]

Electronic visas for British citizens were introduced: India (15 August 2015),[32] Djibouti (18 February 2018)[33] and Malawi (October 2019).

Visas on arrival were discontinued for British citizens by Mali (March 2015) and Malawi (1 October 2015) (was resumed).

2020 travel restrictions[edit]

Countries that have imposed some form of travel restrictions due to the coronavirus pandemic

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, several countries have imposed temporary travel restrictions on British citizens or persons arriving from the United Kingdom.[34]

  •  Philippines — admission refused, except spouses and children of Filipino nationals.
  •  South Africa — visitors who have been in, transited through, or are nationals of several designated "high-risk countries" (including the United Kingdom) are not allowed to enter.[35]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for British citizens
  United Kingdom
  Freedom of movement (at least until 31 December 2020) or Common Travel Area (CTA)
  Visa not required / ESTA / eTA / eVisitor
  Visa available both on arrival or online (eVisa)
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

This table documents the situation prior to Travel restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[36]
 Albania Visa not required[37] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[38]
 Andorra Visa not required[39]
 Angola eVisa[40] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[41]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[42]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[43] 6 months
 Argentina Visa not required[44] 90 days[45]
 Armenia Visa not required[46] 180 days[47]
 Australia eVisitor[48] 90 days
  • If granted, eVisitor allows British citizens to stay in Australia for 90 days per visit.
  • Issued free of charge and valid for one year.
 Austria Visa not required[49]
  • Freedom of movement (until December 31 2020)
 Azerbaijan eVisa[50] 30 days[51]
 Bahamas Visa not required[52] 21 days
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[55] 3 months
  • Visas can be issued on arrival for a stay up to 3 months.[56]
  • eVisa issued for 14 days, extendable once.[57]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[58] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[62] 6 months[63]
 Belarus Visa not required[64] 30 days
  • Must arrive and leave via Minsk International Airport
  • Visas are also issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport if the support documents were submitted by inviting organisation/person not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[65] Police registration required for stays of more than 5 days.[64]
 Belgium Visa not required[66]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Belize Visa not required[67]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[68] 30 days[69] / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[70]
  • Visa via approved tour operators only[71][72]
 Bolivia Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[74] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period.
 Botswana Visa not required[75] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[76] 90 days
  • Extendable for further 90 days[77]
 Brunei Visa not required[78] 90 days[79]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[80]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[81] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[82]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[83] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[86][87]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Canada Visa not required[88] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa not required[29] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[91]
 Central African Republic Visa required[92][93]
 Chad Visa required[94]
 Chile Visa not required[95] 90 days
  • May be extended.
 China Visa required[96]
  • Visiting visas issued to British citizens are generally valid for 2 years[98]
 Colombia Visa not required[99] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay consecutively within a one-year period.[100][101][102]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[103]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[104][105]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[106][107]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[108] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[109]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Cuba Tourist Card required[110] 30 days
 Cyprus Visa not required[111]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Czech Republic Visa not required[112]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Denmark Visa not required[113]
  • Freedom of movement (DK) (at least until December 31 2020)
 Djibouti eVisa[114] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[115] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[116][117] 30 days
  • As of April 2018, will normally be granted a 30-day stay on arrival. This can be extended to 90 days by paying the extension when you leave the country.[118]
 Ecuador Visa not required[119] 90 days
  • May be extended.
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[120][121] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[122] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[123][124]
 Eritrea Visa required[125][126]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Estonia Visa not required[127]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Eswatini Visa not required[128] 30 days
 Ethiopia eVisa[129] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[132] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[133]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 France Visa not required[134]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[135] 90 days
 Gambia Visa not required[137] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[138] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[139]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Ghana Visa required[140][141]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[142]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Grenada Visa not required[143] 6 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[144] 90 days
 Guinea eVisa[145] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[146] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[147] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[148] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[149] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[150]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Iceland Visa not required[151]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 India e-Visa[152] 180 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][153]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[154] 30 days[155]
  • Not available at all entry points.[156]
 Iran Visa required[157]
 Iraq Visa required[158]
 Ireland Visa not required[159]
  • Freedom of movement (under CTA Laws)
 Israel Visa not required[160] 3 months
  • Entry refused to anyone who "who knowingly issues a public call for boycotting Israel."[161]
 Italy Visa not required[162]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Ivory Coast eVisa[163] 3 months
 Jamaica Visa not required[164] 180 days
 Japan Visa not required[165][166] 90 days
  • May be extended once for a further 90 days.[167]
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[168][169]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[171] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[172] 3 months
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Rwanda or Uganda.[173]
 Kiribati Visa not required[174] 30 days
 North Korea Visa required[175][176]
 South Korea Visa not required[177] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[178] 3 months[179]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[180] 60 days[181][180]
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[182][183] 30 days
 Latvia Visa not required[184]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Lebanon Free visa on arrival[185] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months; granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[186] 14 days
 Liberia Visa required[187][188]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[189]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[190]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Lithuania Visa not required[191]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Luxembourg Visa not required[192]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[193] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[194][195] 90 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[196] 3 months
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[197] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[198]
 Malta Visa not required[199]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[200] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[201]
 Mauritius Visa not required[202] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[203] 180 days[204]
 Micronesia Visa not required[205] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[206] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[207]
 Mongolia Visa required[208][209]
 Montenegro Visa not required[210] 90 days
  • Must register with the local police station (either through a tourist organisation or at hotel reception) within 24 hours of arrival.[211]
 Morocco Visa not required[212] 90 days
  • For periods of longer than 90 days, a resident permit is required and can be issued by the Police Department in place of residence in Morocco.[213][214]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[215] 30 days[216]
 Myanmar eVisa[217] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[218] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[221]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[222] 90 days
  • Visa-on-arrival is extendable[223]
 Netherlands Visa not required[224]
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[225] 6 months
  • May enter using eGate.[226]
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained alongside Electronic Travel Authority.[227]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[228] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[229][230]
 Nigeria Visa required[231]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 North Macedonia Visa not required[232] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[233]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Oman eVisa[234] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[235]
  • Online Visa eligible.[236]
  • Electronic Travel Authorisation to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[237]
 Palau Free visa on arrival[238] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[239] 180 days
  • The maximum amount of time that you can stay in Panama is six (6) months. For longer than six months, you may extend your stay applying for an extension of visa with the Offices of Immigration in Panama.[240] British nationals don't need a visa to visit Panama except if arriving by sea.[241][242]
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[243] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[244] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[245] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[246][247] 30 days
  • A tourist visa is available from the Philippine Embassy before you travel, which will allow an initial total of 59 day stay.[248][249]
  • For longer periods, a visa extension is available once inside the country from the Bureau of immigration.[250]
 Poland Visa not required[251]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Portugal Visa not required[252]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Qatar Visa not required[253] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[254]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Russia Visa required[255]
  • 72-hours visa free visit when entering by regular ferry via port of St. Petersburg, provided that a passenger spends the night on-board or in accommodation specifically approved by the travel agency.[256]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[257] 30 days[258]
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Uganda.[173]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[259] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[260] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[261] 1 month
  • Extension of stay possible for additional 11 months.
 Samoa Visa not required[262] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[263]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[264] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[265][266] 90 days
 Senegal Visa not required[267] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[268] 90 days
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[269] 3 months
  • Issued free of charge.
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[270][271] 30 days
 Singapore Visa not required[272] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[273]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Slovenia Visa not required[274]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[275] 3 months
  • Issued free of charge.
 Somalia Visa on arrival[276]
 South Africa Visa not required[277] 90 days[278]
 South Sudan Visa required[279][280]
 Spain Visa not required[281]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[282] 30 days
  • British citizens are allowed to extend their stay twice when in the country to a maximum stay of 90 days in total.[283]
 Sudan Visa required[284][285]
 Suriname E-tourist card[286] 90 days
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[287]
 Sweden Visa not required[288]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
  Switzerland Visa not required[289]
  • Freedom of movement (at least until December 31 2020)
 Syria Visa required[290][291]
  • Visa not required for citizens born in Syria.
 Tajikistan eVisa[292] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[293][294] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[295][296] 30 days
  • If not arriving by air, British citizens are only permitted two visits per year.
  • For longer periods up to 60 days, a Tourist visa is available online.[297]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[298] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[299] 7 days
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[300] 31 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[301]
 Tunisia Visa not required[302] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[303] 3 months
  • 90 days within any 180 day period (as of 2nd March 2020)
 Turkmenistan Visa required[304]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tuvalu Free visa on arrival[305] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[306]
  • May apply online.[307]
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Rwanda.[173]
 Ukraine Visa not required[308] 90 days
 United Arab Emirates Free visa on arrival[313] 30 days
 United States Visa Waiver Program[314] 90 days
 Uruguay Visa not required[318] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[319] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[320] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[321]
 Venezuela Visa not required[322] 90 days[323]
 Vietnam Visa not required[324] 15 days
  • A single entry eVisa valid for 30 days is also available.[325] Visa exemption extended until 30 June 2021.[326][327][328]
  • For periods longer than 30 days, a tourist visa is available.[329]
 Yemen Visa required[330][331]
  • A single tourist visa for British citizens is issued for a maximum stay of 60 days from arrival into Yemen.
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[332] 90 days
  • British citizens are eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.[333]
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[334] 3 months
  • British citizens are also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.[333]

British Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories[edit]

British Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[335][336]
  • British citizens with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Bermuda Visa not required 6 months[337][338]
  • British citizens with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 British Antarctic Territory Special permit required[339][340]
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[341][342]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 1 month[343][344]
  • Extension of stay possible.
  • British citizens with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[345][346]
  • British citizens with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Falkland Islands Visitor's permit on arrival 4 weeks[347][348]
  • The initial visitor's permit is valid for 4 weeks.
  • Visitors who have a connection with the Falkland Islands have right of abode.
 Guernsey Right of abode
  • British citizens have right of abode in the Bailiwick of Guernsey.[349]
  • In Guernsey and Sark, a work or employment permit is not required.[350]
  • In Alderney, a work or employment permit is required for persons without Guernsey (Alderney) status.[351]
 Isle of Man Right of abode
  • Work or employment permit is required for persons without "Isle of Man worker" status.[352][353]
 Jersey Right of abode
  • Work or employment permit is not required.[354]
 Gibraltar Right of abode
  • British citizens have right of abode in Gibraltar.
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[355]
  • British citizens with a connection to the territory have right of abode.
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days[355]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Ascension Island eVisa 3 months
 Saint Helena Entry permit on arrival 183 days[362]
  • The entry permit costs £25 and is issued on arrival.
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required
  • Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for £110/160).[364][365][366]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[367][368]
  • British citizens with a connection to the territory have right of abode.

Territories and disputed areas[edit]

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[369]
 Artsakh Visa required[370][371] Visa required (issued for single entry for 21 days/1/2/3 months or multiple entry visa for 1/2/3 months). Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[372]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[373][374]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[375]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required. If traveling from mainland Ukraine, special permit issued by Ukrainian authorities is required. Ukraine will deny entry to anyone in case of evidence they have entered Crimea from mainland Russia bypassing mainland Ukraine after March 2014.[376]
Donetsk People's Republic Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[377][378]
Luhansk People's Republic Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[377][378]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required Visa free access for 3 months. Passport required.[379][380]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[381] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[382]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[383] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[384]
 Svalbard of  Norway Visa not Required Unlimited Stay (Indefinite Stay).
 Kosovo Visa not required Visa free 90 days[385]
 Russia Special authorisation required Several closed cities require special authorisation.[386]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Visa free, however an invitation from a South Ossetian citizen or organisation must be provided. Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are also required to enter South Ossetia.[387][388]
 Transnistria Visa not required Visa free. Registration required after 24 hours.[389][390]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required Visa covers Asmara only; to travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[391]
 Mayotte Freedom of Movement Valid ID or Passport Required.
 Réunion Freedom of Movement Valid ID or Passport Required.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Visa not required Visa not required up to 3 months in the Western Sahara controlled territory.[392]
 Somaliland Visa on arrival Visa issued on arrival (30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival).[393][394]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[395]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa on arrival[396] Visa on arrival for 15 days. Available at Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.
Visa not required for 21 days for travelling as part of a tourist group (5 or more people)[397]
 Hong Kong Visa not required Visa not required for 180 days.[398] Prior to April 1997, British citizens were allowed to land and remain in Hong Kong for 12 months without being subject to any other condition of stay.[399]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[400][401][402][403][404][405]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[158]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[406]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[407]
 Macao Visa not required Visa not required for 6 months[408]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[409]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[410]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists may only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[411] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[412]
 Taiwan Visa not required Visa not required for 90 days[413]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OVIR permit required OVIR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[414][415][416]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[417][418][419]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[420]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[421]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Aruba Visa not required Visa not required for 30 days, extendable to 180 days.[422][423]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required Visa not required up to 3 months[424][425]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[426]
 Curaçao Visa not required Visa not required for 3 months.[427]
France French West Indies Visa not required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[428]
 Greenland Visa not required[382]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[429]
 Puerto Rico Visa not required Visa not required under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.[430]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required Visa not required for 90 days.[431]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required Visa not required for 3 months.[432][433]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa not required[434] Visa not required under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.[430]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Electronic authorisation[435] 30 days
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[436]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[437]
 Cook Islands Visa not required Visa free access for 31 days.[438]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[439]
 French Polynesia Visa not required Visa not required.[440]
 Guam Visa not required[441] 45 days
 New Caledonia Visa not required Visa not required for 3 months.[440]
 Niue Visa on arrival Visa on arrival valid for 30 days is issued free of charge.[442]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[443] 45 days
 Tokelau Entry Permit required[444]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[445][446][447][448][449][450][451]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required Visa not required.[452]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[453]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Antarctica Special authorisation required Special permits required for  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[339][454][455][456][457][458][459][460][461][462]

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official British passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - China (diplomatic passports),[463] Kuwait (diplomatic or official passports),[464] Mongolia (diplomatic or official passports),[465] Qatar (diplomatic or official passports and British Diplomatic Messenger or Queen's Messenger Passports)[466] and the United Arab Emirates (diplomatic or official passports).[467] Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia,[468] Mali[469] and Zimbabwe.[470] Holders of British official and diplomatic passports require a visa for South Africa.[471]

Travel impact of Brexit[edit]

Diplomatic missions of the United Kingdom

Currently, when in a non-EU country where there is no British embassy, British citizens, like all other EU citizens, have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.[472]

See also List of diplomatic missions of the United Kingdom.

On 23 June 2016, the British electorate voted to leave the European Union in a nationwide referendum.[473] In March 2017, the UK sent notification of their intention to leave the EU to the European Council through Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. British citizens will cease to be EU citizens upon the UK's departure from the EU.[474][475][476] British citizens will still have the right of freedom of movement until the UK formally leaves.

From January 2021, visa-exempt third country nationals who travel to the EU and EEA (except Ireland) must apply and pay for travel authorisation through ETIAS.[477] This system was decided on 12 September 2018 and contains no exception for British citizens.[478]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[479] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[480]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[481]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[482] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[483] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[484]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland and the United Kingdom also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[485][486] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[487]

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[488] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[489] Lebanon,[490] Libya,[491] Sudan,[492] Syria,[493] and Yemen[494] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[495]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bars entry of Armenian citizens, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, into the Republic of Azerbaijan.[496][497]

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[498] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[499] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[500] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[501]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[502][503] Argentina,[504] Brunei, Cambodia,[505] China,[506] Ethiopia,[507] Ghana, Guinea,[508] India, Japan,[509][510] Kenya (fingerprints and photo),[511] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[512] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[513] Singapore, South Korea,[514] Taiwan, Thailand,[515] Uganda[516] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[517] [518] [519] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[520]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[521] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[522][523]

Foreign travel statistics[edit]

According to the Foreign travel advice provided by the British Government (unless otherwise noted) these are the numbers of British visitors to various countries per annum in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):[524]

Foreign travel statistics
Country Number of visitors
 Albania[note 1] 80,000
 American Samoa[note 2][525][526]‹See TfM›[failed verification] 119
 Angola[note 3][527] 14,267/12,319 ?
 Andorra[note 4] 150,000
 Anguilla[note 4][528] 5,021
 Antarctica[note 2][529] 3,915
 Antigua and Barbuda[note 2][530] 70,701
 Aruba[note 1][531] 10,447
 Australia[note 2][532] 731,900
 Austria[note 5][note 4][533] 919,500
 Azerbaijan[note 4][534] 29,514
 Bahamas[535] 28,022
 Bangladesh[note 1] 150,000
 Barbados[note 5][note 4][536] 218,638
 Belarus[note 4] 6,000
 Belgium[note 4][537] 868,173
 Belize[note 4][note 5][538] 13,342
 Bermuda[note 2][539] 41,348
 Bhutan[note 2][540] 3,246
 Bolivia[note 4][541] 17,528
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[note 2][542] 12,715
 Botswana[543] 41,011
 Brazil[note 2][544] 185,858
 Brunei[note 6][545] 18,222
 Bulgaria[note 7][546] 424,384
 Burkina Faso[note 4][547] 1,343
 Cambodia[note 4][548] 159,489
 Cameroon[note 1][note 5][549] 16,008
 Canada[note 2][550] 819,530
 Cape Verde[note 5][551] 126,685
 Cayman Islands[note 2][note 8][552] 14,017
 Chile[note 2][553] 54,714
 China[note 4][554][555] 594,300
 Colombia[556] 39,715
 Congo[note 9][557] 6,115
 Cook Islands[note 2][525][558] 2,954
 Costa Rica[note 2][559] 76,173
 Croatia[note 2][560] 750,675
 Cuba[561] 155,802
 Curacao[note 4][562] 2,806
 Cyprus[note 7][563] 1,327,805
 Czech Republic[note 5][note 2][564] 470,576
 Denmark[note 1] 150,000
 Dominica[565] 4,951
 Dominican Republic[note 2][566] 177,534
 Ecuador[note 1][567] 27,126
 Egypt 865,000
 Ethiopia[note 1] 20,000
 Estonia[note 5][note 2][568] 58,402
 Fiji[note 2][569] 16,925
 Finland[note 5][note 7][570] 232,071
 France[571] 12,235,713
 French Polynesia[note 2][572] 2,840
 Gambia[note 9][573] 60,424
 Ghana[note 1] 90,000
 Georgia[note 7][574] 29,406
 Germany[note 4][575] 2,551,061
 Greece[576] 2,397,169
 Greenland[note 4][577] 1,595
 Grenada[note 2][578] 25,351
 Guadeloupe[note 1] <1,000
 Hong Kong[note 2][579] 555,353
 Hungary[note 5][note 4][580] 376,573
 Iceland[note 7][581] 297,963
 Indonesia[note 4][582] 352,017
 India[note 2][583] 986,296
 Ireland[584] 3,547,000
 Israel[note 2][585] 198,500
 Italy[note 4][586] 4,922,000
 Jamaica[note 2][587] 217,647
 Japan[note 2][588] 310,500
 Jordan[note 4][589] 64,776
 Kazakhstan[note 2][590] 21,341
 Kiribati[note 2][525][591] 173
 Kuwait[note 4] 7,000
 Kenya[note 3] 100,000
 Kyrgyzstan[note 2][592] 6,900
 Laos[note 2][593] 27,723
 Latvia[note 5][note 2][594] 95,357
 Lebanon[note 4][595] 61,994
 Lesotho[note 10][596] 2,380
 Liechtenstein[note 1] 2,200
 Lithuania[note 4][597] 58,200
 Luxembourg[note 4][note 5][598] 69,350
 Macau[note 2][599] 57,121
 Madagascar[600] 3,167
 Malaysia[note 2][601] 358,818
 Malawi[note 11][602] 51,145
 Maldives[note 2][603] 103,977
 Malta[note 7][604] 640,570
 Mali[note 1][605] 900
 Marshall Islands[note 2][525] 51
 Mauritius[note 2][603] 149,807
 Mexico[note 2][note 8][606] 563,099
 Moldova[note 2][607] 11,555
 Mongolia[note 2][608] 6,012
 Montenegro[note 5][note 4][609] 37,464
 Montserrat[note 12][610] 1,380
 Morocco[611] 554,000
 Myanmar[note 4][612] 51,051
 Namibia[613] 27,365
   Nepal[614] 29,730
 New Caledonia[note 2][525] 708
 Nigeria[note 1] 117,000
 Niue[note 2][525][615] 146
 North Macedonia[note 4][note 5][616] 8,856
 Norway[note 1] 581,000
 Netherlands[note 2][617] 2,195,000
 New Zealand[note 2][618] 249,264
 Nicaragua[note 4][619] 16,923
 Oman[note 2][620] 143,224
 Pakistan[note 11][621] 275,400
 Palau[note 4][622] 852
 Panama[623] 16,338
 Papua New Guinea[note 4][624] 6,974
 Peru[note 2][625] 69,506
 Philippines[note 2][626] 182,708
 Poland[note 4][627] 796,900
 Portugal 2,600,000
 Qatar[note 2][628] 120,495
 Romania[note 13][629] 243,991
 Russia[note 2][630] 193,522
 Saba[note 1][note 8][631] 200
 Saint Lucia[632] 68,175
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[633] 17,045
 Samoa[note 2][525][634] 1,422
 San Marino 5,750
 São Tomé and Príncipe[note 14][635] 83
 Serbia[note 7][note 5][636] 32,802
 Seychelles[note 2][637] 21,906
 Singapore[note 2][638] 518,903
 Sint Eustatius[note 1][note 8][631] 200
 Slovakia[note 4][note 5][639] 77,837
 Slovenia[note 2][note 5][640] 118,508
 Solomon Islands[note 2][641] 496
 South Africa[642] 407,486
 South Korea[note 2][643] 126,024
 Spain[note 7][644] 18,502,722
 Sri Lanka[note 2][645] 201,879
 Suriname[note 2][646] 1,077
 Swaziland[note 4][647] 15,503
  Switzerland 709,925
 Sweden[note 1][648] 603,000
 Taiwan[note 2][649] 104,911
 Tanzania[note 4][650] 67,742
 Thailand[note 2][651] 994,468
 Timor-Leste[note 2][525][note 8][652] 1,253
 Tonga[note 2][525][653] 1,102
 Trinidad and Tobago[note 1][654] 37,473
 Turkey[note 7][655] 2,254,871
 Turks and Caicos[656] 6,399
 Tuvalu[note 2][525][657] 59
 Uganda[note 10][658] 43,009
 Uruguay[note 1] 20,000
 Ukraine[note 2][659] 78,603
 United Arab Emirates[note 2][660] 1,265,000
 United States[note 2][note 15][661] 5,076,167
 Uzbekistan[note 3][662] 1,800
 Venezuela[note 10][663] 20,837
 Vietnam[note 2][664] 283,537
 Zambia[665] 36,997
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Data for 2014
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c Data for 2015
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Data for 2016
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  6. ^ Data for 2011
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Data for 2018
  8. ^ a b c d e Data for arrivals by air only.
  9. ^ a b Data for 2012
  10. ^ a b c Data for 2013
  11. ^ a b Data for 2009
  12. ^ Data for 2010
  13. ^ Data for 2019
  14. ^ Data for 2005
  15. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  2. ^ "Visa Openness Report 2016" (PDF). World Tourism Organization. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
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  10. ^ a b "UK Treaties Online".
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  14. ^ Austria abolished the visa requirement for British citizens on 1 August 1927 [1] but this was reversed after the Anschluss in 1938.
  15. ^ Resolution of the Ministry on Internal Affairs of 28 July 1955, concerning the abolition of visas for citizens of the United States of America, the French Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (in German)
  16. ^ "ACUERDO POR NOTAS REVERSALES PARA LA SUPRESIÓN DE VISAS DE LOS PASAPORTES VÁLIDOS. REINO UNIDO". Paraguay Treaties Online (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 June 2017.
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  24. ^ Law of the Kyrgyz Republic On visa-free regime for citizens of some States within 60 days (in Russian)
  25. ^ Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on 21 January 2012 No. 148 (in Russian)
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  27. ^ Under Resolution No. 46/NQ-CP
  28. ^ On the introduction of the 5 days visa-free entry to Belarus
  29. ^ a b Citizens of 32 European countries exempted from visas for Cape Verde from January 1
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  33. ^ Un e-visa pour Djibouti
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  39. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
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  46. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  47. ^ "Visa - Embassy of Armenia to the United Kingdom". Uk.mfa.am. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  48. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  49. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  50. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  51. ^ "Home Page - The Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic". evisa.gov.az.
  52. ^ "Entry requirements - Bahamas travel advice". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  53. ^ "Consular Information". Bahamashclondon.net. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
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  57. ^ "Bahrain Electronic Visa Service". Evisa.gov.bh. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  58. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  59. ^ "Bangladesh High Commission, London". Bhclondon.org.uk. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  60. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  64. ^ a b "Entry requirements - Belarus travel advice". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  65. ^ "Particulars of issuance of entry visas at the "National Airport Minsk" - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus". Mfa.gov.by. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  66. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
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  69. ^ "eVisa application of Benin". Government of Benin. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
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  71. ^ "Association of Bhutanese Tour Operators - ABTO". abto.org.bt.
  72. ^ "Tourism Council of Bhutan (Official Website) - Tourism Council of Bhutan (Official Website)". tourism.gov.bt.
  73. ^ "Entry requirements - Bolivia travel advice". Government of the United Kingdom.
  74. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  75. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  76. ^ "Entry requirements - Brazil travel advice". Government of the United Kingdom.
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  80. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ "Page Not Found" (PDF). evisa.gov.kh.
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  86. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  87. ^ https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/cameroon/entry requirements
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ "Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) - Canada.ca". canada.ca. 15 April 2015.
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  91. ^ EASE
  92. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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Notes