Visa requirements for Chinese citizens

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An ordinary Chinese passport

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of China by the authorities of other states.

As of 2 July 2019, Chinese citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 70 countries and territories, ranking the Chinese passport 74th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Historical perspective[edit]

Before February 2014, Chinese immigration authorities did not generally allow mainland Chinese citizens to board outbound flights without having a valid visa for the destination country, even if the destination country granted a visa on arrival to Chinese passport holders, unless the exit was approved by the Ministry of Public Security. Exceptions were possible if the traveller had a third country's visa and a connecting flight from the initial destination country to the third country.[2][3] As of 10 June 2017, if the destination is a visa-on-arrival or e-visa issuing country this approval is no longer needed.

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens were lifted by Micronesia on 18 December 1980,[4] the Bahamas on 12 February 2014, Indonesia in 2015, Grenada on 10 June 2015, Ecuador on 1 March 2016, Morocco on 1 June 2016, Tonga on 19 August 2016, Saint Kitts and Nevis on 1 January 2017, Serbia on 15 January 2017, Tunisia on 15 February 2017, Barbados on 1 June 2017, United Arab Emirates on 16 January 2018, Bosnia and Herzegovina on 29 May 2018, British Virgin Islands on 5 July 2018,[5] St Lucia on 18 July 2018,[6] Belarus on 10 August 2018, Qatar on 21 December 2018, Iran on July 16, 2019

Visas on arrival were introduced by Azerbaijan on 1 February 2016,[7] Brunei on 23 May 2016, Ukraine on 1 October 2016, Armenia on 10 November 2016, São Tomé and Príncipe on 5 April 2017, Qatar on 22 June 2017, Gabon on 12 October 2017, Rwanda on 1 January 2018, Benin on 15 March 2018, Zimbabwe on 1 July 2018 and Myanmar on 1 October 2018.

Chinese citizens were made eligible for eVisas by India on 30 July 2015, Lesotho on 1 May 2017, Djibouti on 18 February 2018, Oman on 7 May 2018,Uzbekistan on 15 July 2018 and Pakistan on 14 March 2019.[8]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa-free travel for PRC citizens holding ordinary or public affairs passports

Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan[edit]

Regions Travel with permits from Mainland China Travel with Chinese passport from Mainland China or overseas
 Hong Kong Two-way Permit and exit endorsement required[9] Two-way Permit not required for those in transit to a third country within 7 days. For PRC citizens residing overseas and not in transit, an entry permit is required instead.
 Macao Two-way Permit and exit endorsement required[9] Two-way Permit not required for those in transit to a third country within 7 days.
 Taiwan Exit and Entry Permit issued by Taiwan and Mainland Residents Travel Permit to Taiwan with exit endorsement required[10] Exit & Entry Permit issued by Taiwan required (not required when transiting through sterile area of a Taiwanese airport to the third place on the same calendar day), Mainland Residents Travel Permit to Taiwan with exit endorsement required when departing from Mainland China (not required when transiting through sterile area of a Taiwanese airport to the third place on the same calendar day if departing from Chongqing, Kunming or Nanchang).

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees) Reciprocity
 Afghanistan Visa required[11]
  • An introducing letter (from employer/organization/university/etc.) is required.[12]
 Albania Visa not required[13]
  • Albania offers visa-free travel for Chinese citizens on a temporary basis during the tourist season, valid from 1 March to 31 October 2019.[14]
X
 Algeria Visa required[15]
 Andorra Visa required[16]
  • Although officially no visa is required, at least a Double Entry Schengen visa is required to enter Andorra since it has no own airport facility.
 Angola eVisa[17][18] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[19]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[20]
X
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[21] 30 days X
 Argentina Visa required[22]
  • Chinese citizens with an American Visa B2 or a Schengen Visa will require an electronic travel authorization (AVE) when traveling to Argentina as tourists for a period of up to 90 days.[23]
  • As of 1 October 2017 visas are issued with a 10-year validity period.[24]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[25][26] 120 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for up to 30 days.[27]
  • Visa free agreement between China and Armenia was signed on 26 May 2019 and it is yet to be entered in force.[28][29]
X
 Australia Visa required[30]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa and Online e400 work visa).[31]
  • Effective from 20 June 2016, Chinese biometric passport holders use automated passport control SmartGate on arrival to Australia.[32]
 Austria Visa required[33]
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[34] 30 days
  • Available at airports[7] eVisa is also available.[35]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Bahamas Visa not required[37] 3 months[38]
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[39] 14 days X
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[40] 30 days.
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Barbados Visa not required[41] 30 days
 Belarus Visa not required[42] 30 days
  • Visa free for 30 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within any year period.[43][44]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for up to 30 days.[45]
 Belgium Visa required[46]
 Belize Visa required[47]
  • Visa is not required for cruise passengers.[48]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[49][50] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
  • Visa is not required when traveling on duty for up to 90 days.
X
 Bhutan Visa required[51]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[52]
  • Visa valid for up to 90 days can be issued on arrival with evidence of onward tickets or booked hotel.[53] Bolivian embassy in Beijing also confirmed that Chinese nationals can get visa on arrival at airport or land checkpoint on 27 December 2017[54]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[55] 90 days
  • In any 180-day period.[56]
 Botswana Visa required[57]
 Brazil Visa required[58]
  • As of 1 October 2017 visas are issued with a five-year validity period.[59]
 Brunei Visa on arrival[60] 14 days[61] X
 Bulgaria Visa required[62]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state.
 Burkina Faso Visa required[63]
 Burundi Visa required[64]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[65]
  • Visas valid for 30 days can be obtained on arrival or online.[66]
X
 Cameroon Visa required[67]
 Canada Visa required[68]
  • No transit visa is required if transiting Calgary, Montreal Trudeau (Air Canada Flights only), Toronto Pearson (Terminal 1 only), Vancouver International or Winnipeg Airports to or from the United States on same travel day (no overnight stay) while holding valid US visa and travelling on selected airlines. Need to departure through approved airports if travelling to the United States.[69]
  • Visa is not required for permanent residents of the United States. An eTA is required by permanent residents of US if travelling by air.
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[70] 30 days X
 Central African Republic Visa required[71]
 Chad Visa required[72]
 Chile Visa required[73]
  • National visa may be substituted with a visa issued by Canada or the United States which is valid for a minimum of 6 months from the arrival date.
 Colombia Visa required[74]
  • National visa may be substituted with a visa issued by a Schengen Area member state or the United States which is valid for a minimum of 180 days from the arrival date.[75]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[76] 45 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[77]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[78]
 Costa Rica Visa required[79]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for stays up to 30 days.
  • National visa may be substituted with a visa issued by Canada or the United States.
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[80] 3 months
  • eVisa holders must arrive via Port Bouet Airport
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Croatia Visa required[81]
  • National visa may be substituted with a visa issued by a Schengen Area member state.
 Cuba Tourist Card Required[82]
  • Tourist Card is valid for a maximum stay of 30 days and is obtained in advance.
X
 Cyprus Visa required[83]
  • Holders of valid double or multiple entry Schengen visa or Bulgarian, Croatian and Romanian, as well as residence permits issued by Schengen Member States or by Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania, are not required to hold a short-stay visa to enter the Republic of Cyprus for a time period that does not exceed 90 days in any 180 day period.[84]
 Czech Republic Visa required[85]
 Denmark Visa required[86]
 Djibouti eVisa[87] 31 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Dominica Visa not required[88] 21 days X
 Dominican Republic Visa required[89]
  • Holders of a visa issued by Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Romania and any Schengen Area country can obtain a Tourist Card on arrival for a maximum stay of 30 days. United Kingdom residents can obtain a Tourist Card on arrival for a maximum stay of 90 days.
 Ecuador Visa not required[90] 90 days
  • 90 days within any one-year period
 Egypt Visa on arrival[91]
  • According to Egyptian diplomatic missions in China, Chinese citizens can apply for a visa on arrival since 19 July 2016 and can stay for up 30 days. However, according to IATA, Chinese citizens are visa exempt for 30 days if they hold a return ticket, a reservation in a 4 or 5 star hotel, and US$2000.[92][93][94]
X
 El Salvador Visa required[95]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state, Canada or the United States.[96]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa not required[97] X
 Eritrea Visa required[98]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Estonia Visa required[99]
 Eswatini Visa required[100]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[101] up to 90 days
  • Visa free for holders of passports for public affairs.[36]
X
 Fiji Visa not required[104] 4 months
 Finland Visa required[105]
 France Visa required[106]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[107]
  • Starting from 20 December 2017, 90 days visa on arrival can be obtained at Libreville Airport.[108]
  • Electronic visa holders must arrive via Libreville International Airport.[109]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Gambia Visa required[110]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.
  • Entry clearance is not required if traveling as tourists on a charter flight.[111]
 Georgia eVisa[112] 30 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Germany Visa required[113]
 Ghana Visa required[114]
 Greece Visa required[115]
 Grenada Visa not required[116] 30 days[117]
 Guatemala Visa required[118]
 Guinea Visa required[119]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[120] 90 days X
 Guyana Visa required[121]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.
 Haiti Visa not required[122] 3 months X
 Honduras Visa required[123]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, the United States, or a Schengen Area member state, or a residence permit of the United Kingdom, Japan, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand.
 Hungary Visa required[124]
 Iceland Visa required[125]
 India e-Visa[126] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][127]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
X
 Indonesia Visa not required[128] 30 days X
 Iran Visa not required[129][130] 15 days X
 Iraq Visa required[131]
 Ireland Visa required[132]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid C visa or visas endorsed with BIVS issued by the United Kingdom until October 2021.[133] Entry is permitted only if a first point of entry to the Common Travel Area was in the UK.[134]
 Israel Visa required[135]
  • As of 2017 visas are issued with a 10-year validity period.[136]
 Italy Visa required[137]
 Jamaica Visa not required[138] 30 days X
 Japan Visa required[139]
  • Passengers of approved cruise ships do not require a visa from April 2015.[140][141]
  • Visa application requirements were simplified for Chinese citizens in May 2017.[142]
X
 Jordan Visa on arrival[143] 30 days X
 Kazakhstan Visa required[144]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[145] 3 months X
 Kiribati Visa required[146]
 North Korea Visa required[147]
  • Chinese tourists may visit Tongnim County without a visa for 2 days.[148] They may also visit Sinuiju for a day trip without a visa.[149]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 South Korea Visa required[150]
  • Visa is not required for visits to Jeju Island for up to 30 days.[151] If travelling by air to Jeju Island via Seoul, Busan, Cheongju, Muan and Yangyang, Chinese citizens travelling as part of a tourist group by authorized travel agent may stay in mainland South Korea for up to 15 days.[152]
  • Conditional visa free (15 days) from 1 December 2017 to 31 March 2018 if the Chinese nationals had applied tourist visa within five years, or hold public affairs passport. Landing permit for cruise passenger can be issued not only to group tourist but also to individual tourist from 1 Jan 2018[153]
  • Visa is not required for U.S Green card holders when in transit to/from US and a third country for a stay of 30 days.
 Kuwait Visa required[154]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for up to 30 days.
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[155] X
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[157][158] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[159]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Latvia Visa required[160]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[161] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months.
X
 Lesotho eVisa[162][163] X
 Liberia Visa required[164]
 Libya Visa required[165]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[166]
 Lithuania Visa required[167]
 Luxembourg Visa required[168]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[169] 90 days X
 Malawi Visa on arrival[170] X
 Malaysia Online registration or eVisa[171]
  • Between 1 March 2016 and 31 December 2017, Chinese citizens do not require a visa for Malaysia for a stay of up to 15 days, however online registration prior to arrival is required.[172][173]
X
 Maldives Visa on arrival[174] 30 days X
 Mali Visa required[175]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Malta Visa required[176]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[177]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[178] X
 Mauritius Visa not required[179] 90 days
 Mexico Visa required[180]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Canada, Japan, United Kingdom, United States, or a Schengen Area member state. Also visa is not required for cruise ship passengers.[181]
 Micronesia Visa not required[182] 30 days X
 Moldova e-Visa[183]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state for visits up to 90 days. *Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
  • Chinese citizens can apply for a visa online without a need for an invitation letter.[184]
X
 Monaco Visa required[185]
 Mongolia Visa required[186]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Montenegro Visa required[187]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state, the United Kingdom, Ireland or the United States or permanent residence documents of a Schengen Area member state, the United Kingdom, Ireland or the United States for up to 30 days per stay for tourism and business.[188]
 Morocco Visa not required[189] 90 days X
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[190] 30 days[191] X
 Myanmar eVisa / Visa on arrival[192][193] 28/30 days X
 Namibia Visa required[195]
 Nauru Visa required[196]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[197]
  • Visa is issued free of charge for tourists.[198]
X
 Netherlands Visa required[199]
 New Zealand Visa required[200]
  • Visa is not required for Australian permanent residents and holders of Australian resident return visas.[201]
  • 5 Year visa are issued for partial applicant from 8 May 2017[202] Chinese biometric passport holders can use automated passport control SmartGate on arrival to New Zealand.[203]
 Nicaragua Visa required[204]
 Niger Visa required[205]
 Nigeria Visa required[206]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 North Macedonia Visa required[207]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state, the United States, Canada or United Kingdom for stays up to 15 days if the visa is valid for at least five days beyond the period of intended stay in North Macedonia. Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for up to 90 days.
 Norway Visa required[208]
 Oman eVisa[209][210] 30 days X
 Pakistan Online Visa[211]
  • Online Visa eligible.[212]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[213]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Palau Visa on arrival[214] 30 days The Chinese government declared Palau as an illegal destination in August 2018[215] X
 Panama Visa required[216]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by Australia, Canada, the United States or the United Kingdom for up to 30 days.
 Papua New Guinea eVisa[217] 30 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs can obtain visa on arrival at Port Moresby airport valid for up to 30 days.
X
 Paraguay Visa required[218]
 Peru Visa required[219]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by the United States, Canada, Australia, United Kingdom or a Schengen Area member state or permanent residence documents of the United States, Canada, European Union or Australia for up to 180 days per stay for tourism and business.
 Philippines Visa required[220]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state, Australia, Canada, Japan or the United States.
 Poland Visa required[221]
 Portugal Visa required[222]
 Qatar Visa not required[223] 30 days
  • A bilateral visa-free agreement was signed on 9 July 2018 and it is enter into force on 21 December 2018.[224][225]
 Romania Visa required[226]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by a Schengen Area member state if the journey is completed before the expiration of the Schengen visa.
 Russia Visa required[227]
  • Visa free for a maximum stay of 15 days for visitors travelling as part of a tour group (5 to 50 persons), accompanied by a representative of a tour operator accredited in both Russia and China.
  • A visa-free travel arrangement is expected to be signed soon, although date unknown.[228]
  • Chinese citizens are eligible for eVisas to Kaliningrad Oblast for up to 8 days.[229]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[230] X
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[231] 3 months X
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[232][233] 6 weeks X
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa required[234]
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[206] 60 days X
 San Marino Visa not required[235][236] 90 days.[237]
  • Although officially no visa is required, at least a Single Entry Schengen visa is required to enter San Marino since it does not have an own airport facility and no border controls.
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa / Visa on arrival[238] 15 days.[239][240]
  • Holders of a visa issued by the United States and the Schengen Area do not require a visa.
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for 30 days.
X
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[241]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[242] 30 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for 30 days.[36]
X
 Serbia Visa not required[243] 30 days[244]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa up to 90 days within a six-month period.
 Seychelles Visa not required[245] 3 months[246]
 Sierra Leone Visa required[247]
 Singapore eVisa[248]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for up to 30 days.
  • Since 28 January 2019, Singapore has granted a 96-hour visa-free transit facility for Chinese citizens entering Singapore. Passengers in transit can apply for VFTF at check-in counter without charge.[249]
X
 Slovakia Visa required[250]
 Slovenia Visa required[251]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[252]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[253] 30 days X
 South Africa Visa required[254]
 South Sudan Visa required[255]
 Spain Visa required[256]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[257] 30 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Sudan Visa required[258]
 Suriname eVisa / Tourist card on arrival[259] 90 days
  • Single entry tourist card valid for up to 90 days may be obtained online, on arrival at the airport or in any Surinamese representation abroad.[260]
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[261]
X
 Sweden Visa required[262]
  Switzerland Visa required[263]
 Syria Visa required[264]
 Tajikistan eVisa[265] 45 days.[266]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.
X
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[267][268] 3 months X
 Thailand Visa on arrival[269] 15 days
  • Beginning 14 February 2019, Chinese citizens visiting Thailand can apply for e-Visa online.[249]
X
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[270] 30 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Togo Visa on arrival[271] 7 days
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Tonga Visa not required[272] 30 days[273]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[274]
 Tunisia Visa not required[275] 90 days[276] X
 Turkey eVisa[277] 30 days.[278]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
X
 Turkmenistan Visa required[279]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[280] 1 month X
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[281] X
 Ukraine eVisa[283] 30 days X
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[284] 30 days
 United Kingdom and Crown dependencies Visa required[285]
  • Visa not required if holding a valid Irish visa endorsed with BIVS. Entry permitted only if first point of entry to the Common Travel Area is in Ireland.[286]
 United States Visa required[287]
  • Chinese citizens who do receive a visa are normally issued "120-month multiple-entry combination B1/B2 visas."[288]
  • Ten-year multiple-entry B visa holders must provide updates through the Electronic Visa Update System (EVUS) every two years.[289]
 Uruguay Visa required[290]
  • National visa may be substituted with a valid visa issued by the United States, Canada or a European Union member state for stays up to 90 days when arriving via Montevideo airport or Montevideo and Colonia ports.[291][292]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[293][294] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[295]
X
 Vanuatu Visa not required[296] 30 days X
  Vatican City Visa required[297]
 Venezuela Visa required[298]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa.[36]
 Vietnam Visa required[299]
  • Holders of passports for public affairs do not require a visa for up to 30 days.
  • Visa collection on arrival can be arranged online through travel agencies and are available at Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and Da Nang airports.
 Yemen Visa required[300]
 Zambia eVisa[301]
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[302] 3 months X

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries
Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[303]
 Artsakh Visa not required[304] Travelers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[305]
 Kosovo Visa required[306] Visa is not required for holders of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay) [307]
  • Do not need a visa a holder of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa, a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[308]
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[309]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[310][311]
 Palestine Visa not required[312] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[313]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[314][315]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[316][317] Internal passport valid.
 Transnistria Visa not required[318] Registration required after 24h.[319][320]
Dependent and autonomous territories
Territory Conditions of access Notes
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa required[321]
 Greenland Visa required[321]
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[322]
 French Guiana Visa required[323]
 French Polynesia Conditional visa waiver[324] 15 days, need to travel with specific agencies
France French West Indies
Guadeloupe Visa required[325]
Martinique
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Martin
 Mayotte Visa required[326][325]
 New Caledonia Conditional visa waiver[327][328] 15 days, need to travel with specific agencies
 Réunion Conditional visa waiver[329][330] 15 days, need to travel with specific agencies
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[331][325]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[332]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa required[333] Holders of a valid visa issued by a Canada, US or Schengen Member State (‘C’ or ‘D’ visa) do not require a visa for 90 days for each territory.
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
 Bonaire Visa required[334]
 Sint Eustatius
 Saba
 Curaçao Visa required[335]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[336]
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[337] 31 days
 Niue Visa not required[338] 30 days
 Tokelau Permit required[339]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[340] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[341]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty.[342]
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa required[343]
 Anguilla Visa required[344][345] Visa not required with a valid visa or residence permit from the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom.
 Bermuda Visa required[346] Holders of a multiple-entry visa issued by Canada, US or the UK is valid for at least 45 days beyond the period of intended stay in Bermuda do not require a visa for three months. Visa free for a maximum stay of three months if transiting through the United Kingdom.
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[347]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[348] 6 months for business and tourism purposes[349][350]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[351] Visa free for cruise ship passengers leaving on the day of arrival.[352] Visa not required for 30 days for holders of a valid multiple-entry visa for the US, UK and/or Canada.[353]
 Falkland Islands Visa required[354]
 Gibraltar Visa required[355] Holders of a valid visa issued by the United Kingdom do not require a visa.
Visa not required if holding a Schengen multiple entry visa with a minimum remaining validity of 7 days or visiting on a day trip as part of an organised tour arranged through a Gibraltar-based tour operator.
 Montserrat eVisa[356]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[357][358][359]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Saint Helena eVisa[360][361]
 Ascension Island Admission refused[362][363] From May 2015 Ascension Island Government does not issue entry visas including eVisas to nationals of China.[364]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[365]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[366][367]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[368] 90 days[369]
United States
 American Samoa Entry permit required[370]
 Guam Visa required[371]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[372] 45 days
 Puerto Rico Visa required[373]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[374]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[375][376][377][378][379][380][381][382][383][384][385][386]
Other Territories

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens holding diplomatic or service passports, based solely on bilateral agreements.
  People's Republic of China
  Visa free access for holders of both diplomatic and service passports
  Visa free access for holders of diplomatic passports only

Holders of Chinese diplomatic or service passports have visa-free access to additional countries.

Type of passport Visa-free access
Diplomatic passports only Côte d'Ivoire, Iraq, Ireland, Schengen Area (unless mentioned separately below), Uruguay, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan
Diplomatic and service passports Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Ecuador, Eritrea, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guyana, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Mali, Mexico, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, North Korea, North Macedonia, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[418]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[419]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (US)
  • The rule is not available among the CHN,HKG,TWN travellers on business.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[420] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[421] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[422]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[423][424] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[425]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[426] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[427]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[428] Lebanon,[429] Libya,[430] Saudi Arabia,[431] Sudan,[432] Syria,[433] and Yemen[434] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Palestinian Territories." [435] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[436][437] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[438] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[439] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[440] As of January 2019, the list mentioned 795 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[441] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[442]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[443][444] Argentina,[445] Brunei, Cambodia,[446] China,[447] Ethiopia,[448] Ghana, India, Japan[449][450], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [451], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[452] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[453] Singapore, South Korea,[454] Taiwan, Uganda[455] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[456] [457] [458] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[459]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[460] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[461][462] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[463] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at 3 land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[464][465]


Foreign travel statistics[edit]

These are the numbers of Chinese visitors to various countries or territories:

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  2. ^ a b Data for arrivals by air only.
  3. ^ a b c Including Hong Kong.
  4. ^ Tourists only.
  5. ^ Including Hong Kong and Macau.
  6. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  7. ^ Total number includes tourists, business people, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of non-immigrant admissions (I-94).


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
  5. ^ Available at