Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Hong Kong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Visa pages of the second version of the Hong Kong SAR Passport

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Hong Kong are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on holders of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passports.

As of 10 July 2018, Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of Hong Kong (hereafter called Chinese citizens of Hong Kong) holding HKSAR passports had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 169 countries and territories, ranking the HKSAR passport 16th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] The official figure provided by the Hong Kong Immigration Department of countries and territories granting visa-free access to Hong Kong SAR passport holders was 162 as of 28 March 2018. (However, this figure excludes countries and territories which are not officially recognised by the People's Republic of China, such as Kosovo and Taiwan so the practical figure relevant to travellers is actually higher.)[2]

Due to its one country, two systems stance, the Government of Hong Kong can make a visa-waiver agreement for Chinese residents of Hong Kong with other countries. As a result of both bilateral visa abolition agreements (e.g. between Hong Kong and Russia[3]) and unilateral decisions to grant visa exemptions (e.g. by Nicaragua[4]), Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport holders enjoy visa exemptions and simplified visa procedures to a large number of destinations worldwide. Whilst the visa exemptions mostly only apply when Chinese citizens of Hong Kong are visiting on short trips for pleasure or on business, a number of countries extend the visa exemption to short stays involving paid activities (e.g. Belgium and Luxembourg).

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Hong Kong
  Hong Kong
  ID card travel
  Home return permit travel
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of normal passports travelling for tourist purposes:

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[5]
 Albania Visa not required[6] 90 days
  • Permanent ID Card valid
 Algeria Visa required[7]
 Andorra Visa not required[8] 3 months
 Angola Visa required[9]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[10] 30 days
 Argentina Visa not required[11] 90 days
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[12] 120 days
 Australia Electronic Travel Authority[14] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[15] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[16]
 Bahamas Visa not required[17] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[18] 14 days
  • May apply online.[19]
 Bangladesh Visa required[20]
 Barbados Visa not required[21] 90 days[22]
 Belarus Visa not required[23] 14 days [24]
 Belgium Visa not required[25] 90 days
 Belize Visa not required[26] 90 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[27][28] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[29]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[30] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[31] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa not required[32] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period
 Brazil Visa not required[33] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[34] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[35] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[36] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[37]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[38] 30 days
  • May apply online.[39]
 Cameroon Visa required[40]
 Canada Visa not required[41] 6 months
  • eTA required if arriving by air.[42]
 Cape Verde Visa not required[43] 90 days
 Central African Republic Visa required[44]
 Chad Visa required[45]
 Chile Visa not required[46] 90 days
 Mainland China With Home Return Permit only
  • Entry to Mainland China cannot be on a HKSAR passport. However, all eligible for a HKSAR passport are also able to apply for a Home Return Permit, allowing the holder to enter and stay in Mainland China until its expiry. Issuance of the Home Return Permit is not automatic for all HKSAR passport holders and is at the sole discretion of the Bureau of Exit and Entry Administration of the Ministry of Public Security.
 Colombia Visa not required[47] 180 days
 Comoros Visa on arrival[48]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[49]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[50]
 Costa Rica Visa required[51]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[52]
  • Get Visa at International Airport Felix Houphouet Boigny in Abidjan.[53]
 Croatia Visa not required[54] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[55]
 Cyprus Visa not required[56] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[58] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[59] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[60] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[61] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[62] 90 days[63]
 Egypt Visa not required[64] 3 months
 El Salvador Visa required[65]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[66]
 Eritrea Visa required[67]
 Estonia Visa not required[68] 90 days
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[69]
 Fiji Visa not required[70] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[71] 90 days
 France and territories Visa not required[72] 90 days
 Gabon e-Visa[73]
 Gambia Visa required[74]
  • In addition to a visa, an entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[75]
 Georgia eVisa[76]
 Germany Visa not required[77] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[78]
 Greece Visa not required[79] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[80] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa required[81]
 Guinea Visa required[82]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[83] 90 days
  • May apply online[84]
 Guyana Visa not required[85] 90 days[86]
 Haiti Visa not required[87] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[88]
 Hungary Visa not required[89] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[90] 90 days
 India e-Visa[91] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 25 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][92]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[93] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[94] 30 days[95]
 Iraq Visa required[96]
 Ireland Visa not required[97] 3 months
 Israel Visa not required[98] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[99] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa not required[100] 30 days
 Japan Visa not required[101] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[102]
  • Free of charge.
  • Not available at all entry points.[103]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[104] 14 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[105] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[106] 30 days
 North Korea Visa required[107]
 South Korea Visa not required[108] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[109] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[110]
 Laos Visa on arrival[113] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[114]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[115] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[116] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[117] 30 days
 Liberia Visa required[118]
 Libya Visa required[119]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[120] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[121] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[122] 90 days
 Macedonia Visa not required[123] 90 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[124] 90 days
 Malawi Visa not required[125] 30 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[126] 1 month
 Maldives Visa on arrival[127] 30 days[63]
 Mali Visa required[128]
 Malta Visa not required[129] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa required[130]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[131]
 Mauritius Visa not required[132] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[133] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[134] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[135] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[136]
 Mongolia Visa not required[137] 14 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[139] 30 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[140] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[142] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[143] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[144]
   Nepal Free visa on arrival[145] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[146] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa not required[147] 3 months
 Nicaragua Visa not required[148] 90 days
 Niger Visa not required[149] 14 days
 Nigeria Visa required[150]
 Norway Visa not required[151] 90 days
 Oman eVisa[152] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[153]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[154]
 Palau Visa on arrival[155] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[156]
 Papua New Guinea Free visa on arrival[157] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa required[158]
 Peru Visa not required[159] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[160] 14 days
 Poland Visa not required[161] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[162] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[163] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[164] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa not required[165] 14 days
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[166] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[167] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[168]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[169] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[170] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[171]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa / Visa on arrival[172] 15 days.[173][174]
  • Holders of a visa issued by the United States do not require a visa.
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[175]
 Senegal Visa required[176]
 Serbia Visa not required[177] 14 days
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[178] 3 months[63]
 Sierra Leone Visa required[179]
 Singapore Visa not required[180] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[181] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[182] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visa required[183]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[184] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[185] 30 days
 South Sudan Visa required[186]
 Spain Visa not required[187] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[188] 30 days
  • Extendable for another 150 days. Also visa available upon arrival.[189]
 Sudan Visa required[190]
 Suriname Visa not required[191] 90 days
 Swaziland Visa required[192]
 Sweden Visa not required[193] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[194] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[195]
 Tajikistan eVisa[196]
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[197]
 Tanzania Visa not required[198] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[199] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[200] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[201]
 Togo Visa on arrival[202] 7 days
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[203] 31 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[204] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[205] 90 days
 Turkey Visa not required[206] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[207]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[208] 1 month[63]
 Uganda Visa not required[209] 3 months
 Ukraine Visa not required[210] 14 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa on arrival[211] 30 days
  • Free of charge
 United Kingdom Visa not required[212] 6 months
 United States Visa required[213]
  • HK citizens who do receive a visa are normally issued "10-years multiple-entry combination B1/B2 visas."
 Uruguay Visa not required[214] 3 months
 Uzbekistan eVisa[215][216] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[217]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[218] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[219]
 Venezuela Visa not required[220] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa required[221]
  • Visa on arrival only when having a Visa Approval Letter from Vietnamese immigration authority. This can be applied through Vietnamese travel agencies online.
  • Visa on arrival only available at Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City International Airport. Otherwise visa required.
 Yemen Visa not required[222] 30 days
 Zambia Visa not required[223] 90 days
 Zimbabwe Visa not required[224] 6 months

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Hong Kong for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognised countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[225]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[226][227]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa not required Visa issued by Russia is required, HK SAR Passport is exempted from a visa to enter Russia for 14 days.[228]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[229][230]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[231] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[232]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[233]
 Guernsey Visa not required[234]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[235]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[236] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[237]
 Jersey Visa not required[238]
 Kosovo Visa not required[239] 90 days
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[240][241] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[242]
 Russia Special authorisation required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorisation.[243]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[244][245]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[246][247]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[248]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[249]
 Mayotte Visa not required[250] 90 days
 Réunion Visa not required[250] 90 days
 Ascension Island Visa required As of May 2017 Ascension Island Government does not issue entry visas to nationals of Hong Kong.[251]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[252]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[253]
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[254][255]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners travelling more than 25 kilometres outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[256]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for all of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and parts of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[257][258][259][260][261]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[262]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[263]
Malaysia Malaysia:

Sabah Sabah and Sarawak Sarawak

Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[264]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[265]
 Palestine Visa not required[266] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[267]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[268][269][270]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana'a or Aden.[271]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Anguilla Visa not required[272] 3 months
 Aruba Visa not required[273] 30 days
 Bermuda Visa not required[274] lesser than 6 months
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[275] 30 days
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[276] 30 days
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[277] 60 days for tourism / 10 days for business
 Curacao Visa not required[278] 30 days
France French Guiana Visa not required[279] 90 days
France French West Indies Visa not required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[280]
 Greenland Visa not required[232] 90 days
 Montserrat Visa not required[281] 90 days
 Puerto Rico Visa required[282]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[250] 90 days
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[283] 3 months
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[284] 90 days
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[285]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa required[286]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[287]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[288]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[289] 31 days[290]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[291]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[292] 90 days
 Guam Visa not required[293] 45 days
 New Caledonia Visa not required[250] 90 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[294] 45 days
 Niue Visa on arrival[295] 30 days[296]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[297][298][299]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[300][301][302][303][304][305][306]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[250] 90 days
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[307]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[308] 4 months
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[309][310]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[311][312][313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322]

Greater China[edit]

 Mainland China With Home Return Permit[323] Home Return Permit can only be applied from Hong Kong or Macau. For those without a Home Return Permit and are not in Hong Kong or Macau, a Chinese Travel Document is required and can be applied at Chinese diplomatic missions.
 Macao Visa not required[324] Visa free for holders of Hong Kong Permanent Identity Cards for a stay of less than one year. Visa not required for 7 days for passengers in transit holding HKSAR passports.
 Taiwan Entry permit on arrival or online entry permit[325] Entry permit on arrival for NT$300. Free online registration prior to arrival is also available. Applicable only to those born in Hong Kong or Macau, or those who have previously entered Taiwan at least once as a permanent resident of Hong Kong. Not applicable to HKSAR passport holders with nationality or citizenship of another country except for persons with dual Chinese nationality and British National (Overseas) status.[326]

In addition, HKSAR passport holders can now apply entry permit online.

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[327]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

Permanent residents with Chinese nationality are required to use their Home Return Permits instead. Only holders of non-Chinese passports can use the card to enter China Mainland China.

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[328]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[329] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[330] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Vietnam.[331]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months beyond the period of intended stay include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals), Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, New Zealand and 3 months validity on arrival in Albania, Honduras, Macedonia, Panama, Qatar and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the period of intended stay include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[332][333] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[334]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[335] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[336]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[337] Lebanon,[338] Libya,[339] Saudi Arabia,[340] Sudan,[341] Syria[342] and Yemen[343] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [344] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[345][346] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[347] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[348] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[349] As of April 2018 the list contains 710 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [350]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[351]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[352]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[353][354] Argentina,[355] Brunei, Cambodia,[356] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[357] Ethiopia,[358] Ghana, India, Japan,[359][360] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[361] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[362] Singapore, South Korea,[363] and Taiwan.[364]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[365][366]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Henley Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners Holdings Ltd. 10 July 2018. Retrieved 13 July 2018. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2018 Henley Passport Index. In certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access. 
  2. ^ Visa-free Access for HKSAR Passports. GovHK.
  3. ^ Visa-free access to Russia for HKSAR passport holders. Immd.gov.hk (21 January 2013).
  4. ^ https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?SpecData=1&VISA=&page=visa&NA=HK&AR=00&PASSTYPES=PASS&DE=NI&user=DL&subuser=DELTAB2C
  5. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  6. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  7. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  8. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  9. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  10. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  11. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  12. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  13. ^ Republic of Armenia Electronic Visa System. e-Visa.
  14. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  15. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  16. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  17. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  18. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  19. ^ Bahrain eVisa
  20. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  21. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  22. ^ "Visa-free access for HKSAR passport holders to Barbados". info.gov.hk. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  23. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  24. ^ "Belarus, Hong Kong to start visa-free regime next month". Xinhua News Agency. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  25. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  26. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  27. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  28. ^ eVisa Benin
  29. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  30. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  31. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  32. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  33. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  34. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  35. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  36. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ Cambodia eVisa
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  42. ^ canada.ca/eTA
  43. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  44. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  45. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  49. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  50. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  51. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  52. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  53. ^ Cote d'Ivoire Biometric E-Visa
  54. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  55. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  56. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  57. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  58. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  59. ^ eVisa
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  62. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  63. ^ a b c d Extendable length of stay.
  64. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  68. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  69. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  72. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  73. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  74. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  75. ^ Exemption applies if traveling as tourists on a charter flight.
  76. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  77. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  80. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ Guinea-Bissau eVisa
  85. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  86. ^ [1]
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  90. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  91. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 
  92. ^ e-Visa
  93. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  94. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  95. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
  96. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  97. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  98. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  99. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  100. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  101. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  102. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  103. ^ Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).
  104. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  105. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  108. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  109. ^ Kuwait eVisa
  110. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  111. ^ E-visa Kyrgyz Republic
  112. ^ [2]
  113. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  114. ^ "The Department Of Immigration. Checkpoints". The Department Of Immigration Of Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  115. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  118. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  121. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  122. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  123. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  124. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  125. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  126. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  127. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  128. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  129. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  130. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  131. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  135. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  136. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  137. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  138. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  141. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 11 May 2014. [permanent dead link]
  142. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  143. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  144. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  145. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  146. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  147. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  148. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  149. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  150. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  151. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  152. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
  153. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  154. ^ [3][permanent dead link]
  155. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  156. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  157. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  158. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  159. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  160. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  161. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  162. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  163. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  164. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  165. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  166. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  167. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  168. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  169. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  170. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  171. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  172. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  173. ^ [4]
  174. ^ [5]
  175. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  176. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  177. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  178. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  179. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  180. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  181. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  182. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  183. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  184. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  185. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  186. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  187. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  188. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  189. ^ Sri Lanka Online Visa Application
  190. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  191. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  192. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  193. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  194. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
  195. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  196. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  197. ^ Republic of Tajikistan e-visa
  198. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  199. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  200. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  201. ^ Obtainable at the Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport or at the Dili Sea Port.
  202. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  203. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  204. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  205. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  206. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  207. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  208. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  209. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  210. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  211. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  212. ^ UK visa requirements: list for carriers, Government of the United Kingdom, 2 October 2017.
  213. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  214. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  215. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  216. ^ "OFFICIAL ELECTRONIC VISA PORTAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN". mfa.uz. Retrieved 14 July 2018. 
  217. ^ "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА РЕСПУБЛИКИ УЗБЕКИСТАН О ДАЛЬНЕЙШИХ МЕРАХ ПО ОПТИМИЗАЦИИ ПОРЯДКА ВЪЕЗДА ИНОСТРАННЫХ ГРАЖДАН В РЕСПУБЛИКУ УЗБЕКИСТАН". lex.uz. 4 July 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018. 
  218. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  219. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  220. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  221. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  222. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  223. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  224. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  225. ^ Аҧсны Аҳәынҭқарра Адәныҟатәи Аускәа Рминистрра Archived 23 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. Mfaapsny.org.
  226. ^ The Friends of Mount Athos – A Pilgrim's Guide to Mount Athos: Planning Your Visit. Athosfriends.org (6 November 2007).
  227. ^ Mount Athos Info, Αγιον Οροσ, Berg Athos, Ouranoupolis, Ουρανουπολη. Mountathosinfos.gr.
  228. ^ Foreigners Now Need Russian Visa to Visit Crimea. Themoscowtimes.com (1 April 2014).
  229. ^ Northern Cyprus, Living in North Cyprus, Postal System, Passports and Visa. Korinia.com.
  230. ^ How to get to North Cyprus? – Passport, Visa & Entry Requirements. Cypnet.co.uk.
  231. ^ > Buffer Zone Permits Archived 21 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Unficyp.
  232. ^ a b Denmark travel advice. GOV.UK.
  233. ^ Visas and immigration, Government of Gibraltar.
  234. ^ Do I require an entry clearance/ VISA Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Gov.gg.
  235. ^ An overview of Immigration in the Isle of Man Archived 23 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Gov.im.
  236. ^ Jan Mayen Homesite, Edited By The Jan Mayen Crew. Jan-mayen.no.
  237. ^ Lovdata – Sender deg til riktig side. Lovdata.no (1 June 1962).
  238. ^ Visa and passport requirements for visitors. Gov.je.
  239. ^ Special Categories – Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Kosovo. Mfa-ks.net.
  240. ^ The procedure of foreign citizens' entry to the NKR – NKR. Nkr.am (14 April 2004).
  241. ^ The Office of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in USA. Nkrusa.org.
  242. ^ Azərbaycan Respublikası Xarici İşlər Nazirliyi – Azərbaycan Respublikasının Xarici İşlər Nazirliyi Azərbaycan Respublikasının vətəndaşlarına Liviyada mövcud olan vəziyyətlə bağlı xəbərdarlıq edir, 12 may 2011-ci il. Mfa.gov.az (12 May 2011).
  243. ^ "Russian Federation Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  244. ^ О визах | Министерство иностранных дел. Mfa-rso.su (22 April 2010).
  245. ^ Procedure of the Entry to the Territory of the Republic of South Ossetia | Министерство иностранных дел. Mfa-rso.su.
  246. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2015. 
  247. ^ Rules and recommendations. Transnistria tour.
  248. ^ British Indian Ocean Territory travel advice – GOV.UK. Fco.gov.uk (13 March 2014).
  249. ^ Ministry of Tourism – Tourism Service Center. Eritrea.be (27 January 2013).
  250. ^ a b c d e "Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements". Ministère des Affaires étrangères. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  251. ^ [6]
  252. ^ Useful info : St Helena Tourism. Sthelenatourism.com.
  253. ^ Tristan da Cunha Information for Visitors. Tristandc.com.
  254. ^ Practical travel information on Visas in Somaliland, Puntland & Somalia – Lonely Planet Travel Information Archived 6 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Lonelyplanet.com.
  255. ^ [7]
  256. ^ "Republic of South Sudan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  257. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120426085021/http://as.and.nic.in/TourismAND/TCorner/ForeignersNew.htm. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  258. ^ Arunachal Tourism Archived 1 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Arunachal Tourism.
  259. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2015. 
  260. ^ [8][permanent dead link]
  261. ^ Tourism in Lakshadweep Archived 13 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Lakshadweeptourism.nic.in.
  262. ^ "Kazakhstan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  263. ^ "Iran Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  264. ^ "Malaysia Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 28 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  265. ^ "Maldives Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  266. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  267. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  268. ^ the roof of the world. Pamirs.
  269. ^ Permit to visit Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO) Archived 23 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. Travel Tajikistan (16 July 2004).
  270. ^ Tajikistan Visa. Tajik Tourism.
  271. ^ "Yemen Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  272. ^ Visa requirements for Anguilla, Government of Anguilla, October 2016.
  273. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  274. ^ Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda.
  275. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  276. ^ Visas, Tourism Board of the British Virgin Islands.
  277. ^ Visa-free and visa-required countries, Department of Immigration of the Cayman Islands.
  278. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  279. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  280. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  281. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
  282. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  283. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  284. ^ Requirements to obtain a Turks and Caicos visitor's visa, Ministry of Border Control and Employment of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  285. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  286. ^ General information, American Samoa Visitors Bureau.
  287. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20121031132558/http://environment.gov.au/coasts/mpa/ashmore/activities.html. Archived from the original on 31 October 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  288. ^ Clipperton – Ile de La Passion. Clipperton.fr.
  289. ^ Visas and immigration, Discover Cook Islands.
  290. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20100114210537/http://www.cook-islands.gov.ck/faq.php. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  291. ^ "Fiji Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  292. ^ Ruling of 29 December 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of French Polynesia, Légifrance (in French).
  293. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  294. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  295. ^ Travelling to Niue, Niue Tourism Office.
  296. ^ Getting to Niue | Niue Archived 24 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Niueisland.com (21 May 2014).
  297. ^ Tourist Information | Visas & Legal Info | Pitcairn Island Tourism Archived 18 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Visitpitcairn.pn.
  298. ^ Pitcairn Islands. Government.pn.
  299. ^ http://www.government.pn/immigration%20ordinance.pdf
  300. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20131017211743/http://www.fws.gov/bakerisland/visit.html. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  301. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20131017212340/http://www.fws.gov/howlandisland/visit.html. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  302. ^ http://www.fws.gov/jarvisisland/
  303. ^ [9] Archived 7 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  304. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20131017212056/http://www.fws.gov/kingmanreef/visit.html. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  305. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140227230950/http://www.fws.gov/midway/visit.html. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  306. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20130522074332/http://www.fws.gov/palmyraatoll/visit.html. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  307. ^ "Sistema de Calificación y Control de Residencia - Consejo de Gobierno de Galápagos". Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  308. ^ Entry and Exit requirements > Need to know > Travel Guide > Home > Falkland Islands Tourist Board. Falklandislands.com.
  309. ^ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (British Overseas Territory) travel advice – GOV.UK. Fco.gov.uk (16 June 2014).
  310. ^ Information for Visitors – South Georgia Website Archived 12 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Sgisland.gs.
  311. ^ Tourism in Antarctica – British Antarctic Survey. Antarctica.ac.uk (7 November 2012).
  312. ^ [10]
  313. ^ British Antarctic Territory – GOV.UK. Britishantarcticterritory.fco.gov.uk.
  314. ^ Activités et accès à l’Antarctique : rappel des procédures et sensibilisation à la sécurité des personnes et à la protection de l’environnement. Taaf.fr.
  315. ^ Accès aux Terres australes françaises. Taaf.fr.
  316. ^ Accès aux îles Eparses. Taaf.fr.
  317. ^ Dna-Iaa – La Antártida Archived 5 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Dna.gov.ar.
  318. ^ Forms expeditioners must sign — Australian Antarctic Division. Antarctica.gov.au (11 December 2013).
  319. ^ FAQ — Heard Island. Heardisland.aq (28 February 2005).
  320. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140118173059/http://www.npolar.no/en/antarctica/peter-I-oy.html. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  321. ^ [11] Archived 27 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  322. ^ Foreign Relations – Antarctica – New Zealand Procedures for Non-Governmental Visitors to Antarctica – NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Mfat.govt.nz (12 October 2012).
  323. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  324. ^ Entry and exit of non-residents, Public Security Police Force of Macau.
  325. ^ Visa, Bureau of Consular Affairs of Taiwan.
  326. ^ Article 5 and 6 of the Enforcement Rules of the Act Governing Relations with Hong Kong and Macau
  327. ^ APEC Business Travel Card
  328. ^ APEC Business Travel Card[permanent dead link]
  329. ^ ]https://www.evisa.gov.bh/VisaBhr5En.html]
  330. ^ [12]
  331. ^ Timatic
  332. ^ "Foreign Affairs Manual, 9 FAM 403.9-3(B)(2) f". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  333. ^ "How long should my passport be valid when traveling to the United States?" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  334. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany – Passports expired within the last year / ID’s expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria – Valid ordinary passport 
  335. ^ "Country Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  336. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
  337. ^ "Travel Report - Kuwait". Voyage.gc.ca. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  338. ^ Travel Advice for Lebanon - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine. and Lebanese Ministry of Tourism Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  339. ^ "Travel Advice for Libya - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  340. ^ Michael Freund, Canada defends Saudi policy of shunning tourists who visited Israel, 2008-12-07, Jerusalem Post
  341. ^ "Travel Advice for Sudan - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  342. ^ Travel Advice for Syria - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine. and Syrian Ministry of Tourism
  343. ^ "Travel Advice for Yemen - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  344. ^ "Israel travel advice - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  345. ^ Azerbaijan Country Page Archived 2009-03-08 at the Wayback Machine.. NCSJ: Advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia. Accessed 23 May 2010.
  346. ^ Azerbaijan doesn't allow Armenians in the country - Panarmenian.net
  347. ^ "Azerbaijan Country Page of the NCSJ (advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia) accessed 23 May 2010". Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  348. ^ "Warning for the foreign nationals wishing to travel to the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  349. ^ "List of foreign citizens illegally visited occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  350. ^ Government of Canada -- Overcome criminal convictions
  351. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-10. 
  352. ^ Calder, Simon (24 April 2017). "Airline lobbying for a relaxation of draconian rules for London-Auckland travellers". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for travellers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently “strict requirements for travellers” in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration. 
  353. ^ "How to enter Afghanistan. The Entry Requirements for Afghanistan - CountryReports". Countryreports.org. 
  354. ^ Nordland, Rod (19 November 2011). "In Afghanistan, Big Plans to Gather Biometric Data". Nytimes.com. 
  355. ^ "Argentina strengthens migratory control". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. 
  356. ^ "Cambodia Foreign Entry Requirements". Us-passport-information.com. 
  357. ^ "China to require fingerprints of all foreign visitors as new security step". Boing Boing. 8 Feb 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The fingerprinting of foreigners will be introduced at Shenzhen airport in the south from Friday, and it will then be gradually rolled out at other entry points around the country, the ministry said in a statement. All foreign passport holders aged 14-70 will have to give their fingerprints, it said, without saying if other biometric data would also be collected. The ministry said the regulation would strengthen immigration controls and increase efficiency. 
  358. ^ "Äthiopien: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise". Auswaertiges-amt.de. 
  359. ^ "Japan fingerprints foreigners as anti-terror move". 20 November 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017 – via Reuters. 
  360. ^ "Anger as Japan moves to fingerprint foreigners - World". Theage.com.au. 
  361. ^ "Malaysia". CountryReports. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  362. ^ "Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners - SecureIDNews". secureidnews.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  363. ^ F_161. "S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors - People's Daily Online". peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  364. ^ "404 - Page Not Found". travel.state.gov. Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. [dead link]
  365. ^ "Iris Scan Implemented at Doha International Airport". Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. 
  366. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.