Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Macau

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Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Macau are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of Macau.

As of 2 July 2019, Chinese citizens of Macau had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 139 countries and territories, ranking the Macao Special Administrative Region passport 36th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

The Macau SAR Identification Department listed Chinese citizens of Macau as having visa-free or visa on arrival access to 138 countries and territories[2] with the websites of the immigration authorities of 17 countries listed for electronic visa applications by Macau SAR passport as of 31 July 2018.[3]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Macau
  Macau
  ID card travel
  Home return permit travel
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Greater China[edit]

China China (Mainland) With Home Return Permit[4] Visa not required for holders of Mainland Travel Permit for Hong Kong and Macao Residents.
 Hong Kong Visa not required[5] Visa free for a period of 180 days for holders of Macau Permanent Resident Identity Cards. Visa free for 7 days for passengers in transit to a third country holding MSAR passports.
 Taiwan Entry permit on arrival or Online entry permit[6] Entry Permit on arrival for NT$300. Free online registration prior to arrival is also available. Applicable to those who were born in Hong Kong or Macau, or those who have previously entered Taiwan at least once as a permanent resident of Macau. Not applicable to MSAR passport holders with nationality or citizenship of another country.[7]

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[8]
 Albania Visa not required[9] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[10]
 Andorra Visa not required[11]
 Angola Visa required[12]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[13] 30 days[14]
 Argentina Visa required[15]
 Armenia Visa not required[16] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 365 day period
 Australia Online Visitor e600 visa[17] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[18] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[19] 30 days[20]
 Bahamas Visa required[21]
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[22] 2 weeks
  • May apply online.[23]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[24]
 Barbados Visa not required[25] 30 days
 Belarus Visa not required[26] 30 days
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within any year period
 Belgium Visa not required[27] 90 days
 Belize Visa required[28]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[29][30] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[31]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[32] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[33] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa required[34]
 Brazil Visa not required[35] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[36] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[37] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa required[38]
 Burundi Visa required[39]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[40] 30 days
  • May apply online.[41]
 Cameroon Visa required[42]
 Canada Visa required[43]
  • Visa is not required for permanent residents of the United States. An eTA is required by permanent residents of USA if travelling by air.
 Cape Verde Visa not required[44] 90 days
 Central African Republic Visa required[45]
 Chad Visa required[46]
 Chile Visa not required[47] 30 days
 Mainland China With Home Return Permit only
  • Entry to Mainland China cannot be on a MSAR passport. However, all eligible for a MSAR passport are also able to apply for a Home Return Permit, allowing the holder to enter and stay in Mainland China until its expiry. Issuance of the Home Return Permit is not automatic for all MSAR passport holders and is at the sole discretion of the Bureau of Exit and Entry Administration of the Ministry of Public Security.
 Colombia Visa required[48]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[49]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[50]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[51]
 Costa Rica Visa required[52]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[53] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[54] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Tourist card required[55]
 Cyprus Visa not required[56] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[58] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[59] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[60] 180 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[61] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[62] 90 days
 Egypt Visa not required[63] 3 months
 El Salvador Visa required[64]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[65]
 Eritrea Visa required[66]
 Estonia Visa not required[67] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa required[68]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[69][70] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[73] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[74] 90 days
 France Visa not required[75] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa[76]
 Gambia Visa not required[77] 90 days
 Georgia eVisa[78]
 Germany Visa not required[79] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[80]
 Greece Visa not required[81] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[82] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa required[83]
 Guinea Visa required[84]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[85] 90 days
  • May apply online[86]
 Guyana Visa required[87]
 Haiti Visa not required[88] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[89]
 Hungary Visa not required[90] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[91] 90 days
 India e-Visa[92] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][93]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[94] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[95] 30 days[96]
 Iraq Visa required[97]
 Ireland Visa not required[98] 3 months
 Israel Visa not required[99] 90 days
 Italy Visa not required[100] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa required[101]
 Japan Visa not required[102] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[103]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[104]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[105] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[106] 30 days
 North Korea Visa required[107]
 South Korea Visa not required[108] 90 days
 Kuwait Visa required[109]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[110]
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[112] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[113]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[114] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[115] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Ganted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[116] 44 days[117]
 Liberia Visa required[118]
 Libya Visa required[119]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[120] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[121] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[122] 90 days
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[123] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[124] 30 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[125] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[126] 30 days
 Mali Visa not required[127] 90 days
 Malta Visa not required[128] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa required[129]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[130]
 Mauritius Visa not required[131] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[132] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[133] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[134] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[135]
 Mongolia Visa not required[136] 90 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[137] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[139] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa not required[140] 30 days
 Namibia Visa not required[141] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[142]
   Nepal Free visa on arrival[143] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[144] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa not required[145] 90 days
  • Electronic Travel Authority and International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained before arrival from 1 October 2019.[146]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[147] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[148]
 Nigeria Visa required[149]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[150] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[151] 90 days
 Oman eVisa[152] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[153]
 Palau Visa on arrival[154] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[155]
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[156] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa required[157]
 Peru Visa required[158]
 Philippines Visa not required[159] 14 days
 Poland Visa not required[160] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[161] 90 days
 Qatar eVisa / Visa on arrival[162] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[163] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa not required[164] 30 days
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[165] 30 days[166]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[167]
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[168] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[169] 30 days
 Samoa Visa not required[170] 30 days[171]
 San Marino Visa not required[172]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa / Visa on arrival[173] 15 days[174][175]
  • Holders of a visa issued by the United States do not require a visa.
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[176]
 Senegal Visa required[177]
 Serbia Visa not required[178] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Seychelles Visa not required[179] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[180]
 Singapore Visa not required[181] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[182] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[183] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visa required[184]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[185] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[186] 30 days
 South Sudan Visa required[187]
 Spain Visa not required[188] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[189] 30 days
  • Must hold return or onward ticket.[190]
 Sudan Visa required[191]
 Suriname Visa required[192]
 Sweden Visa not required[193] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[194] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[195]
 Tajikistan eVisa[196] 45 days 45 days within any 90 days period
 Tanzania Visa not required[197] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[198] 30 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[199] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[200] 7 days
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[201] 31 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[202]
 Tunisia Visa required[203]
  • Visa not required for tourist groups organised by a travel agency.
 Turkey Visa not required[204] 30 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[205]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[206] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[207]
 Ukraine eVisa[209] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[211] 30 days[212]
 United Kingdom Visa not required[213] 6 months
 United States Visa required[214]
  • Macau citizens who do receive a visa are normally issued "10-years multiple-entry combination B1/B2 visas."
 Uruguay Visa not required[215] 90 days
 Uzbekistan eVisa[216][217] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[218]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[219] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[220]
 Venezuela Visa required[221]
 Vietnam eVisa[222] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[223]
 Zambia eVisa[224]
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[225] 3 months

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Macau for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognised countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[226]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[227][228]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa not required Visa issued by Russia is required, MSAR Passport is exempted from a visa to enter Russia for 14 days.[229]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[230][231]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[232] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[233]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[234]
 Guernsey Visa not required[235]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[236]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[237] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[238]
 Jersey Visa not required[239]
 Kosovo Visa not required[240] 90 days
 Artsakh Visa required[241][242] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[243]
 Russia Special authorisation required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorisation.[244]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[245][246]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[247][248]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[249]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[250]
 Mayotte Visa not required[251] 90 days
 Réunion Visa not required[251] 90 days
 Ascension Island Admission refused[252][253] From May 2015, the Ascension Island Government does not issue entry visas including eVisas to Chinese citizens of Macau.[254]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[255]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[256]
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[257][258]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners travelling more than 25 kilometres outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[259]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for all of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and parts of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[260][261][262][263][264]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[265]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[266]
Malaysia Malaysia:

Sabah Sabah and Sarawak Sarawak

Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[267]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[268]
 Palestine Visa not required[269] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[270]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[271][272][273]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana'a or Aden.[274]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Anguilla Visa not required[275] 3 months
 Aruba Visa not required[276] 30 days
 Bermuda Visa not required[277] lesser than 6 months
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[278] 30 days
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[279] 30 days
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[280] 60 days for tourism / 10 days for business
 Curacao Visa not required[281] 30 days
France French Guiana Visa not required[282] 90 days
France French West Indies Visa not required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[283]
 Greenland Visa not required[233] 90 days
 Montserrat Visa not required[284] 90 days
 Puerto Rico Visa required[285]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[251] 90 days
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[286] 3 months
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[287] 90 days
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[288]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa required[289]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[290]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[291]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[292] 31 days[293]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[294]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[295] 90 days
 Guam Visa required[296]
 New Caledonia Visa not required[251] 90 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[297]
 Niue Visa not required[298] 30 days[299]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[300][301][302]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[303][304][305][306][307][308][309]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[251] 90 days
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[310]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[311] 4 months
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Visa not required 90 days(excludes Adélie Land)
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[312][313]
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322][323][324][325]

Timeline of visa-free access[edit]

Visa requirements were lifted for Portuguese Macau (unilaterally or bilaterally) by the Philippines on 22 June 1994[326]

Visa requirements were lifted for Chinese citizens of Macau by the Czech Republic on 1 October 2001,[327] Russia on 30 September 2012, New Zealand on 30 June 2014[328] and Belarus on 27 November 2016.[329]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[330] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[331] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[332]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[333][334] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[335]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[336] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[337]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[338] Lebanon,[339] Libya,[340] Saudi Arabia,[341] Sudan,[342] Syria,[343] and Yemen[344] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Palestinian Territories." [345] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[346][347] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[348] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[349] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[350] As of January 2019, the list mentioned 795 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[351] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[352]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[353][354] Argentina,[355] Brunei, Cambodia,[356] China,[357] Ethiopia,[358] Ghana, India, Japan[359][360], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [361], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[362] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[363] Singapore, South Korea,[364] Taiwan, Uganda[365] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[366] [367] [368] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[369]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[370] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[371][372]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "The Henley Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners Holdings Ltd. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2019 Henley Passport Index. In certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Visit visa / entry permit requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Immigration Department of Hong Kong, April 2017.
  6. ^ Visa, Bureau of Consular Affairs of Taiwan.
  7. ^ Article 5 and 6 of the Enforcement Rules of the Act Governing Relations with Hong Kong and Macau
  8. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  9. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  10. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  11. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  12. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  13. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  14. ^ [3]
  15. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  16. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  17. ^ Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications
  18. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  19. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  20. ^ [4]
  21. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  22. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  23. ^ Bahrain eVisa
  24. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  25. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  26. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  27. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  28. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  29. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  30. ^ eVisa Benin
  31. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  32. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  33. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  34. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  35. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  36. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  37. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ Cambodia eVisa
  42. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  43. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  44. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  45. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  50. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  51. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  52. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  53. ^ Visa at International Airport Felix Houphouet Boigny in Abidjan[permanent dead link]
  54. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  55. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  56. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  57. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  58. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  59. ^ eVisa
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  62. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  63. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  64. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  68. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  69. ^ "The Embassy of F.D.R. Ethiopia in China". Archived from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ "Ethiopia visa on arrival". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  72. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  73. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  74. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  75. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  76. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  77. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  80. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  81. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  85. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  86. ^ Guinea-Bissau eVisa
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  90. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  91. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  92. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  93. ^ e-Visa
  94. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  95. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  96. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
  97. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  98. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  99. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  100. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
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  102. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  103. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  104. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  105. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
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  107. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  109. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  110. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  112. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  113. ^ "The Department Of Immigration. Checkpoints". The Department Of Immigration Of Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  114. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
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  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ eVisa Lesotho
  118. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein ‹See Tfd›(in German).
  121. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  122. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  123. ^ eVisa Madagascar
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  135. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
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  146. ^ Government confirms Electronic Travel Authority details
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  151. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  152. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
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  154. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  155. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  156. ^ eVisa, Papua New Guinea (PNG) Immigration and Citizenship Authority (ICA)
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  161. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  162. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  163. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  164. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  165. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  166. ^ Rwanda online visa
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  171. ^ http://bo.io.gov.mo/bo/ii/2001/30/aviso38.asp#eng
  172. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
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  190. ^ Sri Lanka Online Visa Application
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  193. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  194. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
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  284. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
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  291. ^ Clipperton – Ile de La Passion. Clipperton.fr.
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  295. ^ Ruling of 29 December 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of French Polynesia, Légifrance ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  296. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  297. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  298. ^ Travelling to Niue, Niue Tourism Office.
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Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)