Visa requirements for Czech citizens

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A Czech national identity card is valid for travel to most European countries.

Visa requirements for Czech citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Czech Republic.

As of 2 July 2019, Czech citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 181 countries and territories, ranking the Czech passport 8th overall, in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Historical perspective[edit]

Visa requirements for Czech citizens were lifted by Belarus on February 2017,[2] the Solomon Islands in October 2016,[3] Tuvalu in July 2016,[4] the Marshall Islands in June 2016,[5] Palau (December 2015),[6] Tonga (November 2015),[7] Sao Tome and Principe (August 2015),[8] Indonesia (June 2015),[9][10] United Arab Emirates, Timor-Leste, Samoa (May 2015),[11][12][13][14] Cape Verde (1 January 2019)[15] and Uzbekistan (1 February 2019).[16]

Czech citizens were made eligible for eVisas recently by Saudi Arabia (September 2019), Suriname and Pakistan (April 2019), Tanzania and Papua New Guinea (November 2018),[17] Angola (March 2018), Djibouti (February 2018),[18] Egypt (December 2017),[19] Azerbaijan (January 2017),[20] Tajikistan (June 2016),[21][22] India (e-Tourist visa from February 2016)[23] and Myanmar (September 2014).[24]

In 2014, Czech Republic ranked 10th on the list of countries based on the visa requirements for their citizens. This means that Czech citizens could travel to 162 countries and territories visa-free or can obtain visa on arrival.[25] In 2009 Czech citizens could travel to 131 countries without a visa,[26] to 142 in 2010,[27] 152 in 2012,[28] 167 in 2016,[29] 168 in 2017,[30] 182 in 2018,[31] and 181 in 2019.[32]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Czech citizens
  Czech Republic
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[33]
 Albania Visa not required[34] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[35]
 Andorra Visa not required[36]
 Angola eVisa[37][38] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[39]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[40]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[41] 180 days
 Argentina Visa not required[42] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[43] 180 days
 Australia and territories eVisitor[44] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[45]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[46] 30 days[47]
 Bahamas Visa not required[48] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[49] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[50]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[51] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[52] 3 months
 Belarus Visa not required[53] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[54]
 Belize Visa not required[55] 1 month
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[56][57] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[58]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Bolivia Visa not required[59] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[60] 90 days
 Botswana Visa not required[62] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period
 Brazil Visa not required[63] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa not required[64] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[65]
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[66] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[67]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[68] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[69]
 Cameroon Visa required[70]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Canada Visa not required[71] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa not required[15] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[74]
 Central African Republic Visa required[75]
 Chad Visa required[76]
 Chile Visa not required[77] 90 days
 China Visa required[78]
 Colombia Visa not required[82] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[83] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[84]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[85]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[86] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[87] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[88]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[89] 30 days
 Cyprus Visa not required[90]
 Denmark Visa not required[91]
  • Freedom of movement (DK)
  • ID card valid
 Djibouti eVisa[92] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[93] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[94]
 Ecuador Visa not required[95] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[96][97] 30 days
  • Visa free for a max. stay of 15 days for holders of normal passports, traveling as tourists and arriving at Sharm El Sheik (SSH), Saint Catherine (SKV) or Taba (TCP) airports and remaining in the Sinai resorts.
 El Salvador Visa not required[98] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[99]
 Eritrea Visa required[100]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Estonia Visa not required[101]
 Eswatini Visa not required[102] 30 days
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[103] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[106] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[107]
 France Visa not required[108]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[109] 90 days
 Gambia Visa required[111]
  • Visa exemption according to IATA[112]
 Georgia Visa not required[113] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[115]
 Ghana Visa required[116]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[117]
 Grenada Visa not required[118] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[119] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[120]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[121] 30 days
 Guyana Visa required[122]
 Haiti Visa not required[123] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[124] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[125]
 Iceland Visa not required[126]
 India e-Visa[127] 60 days
 Indonesia Visa not required[128] 30 days[129]
 Iran Visa on arrival[130] 30 days[131]
 Iraq Visa required[132] 30 days
 Ireland Visa not required[133]
 Israel Visa not required[134] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[135]
 Jamaica Visa not required[136] 30 days
 Japan Visa not required[137] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[138]
  • Conditions apply for free visa[139]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[140] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[141] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[142] 120 days
  • 120 days within any one-year period
 North Korea Visa required[143]
 South Korea Visa not required[144] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[145] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[146] 60 days
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[147][148] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 1] and at 13 border crossings[Note 2] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[149]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[150]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[151] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Available at Beirut International Airport. They must have a return/onward ticket, a telephone number and address in Lebanon.
 Lesotho Visa not required[152] 14 days
 Liberia Visa required[153]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[154]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[155]
 Lithuania Visa not required[156]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[157]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[158] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[159] 30 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[160] 3 months
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[161] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[162]
 Malta Visa not required[163]
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[164] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[165] 3 months
 Mauritius Visa not required[166] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[167] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[168] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[169] 90 days
 Monaco Visa not required[171]
 Mongolia Visa required[172]
 Montenegro Visa not required[173] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[175] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[176] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[177] 28 days
 Namibia Visa on arrival[178] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[179]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[180] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[181]
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[182] 90 days
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained alongside Electronic Travel Authority.[183]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[184] 90 days
  • All visitors are required to obtain a Tourist Card on arrival. Fee: USD 10.-
 Niger Visa required[185]
 Nigeria Visa required[186]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 North Macedonia Visa not required[187] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[189]
 Oman eVisa[190] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[191]
  • Online Visa eligible.[192]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[193]
 Palau Visa not required[194] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[195] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[196] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[197] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[198][199] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Philippines Visa not required[200] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[201]
 Portugal Visa not required[202]
 Qatar Visa not required[203][204] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[205]
 Russia Visa required[206]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[208] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[209] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[210] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[211] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[212] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[213]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[214] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[215][216] 90 days
 Senegal Visa not required[217] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[218] 90 days
 Seychelles Visa not required[220] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[221]
 Singapore Visa not required[222] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[223]
 Slovenia Visa not required[224]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[225] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa on arrival[226]
 South Africa Visa not required[227] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[228]
 Spain Visa not required[229]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Free visa on arrival[230] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[231]
 Suriname eVisa / Tourist card on arrival[232] 90 days
  • Single entry tourist card valid for up to 90 days may be obtained online, on arrival at the airport or in any Surinamese representation abroad.[233]
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[234]
 Sweden Visa not required[235]
  Switzerland Visa not required[236]
 Syria Visa required[237]
 Tajikistan eVisa[238] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[239][240] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[241] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[242] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[243] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[7] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[244] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[245] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[246] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[247]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tuvalu Visa not required[248] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[249] 3 months
 Ukraine Visa not required[251] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[252] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[13][14]
 United Kingdom Visa not required[253]
  • Freedom of movement (in Constituent countries)
  • ID card valid
 United States Visa Waiver Program[254][255] 90 days
  • On arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[256]
 Uruguay Visa not required[257] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[258] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[259] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[260]
 Venezuela Visa not required[261] 90 days
 Vietnam eVisa[262] 30 days[263]
 Yemen Visa required[264]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[265] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[266] 3 months
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Czech citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Caribbean and North Atlantic[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

  • Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos — Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[347]

South Atlantic and Antarctica[edit]

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

Czech diplomatic missions

When in a non-EU country where there is no Czech embassy, Czech citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of the Czech Republic.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[365] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[366] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[367]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[368][369] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[370]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[371] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana[372].

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[373]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[374] Lebanon,[375] Libya,[376] Sudan,[377] Syria,[378] and Yemen[379] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [380] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[381]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[382][383] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[384] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[385] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[386] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[387] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[388]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[389][390] Argentina,[391] Brunei, Cambodia,[392] China,[393] Ethiopia,[394] Ghana, India, Japan[395][396], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [397], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[398] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[399] Singapore, South Korea,[400] Taiwan, Uganda[401] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[402] [403] [404] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[405]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[406] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[407][408]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "The Henley Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners Holdings Ltd. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2019 Henley Passport Index. In certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
  2. ^ "Five-day visa-free regime to enter into force in Belarus on 12 February 2017". 2017-01-11.
  3. ^ https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/eu_press_release_-_visa_waiver_si_0.pdf
  4. ^ "EU and Tuvalu Sign Visa Waiver Agreement". Archived from the original on 2016-07-14. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  5. ^ EU and Marshall Islands sign visa-waiver agreement
  6. ^ "Agreement - Consilium".
  7. ^ a b Agreement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Tonga on the short-stay visa waiver
  8. ^ São Tomé and Príncipe grants visa exemptions to citizens of Europe and the US
  9. ^ Indonesia Formally Waives Visa Requirements for 45 Countries
  10. ^ "Resmi, Wisatawan Dari 45 Negara Ini Bebas Visa Kunjungan Wisata Ke Indonesia".
  11. ^ EU signs visa waiver agreement with Timor Leste
  12. ^ EU signs visa waiver agreements with 7 ACP countries
  13. ^ a b EU signs visa waiver agreement with the United Arab Emirates
  14. ^ a b Agreement between the European Union and the United Arab Emirates on the short-stay visa waiver
  15. ^ a b Citizens of 32 European countries exempted from visas for Cape Verde from January 1
  16. ^ "Uzbekistan announces visa waiver for citizens of 45 countries | Indiablooms - First Portal on Digital News Management".
  17. ^ Tanzania launches e-visa, residence permit for foreigners
  18. ^ Un e-visa pour Djibouti
  19. ^ "Egypt's electronic visa is now available for 41 countries". 2017-12-04.
  20. ^ ASAN Visa portal launched
  21. ^ "Tajikistan e-Visa".
  22. ^ "Вазорати корҳои хориҷии Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон".
  23. ^ [pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=136761]
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2014" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  26. ^ [2]
  27. ^ [3]
  28. ^ [4]
  29. ^ The Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index 2016
  30. ^ The Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index 2017
  31. ^ 2018 Henley Passport Index
  32. ^ "Henley Passport Index" (PDF). www.henleypassportindex.com/assets/2019/Q3/HPI%20Report%20190701.pdf.
  33. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  34. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  35. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  36. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  37. ^ SME E-VISA[permanent dead link]
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  40. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  41. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  42. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  43. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  44. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  45. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  46. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  47. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  48. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  49. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  50. ^ "Bahrain Electronic Visa Service".
  51. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  52. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  53. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  54. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  55. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  56. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  57. ^ eVisa Benin
  58. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  59. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  60. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  61. ^ "Visas". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Bosnia and Herzegovina). Retrieved 29 November 2017. Nationals of the following states may enter into Bosnia and Herzegovina with a passport or a valid identity card proving identity and citizenship of: - Member State of the European Union - State signatory to the Schengen Agreement - Andorra, Montenegro, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino, Serbia, the Holy See and Swiss Confederation
  62. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  63. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  64. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
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  120. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  329. ^ "Clipperton - Ile de la Passion".
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  339. ^ "Baker Island National Wildlife Refuge".
  340. ^ "Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge".
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  342. ^ "Johnston Atoll National Wildlife Refuge".
  343. ^ "About the Refuge - Kingman Reef - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service".
  344. ^ "Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge".
  345. ^ "Rules and Regulations - Palmyra Atoll - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service".
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Notes
  1. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  2. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)