Visa requirements for Dutch citizens

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Visa requirements for Dutch citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Netherlands. As of 1 January 2017, Dutch citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 173 countries and territories, ranking the Dutch passport 4th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Austrian, Belgian, British, French, Luxembourgish, Norwegian and Singaporean passports) according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Dutch citizens
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  Limited visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required[3] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa not required[5]
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[7] 6 months
 Argentina Visa not required[8] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[9] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[10] 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[11] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Azerbaijan eVisa[12] 30 days[13]
 Bahamas Visa not required[14] 8 months
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[15] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[16] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[17] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[18] 5 days, must arrive via Minsk International Airport;
Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport
if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[19]
 Belgium Visa not required[20] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Belize Visa not required[21] 1 month
 Benin Visa required[22]
 Bhutan Visa required[23] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Bolivia Visa not required[24] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[25] 90 days within any 6 month period; ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[26] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[27] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa not required[28] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[29] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[30] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[31]
 Cambodia Visa on arrival[32] 30 days. Visa is also obtainable online.[33]
 Cameroon Visa required[34] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Canada Visa not required[35] 6 months; eTA required if arriving by air.[36]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[37]
 Central African Republic Visa required[38]
 Chad Visa required[39]
 Chile Visa not required[40] 90 days
 China Visa required[41] 72-hours visa free visit when in transit at Beijing, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Harbin, Kunming, Qingdao, Shenyang, Tianjin, Wuhan, Xi'an and Xiamen.
144-hours visa free visit when in transit at Hangzhou, Nanjing and Shanghai's Hongqiao and Pudong international airports, Railway Station and port.
 Colombia Visa not required[42] 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[43]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[44]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[45]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[46] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[47] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Croatia Visa not required[48] Freedom of movement - Transitional restrictions on the free movement of workers may apply;[49] ID card valid
 Cuba Tourist Card required[50]
 Cyprus Visa not required[51] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Czech Republic Visa not required[52] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Denmark Visa not required[53] Freedom of movement; ID card valid (DK)
 Djibouti Visa on arrival[54]
 Dominica Visa not required[55] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Tourist Card on arrival[56] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Egypt Visa on arrival[58] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[59] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[60]
 Eritrea Visa required[61] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Estonia Visa not required[62] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Ethiopia Visa on arrival[63]
 Fiji Visa not required[64] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[65] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 France and territories Visa not required[66] Freedom of movement; ID card valid (in Regions of France)
 Gabon eVisa[67] Electronic visa holders must arrive via Libreville International Airport.
 Gambia Visa not required[68] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[69] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[70] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Ghana Visa required[71] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[72] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Grenada Visa not required[73] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[74] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[75]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[76] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[77] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[78] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[79] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[80] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Iceland Visa not required[81] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 India e-Visa[82] 60 days; e-Visa holders must arrive via 24 designated airports or 3 designated seaports.[83]
 Indonesia Visa not required[84] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[85] 30 days[86]
 Iraq Visa required[87]
 Ireland Visa not required[88] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Israel Visa not required[89] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[90] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Jamaica Visa not required[91] 90 days
 Japan Visa not required[92] 90 days
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[93] Conditions apply[94]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[95] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa[96] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[97] 90 days within any 180 day period
 North Korea Visa required[98]
 South Korea Visa not required[99] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa[100] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[101] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[102] 30 days
 Latvia Visa not required[103] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[104] 1 month extendable for 2 additional months; granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[105] 14 days
 Liberia Visa required[106] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[107] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[108] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Lithuania Visa not required[109] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Luxembourg Visa not required[110] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Macedonia Visa not required[111] 90 days; ID card valid
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[112] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[113]
 Malaysia Visa not required[114] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[115] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[116]
 Malta Visa not required[117] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[118] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[119] Available at Nouakchott–Oumtounsy International Airport.
 Mauritius Visa not required[120] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[121] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[122] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[123] 90 days within any 6 month period
 Monaco Visa not required[124] ID card valid
 Mongolia Visa required[125]
 Montenegro Visa not required[126] 90 days; ID card valid for 30 days
 Morocco Visa not required[127] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[128] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[129] 28 days. eVisa holders must arrive via Yangon, Nay Pyi Taw or Mandalay airports.
 Namibia Visa not required[130] 3 months within a calendar year
 Nauru Visa required[131]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[132] 90 days
 New Zealand and territories Visa not required[133] 3 months
 Nicaragua Visa not required[134] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[135]
 Nigeria Visa required[136] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Norway Visa not required[137] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Oman Visa on arrival[138] 3 months
 Pakistan Visa required[139] Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[140] Visa on arrival when travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[141]
 Palau Visa not required[142] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[143] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Free visa on arrival[144][145] 60 days. Free of charge.
 Paraguay Visa not required[146] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[147] 90 days within any 6 month period[148]
 Philippines Visa not required[149] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[150] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Portugal Visa not required[151] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Qatar Visa on arrival[152] 1 month
 Romania Visa not required[153] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Russia Visa required[154]
 Rwanda Visa required[155]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[156] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[157] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[158] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[159] 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[160] ID card valid
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[161] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[162]
 Senegal Visa not required[163] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[164] 90 days within any 6 month period; ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[165] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[166] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Singapore Visa not required[167] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[168] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Slovenia Visa not required[169] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[170] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa required[171] Visa may be obtained on arrival, provided an invitation letter by the sponsor had been submitted to the authorities before arrival.
 South Africa Visa not required[172] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[173]
 Spain Visa not required[174] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Sri Lanka Electronic Travel Authorization[175] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[176]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[177] 90 days. Residents in the Caribbean part of the Kingdom do not require a visa.
 Swaziland Visa not required[178] 30 days
 Sweden Visa not required[179] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
  Switzerland Visa not required[180] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Syria Visa required[181]
 Tajikistan eVisa[182] 45 days. Visa available online. E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[183]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[184]
 Thailand Visa not required[185] 30 days (maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air)
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[186] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[187] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[188] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[189] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[190] 90 days
 Turkey eVisa[191] 3 months; ID card valid[192]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[193] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tuvalu Visa not required[194] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda Visa on arrival[195] May apply online.[196]
 Ukraine Visa not required[197] 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[198] 90 days within any 180 day period[199][200]
 United Kingdom Visa not required[201] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 United States Visa Waiver Program[202] 90 days on arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[203]
 Uruguay Visa not required[204] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa required[205] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Vanuatu Visa not required[206] 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[207] ID card valid
 Venezuela Visa not required[208] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa required[209] Pre-arranged visa obtained online through travel agencies available at Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Phú Quốc[210] or Da Nang airports.
 Yemen Visa required[211]
 Zambia Visa on arrival[212] 90 days; also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[213] 3 months; also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Dutch citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Africa
Asia
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Oceania
South America
  • Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos — Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[310]
South Atlantic and Antarctica

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official Dutch passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - Pakistan (diplomatic passports), Russia (diplomatic passports) and Turkey (diplomatic, official, service or special passports) . Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Passport validity length[edit]

Many countries require passports to be valid for at least 6 months upon arrival and to have at least one or two blank pages for stamping.[330]

Countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Abkhazia, Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah), Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Somaliland, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen and Zimbabwe.[331]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include European Union countries (except Denmark, Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Albania, Belarus, Georgia, Honduras, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Nauru, Panama, Saint Barthélemy, San Marino, Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least 1 month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand and South Africa.[332]

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

Vaccination[edit]

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[333]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Iran,[334] Kuwait,[335] Lebanon,[336] Libya,[337] Saudi Arabia,[338] Sudan,[339] Syria[340] and Yemen[341] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [342] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between the Republic of Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[343][344] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[345] (the de facto Nagorno-Karabakh Republic), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories, will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[346]

Upon request, the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic authorities may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[347]

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

When in a non-EU country where there is no Dutch embassy, Dutch citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of Netherlands.

Countries with Dutch diplomatic missions

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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