Visa requirements for Dutch citizens

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A Dutch passport, one of the travel documents for Dutch citizens

Visa requirements for Dutch citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Netherlands, the joint nationality of the four countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. As of 2 July 2019, Dutch citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 184 countries and territories, ranking the Dutch passport 5th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Austria, Portugal and Switzerland) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Dutch citizens
  Netherlands (European territory)
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required / ESTA / eTA / eVisitor
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required [3] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa not required[5]
 Angola eVisa[6] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[7]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[8]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[9] 6 months
 Argentina Visa not required[10] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[11] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[12] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[13]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[14] 30 days
 Bahamas Visa not required[15] 8 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[16] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[17] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[18] 3 months
 Belarus Visa not required[19] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[20]
 Belize Visa not required[21] 30 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[22][23] 30 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[24]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Bolivia Visa not required[25] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[26] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[27] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[28] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa not required[29] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[30]
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[31] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[32]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[33] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[34]
 Cameroon Visa required[35]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Canada Visa not required[36] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa not required[39] 30 days
  • Airport security tax of CVE 3400 charged for all inbound international flights.
  • Online registration required, preferably at least 5 days before departure.[40]
 Central African Republic Visa required[41]
 Chad Visa required[42]
 Chile Visa not required[43] 90 days
 China Visa required[44]
 Colombia Visa not required[46] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[47]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[48]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[49]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[50] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[51] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[52]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[53][54]
 Cyprus Visa not required[55]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[56]
 Denmark Visa not required[57]
  • Freedom of movement (DK)
  • ID card valid
 Djibouti eVisa[58] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[59] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[60] 90 days
  • Tourist card required
 Ecuador Visa not required[61] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[62] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[63] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[64]
 Eritrea Visa required[65]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Estonia Visa not required[66]
 Eswatini Visa not required[67] 30 days
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[70] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[71]
 France and territories Visa not required[72]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[73][74] 90 days
 Gambia Visa not required[76] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[77] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[78]
 Ghana Visa required[79]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[80]
 Grenada Visa not required[81] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[82] 90 days
 Guinea eVisa[83] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[84] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[85] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[86] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[87]
 Iceland Visa not required[88]
 India e-Visa[89] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][90]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[91] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[92] 30 days[93]
 Iraq Visa required[94]
 Ireland Visa not required[95]
 Israel Visa not required[96] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[97]
 Jamaica Visa not required[98] 90 days
 Japan Visa not required[99] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[100][101]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[103] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[104] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[105] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 North Korea Visa required[106]
 South Korea Visa not required[107] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[108] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[109] 60 days
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[110] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[111] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020.[112]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[113]
 Lebanon Free visa on arrival[114] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[115] 14 days
 Liberia Visa required[116]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[117]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[118]
 Lithuania Visa not required[119]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[120]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[121] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[122][123] 90 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[124] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[125] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[126]
 Malta Visa not required[127]
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[128] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[129]
 Mauritius Visa not required[130] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[131] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[132] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[133][134] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  • ID card valid
 Monaco Visa not required[135]
 Mongolia Visa on arrival[136] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[137] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[139] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[140] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[141] 3 months
  • 3 months within a calendar year
 Nauru Visa required[142]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[143] 90 days
 New Zealand and territories Electronic Travel Authority[144] 3 months
  • May enter using eGate.[145]
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained alongside Electronic Travel Authority.[146]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[147] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[148]
 Nigeria Visa required[149]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 North Macedonia Visa not required[150] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[151]
 Oman eVisa[152] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[153]
  • Online Visa eligible.[154]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[155]
 Palau Visa not required[156] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[157] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[158] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[159] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[160] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period[161]
 Philippines Visa not required[162] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[163]
 Portugal Visa not required[164]
 Qatar Visa not required[165] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[166]
 Russia eVisa[167] 16 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive and departure via 29 checkpoints[168]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[169] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[170] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[171] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[172] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[173] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[174]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[175] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[176][177] 90 days
 Senegal Visa not required[178] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[179] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[180] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[181]
 Singapore Visa not required[182] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[183]
 Slovenia Visa not required[184]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[185] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa on arrival[186]
 South Africa Visa not required[187] 90 days
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[188]
  • Obtainable online[189]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[190]
 Spain Visa not required[191]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[192] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[193]
 Suriname Visa not required / E-tourist card[194] 90 days
  • Residents in the Caribbean part of the Kingdom do not require a visa. Residents of the European Netherlands require E-tourist card.
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[195]
 Sweden Visa not required[196]
  Switzerland Visa not required[197]
 Syria Visa required[198]
 Tajikistan eVisa[199] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[200][201] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[202] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[203] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[204] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[205] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[206] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[207] 90 days
 Turkey Visa not required[208] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period (as of 2 March 2020)
  • ID card valid[209]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[210]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tuvalu Visa not required[211] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[212]
 Ukraine Visa not required[214] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[215] 90 days
 United Kingdom Visa not required[218] 6 months
 United States Visa Waiver Program[220] 90 days
  • On arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[221]
 Uruguay Visa not required[222] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[223] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[224] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[225]
 Venezuela Visa not required[226] 90 days
 Vietnam eVisa[227] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[228]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[229] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[230] 3 months
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Territories and disputed areas[edit]

Visa requirements for Dutch citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Africa
Asia
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Oceania
South America
  • Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos — Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[330]
South Atlantic and Antarctica

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official Dutch passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - Pakistan (diplomatic passports), Russia (diplomatic passports) and Turkey (diplomatic, official, service or special passports) . Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[351] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[352]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[353]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[354] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[355] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[356]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland and the United Kingdom also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[357][358] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[359]

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[360] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[361]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[362] Lebanon,[363] Libya,[364] Sudan,[365] Syria,[366] and Yemen[367] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[368]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Entry Permit to the "Nagorno-Karabakh Region" issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bars entry of Armenian citizens, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, into the Republic of Azerbaijan.[369][370]

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[371] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[372] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[373] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the separatist regime (self-determined and largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh) may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[374]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[375][376] Argentina,[377] Brunei, Cambodia,[378] China,[379] Ethiopia,[380] Ghana, Guinea,[381] India, Japan,[382][383] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[384] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[385] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[386] Singapore, South Korea,[387] Taiwan, Thailand,[388] Uganda[389] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[390] [391] [392] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[393]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[394] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[395][396] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[397] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[398][399]


Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

When in a non-EU country where there is no Dutch embassy, Dutch citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of Netherlands.

Countries with Dutch diplomatic missions

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  3. ^ "Visa regime for foreign citizens" (PDF). Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Visa". République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire Ministère des Affairs Étrangères (in French). Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Travel to Andorra". Govern d'Andorra Afers Exteriors. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
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  7. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
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  37. ^ canada.ca/eTA
  38. ^ Entry requirements by country:Visa-exempt
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  42. ^ "Service Visa". Ambassade du Tchad en Belgique (in French). Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  43. ^ "Cuadro de visas y aranceles" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores Dirección General de Asuntos Consulares y de Inmigración de República de Chile. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  44. ^ "List of visa exemption agreements between China and foreign countries" (PDF) (in Chinese). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  45. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  46. ^ "Resolución 10535 del 14 de diciembre de 2018" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de República de Colombia. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  47. ^ "Comores Islands visa information" (PDF). CIBT VisumCentrale. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  48. ^ "Congo, Republic of Visa information" (PDF). CIBT VisumCentrale. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
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  399. ^ Lee, Vivien (6 August 2018). "5 Reasons We Prefer Iris Scans To Fingerprint Checks At Our Borders In Singapore". Retrieved 24 April 2019. The iris technology could potentially scan irises covertly, as opposed to the scanning of thumbprints which necessitates active participation.
Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)