Visa requirements for European Union citizens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Visa requirements for European Union citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the European Union. They differ among countries. The European Union has achieved full reciprocity with certain countries.

Current member states of the European Union are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

Member states' citizens enjoy freedom of movement in each other's territories. European Union citizens and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) nationals are not only visa-exempt but are legally entitled to enter and reside in each other's countries. United Kingdom and the EU continue to maintain the same mutual policy until at least 31 December 2020.

The freedom of movement provisions do not apply to the overseas countries and territories (except Saint Barthélemy)[1] and the Faroe Islands.

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for the European Union citizens
  European Union (EU), European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the UK
  Visa free access for all EU citizens
  Visa free access for some (1-27) EU citizens
  Visa on arrival for all EU citizens
  Visa on arrival for some (1-27) EU citizens
  Electronic visa application

COVID-19 travel restriction map[edit]

Current Travel restriction for EU citizens[2]
  European Union
  As of right (EFTA)
  Entry Ban to All European Union Member States
  Entry Ban to Some European Union Member States
  Airport Closure/Flight Suspension
  No current travel restriction

Visa free access[edit]

This table lists all countries, with source information as it is cited inline, for which citizens of at least one EU member state may enter without a visa on an ordinary passport. Information regarding visas on arrival and on exit fees is not listed in the table, regarding which, see the relevant section below.

Africa
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Botswana All states.[3] 90 days within 12 months.
 Cape Verde All states.[4] 30 days.
 Eswatini All others Bulgaria, Romania.[5] 30 days.
 Gambia All others Estonia, France, Portugal, Spain, Slovakia.[6] 90 days.
 Kenya Cyprus.[7][8] All others 90 days.
 Lesotho All others Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.[9] 14 days (90 days for Ireland and Malta).
 Mauritius All states.[10] 90 days.
 Morocco All states.[11][12] 90 days.
 Namibia Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden.[13] All others 3 months.
 São Tomé and Príncipe All states.[14] 15 days.
 Senegal All states.[15] 90 days.
 Seychelles All states.[16] 3 months.
 South Africa All others Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.[17] 90 days (30 days for Cyprus, Hungary, Poland).
 Tanzania Cyprus, Malta, Romania.[18] All others 30 days.
 Tunisia All others Cyprus.[19][20] 90 days (4 months for Germany, 2 months for Bulgaria, 1 month for Greece).
 Uganda Cyprus, Malta.[21] All others 3 months.
 Zambia Cyprus, Ireland, Malta, Romania.[22] All others 90 days for tourism, 30 days for business.
 Zimbabwe Cyprus, Malta.[23] All others 3 months.
Caribbean
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda All states.[24] 3 months (1 month for Ireland).
 Bahamas All states.[25] 3 months (8 months for Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands).
 Barbados All states.[26] 3 months (6 months for Ireland).
 Dominica All states.[27][28][29] 90 days.
 Dominican Republic All states.[30] 90 days.
 Grenada All states.[31][32] 3 months.
 Haiti All states.[33] 3 months.
 Jamaica All others Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovenia.[34] 90 days for Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden; 30 days for others.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis All states.[35] 3 months.
 Saint Lucia All states[36][37] 90 days.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines All states.[38][39] 90 days.
 Trinidad and Tobago All states.[40][41] 90 days.
Central and North America
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Belize All states.[42] 1 month.
 Canada All states.[43] 6 months, eTA required if arriving by air.[44]
 Costa Rica All states.[45] 90 days.
 El Salvador All states.[46] 90 days.
 Guatemala All states.[47] 90 days.
 Honduras All states.[48] 90 days.
 Mexico All states.[49] 180 days.
 Nicaragua All states.[50] 90 days (30-day tourist cards required).
 Panama All states.[51] 180 days.
 United States All others (VWP) Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Romania.[52] 90 days on every arrival from overseas, ESTA (issued for 2 years) required when arriving by air and cruise ship.
South America
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Argentina All states.[53] 90 days.
 Bolivia All others Bulgaria, Cyprus, Malta, Romania.[54] 90 days.
 Brazil All states.[55][56] 90 days.
 Chile All states.[57] 90 days.
 Colombia All states.[58] 90 days.
 Ecuador All states.[59] 90 days.
 Guyana Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden.[60] All others 3 months.
 Paraguay All states.[61] 90 days.
 Peru All states.[62] 90 days(183 for Ireland).[63][64]
 Uruguay All states.[65][66] 90 days, extendable once.
 Venezuela All states.[67] 90 days, extendable once.
Asia
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Brunei All states.[68] 90 days.
 Indonesia All states.[69] 30 days.
 Japan All states.[70] 90 days, extendable once for Austria, Germany and Ireland.
 Kazakhstan All states.[71] 30 days.
 Kyrgyzstan All others Bulgaria, Cyprus, Romania.[72] 60 days.
 Laos Luxembourg.[73] All others 15 days.
 Malaysia All states.[74] 90 days.
 Mongolia Germany.[75] All others 30 days.
 Philippines All states.[76] 30 days.
 South Korea Ireland.[77] All others 90 days.
 Singapore All states.[78] 90 days.
 Thailand All others Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Malta, Romania.[79] 30 days, extendable once.
 Timor-Leste All others Ireland[80] 90 days.
 Uzbekistan All states.[81] 30 days.
 Vietnam Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden.[82][83] All others 15 days.
Middle East and Caucasus
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Armenia All states.[84][85] 180 days.
 Georgia All states.[86][87] 1 year.
 Israel All states.[88][89] 3 months.
 Qatar All states.[90] 90 days (30 days for Ireland).
 United Arab Emirates All others[91] Ireland[92] 90 days.
Europe
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Albania All states.[93] 90 days.
 Andorra All states.[94]
 Belarus All states.[95][96] 30 days. Must enter through the Minsk National Airport.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina All states.[97] 90 days within 180 days.
 Iceland All states[98] Freedom of movement.
 Liechtenstein All states[99] Freedom of movement.
 Moldova All states.[100] 90 days within 180 days.
 Montenegro All states.[101] 90 days within 180 days.
 Monaco All states.[102]
 North Macedonia All states.[103] 90 days within 180 days.
 Norway All states[104] Freedom of movement.
 San Marino All states.[105]
 Serbia All states.[106] 90 days within 180 days.
  Switzerland All states[107] Freedom of movement.
 Turkey All others Cyprus.[108] 90 days in any 180-day period (30 days for Latvia).
 Ukraine All states.[109] 90 days.
 United Kingdom All states.[110] Freedom of movement.[110]
  Vatican City All states.
Oceania
Country Visa not required Visa required Notes
 Australia All states (eVisitor).[111] 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted.
 Fiji All states.[112] 4 months.
 Kiribati All states.[113] 90 days (30 days for Ireland).
 Marshall Islands All states.[114] 90 days.
 Micronesia All states.[115] 90 days (30 days for Ireland).
 New Zealand All states.[116] 90 days.
 Palau All others[117] Ireland 90 days.
 Samoa All states.[118] 90 days (60 days for Ireland).
 Solomon Islands All others[119][120] Ireland[121] 90 days.
 Tonga All others[118] Ireland[122] 90 days.
 Tuvalu All others[123][124][125] Ireland 90 days.
 Vanuatu All states.[126] 90 days.

All European Union citizens can visit the following partially recognised countries or territories with autonomous immigration policies without a visa — in Europe: Kosovo,[127] Transnistria,[128][129] in Asia: Hong Kong,[130] Macau,[131] Palestine,[132] Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus,[133][134] South Ossetia,[135][136] Taiwan.[137]

All European Union citizens always must arrange the visa prior to travel to (as of October 2019) Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China (except short term visits in transit and Hainan), Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba (can be obtained in travel agencies or airlines), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ghana, Guinea, India, Iraq (outside Iraqi Kurdistan), North Korea, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Nauru, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Russia, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Turkmenistan and Yemen.

Reciprocity[edit]

As per Regulation No 539/2001 (amended by Regulation No 1289/2013)[138] reciprocity is required from all Annex II countries and territories. That means that these countries must offer visa-free access for 90 days to all EU citizens (except citizens of Ireland) and to the citizens of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. When this is not the case, the affected EU or Schengen member state is expected to notify the European Commission. Starting six months after the notification, the Commission may adopt an implementing act to suspend the visa-free regime for certain categories of nationals of the third country concerned, for a period of up to six months, with a possible prolongation by further periods of up to six months. If the Commission decides not to adopt such an act, it has to present a report explaining the reasons why it did not propose the measure. If after two years from the notification the third country is still requiring visas from citizens of one or more Member States, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act to re-impose the visa obligation on all citizens of the third country, for a period of 12 months. Either the European Parliament or the Council could oppose the entry into force of the delegated acts.[139] All of the states that implement the common visa rules – including Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania – may notify the European Commission about non-compliant third states.[140]

The EU has achieved full reciprocity with the following countries (meaning the citizens of those countries may travel to all EU member states visa-free) — Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominica, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Honduras, Kiribati, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Korea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uruguay, Vanuatu.

Following countries are not implementing visa reciprocity fully:

  • Japan: For Romanian citizens a temporary waiver is in effect until 31 December 2018.[141] The new policy also allows holders of temporary or provisional passports to travel to Japan without a visa.[142]
  • United States: Bulgarian, Croatian, Cypriot and Romanian citizens are still required to apply for a visa to enter the US. Nonetheless, U.S refuses to lift the requirements. On 3 March 2017, the European Parliament voted in favor to impose visa requirements on U.S. citizens in the future.[141]

According to a report from April 2015,[143] the Commission dismissed notifications by both Bulgaria and Romania of a general visa requirement by Australia.[144] It concluded that the Australian electronic visa 'manual processing' treatment should not be considered as equivalent to the Schengen visa application procedures and consequently will not be covered by the reciprocity mechanism.[143] In its previous report[145] the Commission also committed to assessing certain provisions of the US ESTA system — such as the application fee — and the Australian eVisitor system.

In October 2014, it was reported that the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement with Canada might not be ratified by Bulgaria and Romania unless visa requirements were lifted for their citizens.[146][147][148] In November 2014 Bulgarian Government also announced that it will not ratify the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership unless the United States lifted visas for its citizens.[149]

Special requirements[edit]

The following countries require electronic registrations for all citizens of the European Union who don't need a visa:

  • Australia requires EU citizens to obtain an eVisitor, which is issued free of charge.
  • Canada requires EU citizens to obtain an eTA if arriving by air. The application fee is 7 CAD.
  • New Zealand requires EU citizens to obtain an NZeTA and IVL if arriving by air. The application fee is NZD 9 or 12 and NZD 35.
  • United States requires eligible EU citizens to obtain an ESTA for arrivals by air and sea. The application fee is US$14.

Visa on arrival[edit]

The following countries provide visa on arrival to the citizens of the European Union. Some of these countries may be available for visa free access to some (*) or all other EU nationals (**) – for details see above. Some countries may not provide visa on arrival facilities at all entry points.

Visa on arrival
for citizens
of all states
Notes
 Bahrain[150] 14 days. 90 days for Irish citizens. BD 25.[151]
 Bangladesh[152][153] 30 days. Fees vary widely by country (US$0–65).[154]
Extensions are possible.
[155]
 Benin[156] 8 days. EUR 15[157]
 Cambodia[158] 30 days. USD 20.[158]
 Comoros[159][160] 50 USD. EUR 30.[160]
 Egypt[161][162] 30 days. USD 25.[161]
 Gabon[163] 90 days.[161]
 Guinea Bissau[164] 90 days. EUR 85.[164]
 Indonesia** 30 days. USD 35.[165]
 Iran[166] 30 days. EUR 30–80.[167]
 Jordan[168][169] 30 days. Free of charge.[170][171]
 Kenya*[172] 3 months, extendable once. USD 50.[173]
 Kuwait 3 months. KWD 3.[174]
 Laos*[175][176] 30 days. USD 30.[177]
 Lebanon[178][179] 1 month extendable for 2 additional months.[180]
 Madagascar[181] 30 days. Free of charge.[182]
 Malawi*[183] Fees vary.
 Maldives[184] 30 days. Free of charge. Extendable up to 90 days, MVR 750.[185]
 Mauritania[186]
 Mozambique[187] 30 days, extendable up to 60 days.
   Nepal[188][189] 90 days. USD 25-100.[190]
 Papua New Guinea 60 days. Free of charge.[191][192]
 Philippines** 59 days. USD 50.[193]
 Rwanda 30 days. USD 30.[194]
 Saudi Arabia 90 days. SAR 440.[195]
 Sierra Leone USD 80.[196]
 Somalia[197] 30 days. USD 60.[198][199]
 Sri Lanka[200][201] 30 days, extendable up to 150 days. Fees vary.[200]
 Tanzania*[202] USD 50 - USD 100.[203]
 Togo[204] 7 days, extendable for 90 days.
XOF 10,000-90,000.
[204]
 Uganda*[205] USD 100.[206]
 Zambia*[207] 90 days. USD 50 - USD 80.[204]
 Zimbabwe* 3 months. USD 30 - USD 70.[208]
Visa on arrival available to the citizens of some EU countries. Some of these countries may be available for visa free access to some (*) or all other EU nationals (**) – for details see above. Some countries may not provide visa on arrival facilities at all entry points.
Country Visa on arrival available to citizens of Notes
 Bolivia** Bulgaria, Cyprus, Malta, Romania[209] 90 days. USD 52.[210]
 Burkina Faso All except Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania[211] 1 month, extension possible.
XOF 47,000 to XOF 61,000.
[211]
 Ethiopia[212] Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden[213] USD 20.[214]
 Gambia* France, Portugal, Spain[215]
 Jamaica** Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovenia[216] USD 20.[217]
 Kyrgyzstan** Bulgaria, Cyprus, Romania[218] 1 month. USD 40 - USD 100.[219]
 Mongolia* Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain 30 days[220]
 Myanmar Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg and Spain 30 days. US$50.
 Namibia* Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia[221] 3 months[222]
 Palau**[223] Ireland 30 days. Free of charge. Extension possible, US$50.[224]
 Thailand* Bulgaria, Cyprus, Malta, Romania[79] 15 days. THB 2,000.[225]
 East Timor**[226] Ireland[80] 30 days. USD 30.[227]
 Solomon Islands** Ireland[228] 3 months. Free of charge.
 Tonga** Ireland[229] 31 days, extendable for further 6 months.
Free of charge.
[229]
 Tuvalu** Ireland[230] 1 month.
Free of charge.
[230]
 United Arab Emirates** Ireland[92] 30 days. Free of charge.[231]

Limited visa on arrival[edit]

  •  Burundi - Visas are issued on arrival if an Entry Authorisation letter was issued by the authorities of Burundi.[232]
  •  Iraq – Holders of ordinary passports of all EU member states may obtain a visa on arrival for Iraqi Kurdistan valid for 15 days when arriving through the Erbil International Airport or Sulaimaniyah International Airport.[233]
  •  Pakistan - All EU nationals except those from Bulgaria and Croatia may obtain visa on arrival when travelling on business. They must have a local sponsor who must obtain an approval from the immigration authorities at the port of arrival (Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta or Karachi airports) and a recommendation letter from country of residence or invitation letter from Pakistan.[234] Nationals of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom may obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 30 days, if they are travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[235]
  •  Vietnam - Visitors can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 1 or 3 months if they are holders of an approval letter issued and stamped by the Vietnamese Immigration Department (obtainable online through travel agencies for a fee) and if arriving only at airports in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City or Da Nang.[236] All travellers can visit Phú Quốc without a visa for up to 30 days.[237][238]

Online visas[edit]

The following countries provide electronic visas to the citizens of the European Union.

Country Notes
 Angola[239] Available to all EU citizens.
 Australia[240] ETA 601 online visa still available to citizens of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. More recent and free eVisitor authorisation is available to all. Online Visitor visa e600 for stays over 90 days is also available to all EU citizens.
 Azerbaijan[241] Available to all EU citizens.
 Bahrain[242] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Benin[243] Available to all EU citizens.
 Cambodia[244] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Djibouti[245] Available to all EU citizens.
 Ethiopia[246] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Gabon[247] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Guinea[248] Available to all EU citizens.
 Guinea-Bissau[249] Available to all EU citizens.
 India[250] Available to all EU citizens.
 Ivory Coast[251] Available to all EU citizens.
 Kenya[252] Available to all EU citizens.
 Kuwait[253] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Laos[254] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Lesotho[255] Available to all EU citizens. Some of the eVisa eligible nationals do not require a visa for visits up to 14 days.
 Madagascar[256] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Malawi[257] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Myanmar[258] Available to all EU citizens.
   Nepal[259] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Oman[260] Available to all EU citizens.
 Papua New Guinea[261] Available to all EU citizens.
 Rwanda[258][262] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Saudi Arabia[263] Available to all EU citizens.
 Sri Lanka[264] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Suriname[265] Available to all EU citizens. E-Tourist Card also available to some EU citizens.
 Tanzania[266] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Tajikistan[267] Available to all EU citizens.
 Turkey[268] Available to the citizens of Cyprus. Other EU citizens do not require a visa.
 Uganda[269] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Vietnam[270] Available to all EU citizens. Some of the eVisa eligible nationals do not require a visa for visits up to 15 days.
 Zambia[271] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available.
 Zimbabwe[272] Available to all EU citizens. Visa on arrival also available to some EU citizens.

Other[edit]

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

In addition to visa requirements for normal passport holders certain countries have specific visa requirements towards diplomatic and various official passport holders:

Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe grant visa-free access to holders of diplomatic or service passports issued to nationals of any country. Mauritania and Senegal grant visa-free access to holders of diplomatic passports issued to nationals of any country (except Italy for Mauritania). Bahrain, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia and South Sudan allow holders of diplomatic, official, service and special passports issued to nationals of any country to obtain a visa on arrival.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[289] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[290]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[291]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[292] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[293] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[294]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland and the United Kingdom also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[295][296] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[297]

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[298] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[299] Lebanon,[300] Libya,[301] Sudan,[302] Syria,[303] and Yemen[304] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[305]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bars entry of Armenian citizens, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, into the Republic of Azerbaijan.[306][307]

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[308] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[309] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[310] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[311]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[312][313] Argentina,[314] Brunei, Cambodia,[315] China,[316] Ethiopia,[317] Ghana, Guinea,[318] India, Japan,[319][320] Kenya (fingerprints and photo),[321] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[322] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[323] Singapore, South Korea,[324] Taiwan, Thailand,[325] Uganda[326] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[327] [328] [329] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[330]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[331] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[332][333] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[334] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[335][336]


Passport rankings[edit]

Passport rankings by the number of countries and territories their holders could visit without a visa or by obtaining visa on arrival in March 2019 according to the Henley Passport Index were as follows (ranked[337]): Finnish, German — 188 countries and territories (2nd); Danish, Italian, Luxembourgish — 187 (3rd); French, Spanish, Swedish — 186 (4th); Austrian, Dutch, Portuguese — 185 (5th); Belgian, Greek, Irish — 184 (6th); Czech, Maltese — 183 (7th); Lithuanian, Slovak — 181 (9th); Hungarian, Latvian, Slovenian — 180 (10th); Estonian — 179 (11th); Polish — 174 (13th); Cypriot — 173 (14th); Romanian — 171 (16th); Bulgarian — 170 (17th); Croatian — 168 (18th). All EU passports are ranked within the top 20 positions. Passports of the European Free Trade Association countries rank similarly, Norwegian, Swiss — 184 (6th); Icelandic — 180 (10th) and Liechtenstein — 177 (12th), while the passports of the candidate states rank lower Serbian — 131 (39th); North Macedonian — 123 (45th); Montenegrin — 122 (46th); Albanian — 113 (51st) and Turkish — 112 (52nd). European microstates rank high: Monaco — 173 (14th); San Marino — 167 (19th); Andorra — 166 (20th) and Vatican City — 148 (29th).[338]

Future[edit]

European Commission proposed a visa-free travel for 16 island nations in 2012. This proposal foresees that the visa exemption will be reciprocated through visa waiver agreements, ensuring a visa free regime for all EU citizens who wish to travel to these countries. The island nations in question are Caribbean island nations – Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago, and Pacific island nations – Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.[339] The list was expanded in 2013 with Colombia, Peru and the United Arab Emirates.[340] Most of these countries already provide visa-free or visa on arrival access in some form to the EU citizens. As of 2020, visa-free agreements have been concluded with all listed nations except Nauru.

Freedom of movement within the EU[edit]

Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 recognises the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States[341][342][343] defines the right of free movement for citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA), which includes the European Union (EU) and the three European Free Trade Association (EFTA) members Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein. Switzerland, which is a member of EFTA but not of the EEA, is not bound by the Directive but rather has a separate bilateral agreement on the free movement with the EU.

Citizens of all European Economic Area (EEA) member states and Switzerland holding a valid passport or national identity card enjoy freedom of movement rights in each other's territory and can enter and reside in the each other's territory without a visa.

If EU, EEA and Swiss nationals are unable to present a valid passport or national identity card at the border, they must nonetheless be afforded every reasonable opportunity to obtain the necessary documents or have them brought to them within a reasonable period of time or corroborate or prove by other means that he/she is covered by the right of free movement.[344][345]

However, EU, EEA member states and Switzerland can refuse entry to an EU/EEA/Swiss national on public policy, public security or public health grounds where the person presents a "genuine, present and sufficiently serious threat affecting one of the fundamental interests of society".[346] If the person has obtained permanent residence in the country where he/she seeks entry (a status which is normally attained after 5 years of residence), the member state can only expel him/her on serious grounds of public policy or public security. Where the person has resided for 10 years or is a minor, the member state can only expel him/her on imperative grounds of public security (and, in the case of minors, if expulsion is necessary in the best interests of the child, as provided for in the Convention on the Rights of the Child).[347] Expulsion on public health grounds must relate to diseases with 'epidemic potential' which have occurred less than 3 months from the person's the date of arrival in the Member State where he/she seeks entry.[348]

A family member of an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen who is in possession of a residence permit indicating their status is exempt from the requirement to hold a visa when entering the European Union, European Economic Area or Switzerland when they are accompanying their EU/EEA/Swiss family member or are seeking to join them.[349] However the UK requires family members to obtain a special permit in order to enter the United Kingdom.[350] Non-EU family members will need a Schengen Visa before they travel to Switzerland even if they possess a UK residence permit that clearly mentions that they are the family member of an EEA Citizen.

Right to consular protection[edit]

When in a non-EU country, EU citizens whose country maintains no embassy there have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present there.[351]

As of 2014, there are 16 non-EU countries where there is only one embassy of an EU country: Barbados (EU delegation), Belize (EU office), Central African Republic (France, EU delegation), Comoros (France), Gambia (EU office), Guyana (EU delegation), San Marino (Italy), São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal), Timor-Leste (Portugal, EU delegation), and Vanuatu (France, EU delegation).

As of 2014, the following 18 non-EU countries have no embassy of an EU country: Bahamas, Bhutan (Denmark Liaison office), Dominica, Grenada, Kiribati, Lesotho (EU delegation), Liechtenstein, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa (EU office), Swaziland (EU office), Tonga, and Tuvalu.

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:325:0004:0005:EN:PDF
  2. ^ "Coronavirus Update". IATA. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Guidelines for Completing a Visa Application | Embassy of the Republic of Botswana in Washington, D.C".
  4. ^ Citizens of 32 European countries exempted from visas for Cape Verde from January 1
  5. ^ "Eswatini Government".
  6. ^ "Visas and immigration in The Gambia". Banjul International Airport. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  7. ^ http://www.kenyaembassy.com/pdfs/visa.pdf
  8. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Kenya". timaticweb.com [Timatic]. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  9. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Lesotho". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  10. ^ "Visa Requirements in Mauritius". Passport and Immigration office, Republic of Mauritius. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  11. ^ "Formalités et procédures pour les visiteurs internationaux" (in French). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Kingdom of Morocco. Retrieved 27 Aug 2010.
  12. ^ "Visa information". Consulate-General of Morocco, New York. Retrieved 29 Sep 2013.
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ "São Tomé and Príncipe grants visa exemptions to citizens of Europe and the US - Macauhub English". macauhub.com.mo. 2015-07-29. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  15. ^ Timatic Staff (30 October 2015). "Visa Information—Senegal". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  16. ^ "EUR-Lex - 22009A0630(05) - EN". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  17. ^ "Department of Home Affairs - Exempt Countries". home-affairs.gov.za. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  18. ^ [2][dead link]
  19. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Tunisia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  20. ^ "Nationals from 20 countries exempt from visa to Tunisia - Zawya MENA Edition". zawya.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2010-11-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Welcome to The Zambia Department of Immigration website". zambiaimmigration.gov.zm. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  23. ^ [3]
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-18. Retrieved 2010-04-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". bahamashclondon.net. Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  26. ^ "Microsoft Word - 1. Visa List - June 2012.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  27. ^ http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7111-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  28. ^ ENTRY REQUIREMENTS, Discover Dominica Authority
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2013-02-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States". domrep.org. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  31. ^ http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7113-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  32. ^ [4]
  33. ^ "Embassy of Haiti – Washington, DC". haiti.org. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  34. ^ "Requirements For Travel to Jamaica". pica.gov.jm. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  35. ^ "Countries that need Visas to Travel to St. Kitts and Nevis - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". govt.kn. Archived from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  36. ^ http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7107-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  37. ^ "Saint Lucia - Access Government" (PDF). govt.lc. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  38. ^ http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7115-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  39. ^ "SVG - Passport & Visa Application forms". svgconsulate.co.uk. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  40. ^ http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7129-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  41. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-10-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-12-12. Retrieved 2014-02-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ Branch, Government of Canada, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, Communications (2013-05-17). "Entry requirements by country". cic.gc.ca. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  44. ^ Branch, Government of Canada, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, Communications (2015-04-15). "Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)". canada.ca. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  45. ^ "Costa Rica Tourism Official Website. Hotels, travel agencies, car rental and tours". visitcostarica.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  46. ^ "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador - Inicio". rree.gob.sv. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  47. ^ "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Guatemala". minex.gob.gt. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  48. ^ "Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de Honduras". sre.gob.hn. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  49. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Migración - Gobierno - gob.mx". inm.gob.mx. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  50. ^ [5]
  51. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-29. Retrieved 2009-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  52. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-12-30. Retrieved 2004-12-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  53. ^ "Dirección Nacional de Migraciones - Accesible". migraciones.gov.ar. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  54. ^ http://www.boliviabella.com/support-files/bolivia-visa-group-1.pdf
  55. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  56. ^ Agreement between the European Union and the Federative Republic of Brazil on short-stay visa waiver for holders of ordinary passports, Council of the European Union.
  57. ^ "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile - Visas". minrel.gob.cl. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  58. ^ "Agreement - Consilium". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  59. ^ "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana – Ecuador". cancilleria.gob.ec. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  60. ^ "Visa Entry Requirements (countries) – Ministry of Foreign Affairs | Co-operative Republic of Guyana".
  61. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2013-11-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  62. ^ "Agreement - Consilium". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  63. ^ "Peruvian Government".
  64. ^ "Peruvian Government".
  65. ^ http://www.mrree.gub.uy/frontend/page?1,inicio,ampliacion-ppal,O,es,0,PAG;CONC;73;3;D;lista-de-paises-exonerados-de-visa;3;PAG;
  66. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2008-12-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  67. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2007-10-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  68. ^ "Visa Information". mofat.gov.bn. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  69. ^ "Warga Dari 75 Negara Ini Bebas Lakukan Kunjungan Wisata Ke Indonesia Tanpa Visa". setkab.go.id. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  70. ^ "Exemption of Visa (Short-Term Stay)". mofa.go.jp. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  71. ^ KMI. "45 countries with 30 days visa-free regime". mfa.kz. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  72. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  73. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Gambia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  74. ^ "Visa Requirement by Country". imi.gov.my. Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  75. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Mongolia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  76. ^ "Guidelines on the Entry of Temporary Visitors to the Philippines". dfa.gov.ph. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  77. ^ http://www.0404.go.kr/dev/newest_view.mofa?id=ATC0000000007761&pagenum=1&mst_id=MST0000000000041
  78. ^ "Countries/Regions Requiring Visa". ica.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  79. ^ a b http://www.mfa.go.th/main/contents/files/services-20140710-094347-873017.pdf
  80. ^ a b [6]
  81. ^ Uzbekistan announces visa waiver for citizens of 45 countries
  82. ^ [7]
  83. ^ Newspaper, Tuoi Tre. "Official: Vietnam to scrap visas for five European countries in July". tuoitrenews.vn. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  84. ^ [8]
  85. ^ [9]
  86. ^ [10]
  87. ^ Georgia, Civil. "Civil.Ge - Georgia Restores One-Year Visa-Free Rules". civil.ge. Archived from the original on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  88. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2013-05-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  89. ^ German citizens born before January 1, 1928 need a visa for Israel, which will be issued for free if one was not a member of the Nazi party or involved in crimes committed during the time of the Nazi Germany.
  90. ^ "Qatar Visas".
  91. ^ "EU signs visa waiver agreement with the United Arab Emirates - Consilium". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  92. ^ a b http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7103-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  93. ^ "Ministria e Punëve të Jashtme" (PDF). punetejashtme.gov.al. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  94. ^ "Turisme d'Andorra. Useful information on the Principality". visitandorra.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  95. ^ "Information on visa-free travel via the checkpoint "Minsk National Airport" - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus". mfa.gov.by. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  96. ^ http://mfa.gov.by/upload/17.01.11_list_states_eng.pdf
  97. ^ "Vize". mfa.ba. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  98. ^ "UTL". utl.is. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  99. ^ [11]
  100. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the RM". gov.md. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  101. ^ "Overview of visa regimes for foreign citizens". mvpei.gov.me. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  102. ^ "FAQ Monaco". visitmonaco.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  103. ^ [12]
  104. ^ "Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway (visa-free) - UDI". udi.no. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  105. ^ "Border formalities - Ufficio di Stato per il Turismo". visitsanmarino.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  106. ^ "Consular countries". mfa.gov.rs. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  107. ^ EJPD. "Do I require a visa?". admin.ch. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  108. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". mfa.gov.tr. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  109. ^ "Entry regime and visa requirements for foreigners entering Ukraine - MFA of Ukraine". mfa.gov.ua. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  110. ^ a b "Visiting the UK: information for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
  111. ^ [13]
  112. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-06-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  113. ^ "EU and Republic of Kiribati sign agreement - Fiji Times Online". fijitimes.com. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  114. ^ "Summary of countries entitled for visa exemption/waiver or visitor visa on arrival". Republic of the Marshall Islands, Ministry of Justice, Immigration & Labor, Division of Immigration. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  115. ^ Custom Regulations, Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board
  116. ^ Immigration New Zealand Visa-Waiver Countries, Immigration New Zealand (INZ) - Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment
  117. ^ "Agreement - Consilium". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  118. ^ a b http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7127-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  119. ^ "Visa Free Travel to EU Signed - Solomon Times Online". solomontimes.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  120. ^ "Solomon Islanders get visa-free access to Europe". radionz.co.nz. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  121. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Solomon Islands". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  122. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Tonga". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  123. ^ "EU-Tuvalu agreement on short-stay visa waiver signing ceremony (Part 1) - EU Council Newsroom". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  124. ^ http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:a73fc0a9-fd67-11e5-b713-01aa75ed71a1.0010.02/DOC_1&format=PDF
  125. ^ http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:a73fc0a9-fd67-11e5-b713-01aa75ed71a1.0010.02/DOC_2&format=PDF
  126. ^ http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7119-2015-INIT/en/pdf
  127. ^ "Special Categories Exempted From Visa Requirements - For Foreign Citizens - Consular Services - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo". mfa-ks.net. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  128. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2007-02-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  129. ^ "Rules and recommendations - Transnistria tour". transnistria-tour.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  130. ^ "入 境 事 務 處". immd.gov.hk. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  131. ^ "Public Security Police Force". fsm.gov.mo. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  132. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Tonga". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  133. ^ Cyprus, Korinia Estate Agency, North. "Northern Cyprus, Living in North Cyprus, Postal System, Passports and Visa". korinia.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  134. ^ "How to get to North Cyprus? - Passport, Visa & Entry Requirements". cypnet.co.uk. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  135. ^ "О визах - Министерство иностранных дел". mfa-rso.su. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  136. ^ "Procedure of the Entry to the Territory of the Republic of South Ossetia - Министерство иностранных дел". mfa-rso.su. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  137. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2009-10-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  138. ^ Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement. [14][dead link]
  139. ^ The details of the procedure are set out in Articles 1(4) of Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 as amended by Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013.[dead link]
  140. ^ State of play and the possible ways forward as regards the situation of non-reciprocity with certain third countries in the area of visa policy, European Commission, 12 April 2016.
  141. ^ a b "State of play and the possible ways forward as regards the situation of non-reciprocity with certain third countries in the area of visa policy" (PDF). European commission. European commission. April 12, 2016. Retrieved July 6, 2016.
  142. ^ "Românii pot călători în Japonia fără viză". digi24.ro. Retrieved 3 March 2017.[permanent dead link]
  143. ^ a b "Report from the Commission of 22.4.2015 assessing the situation of non-reciprocity with certain third countries in the area of visa policy" (PDF). European Commission. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  144. ^ "Information from the Commission about notifications by the Member States of cases of non-reciprocity in accordance with Article 1(4)(a) of Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 as amended by Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council". European Commission. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  145. ^ "Seventh report on certain third countries' maintenance of visa requirements in breach of the principle of reciprocity" (PDF). European Commission. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  146. ^ "Canada-EU trade: Ambassador confident visa concerns from Romania, Bulgaria will be resolved". ctvnews.ca. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  147. ^ Blanchfield, Mike (25 September 2014). "Visa snag looms as Harper heralds end of Canada-EU deal - GuelphMercury.com". guelphmercury.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  148. ^ "EU Envoy Confident Canada Working to Resolve Bulgaria Visa Concerns - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  149. ^ "Bulgaria Will Not Sign TTIP Unless US Lifts Visa Requirements - Minister - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  150. ^ "Bahrain Electronic Visa Service". evisa.gov.bh. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  151. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Bahrain". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  152. ^ Available at Shahjalal International Airport, Shah Amanat International Airport and Osmani International Airport only.
  153. ^ Amin, Sandy Riopel, Ash. "Consulate General of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Los Angeles, California". bangladeshconsulatela.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  154. ^ "Bangladesh Online MRV Portal". Department of Immigration & Passports, Government of the Peoples's Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  155. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Bangladesh". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  156. ^ Bénin : le visa touriste à l'arrivée dès le 15 mars 2018
  157. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  158. ^ a b Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Cambodia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  159. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-12-05. Retrieved 2004-12-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  160. ^ a b Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Comoros". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  161. ^ a b c Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Egypt". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  162. ^ Visa not required for up to 15 days in Sinai resorts.
  163. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  164. ^ a b Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Guinea Bissau". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  165. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Indonesia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  166. ^ Obtainable at the airports in Chah-Bahar, Qeshm, Kish, Mashad, Esfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz and Tehran international airports.
  167. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Iran". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  168. ^ Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).
  169. ^ Board, Welcome to Jordan Tourism. "Visas To Jordan". visitjordan.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  170. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Jordan". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  171. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-08. Retrieved 2015-05-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  172. ^ Wakhusama, Ernest Wamboye. "A brief guide on getting a Kenya Visa on arrival - Xplorato Ventures". xplorato.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  173. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Kenya". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  174. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Kuwait". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  175. ^ Available at international airports Wattay Vientiane, Pakse Savannakhet and Luang Prabang, and at land borders Friendship Bridge, Vientiane and Savannakhet; Nam Heuang Friendship Bridge, Sayabouly Province; and border crossings at Boten-Mohan, Dansavan-Lao Bao, Houaysay-Chiang Khong, Thakhek-Nakhon Phanom, Nong Haet-Nam Kan, Nam Phao-Kao Cheo, Veun Kham-Dong Calor, and Vangtao-Chong Mek as well as Tha Naleng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkhai, Thailand. Entry points Napao-Chalo, Taichang-Sophoun, Pakxan-Bungkan, and Xiengkok are open only to visa holders.
  176. ^ "Visa-on-arrival". tourismlaos.org. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  177. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Laos". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  178. ^ Obtainable at the land border with Syria, the port of Beirut, or Beirut International Airport.
  179. ^ [15]
  180. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Lebanon". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  181. ^ "Madagascar Visa Information, How To Obtain a Visa". madagascar-consulate.org. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  182. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Madagascar". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  183. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Malawi". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  184. ^ Beney. "Maldives Immigration". immigration.gov.mv. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  185. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Maldives". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  186. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Mauritania". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  187. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Mozambique". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  188. ^ Obtainable at Tribhuvan International Airport and certain land borders.
  189. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2002-01-06. Retrieved 2002-01-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  190. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Nepal". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  191. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Papua New Guinea". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  192. ^ http://www.immigration.gov.pg/images/documents/High_Risk_Country_Visa_Requirements_5.pdf
  193. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Philippines". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  194. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-27. Retrieved 2014-10-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  195. ^ [16]
  196. ^ [17]
  197. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  198. ^ "Entry requirements - Somalia travel advice".
  199. ^ "Somalia International Travel Information".
  200. ^ a b Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Sri Lanka". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  201. ^ ETA obtainable on arrival or online prior to arrival.
  202. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-16. Retrieved 2012-09-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  203. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Tanzania". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  204. ^ a b c Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Togo". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  205. ^ "Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control". Archived from the original on 2012-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  206. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Uganda". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  207. ^ "Zambia Visa & Immigration". zambiatourism.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  208. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Zimbabwe". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  209. ^ http://www.boliviabella.com/support-files/bolivia-visa-group-2.pdf
  210. ^ Timatic Staff (26 November 2013). "Visa Information—Bolivia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  211. ^ a b Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Burkina Faso". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  212. ^ Obtainable at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport.
  213. ^ "Consular Service". ethiopianembassy.org. Archived from the original on 7 November 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  214. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Ethiopia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  215. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Gambia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  216. ^ "Requirements For Travel to Jamaica". pica.gov.jm. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  217. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Jamaica". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  218. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-11. Retrieved 2008-10-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  219. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Kyrgyzstan". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  220. ^ Timatic Staff. "Visa Information—Mongolia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  221. ^ [18]
  222. ^ Timatic Staff (7 September 2019). "Visa Information—Bolivia". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  223. ^ "Pristine Paradise Palau | Official Tourism Office of Palau Micronesia". Archived from the original on 2003-09-09. Retrieved 2003-09-09.
  224. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Palau". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  225. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Thailand". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  226. ^ For arrivals by air only.
  227. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—East Timor". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  228. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Solomon Islands". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  229. ^ a b Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Tonga". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  230. ^ a b Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Tuvalu". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  231. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—United Arab Emirates". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  232. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Burundi". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  233. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Iraq". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  234. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Pakistan". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  235. ^ "Directorate General of Immigration & Passports, Ministry of Interior, Government of Pakistan". dgip.gov.pk. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  236. ^ Timatic Staff (17 December 2013). "Visa Information—Vietnam". timaticweb.com. Montreal, CAN: International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  237. ^ html, www.sitecreation.com.au - web design, sydney, design, freelance. "Discover Phu Quoc - island paradise in the Gulf of Thailand, secluded and beautiful beaches, resorts and hotels on Phu Quoc island, Vietnam..." discoverphuquoc.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  238. ^ "No visa required for tourists to Phu Quoc on short stay - Vietsea Tourist - Travel to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand - Vietnam Travel Tours". vietseatourist.vn. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  239. ^ SME e-Visa[permanent dead link]
  240. ^ "Electronic Travel Authority". immi.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  241. ^ "Home Page - The Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic". evisa.gov.az. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  242. ^ "Bahrain Electronic Visa Service". evisa.gov.bh. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  243. ^ eVisa Benin
  244. ^ "Ethiopian eVISA". evisa.gov.et. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  245. ^ "EVisa".
  246. ^ "Kingdom of Cambodia - Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation". evisa.gov.kh. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  247. ^ "Gabon e-Visa". dgdi.ga. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  248. ^ Guinea eVisa
  249. ^ REPUBLIC OF GUINEA-BISSAU Electronic Visa Application System
  250. ^ "Indian e-Tourist Visa". indianvisaonline.gov.in. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  251. ^ Email:marcel_bessin@yahoo.fr, BESSIN Effi Marcel. ":::SNEDAI". snedai.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  252. ^ eCitizen. "eCitizen - Gateway to All Government Services". ecitizen.go.ke. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  253. ^ "Kuwait e-Visa". moi.gov.kw. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  254. ^ "eVisa Laos".
  255. ^ eVisa Lesotho
  256. ^ "EVisa | Welcome to the eService of Tourism, Immigration and Emigration".
  257. ^ [19]
  258. ^ a b "Myanmar eVisa". Archived from the original on 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  259. ^ "Nepal eVisa". nepalimmigration.gov.np. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  260. ^ [20]
  261. ^ [21]
  262. ^ [22] Archived 2013-10-16 at the Wayback Machine
  263. ^ [23]
  264. ^ "Online Visa Application". Eta.gov.lk. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  265. ^ Who can apply for E-Visa?
  266. ^ [24]
  267. ^ "Tajikistan e-Visa". Republic of Tajikistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
  268. ^ "Electronic Visa Application System". evisa.gov.tr. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  269. ^ "Uganda e-Visa". immigration.go.ug. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  270. ^ https://evisa.xuatnhapcanh.gov.vn/web/guest/trang-chu-ttdt
  271. ^ Company, Alfa XP Software. "e-Visa". zambiaimmigration.gov.zm. Archived from the original on 9 August 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  272. ^ "Home". evisa.gov.zw. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  273. ^ 2012年12月06日03:46 来源:新京报 (2010-09-09). "北京对45国游客72小时过境免签 树立更开放形象". News.sohu.com. Retrieved 2013-03-29.
  274. ^ "Visa Exemption". travelChinaguide.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  275. ^ "Chongqing launches 72-hour visa-free stays". LUO WANGSHU in Chongqing (China Daily). 2013-10-24. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
  276. ^ "Visa Exemption". travelChinaguide.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
  277. ^ [25][dead link]
  278. ^ "Visa-free entry into China'". shanghaiairport.com. 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2013-03-29.
  279. ^ "Shanghai joins Beijing, offers visa-free travel | CNN Travel". Travel.cnn.com. 2012-12-10. Retrieved 2013-03-29.
  280. ^ "Guilin offers 72-hour visa-free travel - Headlines, features, photo and videos from ecns.cn-china-news-chinanews-ecns-cns". ecns.cn. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  281. ^ [26]
  282. ^ 米欣刚. "Xi'an allows 72-hr visa exemptions- China.org.cn". china.org.cn. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  283. ^ Hainan Regulated Visa Waiver Policy Archived 2013-12-16 at the Wayback Machine, Hainan Tourism Development Commission
  284. ^ "The list of foreign States whose nationals can apply for e-visa". Consular Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  285. ^ "KAZA Visa for Zambia and Zimbabwe". kazavisa.info. Archived from the original on 21 July 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  286. ^ [27]
  287. ^ "KAZA UNIVISA Launch 2014 - Book Namibia". booknamibia.com. 28 November 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  288. ^ "Three countries, one visa". safari-uganda.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  289. ^ "Country Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  290. ^ Agence régionale de sante Guyane (September 2, 2018). "Fièvre jaune" (in French). Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  291. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
  292. ^ Bahrain government website
  293. ^ "PASSPORTS AND VISA | GoIsrael - the Official Website of Tourism to Israel".
  294. ^ Timatic
  295. ^ "Foreign Affairs Manual, 9 FAM 403.9-3(B)(2) f". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  296. ^ "How long should my passport be valid when traveling to the United States?" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  297. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany – Passports expired within the last year / ID’s expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria – Valid ordinary passport
  298. ^ Government of Canada -- Overcome criminal convictions
  299. ^ "Travel Report - Kuwait". Voyage.gc.ca. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  300. ^ Travel Advice for Lebanon - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine and Lebanese Ministry of Tourism Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  301. ^ "Travel Advice for Libya - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  302. ^ "Travel Advice for Sudan - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  303. ^ Travel Advice for Syria - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine and Syrian Ministry of Tourism
  304. ^ "Travel Advice for Yemen - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  305. ^ "It is possible to visit KSA with an Israeli stamp on the passport?". Visit Saudi. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
  306. ^ Azerbaijan Country Page Archived 2009-03-08 at the Wayback Machine. NCSJ: Advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia. Accessed 23 May 2010.
  307. ^ Azerbaijan doesn't allow Armenians in the country. - Panarmenian.net
  308. ^ "Azerbaijan Country Page of the NCSJ (advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia) accessed 23 May 2010". Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  309. ^ "Warning for the foreign nationals wishing to travel to the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  310. ^ "List of foreign citizens illegally visited occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 10 July 2017. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  311. ^ Calder, Simon (24 April 2017). "Airline lobbying for a relaxation of draconian rules for London-Auckland travellers". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for travellers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently “strict requirements for travellers” in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration.
  312. ^ "How to enter Afghanistan. The Entry Requirements for Afghanistan - CountryReports". Countryreports.org.
  313. ^ Nordland, Rod (19 November 2011). "In Afghanistan, Big Plans to Gather Biometric Data". Nytimes.com.
  314. ^ "Argentina strengthens migratory control". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013.
  315. ^ "Cambodia Foreign Entry Requirements". Us-passport-information.com.
  316. ^ "China to Start Fingerprinting Foreign Visitors". Air Canada. 31 Jan 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Effective April 27, 2018, border control authorities at all of China’s ports of entry, including its airports, will start collecting the fingerprints of all foreign visitors aged between 14 and 70. Diplomatic passport holders and beneficiaries of reciprocal agreements are exempted..
  317. ^ "Äthiopien: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise". Auswaertiges-amt.de.
  318. ^ [28]
  319. ^ "Japan fingerprints foreigners as anti-terror move". Reuters. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017 – via Reuters.
  320. ^ "Anger as Japan moves to fingerprint foreigners - World". Theage.com.au. 2007-10-26.
  321. ^ "Immigration & Visas FAQs". Kenya Airports Authority. Retrieved 6 May 2019. Will visitors still have their digital photo and fingerprints taken at the immigration desk on arrival? Yes, the need to have photos and fingerprints taken upon arrival is to authenticate that the person who applied for the Visa is the same person at the port of entry
  322. ^ "Malaysia". CountryReports. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  323. ^ "Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners - SecureIDNews". secureidnews.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  324. ^ F_161. "S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors - People's Daily Online". peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  325. ^ "National News Bureau of Thailand".
  326. ^ AfricaNews (2019-01-14). "Gemalto awarded Uganda's new e-Immigration solution with fast-track border crossing eKiosks at Entebbe Airport". Africanews. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  327. ^ Brown, Theresa Cardinal (9 May 2016). "Biometric Entry-Exit Update: CBP Developing Land Border Process". Bipartisan Policy Center. Retrieved 25 April 2019. While a requirement for a biometric entry-exit system has been in law for over a decade, it is not yet a reality. Many reasons for the long gestating development have been documented in BPC’s 2014 report Entry-Exit System: Progress, Challenges, and Outlook, including the technological, operational, and cost challenges of creating exit systems and infrastructure where none exist today. However, many critics, especially in Congress, simply accused the Department of Homeland security of dragging its feet... the major operational, logistical, and technical challenge in implementing exit capability at our ports has been the land borders. Unlike airports and seaports, the land border environment is not physically controlled, there is no means to get advance information on who is arriving, and the sheer volume of travel—both vehicular and pedestrian—creates challenges in any system to not further exacerbate delays. While biometric exit for land vehicular traffic is still in the “what if” stage, CBP is moving ahead and piloting systems and technology to use with the large population of pedestrian crossers at the U.S.-Mexico border.
  328. ^ Lipton, Eric (21 May 2013). "U.S. Quietly Monitors Foreigners' Departures at the Canadian Border". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2019. Long demanded by lawmakers in Congress, it is considered a critical step to developing a coherent program to curb illegal immigration, as historically about 30 percent to 40 percent of illegal immigrants in the United States arrived on tourist visas or other legal means and then never left, according to estimates by Homeland Security officials.
  329. ^ LIPTON, Eric (15 December 2006). "Administration to Drop Effort to Track if Visitors Leave". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2019. Efforts to determine whether visitors actually leave have faltered. Departure monitoring would help officials hunt for foreigners who have not left, if necessary. Domestic security officials say, however, it would be too expensive to conduct fingerprint or facial recognition scans for land departures.
  330. ^ Campoy, Ana; Campoy, Ana. "The US wants to scan the faces of all air passengers leaving the country". Quartz. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  331. ^ "ICAO Document 9303: Machine Readable Travel Documents, Part 9: Deployment of Biometric Identification and Electronic Storage of Data in MRTDs, 7th edition" (PDF). 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  332. ^ "Iris Scan Implemented at Doha International Airport". Archived from the original on 8 January 2012.
  333. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
  334. ^ Roberts, Jeff John (12 September 2016). "Homeland Security Plans to Expand Fingerprint and Eye Scanning at Borders". Fortune. Fortune Media IP Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2019. Unlike with documents, it’s very hard for a traveler to present a forged copy of a fingerprint or iris. That’s why the U.S. Department of Homeland Security plans to vastly expand the amount of biometric data it collects at the borders. According to Passcode, a new program will ramp up a process to scan fingers and eyes in order to stop people entering and exiting the country on someone else’s passport.
  335. ^ "Singapore tests eye scans at immigration checkpoints". Reuters. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2019. Singapore has started scanning travellers’ eyes at some of its border checkpoints, its immigration authority said on Monday, in a trial of expensive technology that could one day replace fingerprint verification.
  336. ^ Lee, Vivien (6 August 2018). "5 Reasons We Prefer Iris Scans To Fingerprint Checks At Our Borders In Singapore". Retrieved 24 April 2019. The iris technology could potentially scan irises covertly, as opposed to the scanning of thumbprints which necessitates active participation from travellers.
  337. ^ Using dense ranking.
  338. ^ "The Henley Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners Holdings Ltd. 1 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2019 Henley Passport Index. As the index uses dense ranking, in certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
  339. ^ "European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Commission proposes visa-free travel to citizens of 16 Island Nations". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  340. ^ "EU adds Columbia, Peru and UAE to visa-free travel list". travelandtourworld.com. 22 October 2013. Archived from the original on 29 April 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  341. ^ "Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States". 2004-04-29. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
  342. ^ Summary of the Directive 2004/38/EC "Right of Union citizens and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States". 2006-05-02. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
  343. ^ "Decision of the EEA Joint Committee No 158/2007 of 7 December 2007 amending Annex V (Free movement of workers) and Annex VIII (Right of establishment) to the EEA Agreement" (PDF). 2007-12-07. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
  344. ^ Article 6.3.2 of the Practical Handbook for Border Guards (C (2006) 5186)
  345. ^ Judgement of the European Court of Justice of 17 February 2005, Case C 215/03, Salah Oulane vs. Minister voor Vreemdelingenzaken en Integratie
  346. ^ Article 27 of Directive 2004/38/EC (Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States).
  347. ^ Article 28 of Directive 2004/38/EC (Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States).
  348. ^ Article 29 of Directive 2004/38/EC (Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States).
  349. ^ Articles 3(1) and 5(2) of the Directive 2004/38/EC (Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States).
  350. ^ UK Border Agency. "EEA family permits". Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  351. ^ "Consular protection - European Commission". europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
Notes

External links[edit]