Visa requirements for Philippine citizens

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Visa requirements for Philippine citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of the Philippines by the authorities of other territories. As of 10 July 2018, Philippine citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 66 countries and territories, ranking the Philippine passport 72nd in terms of travel freedom (tied with a passport from Tunisia) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

  Philippines
  Visa free access or free visa on arrival
  Visa on arrival or eVisa
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

UN member and observer countries[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
  • Women of all nationalities must cover their body with clothing, except for their face, hands and feet
 Albania Visa required[3]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5] 3 months
  • There are no visa requirements for entry into Andorra, but it can only be accessed by passing through France or Spain. A multiple entry visa is required to re-enter either France or Spain when leaving Andorra.
  • All visitors can stay for 3 months.
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[7]
 Argentina Visa required[8]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[9] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[10]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[11]
 Austria Visa required[12]
 Azerbaijan Visa required[13]
 Bahamas Visa required[14]
  • Permanent Residents of Canada do not need a visa and may stay up to 30 days.[15]
 Bahrain Visa required[16]
 Bangladesh Visa required[17]
 Barbados Visa required[18]
  • Visa procedure does not necessitate sending passport to Barbados or one of its embassies.[19]
 Belarus Visa required[20]
 Belgium Visa required[21]
 Belize Visa required[22]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[23][24] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[25]
 Bolivia Visa not required[26] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[27]
 Botswana Visa required[28]
 Brazil Visa not required[29] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[30] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa required[31]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[32]
 Burundi Visa required[33]
 Cambodia Visa not required[34] 21 days
 Cameroon Visa required[35]
 Canada Visa required[36]
  • Green Card holders in the United States do not need a visa to visit or transit in Canada, unless deemed inadmissible. B or C visa holders in Switzerland do not require transit visa when traveling to the United States flying with Air Canada.[37]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[38]
 Central African Republic Visa required[39]
 Chad Visa required[40]
 Chile Visa required[41]
 China Visa required[42]
 Colombia Visa not required[45] 180 days
  • 90 days on arrival, can extend another 90 days for 180 days total.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[46] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[47]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[48]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[49] 90 days
  • 30 days upon arrival, can extend for total of 90 days.
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa not required[50] 90 days
 Croatia Visa required[51]
  • Visa free for a maximum stay of 90 days for valid visa holders or residents of the Schengen member states.
 Cuba Visa required[52]
 Cyprus Visa required[53]
 Czech Republic Visa required[54]
 Denmark Visa required[55]
 Djibouti eVisa[56] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[57] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[58]
  • Permanent Residents of Canada do not require a visa and may stay up to 30 days.[59]
 Ecuador Visa not required[60] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[61]
 El Salvador Visa required[62]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[63]
 Eritrea Visa required[64]
 Estonia Visa required[65]
 Eswatini Visa required[66]
 Ethiopia eVisa[67] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[68] 4 months
 Finland Visa required[69]
 France Visa required[70]
  • Transit through a French airport also requires a transit visa[71]
 Gabon eVisa[72]
 Gambia Visa not required[73] 90 days
  • Must obtain an entry clearance from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel [74]
 Georgia eVisa[75]
  • No visa required for visit as a tourist if a valid Schengen visa is in a passport, must not stay longer than the validity period of the Schengen visa [76]
  • No visa required for visit as a tourist if a valid original resident permit card from any GCC States is presented with Official English Translation (if the card has NO English Translation) and a Travel Insurance. With this scheme, a Philippine citizen can enter Georgia without a visa for 90 days in any 180-day period. Please, note that you must present relevant valid visa or residence permit along with your travel document/passport at the moment of crossing Georgian border. This should be verified with the travel document or/and other relevant document. [77]
 Germany Visa required[78]
 Ghana Visa required[79]
 Greece Visa required[80]
 Grenada Visa required[81]
 Guatemala Visa required[82]
 Guinea Visa required[83]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[84] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[85]
 Haiti Visa not required[86] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[87]
 Hungary Visa required[88]
 Iceland Visa required[89]
 India e-Visa[90] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][91]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[92] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[93] 30 days[94]
 Iraq Visa required[95]
 Ireland Visa required[96]
 Israel Visa not required[97] 3 months
 Italy Visa required[98]
 Jamaica Visa required[99]
  • Permanent Residents of Canada do not require a visa.[100]
 Japan Visa required[101]
 Jordan Visa required[102]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[103]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[104] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[105]
 North Korea Visa required[106]
 South Korea Visa required[107]
  • Green Card holders in the United States do not need a visa to visit or transit in South Korea.
  • Visa-free access for 30 days to Jeju Island.
 Kuwait Visa required[108]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[109] 1 month
 Laos Visa not required[111] 30 days
 Latvia Visa required[112]
 Lebanon Visa required[113]
 Lesotho eVisa[114][115]
 Liberia Visa required[116]
 Libya Visa required[117]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[118]
 Lithuania Visa required[119]
 Luxembourg Visa required[120]
 Macedonia Visa required[121]
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[122] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[123] 90 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
 Malaysia Visa not required[124] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[125] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[126]
 Malta Visa required[127]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[128] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[129]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[130] 60 days[131]
 Mexico Visa required[132]
  • Permanent residents of Canada or of the United States (i.e., Green Card Holders), or holders of a valid Schengen visa or US visa do not require a visa.[133]
 Micronesia Visa not required[134] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[135]
 Monaco Visa required[136]
 Mongolia Visa not required[137] 21 days
 Montenegro Visa required[138]
 Morocco Visa not required[139] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[140] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa not required[141] 14 days[142]
 Namibia Visa required[143]
 Nauru Visa required[144]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[145] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[146]
 New Zealand Visa required[147]
  • May transit without a visa.[148]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[149] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[150]
 Nigeria Visa required[151]
 Norway Visa required[152]
 Oman Visa required[153]
 Pakistan Visa required[154]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days.
 Palau Visa on arrival[156] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[157]
  • Holders of a valid, multiple-entry visa of the United States, or United Kingdom, or Canada, or Australia, or Japan, or the Schengen Area, or Singapore, or South Korea are allowed to stay for thirty (30) days.
  • Permanent residents of the United States, or United Kingdom, or Canada, or Australia, or Japan, of the European Union, or Singapore, or South Korea are allowed entry to stay for thirty (30) days.
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[158] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa required[159]
 Peru Visa not required[160] 183 days
 Poland Visa required[161]
 Portugal Visa required[162]
 Qatar eVisa[163][164]
 Romania Visa required[165]
 Russia Visa required[166]
 Rwanda Visa not required[167][168] 90 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa[169] 30 days
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[170] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[171] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[172] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[173]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[174]
  • Visa is obtained online.[175]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[176]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[177] 90 days
 Serbia Visa required[178]
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[179] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[180]
 Singapore Visa not required[181] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[182]
 Slovenia Visa required[183]
  • No visa required for holders of valid residence permits issued by Schengen States including Switzerland.
 Solomon Islands Visa required[184]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[185] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[186]
 South Sudan Visa required[187]
 Spain Visa required[188]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[189] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[190]
 Suriname Visa not required[191] 90 days
 Sweden Visa required[192]
  Switzerland Visa required[193]
 Syria Visa required[194]
 Tajikistan eVisa[195] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[196]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[197][198] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[199] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[200] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[201] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[202]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa on arrival[203]
 Tunisia Visa required[204]
 Turkey Visa required[205] 30 days
  • eVisas can be obtained online[206] for USD20 provided that a return ticket, hotel reservation and at least USD50 for each day's stay is shown.
  • Must travel for the purposes of tourism or business and hold a valid visa OR valid residence permit from one of the Schengen countries, USA, UK or Ireland (E-visas are not accepted).[207]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[208]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[209] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[210]
 Ukraine Visa required[212]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[213]
 United Kingdom Visa required[214]
 United States Visa required[215]
 Uruguay Visa required[216]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[217] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[218]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[219] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[220]
 Venezuela Visa required[221]
 Vietnam Visa not required[222] 21 days
  • A single entry eVisa valid for 30 days is also available.[223]
 Yemen Visa required[224]
 Zambia eVisa[225]
 Zimbabwe eVisa[226]

Certain countries allow Filipino citizens to enter without a visa if they are in a possession of a valid visa or resident permit for Canada, Ireland, the Schengen area, the United States or the United Kingdom.

Territories and disputed areas[edit]

Visa requirements for Filipino citizens for entry to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[227]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for foreign visitors is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[228]
 Mayotte Visa required[229]
 Réunion Visa required[229]
 Ascension Island eVisa[230][231]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena eVisa[232][233]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[234]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
  • Filipino citizens may enter the Moroccan controlled zone of Western Sahara without obtaining a visa.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[235][236]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreign visitors traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[237]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa required[238] Visa not required for 15 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (5 or more people)[239]
 Hong Kong Visa not required[240] 14 days
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for all of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and parts of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[241][242][243]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[244]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[245]
  • May stay up to 14 days.
 Macao Visa not required[246] 30 days
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[247]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa required[248] Unknown by Timatic.
Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[249]
 Taiwan Visa not required[250] 14 days from 1 November 2017 to 31 July 2019.[251]
eVisa is also available until 8 October 2018.[252]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[253][254][255]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[256]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa required[257]
 Aruba Visa required[258] Visa free if U.S., UK, Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[259]
 Bermuda Visa required 180 days, Permanent residents of the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom do not require a visa.
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[260] Visa free if U.S., UK, Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[259]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[261] Permanent residents of the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom do not require a visa.
 Cayman Islands Visa required[262] Up to 30 days visa-free for permanent residents of and traveling directly from: Canada, USA or UK.[263][264][265] Visa free for cruise ship passengers leaving on same day as arrival.[266]
 Curacao Visa required[267] Visa free if U.S., UK, Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[259]
France French Guiana Visa required[268] Schengen visa is required.
France French West Indies Visa required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[269]
 Greenland Visa required[270] Schengen visa is required.
 Montserrat eVisa[271] Multiple entry eVisa valid for 1 year can be obtained through the internet, prior to departure.
 Puerto Rico Visa required[272] Visa issued by the United States is required.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[229] Permanent Residents of Canada are exempted from passport and visa requirements for stays of maximum duration of 3 months within a period of 6 months.[273]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[274] Visa free if U.S., UK, Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[259]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[275] Visa is required as of 1 April 2015
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[276] Visa issued by the United States is required.
Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[277]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). there is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[278][279]
 Republic of Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[280]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[281][282]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[283] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa required[270]
 Gibraltar Visa required[284] British visa is required.
 Guernsey Visa required[285] British visa is required.
 Isle of Man Visa required[286] British visa is required.
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[287] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[288]
 Jersey Visa required[289] British visa is required.
 Kosovo Visa required[290] Visa free for a maximum stay of 15 days for valid visa holders or residents of the Schengen Area member states.[290]
  • Do not need a visa a holder of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa , a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[291]
 Republic of Artsakh Visa required[292][293] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[294]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[295]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[296][297]
 Svalbard Visa not required Svalbard Treaty allows everybody may live and work in Svalbard indefinitely regardless of country of citizenship.
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24 hours.[298][299]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa required[300]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[301]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[302]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[303]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[304]
 French Polynesia Visa required[305]
 Guam Visa required[306] US visa is required.
 New Caledonia Visa required[229]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required US visa is required.
 Niue Visa not required 30 days[307]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[308][309][310]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[311][312][313][314][315][316][317]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[229]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required[318]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[319][320]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[321][322][323][324][325][326][327][328][329][330][331][332]

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[333]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages for the holder:[334]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • may undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of a visa interview (United States)

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[335] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[336] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[337]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, Qatar, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[338][339] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[340]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[341] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[342]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[343] Lebanon,[344] Libya,[345] Saudi Arabia,[346] Sudan,[347] Syria[348] and Yemen[349] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [350] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[351][352] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[353] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[354] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[355] As of January 2019 the list contains 795 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [356]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[citation needed]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[357]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[358][359] Argentina,[360] Brunei, Cambodia,[361] China,[362] Ethiopia,[363] Ghana, India, Japan,[364][365] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[366] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[367] Singapore, South Korea,[368] and Taiwan.[369]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[370][371]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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Notes[edit]