Visa requirements for German citizens

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A German identity card is valid for travel to most European countries

Visa requirements for German citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Germany. As of 1 January 2017, German citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 176 countries and territories, ranking the German passport 1st in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[1][2] Additionally, the World Tourism Organization also published a report on 15 January 2016 ranking the German passport 1st in the world (tied with Denmark, Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, Singapore and the United Kingdom) in terms of travel freedom, with the mobility index of 160 (out of 215 with no visa weighted by 1, visa on arrival weighted by 0.7, eVisa by 0.5 and traditional visa weighted by 0).[3]

Recent[edit]

Recently visa requirements for German citizens were lifted by Kyrgyzstan (July 2012),[4] Mongolia (September 2013),[5] Kazakhstan (July 2014-December 2017),[6] United Arab Emirates, Timor-Leste, Samoa (May 2015),[7][8][9][10] Indonesia (June 2015),[11][12] Vietnam (July 2015-June 30, 2017),[13][14][15] Sao Tome and Principe (August 2015),[16] Tonga (November 2015),[17] Palau (December 2015),[18] Marshall Islands (June 2016),[19] Tuvalu (July 2016),[20] Solomon Islands (October 2016)[21] and Belarus (February 2017).[22]

Myanmar made German citizens eligible for eVisas in September 2014.[23] India made German citizens eligible for e-Tourist Visa in November 2014.[24] Tajikistan introduced eVisas for German citizens in June 2016.[25][26] Azerbaijan introduced eVisas for German citizens in January 2017.[27]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for German citizens
  Freedom of movement
  Visa-free / electronic authorization
  Visa on arrival
  Limited visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[28]
 Albania Visa not required[29] 90 days; ID card valid
 Algeria Visa required[30]
 Andorra Visa not required[31] ID card valid
 Angola Visa required[32]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[33] 6 months
 Argentina Visa not required[34] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[35] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[36] 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[37] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Azerbaijan eVisa[38] 30 days[39]
 Bahamas Visa not required[40] 8 months
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[41] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[42] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[43] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[44] 5 days, must arrive via Minsk International Airport;
Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport
if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[45]
 Belgium Visa not required[46] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Belize Visa not required[47] 1 month
 Benin Visa required[48]
 Bhutan Visa required[49] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Bolivia Visa not required[50] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[51] 90 days within any 6 month period; ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[52] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[53] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa not required[54] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[55] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[56] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[57]
 Cambodia Visa on arrival[58] 30 days. Visa is also obtainable online.[59]
 Cameroon Visa required[60] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Canada Visa not required[61] 6 months; eTA required if arriving by air.[62]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[63]
 Central African Republic Visa required[64]
 Chad Visa required[65]
 Chile Visa not required[66] 90 days
 China Visa required[67] 72-hours visa free visit when in transit at Beijing, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Harbin, Kunming, Qingdao, Shenyang, Tianjin, Wuhan, Xi'an and Xiamen.
144-hours visa free visit when in transit at Hangzhou, Nanjing and Shanghai's Hongqiao and Pudong international airports, Railway Station and port.
 Colombia Visa not required[68] 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[69]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[70]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[71]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[72] 90 days
 Ivory Coast Visa required[73] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Croatia Visa not required[74] Freedom of movement;[75] ID card valid
 Cuba Tourist Card required[76]
 Cyprus Visa not required[77] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Czech Republic Visa not required[78] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Denmark Visa not required[79] Freedom of movement; ID card valid (DK)
 Djibouti Visa on arrival[80]
 Dominica Visa not required[81] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Tourist Card on arrival[82] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[83] 90 days
 Egypt Visa on arrival[84] 30 days; ID card valid
 El Salvador Visa not required[85] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[86]
 Eritrea Visa required[87] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Estonia Visa not required[88] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Ethiopia Visa on arrival[89]
 Fiji Visa not required[90] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[91] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 France Visa not required[92] Freedom of movement; ID card valid (in Regions of France)
 Gabon e-Visa[93] Electronic visa holders must arrive via Libreville International Airport.
 Gambia Visa not required[94] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[95] 1 year
 Ghana Visa required[96] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[97] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Grenada Visa not required[98] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[99] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[100]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[101] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[102] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[103] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[104] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[105] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Iceland Visa not required[106] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 India e-Visa[107] 60 days; e-Visa holders must arrive via 24 designated airports or 3 designated seaports.[108]
 Indonesia Visa not required[109] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[110] 30 days[111]
 Iraq Visa required[112]
 Ireland Visa not required[113] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Israel Visa not required[114] 3 months for tourism only [115] German citizens born before January 1, 1928 need a visa which will be issued for free if one was not a member of the Nazi party or involved in crimes committed during the time of Nazi Germany.
 Italy Visa not required[116] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Jamaica Visa not required[117] 90 days
 Japan Visa not required[118] 90 days, extendable once
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[119] Conditions apply[120]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[121] 30 days[122]
 Kenya eVisa[123] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[124] 90 days within any 180 day period
 North Korea Visa required[125]
 South Korea Visa not required[126] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa[127] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[128] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[129] 30 days
 Latvia Visa not required[130] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[131] 1 month extendable for 2 additional months; granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[132] 14 days
 Liberia Visa required[133] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[134] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[135] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Lithuania Visa not required[136] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Luxembourg Visa not required[137] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Macedonia Visa not required[138] 90 days; ID card valid
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[139] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[140]
 Malaysia Visa not required[141] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[142] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[143]
 Malta Visa not required[144] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[145] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[146] Available at Nouakchott–Oumtounsy International Airport.
 Mauritius Visa not required[147] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[148] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[149] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[150] 90 days within any 6 month period; ID card valid
 Monaco Visa not required[151] ID card valid
 Mongolia Visa not required[152] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[153] 90 days; ID card valid for 30 days
 Morocco Visa not required[154] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[155] 30 days[156]
 Myanmar eVisa[157] 28 days. eVisa holders must arrive via Yangon, Nay Pyi Taw or Mandalay airports.
 Namibia Visa not required[158] 3 months within a calendar year
 Nauru Visa required[159]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[160] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[161] Freedom of movement; ID card valid (European Netherlands)
 New Zealand Visa not required[162] 3 months
 Nicaragua Visa not required[163] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[164]
 Nigeria Visa required[165] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Norway Visa not required[166] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Oman Visa on arrival[167] 3 months
 Pakistan Visa required[168] Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[169]
 Palau Visa not required[170] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[171] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Free visa on arrival[172][173] 60 days. Free of charge.
 Paraguay Visa not required[174] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[175] 90 days within any 6 month period[176]
 Philippines Visa not required[177] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[178] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Portugal Visa not required[179] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Qatar Visa on arrival[180] 1 month
 Romania Visa not required[181] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Russia Visa required[182]
 Rwanda Visa on arrival[183][184] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[185] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[186] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[187] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[188] 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[189] ID card valid
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[190] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[191]
 Senegal Visa not required[192] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[193] 90 days within any 6 month period; ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[194] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[195] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Singapore Visa not required[196] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[197] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Slovenia Visa not required[198] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[199] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa required[200] Visa may be obtained on arrival, provided an invitation letter by the sponsor had been submitted to the authorities before arrival.
 South Africa Visa not required[201] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[202]
 Spain Visa not required[203] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Sri Lanka Electronic Travel Authorization[204] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[205]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[206] 90 days
 Swaziland Visa not required[207] 30 days
 Sweden Visa not required[208] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
  Switzerland Visa not required[209] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 Syria Visa required[210]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[211] 45 days at Dushanbe International Airport. Visa also available online. E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[25]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[212]
 Thailand Visa not required[213] 30 days (maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air)
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[214] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[215] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[17] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[216] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[217] 4 months; ID card valid in certain cases
 Turkey Visa not required[218] 3 months ; ID card valid[219] Former Turkish citizens with a

Turkish "Blue Card" (Mavi Kart): Freedom of movement.[220]

 Turkmenistan Visa required[221] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tuvalu Visa not required[222] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda Visa on arrival[223] May apply online.[224]
 Ukraine Visa not required[225] 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[226] 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Kingdom Visa not required[227] Freedom of movement; ID card valid
 United States Visa Waiver Program[228] 90 days on arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[229]
 Uruguay Visa not required[230] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa required[231] Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival. Simplified procedure for German citizens.[232]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[233] 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[234] ID card valid
 Venezuela Visa not required[235] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa not required[236] 15 days; effective from 1 July 2015 - 30 June 2017.[14][15] A single entry eVisa valid for 30 days is also available.[237]
 Yemen Visa required[238]
 Zambia Visa on arrival[239] 90 days; also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[240] 3 months; also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for German citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[241]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[242][243]
Belarus Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park Visa not required 3 days;[244] must first obtain an electronic pass[245]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[246]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[247][248]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[249] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[79]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[250]
 Guernsey Visa not required[251]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[252]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[253] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[254]
 Jersey Visa not required[255]
 Kosovo[a] Visa not required 90 days[256]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[257][258] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[259]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[260][261]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[262]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[263][264]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[265][266]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[267]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[268]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[269]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[270]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[271]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[272][273]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[274]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa on arrival[275] 15 days. Available at Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.
Visa not required for 21 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (2 or more people)[276]
 Hong Kong Visa not required 3 months[277]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[278][279][280][281][282][283]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[112]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[284]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[285]
 Macao Visa not required 90 days[286]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[287]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[288]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[289] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[290]
 Taiwan Visa not required 90 days[291]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[292][293][294]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[295][296][297]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[298]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required 30 days[299]
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[300]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[301]
 Aruba Visa not required 30 days, extendable to 180 days[302][303]
 Bermuda Visa not required Up to 6 months, decided on arrival.[304]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required 3 months[305][306]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 30 days, extensions possible[307]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[308]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[309]
 Curacao Visa not required 3 months[310]
 Greenland Visa not required[79]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[311]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[312][313]
 Puerto Rico Visa Waiver Program[314] 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required
 Sint Maarten Visa not required 3 months[315][316]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[317]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa Waiver Program[318] 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa not required[319] 30 days
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[320]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[321]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[322]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[323]
 Guam Visa Waiver Program[324] 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[325]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[326] Visa not required under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[327][328][329]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[330][331][332][333][334][335][336]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[337]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[338]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[339][340]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[341][342][343][344][345][346][347][348][349][350][351]

Vaccination[edit]

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination. Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[352]

Passport validity[edit]

Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.[353]

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Cambodia, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra - 3 months and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah - on arrival), Israel, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, countries requiring passport validity of at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia, Zambia, countries requiring passport validity of at least 3 months on arrival include Georgia, Honduras, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Moldova, Nauru, Panama, United Arab Emirates and countries requiring passport validity of at least 1 month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand, South Africa.[354] Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or passport valid throughout the period of intended stay.

Conflicts[edit]

Israel, subject to the Arab League boycott, does not stamp passports anymore. Instead, it issues ID cards to visitors. Previously, it was possible to get the stamp on a separate piece of paper. Iran,[355] Kuwait,[356] Lebanon,[357] Libya,[358] Saudi Arabia,[359] Sudan,[360] Syria[361] and Yemen[362] do not allow entry to people with evidence of travel to Israel, or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa.

However, similar conflicts exist between other countries. Visitors with passport stamp of such countries may have trouble to enter the other countries. Germany allows its citizens to hold several German passports (two or three, in extreme cases up to ten) to circumvent such travel restrictions. However, these additional passports are valid only for a maximum of six years, even if the "main passport" is valid for ten years. Holding a German passport and a foreign passport at the same time, that is, dual citizenship, is restricted under the current German nationality law. Germany allows dual citizenship with other EU countries and Switzerland; dual citizenship with other countries is possible with special permission or if obtained at birth. Dual citizenship is also routinely granted when the other citizenship cannot be renounced or renunciation would be practically impossible.

Fingerprinting[edit]

Several countries including Afghanistan, Argentina, Burundi, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and the United States demand all passengers to be fingerprinted on arrival.[363][364][365][366][367][368][369][370][371] Countries capturing other biometric data like iris pattern include Jordan,[372] Oman[372] and United Arab Emirates.[373]

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

When in a non-EU country where there is no German embassy, German citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official German passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - Algeria (diplomatic passports), Ghana (diplomatic, official, or service passports), India (diplomatic passports), Kazakhstan (diplomatic passports), Pakistan (diplomatic passports), Russia (diplomatic passports) and Vietnam (diplomatic passports). Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.

Notes and References[edit]

Notes:

References

  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Visa Openness Report 2016" (PDF). World Tourism Organization. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ [4]
  7. ^ EU signs visa waiver agreement with Timor Leste
  8. ^ EU signs visa waiver agreements with 7 ACP countries
  9. ^ EU signs visa waiver agreement with the United Arab Emirates
  10. ^ Agreement between the European Union and the United Arab Emirates on the short-stay visa waiver
  11. ^ Indonesia Formally Waives Visa Requirements for 45 Countries
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ a b Visa exemption for visitors from five countries extended
  15. ^ a b Vietnam renews visa waiver program for Europeans
  16. ^ São Tomé and Príncipe grants visa exemptions to citizens of Europe and the US
  17. ^ a b Agreement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Tonga on the short-stay visa waiver
  18. ^ http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/documents-publications/agreements-conventions/agreement/?aid=2015058
  19. ^ EU and Marshall Islands sign visa-waiver agreement
  20. ^ EU and Tuvalu Sign Visa Waiver Agreement
  21. ^ https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/eu_press_release_-_visa_waiver_si_0.pdf
  22. ^ [7]
  23. ^ [8]
  24. ^ [9]
  25. ^ a b https://www.evisa.tj
  26. ^ http://mfa.tj/ru/novosti-i-sobytiya/o-vvedenii-sistemy-vydachi-elektronnoy-vizy.html
  27. ^ ASAN Visa portal launched
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  39. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
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  93. ^ Gabon e-Visa
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  107. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 
  108. ^ e-Visa
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  110. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
  111. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
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  115. ^ Accord allows Israeli tourists to work in Germany for six months
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  120. ^ http://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_client.cgi?ExpertMode=TIDFT/JO/VI/IS/ID42022&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C
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  122. ^ [10]
  123. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
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  125. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
  126. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
  127. ^ Kuwait eVisa
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  156. ^ Mozambique Government Announces 30-day Tourist Visas now Available at Borders for all Visitors
  157. ^ Myanmar eVisa
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  172. ^ REVISED MIGRATION SERVICE FEES (MSF)
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  176. ^ REQUERIMIENTOS DE VISAS PARA CIUDADANOS EXTRANJEROS
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  219. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.tr/countries-whose-citizens-are-allowed-to-enter-turkey-with-their-national-id_s.en.mfa
  220. ^ http://www.tuerkei.diplo.de/Vertretung/tuerkei/de/03-rk/02-leben-und-arbeiten-in-der-tuerkei/leben-und-arbeiten-tur.html#topic4
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  224. ^ Uganda Electronic Visa/Permit Application System
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  230. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
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  232. ^ http://mfa.uz/en/consular/visa/
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  237. ^ E-visa
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  240. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
  241. ^ http://mfaapsny.org/aps/council/visa.php
  242. ^ http://www.athosfriends.org/PilgrimsGuide/planning/
  243. ^ http://www.mountathosinfos.gr/pages/agionoros/pilgrims_info.en.html
  244. ^ Visa-free trips to Belovezhskaya Pushcha as from 12 June
  245. ^ VISA-FREE TRAVEL THROUGH THE CHECKPOINT «PEREROV - BIALOWIEZA» FOR FOREIGN CITIZENS
  246. ^ Foreigners Now Need Russian Visa to Visit Crimea
  247. ^ http://www.korinia.com/living-north-cyprus.php
  248. ^ http://www.cypnet.co.uk/ncyprus/tourism/tourist.html
  249. ^ http://www.unficyp.org/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=1608&tt=graphic&lang=l1
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  251. ^ Do I require an entry clearance/ VISA
  252. ^ An overview of Immigration in the Isle of Man
  253. ^ http://www.jan-mayen.no/visit.htm
  254. ^ http://www.lovdata.no/for/sf/jd/xd-19620601-0001.html
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  256. ^ http://www.mfa-ks.net/?page=2,158
  257. ^ http://www.nkr.am/en/the-procedure-of-foreign-citizens-entry-to-the-nkr/92/
  258. ^ http://www.nkrusa.org/nkr_office/visa_travel.shtml
  259. ^ http://mfa.gov.az/index.php?options=content&id=587
  260. ^ Kiev declares passport control on border with rebel-held regions
  261. ^ Ukraine crisis: Kiev imposes passport control around rebel-held regions
  262. ^ "Russian Federation Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  263. ^ http://mfa-rso.su/node/55
  264. ^ http://mfa-rso.su/en/node/406
  265. ^ http://www.luxlana.net/Transdniestr.html
  266. ^ http://transnistria-tour.com/en/rules-and-tipps
  267. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/asia-oceania/british-indian-ocean-territory?ta=entryRequirements&pg=4
  268. ^ http://www.eritrea.be/MoT.htm
  269. ^ http://www.ascension-island.gov.ac/services/entry-permits/
  270. ^ http://www.sthelenatourism.com/the-island/useful-info/
  271. ^ http://www.tristandc.com/visitsadmin.php
  272. ^ http://www.lonelyplanet.com/somaliland-puntland-and-somalia/practical-information/visas
  273. ^ http://www.somalilandgov.com/Visa%20Application.htm
  274. ^ "Republic of South Sudan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  275. ^ https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&COUNTRY=CN&SECTION=VI&SUBSECTION=00&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C
  276. ^ Tours must be organized by a travel agent registered in Hainan province and approved by the National Tourism Administration of China.
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  278. ^ https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&COUNTRY=IN&SECTION=VI&SUBSECTION=00&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C
  279. ^ http://as.and.nic.in/TourismAND/TCorner/ForeignersNew.htm
  280. ^ http://arunachaltourism.com/entry_formalities.php
  281. ^ http://manipurbhawan.nic.in/entryformalities.htm
  282. ^ http://manipurhub.com/news/manipur/protected-area-permit-requirement-lifted-from-manipur-for-one-year/
  283. ^ http://lakshadweeptourism.nic.in/web9.htm
  284. ^ "Kazakhstan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  285. ^ "Iran Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  286. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
  287. ^ "Malaysia Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  288. ^ "Maldives Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  289. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
  290. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  291. ^ "Passport and visa requirements". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Flightworx. 
  292. ^ http://www.pamirs.org/visas.htm
  293. ^ http://www.traveltajikistan.com/visas/gbao.html
  294. ^ http://tajiktourism.com/tajikistan-visa/
  295. ^ http://www.xzta.gov.cn/yww/Essential/Notice/4719.shtml
  296. ^ http://www.tibettravel.org/tibet-travel-permit/tibet-permits.html
  297. ^ http://www.tibettravelplanner.com/travel_permit.htm
  298. ^ https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&COUNTRY=TM&SECTION=VI&SUBSECTION=AI&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C
  299. ^ http://www.vietseatourist.vn/News/category1/news-57/No-visa-required-for-tourists-to-Phu-Quoc-on-short-stay.html
  300. ^ "Yemen Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
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