Visa requirements for German citizens

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A German identity card is valid for travel to most European countries

Visa requirements for German citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Germany. As of October 2018, German citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 188 countries and territories, ranking the German passport 3rd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley & Partners Passport Index.[1] Additionally, the World Tourism Organization also published a report on 15 January 2016 ranking the German passport 1st in the world (tied with Denmark, Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, Singapore and the United Kingdom) in terms of travel freedom, with the mobility index of 160 (out of 215 with no visa weighted by 1, visa on arrival weighted by 0.7, eVisa by 0.5 and traditional visa weighted by 0).[2]

Recent[edit]

Recently visa requirements for German citizens were lifted by Belarus (February 2017),[3] Solomon Islands (October 2016),[4] Tuvalu (July 2016),[5] Marshall Islands (June 2016),[6] Palau (December 2015),[7] Tonga (November 2015),[8] Sao Tome and Principe (August 2015),[9] Vietnam (July 2015-June 30, 2021 at least),[10] Indonesia (June 2015),[11][12] United Arab Emirates, Timor-Leste, Samoa (May 2015),[13][14][15][16] Kazakhstan (July 2014),[17] Mongolia (September 2013)[18] and Kyrgyzstan (July 2012).[19]

German citizens were made eligible for eVisas recently by Angola (March 2018), Djibouti (February 2018),[20] Egypt (December 2017),[21] Azerbaijan (January 2017),[22] Tajikistan (June 2016),[23][24] India (e-Tourist visa from November 2014)[25] and Myanmar (September 2014).[26]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for German citizens
  Germany
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[27]
 Albania Visa not required[28] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[29]
 Andorra Visa not required[30]
 Angola eVisa[31][32] 30 days
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[36] 6 months
 Argentina Visa not required[37] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[38] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[39] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[40]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[41] 30 days[42]
 Bahamas Visa not required[43] 8 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[44] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[45] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[46] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[47] 30 days
  • Must arrive and depart via Minsk International Airport.
  • Visas for longer stays can be issued on arrival at the Minsk Airport if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[48] If arriving from Russia or any land border a pre-issued visa is required.
 Belgium Visa not required[49]
 Belize Visa not required[50] 1 month
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[51][52] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[53]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Bolivia Visa not required[54] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[55] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
  • ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[56] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[57] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa not required[58] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[59]
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[60] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[61]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[62] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[63]
 Cameroon Visa required[64]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Canada Visa not required[65] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[68]
 Central African Republic Visa required[69]
 Chad Visa required[70]
 Chile Visa not required[71] 90 days
 China Visa required[72]
 Colombia Visa not required[76] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[77]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[78]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[79]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[80] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[81]
 Croatia Visa not required[82]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[83]
 Cyprus Visa not required[84]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[85]
 Denmark Visa not required[86]
  • Freedom of movement (in mainland Denmark)
  • ID card valid (not for Greenland)
 Djibouti eVisa[87] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[88] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[89] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[90] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[91][92] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[93] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[94]
 Eritrea Visa required[95]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Estonia Visa not required[96]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[97]
 Fiji Visa not required[98] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[99]
 France Visa not required[100]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[101] 90 days
 Gambia Visa not required[103] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[104] 1 year
 Ghana Visa required[105]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[106]
 Grenada Visa not required[107] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[108] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[109]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[110] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[111] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[112] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[113] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[114]
 Iceland Visa not required[115]
 India eVisa[116] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][117]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[118] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[119] 30 days[120]
 Iraq Visa required[121]
 Ireland Visa not required[122]
 Israel Visa not required[123]
  • 3 months for tourism only.[124]
  • German citizens born before January 1, 1928 need a visa which will be issued for free if one was not a member of the Nazi party or involved in crimes committed during the time of Nazi Germany.
 Italy Visa not required[125]
 Jamaica Visa not required[126] 90 days
 Japan Visa not required[127] 90 days
  • Extendable once.
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[128]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[130] 30 days[131]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[132] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[133] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 North Korea Visa required[134]
 South Korea Visa not required[135] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[136] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[137] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[138] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[139]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[140]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[141] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[142] 14 days
 Liberia Visa required[143]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[144]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[145]
 Lithuania Visa not required[146]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[147]
 Macedonia Visa not required[148] 90 days
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[149] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[150]
 Malaysia Visa not required[151] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[152] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[153]
 Malta Visa not required[154]
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[155] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[156]
 Mauritius Visa not required[157] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[158] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[159] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[160] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  • ID card valid
 Monaco Visa not required[161]
 Mongolia Visa not required[162] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[163] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[164] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[165] 30 days[166]
 Myanmar eVisa[167] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[168] 3 months
  • 3 months within a calendar year
 Nauru Visa required[169]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[170] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[171]
 New Zealand Visa not required[172] 3 months
 Nicaragua Visa not required[173] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[174]
 Nigeria Visa required[175]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Norway Visa not required[176]
 Oman eVisa[177] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[178]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days.
  • Visa on arrival when travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[180]
 Palau Visa not required[181] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[182] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Free visa on arrival[183][184] 60 days
  • Free of charge.
 Paraguay Visa not required[185] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[186] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period[187]
 Philippines Visa not required[188] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[189]
 Portugal Visa not required[190]
 Qatar eVisa / Visa on arrival[191] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[192]
 Russia Visa required[193]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[194][195] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[196] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[197] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[198] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[199] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[200]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[201] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[202]
 Senegal Visa not required[203] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[204] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
  • ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[205] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[206]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Singapore Visa not required[207] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[208]
 Slovenia Visa not required[209]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[210] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa on arrival[211]
 South Africa Visa not required[212] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[213]
 Spain Visa not required[214]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[215] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[216]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[217] 90 days
 Swaziland Visa not required[218] 30 days
 Sweden Visa not required[219]
  Switzerland Visa not required[220]
 Syria Visa required[221]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[222] 45 days
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[223]
 Thailand Visa not required[224] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[225] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[226] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[8] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[227] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period


 Tunisia Visa not required[228] 4 months
 Turkey Visa not required[229] 3 months
  • ID card valid[230]
  • Former Turkish citizens with a Turkish "Blue Card" (Mavi Kart): Freedom of movement.[231]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[232]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tuvalu Visa not required[233] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[234]
 Ukraine Visa not required[236] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[237] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Kingdom Visa not required[238]
 United States Visa Waiver Program[239] 90 days
  • On arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[240]
 Uruguay Visa not required[241] 90 days
 Uzbekistan eVisa[242][243] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[244]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[245] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[246]
 Venezuela Visa not required[247] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa not required[248] 15 days
  • A single entry eVisa valid for 30 days is also available.[249]
 Yemen Visa required[250]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[251] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[252] 3 months
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for German citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[253]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[254][255]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[256]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[257]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[258][259]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[260] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[86]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[261]
 Guernsey Visa not required[262]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[263]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[264] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[265]
 Jersey Visa not required[266]
 Kosovo[a] Visa not required 90 days[267]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[268][269] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[270]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[271][272]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[273]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[274][275]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[276][277]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[278]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[279]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[280]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[281]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[282]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[283][284]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[285]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa on arrival[286] 15 days. Available at Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.
Visa not required for 21 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (2 or more people)[287]
 Hong Kong Visa not required 3 months[288]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[289][290][291][292][293][294]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[121]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[295]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[296]
 Macao Visa not required 90 days[297]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[298]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[299]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[300] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[301]
 Taiwan Visa not required 90 days[302]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OVIR permit required OVIR permit required, can be obtained with e-visa application for an additional $20. Locally it may be obtained for 15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) Another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[303][304][305]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[306][307][308]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[309]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required 30 days[310]
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[311]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[312]
 Aruba Visa not required 30 days, extendable to 180 days[313][314]
 Bermuda Visa not required Up to 6 months, decided on arrival.[315]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required 3 months[316][317]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 30 days, extensions possible[318]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[319]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[320]
 Curacao Visa not required 3 months[321]
 Greenland Visa not required[86]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[322]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[323][324]
 Puerto Rico Visa Waiver Program[325] 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required
 Sint Maarten Visa not required 3 months[326][327]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[328]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa Waiver Program[329] 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Electronic authorization[330] 30 days
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[331]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[332]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[333]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[334]
 Guam Visa Waiver Program[335] 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[336]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[337] Visa not required under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[338][339][340]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[341][342][343][344][345][346][347]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[348]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[349]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[350][351]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[352][353][354][355][356][357][358][359][360][361][362]

Vaccination[edit]

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination. Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[363]

Passport validity[edit]

Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.[364]

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Cambodia, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra - 3 months and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah - on arrival), Israel, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, countries requiring passport validity of at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia, Zambia, countries requiring passport validity of at least 3 months on arrival include Georgia, Honduras, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Moldova, Nauru, Panama, United Arab Emirates and countries requiring passport validity of at least 1 month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand, South Africa.[365] Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or passport valid throughout the period of intended stay.

Conflicts[edit]

Israel, subject to the Arab League boycott, does not stamp passports anymore. Instead, it issues ID cards to visitors. Previously, it was possible to get the stamp on a separate piece of paper. Kuwait,[366] Lebanon,[367] Libya,[368] Saudi Arabia,[369] Sudan,[370] Syria[371] and Yemen[372] do not allow entry to people with evidence of travel to Israel, or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa.

  • Iran: Admission is refused for holders of passports containing an Israeli visa/stamp in the last 12 months[373][better source needed]

However, similar conflicts exist between other countries. Visitors with passport stamp of such countries may have trouble to enter the other countries. Germany allows its citizens to hold several German passports (two or three, in extreme cases up to ten) to circumvent such travel restrictions. However, these additional passports are valid only for a maximum of six years, even if the "main passport" is valid for ten years. Holding a German passport and a foreign passport at the same time, that is, dual citizenship, is restricted under the current German nationality law. Germany allows dual citizenship with other EU countries and Switzerland; dual citizenship with other countries is possible with special permission or if obtained at birth. Dual citizenship is also routinely granted when the other citizenship cannot be renounced or renunciation would be practically impossible.

Fingerprinting[edit]

Several countries including Afghanistan, Argentina, Burundi, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and the United States demand all passengers to be fingerprinted on arrival.[374][375][376][377][378][379][380][381][382] Countries capturing other biometric data like iris pattern include Jordan,[383] Oman[383] and United Arab Emirates.[384]

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

When in a non-EU country where there is no German embassy, German citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

Currently (2017), Germany manages 226 diplomatic missions worldwide. There are also 354 unpaid honorary consuls. See also List of diplomatic missions of Germany.

Diplomatic missions of Germany

Currently, there are no German diplomatic missions (but in some cases honorary consuls) in

Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Cook Islands, Comores, Dominica, East Timor, Fiji, The Gambia, Grenada, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Maledives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Monaco, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, Somalia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.

Germany regularly publishes travel warnings on the website of the Auswärtiges Amt (Federal Foreign Office) to its citizens. The Office allows German citizens to register online in a special list, the Krisenvorsorgeliste ("Crisis-Prevention List") before they travel abroad (Elektronische Erfassung von Deutschen im Ausland [ELEFAND] Electronic Registration of Germans Being Abroad). With a password, the registered persons can changed or update their data. The registration is voluntary and free of charge. It can be used for longer stays (longer than 6 months), but also for a vacation of only two weeks. The earliest date of registration is 10 days before the planned trip.

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official German passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - Algeria (diplomatic passports), Ghana (diplomatic, official, or service passports), India (diplomatic passports), Kazakhstan (diplomatic passports), Pakistan (diplomatic passports), Russia (diplomatic passports) and Vietnam (diplomatic passports). Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

See also[edit]

Annotations, References and Notes[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)