Visa requirements for Italian citizens

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Visa requirements for Italian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Italy. As of May 2018, Italian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 187 countries and territories, ranking the Italian passport 3rd in terms of travel freedom (tied with the Finnish, French, South Korean, Spanish and Swedish passports) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] Additionally, the World Tourism Organization also published a report on 15 January 2016 ranking the Italian passport 1st in the world (tied with Denmark, Finland, Germany, Luxembourg, Singapore and the United Kingdom) in terms of travel freedom, with the mobility index of 160 (out of 215 with no visa weighted by 1, visa on arrival weighted by 0.7, eVisa by 0.5 and traditional visa weighted by 0).[2]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Italian citizens
  Italy
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements by country[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[3]
 Albania Visa not required[4] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[5]
 Andorra Visa not required[6]
 Angola eVisa[7][8] 30 days
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[12] 3 months
 Argentina Visa not required[13] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[14] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[15] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[16]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[17] 30 days[18]
 Bahamas Visa not required[19] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[20] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[21] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[22] 3 months
 Belarus Visa not required[23] 5 days
  • Must arrive via Minsk International Airport
  • Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[24]
 Belgium Visa not required[25]
 Belize Visa not required[26] 1 month
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[27][28] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[29]
 Bolivia Visa not required[30] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[31] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
  • ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[32] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[33] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa not required[34] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[35]
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[36] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[37]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[38] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[39]
 Cameroon Visa required[40]
 Canada Visa not required[41] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[44]
 Central African Republic Visa required[45]
 Chad Visa required[46]
 Chile Visa not required[47] 90 days
 China Visa required[48]
 Colombia Visa not required[52] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[53]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[54]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[55]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[56] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[57] 90 days
  • Visa is obtained online.[58]
 Croatia Visa not required[59]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[60]
 Cyprus Visa not required[61]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[62]
 Denmark Visa not required[63]
  • Freedom of movement (DK)
  • ID card valid
 Djibouti eVisa[64] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[65] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[66] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[67] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[68][69] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[70] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[71]
 Eritrea Visa required[72]
 Estonia Visa not required[73]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[74]
 Fiji Visa not required[75] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[76]
 France Visa not required[77]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[78] 90 days
 Gambia Visa not required[80] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[81] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[82]
 Ghana Visa required[83]
 Greece Visa not required[84]
 Grenada Visa not required[85] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[86] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[87]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[88] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[89] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[90] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[91] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[92]
 Iceland Visa not required[93]
 India eVisa[94] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 25 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][95]
  • e-Tourist Visa can be obtained twice in a calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[96] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[97] 30 days[98]
 Iraq Visa required[99] 15 days
 Ireland Visa not required[100]
 Israel Visa not required[101] 3 months
 Jamaica Visa not required[102] 90 days
 Japan Visa not required[103] 90 days
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[104]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[106] 30 days[107]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[108] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[109] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 North Korea Visa required[110]
  • Tourist visa approved via tour agencies.
 South Korea Visa not required[111] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[112] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[113] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[114] 30 days
 Latvia Visa not required[115]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[116] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[117]
 Liberia Visa required[118]
 Libya Visa required[119]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[120]
 Lithuania Visa not required[121]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[122]
 Macedonia Visa not required[123] 90 days
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[124] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[125]
 Malaysia Visa not required[126] 3 months
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[127] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[128]
 Malta Visa not required[129]
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[130] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[131]
 Mauritius Visa not required[132] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[133] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[134] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[135] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[136]
 Mongolia Visa required[137]
 Montenegro Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[139] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[140] 30 days[141]
 Myanmar eVisa[142] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[143] 3 months
  • 3 months within a calendar year
 Nauru Visa required[144]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[145] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[146]
 New Zealand Visa not required[147] 3 months
 Nicaragua Visa not required[148] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[149]
 Nigeria Visa required[150]
 Norway Visa not required[151]
 Oman eVisa[152] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[153]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days.
  • Visa on arrival when travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[155]
 Palau Visa not required[156] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[157] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Free visa on arrival[158][159] 60 days
  • Free of charge.
 Paraguay Visa not required[160] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[161] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period[162]
 Philippines Visa not required[163] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[164]
 Portugal Visa not required[165]
 Qatar eVisa / Visa on arrival[166] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[167]
 Russia Visa required[168]
  • 72-hours visa free visit when entering by regular ferry via port of St. Petersburg, provided that a passenger spends the night on-board or in accommodation specifically approved by the travel agency.[169]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[170] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[171] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[172] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[173] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[174] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[175]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[176] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[177]
 Senegal Visa not required[178] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[179]
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
  • ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[180] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[181]
 Singapore Visa not required[182] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[183]
 Slovenia Visa not required[184]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[185] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa on arrival[186]
 South Africa Visa not required[187] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[188]
 Spain Visa not required[189]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[190] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[191]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[192] 90 days
 Swaziland Visa not required[193] 30 days
 Sweden Visa not required[194]
  Switzerland Visa not required[195]
 Syria Visa required[196]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[197] 45 days
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[199]
 Thailand Visa not required[200] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[201] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[202] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[203] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[204] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[205] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[206] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[208]
 Tuvalu Visa not required[209] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[210]
 Ukraine Visa not required[212] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[213] 90 days
 United Kingdom Visa not required[216]
  • Freedom of movement (in Constituent countries)
  • ID card valid
 United States Visa Waiver Program[217] 90 days
  • On arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[218]
 Uruguay Visa not required[219] 90 days
 Uzbekistan eVisa[220][221] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[222] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[223]
 Venezuela Visa not required[224] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa not required[225] 15 days
  • A single entry eVisa valid for 30 days is also available.[226]
 Yemen Visa required[227]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[228] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[229] 3 months

Visa requirements for various territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Italian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas and restricted zones:

Europe
Africa
Asia
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Oceania
South America
  • Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos — Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[307]
South Atlantic and Antarctica

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official Italian passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - Algeria (diplomatic or service passports), Angola (diplomatic or service passports), Azerbaijan (diplomatic or service passports), Egypt (diplomatic, official, service or special passports), Kazakhstan (diplomatic passports), Kuwait (diplomatic passports), Libya (diplomatic, official or service passports), Niger (diplomatic passports), Qatar (diplomatic, service or special passports), Uganda (diplomatic passports), Russia (diplomatic passports) and Vietnam (diplomatic passports) . Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

Diplomatic missions of Italy

When in a non-EU country where there is no Italian embassy Italian citizens, as EU citizens, have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of Italy.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Passport validity length[edit]

Many countries require passports to be valid for at least 6 months upon arrival.[323] However, some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[324][325] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[326]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah), Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Somaliland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen and Zimbabwe.[327]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include European Union countries (except Denmark, Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals); Albania; Belarus; Georgia; Honduras; Iceland; Jordan; Kuwait, Lebanon; Liechtenstein; Moldova; Monaco; Nauru; Panama, Saint Barthélemy; San Marino; Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand and South Africa.[328]

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[329] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[330]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[331] Lebanon,[332] Libya,[333] Saudi Arabia,[334] Sudan,[335] Syria[336] and Yemen[337] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [338] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[339][340] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[341] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[342] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[343] As of late 2017 the list contains 699 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example, Canada and the United States[344]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[345]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[346]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[347][348] Argentina,[349] Brunei, Cambodia,[350] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[351] Ethiopia,[352] Ghana, India, Japan,[353][354] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[355] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[356] Singapore, South Korea,[357] Taiwan[358] and the United States.[359]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[360][361]


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2018" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "Visa Openness Report 2016" (PDF). World Tourism Organization. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  4. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  5. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  6. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  7. ^ SME E-VISA
  8. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  9. ^ SME E-VISA
  10. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  11. ^ SME cria condições para isenção e simplificação de vistos
  12. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  13. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  14. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  15. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  16. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  17. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  18. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  19. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  20. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  21. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  22. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  23. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  26. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  27. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  28. ^ eVisa Benin
  29. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  30. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  31. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  32. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  33. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  34. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  35. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  36. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ [2]
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  42. ^ canada.ca/eTA
  43. ^ Entry requirements by country:Visa-exempt
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  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  50. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
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  54. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  58. ^ [3]
  59. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  62. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  63. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  64. ^ eVisa
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  68. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  69. ^ "Egypt e-Visa Portal". Ministry of Interior (Egypt). Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  72. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  73. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  74. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  75. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  76. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  77. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  80. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  85. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  86. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  90. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  91. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  92. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  93. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  94. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 
  95. ^ e-Visa
  96. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  97. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  98. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
  99. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  100. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  101. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  102. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  103. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  104. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  105. ^ [4]
  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ [5]
  108. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  109. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  110. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  111. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  112. ^ Kuwait eVisa
  113. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  114. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  115. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  118. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  121. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  122. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  123. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  124. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  125. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  126. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  127. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  128. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  129. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  130. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  131. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  135. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  136. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  137. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  138. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  141. ^ Mozambique Government Announces 30-day Tourist Visas now Available at Borders for all Visitors
  142. ^ Myanmar eVisa
  143. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  144. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  145. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  146. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  147. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  148. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  149. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  150. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  151. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  152. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
  153. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  154. ^ Business Visa. Ministry of Interior of Pakistan
  155. ^ Group Tourism through Designated Tour Operators
  156. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  157. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  158. ^ REVISED MIGRATION SERVICE FEES (MSF)
  159. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  160. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  161. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  162. ^ REQUERIMIENTOS DE VISAS PARA CIUDADANOS EXTRANJEROS
  163. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  164. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  165. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  166. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  167. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  168. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  169. ^ "Постановление Правительства РФ N 397 О порядке пребывания на территории РФ иностранных граждан и лиц без гражданства, прибывающих в Российскую Федерацию в туристических целях на паромах". Travel.ru. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
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  175. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  176. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  177. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  178. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  180. ^ "Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Seychelles on the short-stay visa waiver". EUR-Lex. Official Journal of the European Union. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  181. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  182. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  183. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  184. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  185. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  186. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  187. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  188. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  189. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  190. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  191. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  192. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  193. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  194. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  195. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
  196. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  197. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  198. ^ https://www.evisa.tj
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  200. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  201. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  202. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  203. ^ Agreement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Tonga on the short-stay visa waiver
  204. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  205. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  206. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  207. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.tr/countries-whose-citizens-are-allowed-to-enter-turkey-with-their-national-id_s.en.mfa
  208. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  209. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  210. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  211. ^ Uganda Electronic Visa/Permit Application System
  212. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  213. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  214. ^ EU signs visa waiver agreement with the United Arab Emirates
  215. ^ Agreement between the European Union and the United Arab Emirates on the short-stay visa waiver
  216. ^ UK visa requirements: list for carriers, Government of the United Kingdom, 2 October 2017.
  217. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
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  219. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  220. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  221. ^ "OFFICIAL ELECTRONIC VISA PORTAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN". mfa.uz. Retrieved 14 July 2018. 
  222. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  223. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  224. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  225. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  226. ^ E-visa
  227. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  228. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  278. ^ Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda.
  279. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  280. ^ Visas, Tourism Board of the British Virgin Islands.
  281. ^ Visa-free and visa-required countries, Department of Immigration of the Cayman Islands.
  282. ^ Timatic
  283. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  284. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
  285. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  286. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  287. ^ Requirements to obtain a Turks and Caicos visitor's visa, Ministry of Border Control and Employment of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
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  326. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 6 July 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany – Passports expired within the last year / ID’s expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria – Valid ordinary passport 
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  334. ^ Michael Freund, Canada defends Saudi policy of shunning tourists who visited Israel, 2008-12-07, Jerusalem Post
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  340. ^ Azerbaijan doesn't allow Armenians in the country - Panarmenian.net
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  346. ^ Calder, Simon (24 April 2017). "Airline lobbying for a relaxation of draconian rules for London-Auckland travellers". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for travellers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently “strict requirements for travellers” in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration. 
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  348. ^ Nordland, Rod (19 November 2011). "In Afghanistan, Big Plans to Gather Biometric Data". Nytimes.com. 
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  350. ^ "Cambodia Foreign Entry Requirements". Us-passport-information.com. 
  351. ^ "China to require fingerprints of all foreign visitors as new security step". Boing Boing. 8 Feb 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The fingerprinting of foreigners will be introduced at Shenzhen airport in the south from Friday, and it will then be gradually rolled out at other entry points around the country, the ministry said in a statement. All foreign passport holders aged 14-70 will have to give their fingerprints, it said, without saying if other biometric data would also be collected. The ministry said the regulation would strengthen immigration controls and increase efficiency. 
  352. ^ "Äthiopien: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise". Auswaertiges-amt.de. 
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  361. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system. 
Notes