Visa requirements for Moldovan citizens

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Visa requirements for Moldovan citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Moldova by the authorities of other states. As of 26 March 2019, Moldovan citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 121 countries and territories, ranking the Moldovan passport 45th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the Micronesian passport) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

On 28 April 2014 Moldovan citizens were granted visa-free entry to 26 Schengen Area countries as well as Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania, countries that are applying the Schengen policy and also Monaco, San Marino, Andorra and Vatican City, countries that have no immigration control.[2] Visa waiver applies only to holders of biometric passports.[3]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Moldovan citizens
  Moldova
  Visa free
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorisation or eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[4]
 Albania Visa not required[5] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
 Algeria Visa required[6]
 Andorra Visa not required[7]
 Angola Visa required[8]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[9] 1 month
 Argentina Visa required[10]
 Armenia Visa not required[11]
 Australia Visa required[12]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[13]
 Austria Visa not required[14] 90 days
 Azerbaijan Visa not required[17] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  • If staying more than 10 days passengers visiting relatives must register with local police. If staying in a hotel, this will be arranged by the hotel.
  • Who are of Armenian descent Government of Azerbaijan bans the entry.
 Bahamas Visa not required[18] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa required[19]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[20] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[21] 28 days
 Belarus Visa not required[22]
 Belgium Visa not required[23] 90 days
 Belize Visa required[24]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[25][26] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[27]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[28] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[29] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
 Botswana Visa required[30]
 Brazil Visa required[31]
  • Visa waiver treaty signed but not yet ratified[32]
 Brunei Visa required[33]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[34] 90 days
 Burkina Faso Visa required[35]
 Burundi Visa required[36]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[37] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[38]
 Canada Visa required[39]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[40]
 Central African Republic Visa required[41]
 Chad Visa required[42]
 Chile Visa not required[43][44]
 China Visa required[45]
  • Visa not required for 30 days for travelling as part of an accredited tour group.
 Colombia Visa not required[46][47]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[48]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[49]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[50]
 Costa Rica Visa required[51]
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[52]
 Croatia Visa not required[53] 90 days
 Cuba Visa required[54]
 Cyprus Visa not required[Note 1][55] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[15][16]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[56] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[58] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[59] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[60]
 Ecuador Visa not required[61] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa[62][63]
 El Salvador Visa required[64]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[65]
 Eritrea Visa required[66]
 Estonia Visa not required[67] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa required[68]
 Ethiopia eVisa[69] up to 90 days
 Finland Visa not required[70] 90 days
 France Visa not required[71] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa[72]
 Gambia Visa required[73][74]
 Georgia Visa not required[75] 360 days[76]
 Germany Visa not required[77] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[78]
 Greece Visa not required[79] 90 days
 Grenada Visa on arrival[80] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa required[81]
 Guinea Visa required[82]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[83] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[84]
 Haiti Visa not required[85] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[86]
 Hungary Visa not required[87] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[88] 90 days
 India e-Visa[89] 60 days
 Indonesia Visa not required[90][91] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[92] 30 days[93]
 Iraq Visa required[94]
 Ireland Visa required[95]
 Israel Visa not required[96] 90 days
  • Biometric passports only.
 Italy Visa not required[97] 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[98] 4 months
 Jamaica Visa on arrival[99]
 Japan Visa required[100]
 Jordan Visa required[101]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[102] 90 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[103] 3 months
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Rwanda or Uganda.[104]
 Kiribati Visa required[105]
 North Korea Visa required[106]
 South Korea Visa required[107]
 Kuwait Visa required[108]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[109]
 Laos Visa on arrival[110] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 2] and at 13 border crossings[Note 3] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[111]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[112] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[113] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[114][115]
 Liberia Visa required[116]
 Libya Visa required[117]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[118] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[119] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[120] 90 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[121] 30 days
  • Free of charge.
 Malawi Visa on arrival[122]
 Malaysia Visa not required[123] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[124] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[125]
 Malta Visa not required[126] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa required[127]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[128]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[129] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[130]
 Micronesia Visa not required[131] 30 days
 Monaco Visa not required[132]
 Mongolia Visa required[133]
 Montenegro Visa not required[134][135] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Morocco Visa required[136]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[137] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[138]
 Namibia Visa not required[139] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[140]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[141] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[142] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa required[143]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[144] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[145]
 Nigeria Visa required[146]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[147][148] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[149] 90 days
 Oman eVisa[150] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[151]
 Palau Visa on arrival[152] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[153] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[154]
 Paraguay Visa required[155]
 Peru Visa not required[156] 183 days
 Philippines Visa required[157]
 Poland Visa not required[158] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[159] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[160] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[161] 90 days
 Russia Visa not required[162] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[163] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[164] 90 days
 Saint Lucia Visa required[165]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[166] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[167] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[168]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa required[169]
  • Visa is obtained online.[170]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[171]
 Senegal Visa required[172]
 Serbia Visa not required[173] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[174] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[175]
 Singapore Visa required[176]
  • May obtain online.
 Slovakia Visa not required[175] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[177] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visa required[178]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[179] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[180]
 South Sudan Visa required[181]
 Spain Visa not required[182] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[183] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[184]
 Suriname eVisa[185]
 Sweden Visa not required[177] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[186] 90 days
 Syria Visa required
  • According to the Law No. 2 of 2014 all visitors require visas prior to arrival.[187][188][189] According to the IATA database, visa may be obtained on arrival and is valid for 15 days.[190]
 Tajikistan Visa not required[191]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[192][193] 3 months
 Thailand Visa required[194]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[195] 30 days
 Tonga Visa required[196]
 Togo Visa on arrival[197] 7 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[198]
 Tunisia Visa not required[199][200] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[201] 90 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[204]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[205] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[206] 3 months
  • May apply online.[207]
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Rwanda.[104]
 Ukraine Visa not required[208] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[209]
 United Kingdom Visa required[210]
 United States Visa required[211]
 Uruguay Visa required[212]
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[213]
 Vanuatu Visa required[214]
  Vatican City Visa not required[215]
 Venezuela Visa required[216]
 Vietnam eVisa[217] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[218]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[219] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[220] 3 months

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Moldovan citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa not required[221]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[222][223]
 Republic of Crimea Visa not required De facto visa policy of Russia is applied.[224]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[225][226]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[227] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[228]
 Gibraltar Visa required[229]
 Guernsey Visa required[230]
 Isle of Man Visa required[231]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[232] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[233]
 Jersey Visa required[234]
 Kosovo Visa required[235]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa not required[236][237]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[238]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[239][240]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[241]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[242]
 Mayotte Visa not required[243] 90 days within 180 days
 Réunion Visa not required[243] 90 days within 180 days
 Ascension Island eVisa[244][245]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena eVisa[246][247]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[248]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[249][250]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[251]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Visa required[252]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[253][254][255][256][257][258]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[259]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[260]
 Macao Visa not required[261] 90 days
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[262]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[263] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[264]
 Taiwan Visa required[265]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[266][267][268]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[269][270][271]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[272]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[273]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Anguilla Visa required[274]
 Aruba Visa not required[275][276] 30 days
 Bermuda Visa required[277]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[278][279] 90 days
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[280]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[281]
 Curacao Visa not required[282] 90 days
France French Guiana Visa not required[243] 90 days within 180 days
France French West Indies Visa not required[243] French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
 Greenland Visa not required[228]
 Montserrat Electronic visa[283]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[284]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[243] 90 days within 180 days
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[285][286] 90 days
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[287]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[288]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Entry permit required[289]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[290]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[291] 31 days
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[292]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[243] 90 days within 180 days
 Guam Visa required[293]
 New Caledonia Visa required[294]
 Niue Visa on arrival[295] 30 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[296]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[297][298][299]
 Tokelau Entry permit required[300]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[301][302][303][304][305][306][307]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[308]
South Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required[309]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[310][311]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[312][313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322][323]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Moldovan passports are recognized by all countries of the world. However, in some rare cases, Moldovan citizens may be refused entry.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[332] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[333] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[334]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[335][336] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[337]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[338] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[339]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[340] Lebanon,[341] Libya,[342] Saudi Arabia,[343] Sudan,[344] Syria,[345] and Yemen[346] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [347] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[348][349] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[350] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[351] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[352] As of January 2019, the list contains 795 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[353] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[354]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[355][356] Argentina,[357] Brunei, Cambodia,[358] China,[359] Ethiopia,[360] Ghana, India, Japan[361][362], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [363], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[364] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[365] Singapore, South Korea,[366] Taiwan, Uganda[367] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[368] [369] [370] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[371]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[372] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[373][374] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[375] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at 3 land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[376][377]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Several countries including Argentina, Cambodia, Japan, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and the United States demand all passengers to be fingerprinted on arrival.[378][379][380][381][382][383][384]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  2. ^ Europe Grants Moldovan Citizens Visa-Free Travel
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  5. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  6. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  7. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  8. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  9. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  10. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  11. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  12. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  13. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  14. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 539/2001 of 15 March 2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad REGULATION (EU) No 259/2014 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 3 April 2014 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001
  17. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  18. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  19. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  20. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  21. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  22. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  23. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  24. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  25. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  26. ^ eVisa Benin
  27. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  28. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  29. ^ [2]
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Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Holders of biometric passports only.
  2. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  3. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)