Visa requirements for Paraguayan citizens

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Visa requirements for Paraguayan citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Paraguay. As of 26 March 2019, Paraguayan citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 143 countries and territories, ranking the Paraguayan passport 32nd with Grenada in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

In order to travel to another country, a Paraguayan citizen requires a passport, except within Mercosur when a Paraguayan Identity Card suffices.

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Paraguayan citizens
  Paraguay
  ID card travel
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of normal passports travelling for tourist purposes:

Paraguay is a full member of Mercosur. As such, its citizens enjoy unlimited access to any of the other full members (Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay) and associated members (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) with the right to residence and work, with no requirement other than nationality. Citizens of these nine countries (including Paraguay) may apply for the grant of "temporary residence" for up to two years in another country of the bloc.[2] Then, they may apply for "permanent residence" just before the term of their "temporary residence" expires.[3][4]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[5]
 Albania Visa not required[6] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[7]
 Andorra Visa not required[8]
 Angola Visa required[9]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[10]
 Argentina Visa not required[11] 3 months
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Argentina under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[12] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[13]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[14]
 Austria Visa not required[15] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa[16] 30 days[17]
 Bahamas Visa not required[18] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[19] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[20]
 Bangladesh Visa required[21]
 Barbados Visa required[22]
 Belarus Visa required[23]
  • Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport
    if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[24]
 Belgium Visa not required[25] 90 days
 Belize Visa not required[26] 90 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[27][28] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[29]
 Bolivia Visa not required[30] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Bolivia under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[31] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Botswana Visa not required[32] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brazil Visa not required[33] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Brazil under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Brunei Visa required[34]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[35] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[36]
 Burundi Visa required[37]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[38] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[39]
 Cameroon Visa required[40]
 Canada Visa required[41]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[42]
  • Not available at all entry points.[43]
 Central African Republic Visa required[44]
 Chad Visa required[45]
 Chile Visa not required[46] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Chile under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.|
 China Visa required[47]
 Colombia Visa not required[48] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period.
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Colombia under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[49]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[50]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[51]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[52] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[53]
 Croatia Visa not required[54] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[55]
 Cyprus Visa not required[56] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[58] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[59] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[60] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[61] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[62] 90 days[63]
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Ecuador under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Egypt Visa on arrival[64] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[65] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[66]
 Eritrea Visa required[67]
 Estonia Visa not required[68] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa required[69] 30 days[63]
 Ethiopia eVisa[70] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[71] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[72] 90 days
 France and territories Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa[74]
 Gambia Visa not required[75]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[76]
 Georgia eVisa[77]
 Germany Visa not required[78] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[79]
 Greece Visa not required[80] 90 days
 Grenada Visa required[81]
 Guatemala Visa not required[82] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[83]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[84] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[85]
 Haiti Visa not required[86] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[87] 3 months
 Hong Kong Visa not required[88] 30 days
 Hungary Visa not required[89] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[90] 90 days
 India e-Visa[91] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][92]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[93] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[94] 30 days
 Iraq Visa required[95]
 Ireland Visa not required[96] 3 months
 Israel Visa not required[97] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[98] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa not required[99] 30 days
 Japan Visa required[100]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[101]
  • Conditions apply.[102]
  • Not available at all entry points.[103]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[104]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[105] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[106]
 North Korea Visa required[107]
 South Korea Visa not required[108] 30 days
 Kuwait Visa required[109]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa[110]
 Laos Visa on arrival[112] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[113]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[114] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[115]
  • Visa on arrival 30 days.
 Lesotho eVisa[116][117]
 Liberia Visa required[118]
 Libya Visa required[119]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[120] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[121] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[122] 90 days
 Macedonia Visa not required[123] 90 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[124] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[125]
 Malaysia Visa not required[126] 1 month
 Maldives Visa on arrival[127] 30 days[63]
 Mali Visa required[128]
 Malta Visa not required[129] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa required[130]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[131]
 Mauritius Visa not required[132] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[133] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[134] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[135] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[136]
 Mongolia Visa required[137]
 Montenegro Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Morocco Visa required[139]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[140] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[142]
 Namibia Visa required[143]
 Nauru Visa required[144]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[145] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[146] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa required[147]
  • May transit without a visa.[148]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[149] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[150]
 Nigeria Visa required[151]
 Norway Visa not required[152] 90 days
 Oman eVisa[153] 30 days
 Pakistan Electronic Travel Authorization[154]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[155]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[156]
  • Online Visa eligible.[157]
 Palau Visa on arrival[158] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[159] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[160]
 Peru Visa not required[161] 183 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Peru under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Philippines Visa not required[162] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[163] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[164] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[165] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[166] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa not required[167] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[168] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[169] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[170] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[171] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[172] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[173]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[174]
  • Visa is obtained online.[175]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[176]
 Senegal Visa required[177]
 Serbia Visa not required[178] 30 days
  • 30 days within any year period
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[179] 3 months[63]
 Sierra Leone Visa required[180]
 Singapore Visa not required[181] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[182] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[183] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visa required[184]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[185] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[186] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[187]
 Spain Visa not required[188] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[189] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[190]
 Suriname eVisa / Tourist card on arrival[191] 90 days
  • Single entry tourist card valid for up to 90 days may be obtained online, on arrival at the airport or in any Surinamese representation abroad.[192]
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also avaible.[193]
 Sweden Visa not required[194] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[195] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[196]
 Tajikistan eVisa[197][198] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[199][200]
 Thailand Visa required[201]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[202] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[203]
 Togo Visa on arrival[204] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[205]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[206]
 Tunisia Visa required[207]
 Turkey Visa not required[208] 90 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[209]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[210] 1 month[63]
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[211]
  • Determined at the port of entry. May apply online.[212]
 Ukraine Visa not required[213] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[214] 90 days
 United Kingdom Visa not required[215] 6 months
 United States Visa required[216]
 Uruguay Visa not required[217] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Paraguayans can live and work legally in Uruguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Uzbekistan eVisa[218] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa required[219]
  Vatican City Visa not required[220]
 Venezuela Visa not required[221] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Paraguayan identity card that is less than 10 years old.[citation needed]
 Vietnam Visa required[222]
 Yemen Visa required[225]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[226] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[227]

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Paraguayan citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Kosovo Visa not required[228] 90 days

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[229] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[230] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[231]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[232][233] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[234]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[235] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[236]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[237] Lebanon,[238] Libya,[239] Saudi Arabia,[240] Sudan,[241] Syria,[242] and Yemen[243] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [244] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[245][246] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[247] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[248] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[249] As of January 2019, the list contains 795 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[250] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[251]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[252][253] Argentina,[254] Brunei, Cambodia,[255] China,[256] Ethiopia,[257] Ghana, India, Japan[258][259], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [260], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[261] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[262] Singapore, South Korea,[263] Taiwan, Uganda[264] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[265] [266] [267] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[268]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[269] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[270][271]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Residir e trabalhar no Mercosul" , www.mercosur.int
  3. ^ "Perguntas mais freqüentes sobre integração regional e MERCOSUL" (in Portuguese). MRE.
  4. ^ "Paraguai assina acordos sobre migração no Mercosul" (in Portuguese). ansa.it.
  5. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  6. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  7. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  8. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  9. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  10. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  11. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  12. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  13. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  14. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  15. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  16. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  17. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  18. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  19. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  24. ^ [2]
  25. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  26. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  27. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  28. ^ eVisa Benin
  29. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
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  31. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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  42. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  43. ^ Obtainable at Nelson Mandela International Airport, Cesária Évora Airport, Amílcar Cabral International Airport and Aristides Pereira International Airport.
  44. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  50. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  51. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  53. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  54. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  55. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  56. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  57. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  58. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  59. ^ eVisa
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  62. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  63. ^ a b c d e Extendable length of stay.
  64. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  68. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  69. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  70. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  71. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  72. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  73. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  74. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  75. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  76. ^ "ENTRY INTO THE GAMBIA. GAMBIA IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT". gid.gov.gm. 2017-12-23. Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  77. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  78. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  79. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  80. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  85. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  192. ^ Who can apply for E-Tourist Card?
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  195. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
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  236. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
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  271. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)