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Visa requirements for Russian citizens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Russian passport for international travel

Visa requirements for Russian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Russia.

As of 2024, Russian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 120 countries and territories, ranking the Russian passport 51st in the world according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

History

[edit]
Henley & Partners Passport Index. 2007 – Q1 2018. Russia.

Visa requirements for Russian citizens were lifted as the Soviet Union by the following countries/territories: Micronesia (18 December 1980);[2] as the Russian Federation by

Mexico has introduced Electronic Authorization for Russian citizens from 1 November 2010.

Visas on arrival were introduced by Iran (July 2005), Zimbabwe (20 November 2007), Bahrain (November 2008), Guinea-Bissau (April 2012), Mozambique (resumed in February 2017),[47] Gabon (12 October 2017), Rwanda (1 January 2018),[48] Benin (15 March 2018),[49] Taiwan (6 September 2018), Sierra Leone (5 September 2019), Saudi Arabia (28 September 2019), Myanmar (1 October 2019), Iraq (15 March 2021).[50]

Russian citizens were made eligible for eVisas by Singapore (December 2009), Sri Lanka (January 2012), Montserrat (September 2012), São Tomé and Príncipe (2012), Myanmar (1 September 2014), India made Russian citizens eligible for the e-Visa (27 November 2014), Kenya (2 July 2015), Gabon (15 June 2015), Australia (Electronic Visitor visa from 1 October 2015),[51] Uganda (1 July 2016).[52] Lesotho (1 May 2017), Saint Helena (2018), Djibouti (18 February 2018),[53] Oman (7 May 2018),[54] Tanzania (26 November 2018),[55] Papua New Guinea (17 June 2019),[56] Saudi Arabia (28 September 2019), Guinea (October 2019), Malawi (November 2019), South Sudan (29 September 2020), Anguilla (January 2021).[57] Equatorial Guinea (July 2023).[58]

The following countries / territories have reinstated visa requirements for Russian citizens: Estonia (1 July 1992),[59] Latvia (20 March 1993),[60] Lithuania (1 November 1993),[61] North Korea (22 May 1997), Turkmenistan (June 1999), Slovenia (December 1999),* Czech Republic (29 May 2000),* Slovakia (1 January 2001),* Hungary (14 June 2001),* Bulgaria (October 2001),* Poland (1 October 2003),* Cyprus (1 January 2004),* Romania (October 2004),* Croatia (1 April 2013),* Kosovo (1 July 2013),[62] Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands (3 October 2019), North Macedonia (21 March 2022), Ukraine (1 July 2022)[63] and Taiwan (31 July 2022).[64][65]

* - Visa policy has been synchronized with the visa policy of the EU because of accession of these countries to the European Union.

The provision of visas on arrival to Russian citizens were discontinued by Mali (9 March 2015).

Visa requirements map

[edit]
Visa requirements for Russian citizens holding ordinary passports
  Russia
  Unlimited
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa-free for group tourists
  Visa required
  Admission generally refused

Visa requirements

[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of ordinary passports traveling for tourist purposes:

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories

[edit]
Unrecognized or partially recognized countries
Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa not required 90 days; internal passport can be used.
 Kosovo Visa required[351] Visa is not required (in theory) for holders of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union, holders of valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay).[352]
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[353]
 Palestine Visa not required[354] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[355]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for USD 30, payable on arrival.[356][357]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[358][359] Freedom of movement. Internal passport can be used.
 Taiwan Visa Required[360] Taiwan suspended visa free entry for Russian citizens.
 Transnistria Visa not required[361] Registration required after 24 hours.[362][363]
Dependent and autonomous territories
Other territories

Visa replacement

[edit]

Certain countries waive the visa requirement if the visitor is in the possession of a valid visa or residence card of another country.

Non-ordinary passports

[edit]
Visa requirements for Russian citizens holding diplomatic or official / service passports based on bilateral agreements
  Russia
  Visa-free for holders of both diplomatic and service passports
  Visa-free for holders of official passports only
  Visa-free for holders of diplomatic passports only

Holders of Russian diplomatic or official / service passports may enter the following countries without a visa for 90 days (unless otherwise stated):

D - Diplomatic passports only.
O - Official passports only.
1 - Unlimited
2 - 3 months
3 - 90 days within any 365-day period.
4 - 90 days within any 180-day period.
5 - 60 days
6 - 30 days
7 - 14 days
8 - Applies only to employees of official institutions operating in the territory of a contracting parties and their families.

Longer period of stay or more beneficial terms than that for ordinary passport holders is provided by Argentina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, South Korea, Montenegro, Nicaragua, North Macedonia, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, El Salvador, Serbia, Thailand, Turkey, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Holders of diplomatic and service Russian passports do not have visa-free access to Israel.

APEC Business Travel Card

[edit]
  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[449]

1 - Up to 180 days
2 - Up to 90 days
3 - Up to 60 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[450]

  • No need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by Canada and United States)
  • Undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • Expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members

Limitations on passport use

[edit]

Vaccination

[edit]

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination. Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[453]

Passport validity

[edit]

Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.[454]

Foreign travel statistics

[edit]

According to the national statistics these are the numbers of Russian visitors arriving to various countries per annum:[455]

Foreign travel statistics
Destination Number of visitors from Russia Year
 Abkhazia |  Georgia 4,357,937 2017
 Afghanistan 1,463 2017
 American Samoa[456] 6 2016
 Angola[457] 7,305 2015
 Antarctica[458] 330 2017
 Antigua and Barbuda[459] 372 2017
 Argentina[460] 8,138 2015
 Armenia 410,302 2017
 Aruba[461] 968 2015
 Australia[462] 15,200 2017
 Austria[note 1][463] 272,300 2016
 Azerbaijan[464] 744,125 2016
 Bahamas[465] 1,498 2015
 Bahrain 12,712 2017
 Barbados[note 1][466] 909 2016
 Belgium[467] 60,386 2016
 Belarus[468] 1,230,000 2017
 Bermuda[note 2][469] 101 2015
 Bhutan[470] 243 2016
 Bolivia[471] 1,745 2016
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[472] 5,268 2017
 Botswana[473] 1,065 2015
 Brazil[474] 18,820 2017
 Bulgaria[475] 522,085 2018
 Cambodia[476] 53,164 2016
 Cameroon[note 1][477] 7,151 2014
 Canada[478] 24,401 2017
 Cayman Islands[note 2][479] 65 2017
 Chile[480] 6,003 2017
 China[481][482] 1,976,000 2016
 Colombia[483] 5,157 2015
 Congo[484] 4,023 2012
 Costa Rica[485] 4,657 2017
 Croatia[486] 119,689 2017
 Cuba[468] 75,000 2017
 Cyprus[487] 783,631 2018
 Czech Republic[note 1][488] 551,191 2017
 Denmark 41,002 2017
 Dominica[489] 44 2015
 Dominican Republic[490] 245,346 2017
 Ecuador[491] 7,313 2014
 Egypt[492] 2,338,900 2015
 Estonia 1,803,249[493] / 238,636[note 1][494] 2017
 Finland 3,629,121[493] / 373,701[note 1][495] 2018
 France[496] 620,028 2015
 French Polynesia[497] 287 2017
 Georgia[498] 1,404,757 2018
 Germany[499] 607,422 2016
 Greece[500] 512,789 2015
 Guam[note 2][501] 3,352 2017
 Guatemala[502] 2,576 2014
 Hong Kong[503] 148,098 2017
 Hungary[note 1][504] 138,941 2016
 Iceland[505] 14,282 2018
 India[506] 278,904 2017
 Indonesia[507] 88,520 2016
 Iran 24,336 2017
 Iraq 2,451 2017
 Israel[508] 330,500 2017
 Italy[509] 864,000 2016
 Jamaica[510] 1,018 2017
 Japan[511] 77,200 2017
 Jordan[512] 49,384 2016
 Kazakhstan[513] 1,708,873 2017
 Kyrgyzstan[514] 471,400 2017
 Laos[515] 10,986 2017
 Latvia 424,842[516] / 241,435[note 1][517] 2017
 Lebanon[518] 16,205 2016
 Lithuania 742,333[516] / 150,600[519] 2016
 Luxembourg[note 1][520] 6,659 2016
 Macao[521] 27,037 2017
 Madagascar[522] 264 2015
 Malaysia[523] 67,564 2017
 Maldives[524] 61,931 2017
 Malta[525] 16,370 2016
 Malawi[526] 154 2009
 Mali[527] 444 2014
 Mauritius[524] 11,153 2017
 Mexico[note 2][528] 32,337 2015
 Moldova[529] 314,266 2017
 Monaco[468] 46,000 2016
 Mongolia[530] 106,935 2017
 Montenegro[note 1][531] 316,826 2016
 Morocco[468] 20,000 2017
 Myanmar[532] 5,487 2016
 Namibia[533] 2,943 2015
 Netherlands[534] 175,000 2017
 New Zealand[535] 6,640 2017
 Nicaragua[536] 1,464 2016
 North Macedonia[note 1][537] 4,213 2016
 Northern Mariana Islands[538] 2,130 2017
 North Korea 4,359 2017
 Norway 138,902 2017
 Oman[539] 4,858 2017
 Pakistan[540] 2,500 2009
 Palau[541] 337 2016
 Panama[542] 4,525 2015
 Papua New Guinea[543] 414 2016
 Peru[544] 8,648 2017
 Philippines[545] 33,279 2017
 Poland[546] 2,052,400 2016
 Portugal[547] 98,000 2015
 Qatar 87,595 2017
 Romania[548] 66,734 2016
 Saudi Arabia 7,745 2017
 Serbia[note 1][549] 170,884 2023
 Seychelles[550] 13,191 2017
 Singapore[551] 80,134 2017
 Slovakia[note 1][552] 35,919 2016
 Slovenia[note 1][553] 51,803 2017
 South Africa[554] 7,244 2015
 South Korea[555] 270,427 2017
 South Ossetia 451,918 2017
 Spain[556] 1,222,426 2018
 Sri Lanka[557] 59,191 2017
 Sudan 268 2017
 Suriname[558] 72 2017
 Sweden 63,689 2017
  Switzerland 251,142 2017
 Taiwan[559] 9,226 2017
 Tajikistan 212,062[468] 2019
 Tanzania[560] 7,435 2016
 Thailand[561] 1,346,219 2017
 Tunisia[468] 520,000 2017
 Turkey[562] 5,964,631 2018
 Turkmenistan 27,490 2017
 Ukraine[563] 1,464,764 2017
 United Arab Emirates[564] 530,000 2017
 United Kingdom[565] 199,000 2017
 United States[note 3][566] 344,368 2017
 Uruguay[567] 3,114 2015
 Uzbekistan[568] 567,700 2022
 Venezuela[569] 9,035 2013
 Vietnam[570] 574,164 2017
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  2. ^ a b c d Data for arrivals by air only.
  3. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).

See also

[edit]

References and notes

[edit]
References
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  2. ^ "Immigration Act of Federated States of Micronesia" (PDF). The Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia. 18 December 1980. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Immigration Act of Federated States of Micronesia" (PDF). The Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia. 18 December 1980. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Страны совместительства :: Посольство Российской Федерации в Ямайке". www.rejamaica.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  5. ^ Previous visa-free agreements under different terms were applied in period 1981–1985 and 1985 – 29 July 1994.
  6. ^ "Страны совместительства :: Посольство Российской Федерации в Ямайке". www.rejamaica.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  7. ^ "МАРОККО - Общие сведения о стране (MOROCCO - General information about the country)". Archived from the original on 8 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Decision by Botswana Government to Unilaterally Abolish Visa Requirement for Russian Citizens Entering That Country". www.mid.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  9. ^ "СВАЗИЛЕНД - Общие сведения о стране (SWAZILAND - General information about the country)". Archived from the original on 8 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Лаос отменил визы для россиян". Новый День. 31 August 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Никарагуа и Гватемала отменили визы для россиян / Визы / Гватемала". www.travel-news.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Сальвадор и Гондурас отменили визы для граждан России". Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Россияне смогут ездить без виз в Никарагуа и Гватемалу. Новости Гватемала — вОтпуск.ру". Votpusk.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Колумбия отменила визовый режим для россиян". РИА Новости. 20 April 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Гайана отменила визы для россиян". Interfax.ru. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Free entry for Indians, Russians | Trinidad Express Newspaper | News". Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  17. ^ Visa on arrival until Apr 2011
  18. ^ "Страны совместительства :: Посольство Российской Федерации в Ямайке". www.rejamaica.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Россия и Ямайка :: Посольство Российской Федерации в Ямайке". www.rejamaica.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Страны совместительства :: Посольство Российской Федерации в Ямайке". www.rejamaica.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  21. ^ "Визы в Коста-Рику потребуются с 1 февраля". Travel.ru. 22 January 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  22. ^ p.25-26
  23. ^ "Посещение Коста-Рики с 12 апреля будет безвизовым". Travel.ru. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  24. ^ "Decreto Ejucativo No.901" (PDF). 9 April 2014.
  25. ^ Visa on arrival from December 2012 to 20 October 2014
  26. ^ "Acuerdos Bilaterales Suscritos Por El Paraguay En Materia de "Supresión de Visas"" (PDF). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  27. ^ Previous visa-free agreements under different terms were applied in periods 23 May 1971 – 1980 and 1980 – 5 May 1995.
  28. ^ "Тунис отменил визы для россиян". ТАСС. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  29. ^ Visa on arrival from June 2005 to 10 June 2015
  30. ^ "Индонезия отменила визы для россиян". EVA.RU. 29 March 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  31. ^ Visa on arrival until Oct 2016
  32. ^ STP, MNEC. "Nota Informativa sobre Isenção de Vistos e Permanencia em São Tomé e Príncipe". www.mnec.gov.st. Archived from the original on 9 May 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  33. ^ "Facebook". Facebook. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  34. ^ Under visa waiver agreement from 23 February 2020
  35. ^ "外交部宣布自107年9月6日起至108年7月31日止試辦俄羅斯國民來臺14天免簽證措施". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Taiwan. 21 January 2022.
  36. ^ Visa on arrival until 27 Dec 2018.
  37. ^ "О Соглашении между Правительством Российской Федерации и Правительством Республики Палау о взаимной отмене визовых требований для граждан Российской Федерации и граждан Республики Палау". www.mid.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  38. ^ Free visa on arrival from 1 February 2017.
  39. ^ О вступлении в силу Соглашения между Правительством Российской Федерации и Правительством Объединенных Арабских Эмиратов о взаимной отмене визовых требований для граждан Российской Федерации и граждан Объединенных Арабских Эмиратов. mid.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  40. ^ "О Соглашении между Правительством Российской Федерации и Правительством Мальдивской Республики о взаимной отмене визовых требований для граждан Российской Федерации и граждан Мальдивской Республики".
  41. ^ a b О вступлении в силу Соглашения между Правительством Российской Федерации и Правительством Республики Кабо-Верде о взаимной отмене визовых требований. mid.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  42. ^ "О вступлении в силу Соглашения между Правительством Российской Федерации и Правительством Белиза об условиях отказа от визовых формальностей при взаимных поездках граждан Российской Федерации и граждан Белиза от 23 сентября 2021 года". mid.ru. Retrieved 15 October 2023.
  43. ^ "Виза в Мьянму". myanmar.mid.ru. Retrieved 15 October 2023.
  44. ^ "Conselho de Ministros aprova decreto para isenção de vistos". PAE (in European Portuguese). 14 March 2023. Retrieved 15 October 2023.
  45. ^ "Immigration Entry and Visa Exemption Order 2023" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration. Government of Kiribati. Retrieved 30 September 2023.
  46. ^ Нефедова, Алена (3 October 2023). "Ангола отменила туристические визы для россиян". Известия (in Russian). Retrieved 15 October 2023.
  47. ^ Visa free from 17 February 2019.
  48. ^ "О новом порядке получения виз в Республику Руанда для граждан Российской Федерации". www.mid.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  49. ^ "Bénin : un visa de huit jours pour les touristes". JeuneAfrique.com. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  50. ^ a b "Iraq lifts requirement to obtain pre-arrival visas for citizens of 36 countries". 15 March 2021.
  51. ^ "ONLINE VISA LODGEMENT FOR RUSSIAN CITIZENS FROM 1 OCT 2015" (PDF).
  52. ^ "eVisa - Uganda".
  53. ^ "Un e-visa pour Djibouti". Deplacements Pros, le quotidien du business travel, du voyage d'affaires. 8 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  54. ^ "Об облегчении визовых требований Султаната Оман для граждан Российской Федерации". Министерство иностранных дел Российской Федерации.
  55. ^ Sule, Fatima (26 November 2018). "Tanzania launches e-Visa, residence permit for foreigners". herald.ng. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  56. ^ Kenneth, Gorethy (17 June 2019). "PNG opens e-Visa to 20 more APEC economies". postcourier.com.pg. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  57. ^ "Anguilla targets extended-stay travellers with e-Visa portal". 25 January 2021.
  58. ^ "eVisa - Equatorial Guinea".
  59. ^ "Eesti Vabariigi viisaeeskirjade" kinnitamise ja rakendamise kohta (in Estonian)
  60. ^ "!Латвия изменила визовый режим". www.kommersant.ru. 18 February 1993. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  61. ^ "Политика России в Балтии". www.kommersant.ru. 31 August 1993. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  62. ^ "Косово ввело визы для граждан России". lenta.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  63. ^ a b c VALENTYNA ROMANENKO (13 December 2022). "Less than a dozen: Border guards told how many Russians entered Ukraine with visas". Ukrayinska Pravda. Retrieved 13 December 2022.
  64. ^ Visa free regimes were applied from 28 November 2009 for the Northern Mariana Islands and from 15 January 2012 for Guam.
  65. ^ "Rescission of Discretionary Parole Policies Relating to Nationals of the Russian Federation Seeking Entry Into Guam and / or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands for a Temporary Visit for Business or Pleasure".
  66. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  67. ^ "Афганистан - Страны мира - Департамент Ситуационно-кризисный центр МИД России". sos.mid.ru. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  68. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
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  71. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  72. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  73. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  74. ^ "Visa and passport". Timatic. International Air Transport Association through Emirates. Retrieved 2 November 2022.
  75. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  76. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  77. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  78. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  79. ^ "Australia Subclass 600".
  80. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  81. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  82. ^ eVISA Online Services – Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas
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  84. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
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  91. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  92. ^ "Benin eVisa".
  93. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
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  95. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
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  97. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  98. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  99. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  100. ^ a b Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  101. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  102. ^ "Burkina Faso eVisa".
  103. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  104. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  105. ^ "Cape Verde EASE".
  106. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  107. ^ "Cambodia eVisa".
  108. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  109. ^ "Cameroon eVisa".
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