Visa requirements for Singaporean citizens

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Visa requirements for Singaporean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states which are imposed on citizens of Singapore.

As of 10 July 2018, Singaporean citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 189 countries and territories, ranking the Singaporean passport joint best in the world alongside Japan in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

In addition to providing visa-free access to all ASEAN nations, the Singaporean passport is one of the four passports (the others being those of Brunei, Japan, and San Marino) that provide either visa-free entry, or entry via an electronic travel authorisation, to the world's four largest economies:

  • the People's Republic of China (visa-free, 15 days)
  • India (e-Visa, 60 days)
  • the European Union (visa-free, 90 days within 180 days), and
  • the United States (ESTA, 90 days).


Changes[edit]

Requirements for Singaporean citizens to have visas were lifted by Suriname in January 2016,[2] Azerbaijan (February 2016),[3] Cuba (May 2016),[4] Myanmar (December 2016),[5] Belarus (February 2017), Paraguay (October 2017), Djibouti (January 2018), Uzbekistan (10 February 2018),[6] Armenia (21 March 2018),[7] and Angola (30 March 2018).[8]

India made Singaporean citizens eligible for the e-Visa in November 2014 after phasing out its previous visa on arrival (VOA) policy,[9][10] although VOA access for Singaporean citizens might be reinstated under a new policy in the future.[11] In August 2017, Singaporean citizens were made eligible for electronic visas with a validity of 8 days for the Primorye, Kamchatka, and Sakhalin regions of the Russian Far East, for tourism, business and humanitarian purposes.[12]

In January 2018, Australia introduced a new 6-year visa for Singaporean citizens. The visitor (subclass 600) visa will allow Singaporean citizens to visit Australia for up to three months at a time within a 6-year period on a single application,[13][14] up from 12 months under the pre-existing Electronic Travel Authority (ETA).

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Singaporean citizens
  Singapore
  Visa not required / ESTA
  Visa obtainable on arrival
  Electronic Authorisation or eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of normal passports travelling for tourist purposes:

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees) Reciprocity
 Afghanistan Visa required[15]
 Albania Visa not required[16] 90 days
  • May enter with a National ID card [17]
 Algeria Visa required[18]
 Andorra Visa not required[19]
 Angola Visa not required[20] 30 days
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within year period.[21][22]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[23] 1 month
 Argentina Visa not required[24] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[25] 180 days X
 Australia Electronic Travel Authority[26] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted.
  • May enter using SmartGate on arrival in Australia.[27]
X
 Austria Visa not required[28] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[29] 30 days X
 Bahamas Visa not required[33] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[34] 14 days
  • May also be obtained online in the form of an E-Visa.
X
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[35] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[36]
X
 Barbados Visa not required[37] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[38] 30 days X
 Belgium Visa not required[39] 90 days
 Belize Visa not required[40] 90 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[41][42] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
X
 Bhutan Visa required[43] X
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[44] 90 days
  • Fee is USD52.
X
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[45] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa not required[46] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period
 Brazil Visa not required[47] 30 days
 Brunei Visa not required[48] 30 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[49] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa not required[50] 30 days
 Burundi Visa required[51] X
 Cambodia Visa not required[52] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[53]
  • Holders of a pre-arranged approval issued by "Le Delegue General de la Surete" can obtain a visa on arrival.
X
 Canada Visa not required[54] 6 months
  • eTA required if arriving by air.[55]
 Cape Verde Visa not required[56] 90 days
 Central African Republic Visa required[57] X
 Chad Visa required[58] X
 Chile Visa not required[59] 30 days
 China Visa not required[60] 15 days X
 Colombia Visa not required[61] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-day stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[62] 45 days X
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[63]
  • Except Passengers with VIP invitation.
X
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[64] X
 Costa Rica Visa not required[65] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa not required[66][67][68] 90 days
 Croatia Visa not required[69] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Visa not required[70] 30 days
 Cyprus Visa not required[71] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[72] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Djibouti Visa not required[74]
 Dominica Visa not required[75] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[76] 30 days X
 Ecuador Visa not required[77] 90 days[78]
 Egypt Visa on arrival[79] 30 days
  • Extension possible (needs to be shaded in light green on the map).
X
 El Salvador Visa not required[80] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[81] X
 Eritrea Visa required[82] X
 Estonia Visa not required[83] 90 days
 Ethiopia eVisa[84] X
 Fiji Visa not required[85] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[86] 90 days
 France Visa not required[87] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa[88]
  • Passengers arriving at Libreville International Airport do not need a visa if they have filled out the online Electronic Authorization Form.[89] Approval process takes up to 72 hours following submission of the visa waiver request.
X
 Gambia Visa not required[90] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[91] 1 year X
 Germany Visa not required[92] 90 days
 Ghana Visa not required[93]
 Greece Visa not required[94] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[95] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[96] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[97] X
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[98] 90 days X
 Guyana Visa required[99]
  • Those travelling as tourists can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 30 days provided holding a letter of invitation from sponsor or host. Otherwise, pre-arrival visa is required.
X
 Haiti Visa not required[100] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[101] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[102] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[103] 90 days
 India e-Visa[104] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][105]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[106] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[107] 30 days[108][109] X
 Iraq Visa required[110]
 Ireland Visa not required[111] 3 months
 Israel Visa not required[112] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[113] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa not required[114] 6 months [115]
 Japan Visa not required[116] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[117]
  • Visa is issued free of charge in most circumstances.[118]
  • Not available at all entry points.[119]
X
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[120] 30 days X
 Kenya Visa not required[121] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[122] 30 days
 North Korea Visa required[123]
 South Korea Visa not required[124] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[125] 3 months
  • E-Visa is also available online.[126]
X
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[127] 60 days X
 Laos Visa not required[128] 30 days
 Latvia Visa not required[129] 90 days
 Lebanon Free Visa on arrival[130] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or stamp in the passport, and in possession of phone number & address to be visited in Lebanon, and a non-refundable onward or round trip ticket.
X
 Lesotho Visa not required[131] 30 days
 Liberia Visa required[132] X
 Libya Visa required[133]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[134] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[135] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[136] 90 days
 Macedonia Visa not required[137] 90 days
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[138] 30 days
  • Extension possible for a fee.
X
 Malawi Visa on arrival[139] 90 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
X
 Malaysia Visa not required[140] 1 month
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[141] 30 days[78] X
 Mali Visa required[142]
 Malta Visa not required[143] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[144] 90 days X
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[145] X
 Mauritius Visa not required[146] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[147] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[148] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[149] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
X
 Monaco Visa not required[150]
 Mongolia Visa not required[151] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[152] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[153] 30 days X
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[154] 30 days X
 Myanmar Visa not required[156] 30 days
 Namibia Visa not required[157] 3 months X
 Nauru Visa required[158] X
   Nepal Visa on arrival[159] 90 days X
 Netherlands Visa not required[160] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa not required[161] 90 days
 Nicaragua Visa not required[162] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[163] X
 Nigeria Visa required[164]
  • Holders of written e-visa approval issued by Immigration Authority Headquarters in Abuja, can obtain a visa on arrival.
 Norway Visa not required[165] 90 days
 Oman eVisa / Visa on arrival[166][167][168] 30 days X
 Pakistan Visa required[169]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days.
  • Visa on arrival when travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[171]
 Palau Visa on arrival[172] 30 days
  • A visa is issued free of charge upon arrival at any port of entries.
X
 Panama Visa not required[173] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Free visa on arrival[174] 60 days X
 Paraguay Visa not required[175] 30 days
 Peru Visa not required[176] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[177] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[178] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[179] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[180] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[181] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa required[182]
  • Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa.
 Rwanda Visa not required[183] 90 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[184] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[185] 15 days
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[186] 1 month
 Samoa Free Entry permit on arrival[187] 60 days X
 San Marino Visa not required[188]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[189] X
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[190]
  • Saudi Arabia does not issue tourist visas at present.
 Senegal Visa not required[191] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[192] 90 days
  • 90 days within 6 month period
 Seychelles Free Visitor's permit on arrival[193] 3 months
  • Issued free of charge.[78]
X
 Sierra Leone Visa required[194]
  • Holders of a copy of a pre-arranged visa can obtain a visa on arrival.
X
 Slovakia Visa not required[195] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[196] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[197] 3 months X
 Somalia Visa on arrival[198]
  • Visa is issued on arrival is available at Bosaso (BSA), Galcaio (GLK) and Mogadishu (MGQ) airports for a maximum stay of 30 days.
X
 South Africa Visa not required[199] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[200]
  • Foreign nationals of South Sudan origin can obtain a visa on arrival.
 Spain Visa not required[201] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[202]
  • Visas are issued on arrival free of charge with a validity of 30 days
  • Extendible for another 150 days.
 Sudan Visa required[203]
  • Pre-Approved Visa can be obtained on arrival.
 Suriname Tourist card on arrival[204] 30 days, may be extended to a total of 90 days[205]
 Swaziland Visa not required[206] 30 days[78]
 Sweden Visa not required[207] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[208] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[209]
 Tajikistan eVisa / Visa on arrival[210][211] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[212]
  • Application form must be completed online to obtain visa on arrival
 Tanzania Visa not required[213] 90 days
 Thailand Visa not required[214] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[215] 30 days X
 Togo Visa on arrival[216] 7 days X
 Tonga Visa on arrival[217] 31 days X
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[218] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[219] 3 months
  • An exit fee of 30 Tunisian Dinars is required for non-residents exiting Tunisia.[220]
X
 Turkey Visa not required[221] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[222]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[223] 1 month[78] X
 Uganda Visa not required[224] 3 months
 Ukraine eVisa / Visa on arrival[225][226] 15 days X
 United Arab Emirates Free visa on arrival[228]
  • Visa on Arrival is issued free of charge for stays not exceeding 30 Days.
  • Extension is possible for a fee.
 United Kingdom Visa not required[229] 6 months
 United States Visa Waiver Program[230] 90 days
 Uruguay Visa not required[232] 3 months
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[233] 30 days X
 Vanuatu Visa not required[234] 30 days[78]
  Vatican City Visa not required[235]
 Venezuela Visa required[236] X
 Vietnam Visa not required[237] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[238]
 Zambia Visa not required[239] 90 days
 Zimbabwe Visa not required[240] 3 months

Pre-approved visas pick-up[edit]

Pre-approved visas can be picked up on arrival in the following countries instead in embassy or consulate.

Pre-approved
visas pick-up
on arrival
Conditions
 Bhutan[241] For a maximum stay of 15 days if the application was submitted at least 2 and a half months before arrival and if the clearance was obtained.
 Cameroon[242] Must hold approval from the General Delegate of Security.
 Eritrea[243] Must have a sponsor who must submit an application at least 48 hours before arrival.
 Gabon[244] Holders of entry authorisation issued by the state authorities.
 Liberia[245] Available only if arriving from a country without a diplomatic mission of Liberia and if a sponsor obtained an approval.
 Nigeria[246] Holders of a visa application who have a Nigerian company taking responsibility for them.
 Sierra Leone[247] Holders of a visa approval.
 Sudan[248] Holders of an entry permit issued by the Ministry of Interior.
 Turkmenistan[249] Holders of an invitation letter of the local company that was approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Singaporean citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognised countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[250]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[251][252]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[253]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[254]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[255][256]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[257] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[258]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[259]
 Guernsey Visa not required[260]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[261]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[262] Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[263] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[264]
 Jersey Visa not required[265]
 Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[266][267]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa on arrival[268][269] Travellers can obtain the visa on arrival at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs office in Stepanakert upon arrival. [270]. Holders of a passport containing a Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or any evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[271]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[272]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[273][274]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[275][276]
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Undefined visa regime
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[277]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[278]
 Mayotte Visa not required[279]
 Réunion Visa not required[279]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[280]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[281]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[282]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[283][284]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[285]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Visa not required[286] 3 months
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[287][288][289][290][291][292]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[293]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[294]
 Macao Visa not required[295] 30 days
Malaysia Sabah Sabah and Sarawak Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[296]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[297]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[298] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[299]
 Taiwan Visa not required[300] 30 days
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[301][302][303]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[304][305][306]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[307]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone A official company is able to provide access into the Buffer Zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[308]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa not required[309] 3 months
 Aruba Visa not required[310] 30 days, extendible to 180 days[311]
 Bermuda Visa not required[312] Up to 6 months, decided on arrival
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[313] 3 months[314]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[315] 30 days, extensions possible
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[316]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[317] 6 months
 Curacao Visa not required[318] 3 months
France French Guiana Visa not required[319]
France French West Indies Visa not required[320] French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
 Greenland Visa not required[258]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa required All visitors are fingerprinted.[321]
 Montserrat Visa not required[322] 6 months[323]
 Puerto Rico Electronic Authorization[324]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[279]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[325] 3 months[326]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[327] 90 days
 U.S. Virgin Islands Electronic Authorization[328]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Electronic authorization[329] 30 days
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[330]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[331]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[332] 31 days
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[333]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[334]
 Guam Visa not required[335] 45 days
 New Caledonia Visa not required[279]
 Niue Visa not required[336] 30 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[337] 45 days
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee USD35 or tax of USD5 if not going ashore.[338][339][340]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[341][342][343][344][345][346][347]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[279]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required British Overseas Territory visa is required.[348]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[349][350]
 Antarctica Special permits required Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[351][352][353][354][355][356][357][358][359][360][361][362]

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[371]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[372]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

Automated clearance[edit]

Singapore citizens are also eligible for automated immigration clearance in selected countries.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[380] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[381] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Vietnam.[382]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months beyond the period of intended stay include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals), Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, New Zealand and 3 months validity on arrival in Albania, Honduras, Macedonia, Panama, Qatar and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the period of intended stay include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[383][384] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[385]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[386] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[387]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[388] Lebanon,[389] Libya,[390] Saudi Arabia,[391] Sudan,[392] Syria[393] and Yemen[394] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [395] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[396][397] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[398] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[399] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[400] As of April 2018 the list contains 710 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [401]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[402]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[403]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[404][405] Argentina,[406] Brunei, Cambodia,[407] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[408] Ethiopia,[409] Ghana, India, Japan,[410][411] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[412] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[413] Singapore, South Korea,[414] and Taiwan.[415]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[416][417]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  105. ^ e-Visa
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  128. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  129. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  130. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  131. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  134. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  135. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  136. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
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  150. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
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  162. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  163. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  164. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  170. ^ Business Visa. Ministry of Interior of Pakistan
  171. ^ Group Tourism through Designated Tour Operators
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  198. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  317. ^ Visa-free and visa-required countries, Department of Immigration of the Cayman Islands.
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  319. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  320. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  321. ^ https://travel.state.gov/content/passports/en/country/venezuela.html
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  327. ^ Requirements to obtain a Turks and Caicos visitor's visa, Ministry of Border Control and Employment of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  328. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  329. ^ Entry Permit Waiver Program, Department of Legal Affairs of American Samoa.
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  332. ^ Visas and immigration, Discover Cook Islands.
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  334. ^ Ruling of 29 December 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of French Polynesia, Légifrance (in French).
  335. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  336. ^ Travelling to Niue, Niue Tourism Office.
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Notes

External links[edit]