Visa requirements for Thai citizens

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Visa requirements for Thai citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Thailand by the authorities of other states. As of February 2018, Thai citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 75 countries and territories, ranking the Thai passport 65th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Thai citizens
  Thailand
  Visa-free
  Visa on arrival or eVisa
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required[3] 90 days
  • Temporary visa exemption from 1 April to 31 October 2018.[4]
 Algeria Visa required[5]
 Andorra Visa required[6]
  • There are no visa requirements for entry into Andorra, but it can only be accessed by passing through France or Spain. A multiple entry visa is required to re-enter either France or Spain when leaving Andorra.
  • All visitors can stay for 3 months.
 Angola Visa required[7]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[8]
 Argentina Visa not required[9] 90 days
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[10] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[11]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[12]
 Austria Visa required[13]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[14] 30 days[15]
 Bahamas Visa required[16]
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[17] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa required[18]
 Barbados Visa required[19]
 Belarus Visa required[20]
  • Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[21]
 Belgium Visa required[22]
 Belize Visa required[23]
  • Free Visitor's Permit on arrival with valid U.S. visa
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[24][25] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[26]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[27] 90 days
  • Free if apply in advance.
  • Fee $95.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[28]
 Botswana Visa required[29]
 Brazil Visa not required[30] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[31] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa required[32]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[33]
 Burundi Visa required[34]
 Cambodia Visa not required[35] 14 days
 Cameroon Visa required[36]
 Canada Visa required[37]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[38]
 Central African Republic Visa required[39]
 Chad Visa required[40]
 Chile Visa not required[41] 90 days
 China Visa required[42]
 Colombia Visa required[43]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area or the US.[44]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[45] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[46]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[47]
 Costa Rica Visa required[48]
  • Visa free for holders of valid U.S. visa or Canada visa.
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[49] 90 days [50]
 Croatia Visa required[51]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[52]
  • Can be acquired from the airline.
 Cyprus Visa required[53]
 Czech Republic Visa required[54]
 Denmark Visa required[55]
 Djibouti eVisa[56] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[57] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[58] 30 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[59] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[60]
  • Transit Without Visa if Holders of onward tickets for a max transit time of 48 hours (up to 2 days), Leaving the airport is permitted for passengers with transit time longer than 6 hours. Passengers with transit time of less than 6 hours may leave the transit area but not the airport. [61]
 El Salvador Visa required[62]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[63]
 Eritrea Visa required[64]
 Estonia Visa required[65]
 Ethiopia Visa on arrival[66]
 Fiji Visa not required[67] 4 months
 Finland Visa required[68]
 France Visa required[69]
 Gabon eVisa[70]
 Gambia Visa not required[71]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[72]
 Georgia Visa not required[73] 1 year
 Germany Visa required[74]
 Ghana Visa required[75]
 Greece Visa required[76]
 Grenada Visa required[77]
 Guatemala Visa required[78]
 Guinea Visa required[79]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[80] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[81]
 Haiti Visa not required[82] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[83]
 Hungary Visa required[84]
 Iceland Visa required[85]
 India e-Visa[86] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 25 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][87]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[88] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[89] 30 days[90]
 Iraq Visa required[91] 15 days
 Ireland Visa required[92]
  • Visa waiver for UK 'C' visa holders until October 2016. Entry permitted only if first point of entry to the Common Travel Area is in the UK.[93]
 Israel Visa required[94]
  • Holders of a confirmation issued by the Israeli Ministry of Interior, traveling in a group of 10 or more can obtain a visa on arrival.
 Italy Visa required[95]
 Jamaica Visa required[96]
 Japan Visa not required[97] 15 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[98] 3 months
 Kazakhstan Visa required[99]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[100] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[101]
 North Korea Visa required[102]
 South Korea Visa not required[103] 90 days
 Kuwait Visa required[104]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[105] 1 month
 Laos Visa not required[106] 30 days
 Latvia Visa required[107]
 Lebanon Visa required[108]
 Lesotho eVisa[109][110]
 Liberia Visa required[111]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be obtained on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[112]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[113]
 Lithuania Visa required[114]
 Luxembourg Visa required[115]
 Macedonia Visa required[116]
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[117] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[118] 30 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
 Malaysia Visa not required[119] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[120][121] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[122]
 Malta Visa required[123]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[124] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[125]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[126] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[127]
  • No visa required for holders of a valid visa issued by Canada, Japan, USA, United Kingdom or a Schengen Member State and holders of an APEC Business Travel Card if traveling on business
 Micronesia Visa not required[128] 30 days
 Moldova eVisa[129] 90 days
  • Need invitation letter to apply for eVisa, except for holders of a residence permit or a valid visa (except Transit Visa) issued by an EU Member State or a state party to the Schengen Agreement[130]
 Monaco Visa required[131]
 Mongolia Visa not required[132] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa required[133]
 Morocco Visa required[134]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[135] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa not required[136] 14 days[137]
 Namibia Visa required[138]
 Nauru Visa required[139]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[140] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[141]
 New Zealand Visa required[142]
  • May transit without a visa.[143]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[144] 30 days
 Niger Visa required[145]
 Nigeria Visa required[146]
 Norway Visa required[147]
 Oman eVisa[148] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[149]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days.
  • Visa on arrival when travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[151]
 Palau Visa on arrival[152] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[153] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa on arrival[154] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa required[155]
 Peru Visa not required[156] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[157] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[158]
 Portugal Visa required[159]
 Qatar Free visa on arrival[160] 30 days
 Romania Visa required[161]
 Russia Visa not required[162] 30 days
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[163] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa[164]
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[165] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[166] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[167] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[168]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[169]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[170]
 Senegal Visa not required[171] 90 days
 Serbia Visa required[172]
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[174] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[175]
 Singapore Visa not required[176] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[177]
 Slovenia Visa required[178]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[179] 90 days
 Somalia Visa on arrival[180] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[181] 30 days
 South Sudan Visa required[182]
 Spain Visa required[183]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[184] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[185]
 Suriname Visa required[186]
  • Pre-approved visa can be obtained on arrival for a maximum stay of 2 months.
 Swaziland Visa required[187]
 Sweden Visa required[188]
  Switzerland Visa required[189]
 Syria Visa required[190]
 Tajikistan eVisa[191] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[192]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[193] 90 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[194] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[195] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[196]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[197]
 Tunisia Visa required[198]
 Turkey Visa not required[199] 30 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[200]
  • Transit visa is required.
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[201] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[202] 3 months
 Ukraine eVisa[204]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[205]
  • Electronic visa through specified airlines is available to passengers.
 United Kingdom Visa required[206]
 United States Visa required[207]
 Uruguay Visa required[208]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[209][210] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[211]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[212] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[213]
 Venezuela Visa required[214]
 Vietnam Visa not required[215] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[216]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[217] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa[218]

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Thai citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[219]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[220][221]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa not required The same rules as for visiting Russia apply.[222]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[223][224]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[225] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa required[226]
 Gibraltar Visa required[227]
 Guernsey Visa required[228]
 Isle of Man Visa required[229]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[230] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[231]
 Jersey Visa required[232]
 Kosovo Visa required[233]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[234][235] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[236]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[237]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[238][239]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[240][241]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[242]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[243]
 Mayotte Visa required[244]
 Réunion Visa required[244]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[245]
 Saint Helena eVisa[246][247]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[248]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[249][250]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[251]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa on arrival[252] 15 days. Available at Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.
Visa not required for 15 days for traveling on an organized tour in a tourist group of 5 or more people.[253]
 Hong Kong Visa not required[254] 30 days
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for all of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and parts of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[255][256][257][258][259]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[260]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[261]
 Macao Visa not required[262] 30 days
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[263]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[264] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[265]
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Visa not required[266] 30 days (valid until 31 July 2018). 14 days from 31 July 2018 to 31 July 2019.[267]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[268][269][270]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[271]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Anguilla Visa required[272]
 Aruba Visa required[273] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[274]
 Bermuda Visa not required 90 days.
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[275] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[274]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[276] Permanent residents of the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom do not require a visa.
 Cayman Islands Visa required[277] Up to 30 days visa-free for permanent residents of and traveling directly from: Canada, USA or UK.[278] Visa free for cruise ship passengers leaving on same day as arrival.[279]
 Curacao Visa required[280] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[274]
France French Guiana Visa required[281]
France French West Indies Visa required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[282]
 Greenland Visa required[226]
 Montserrat Visa required[283] Multiple entry eVisa valid for 1 year can be obtained through the internet, prior to departure.
 Puerto Rico Visa required[284]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[244]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[285] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[274]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[286] Visa required as of 1 April 2015.
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[287]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa required[288]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[289]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[290]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[291] 31 days[292]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[293]
 French Polynesia Visa required[294]
 Guam Visa required[295]
 New Caledonia Visa required[244]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[296]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[297]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[298][299][300]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[301][302][303][304][305][306][307]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[244]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required[308]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[309][310]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Bouvet Island Bouvet Island, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[311][312][313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322]

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[323]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[324]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Passport validity length[edit]

Many countries require passports to be valid for at least 6 months upon arrival.[325] However, some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[326][327] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[328]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah), Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Somaliland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen and Zimbabwe.[dead link]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include European Union countries (except Denmark, Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals); Albania; Belarus; Georgia; Honduras; Iceland; Jordan; Kuwait, Lebanon; Liechtenstein; Moldova; Monaco; Nauru; Panama, Saint Barthélemy; San Marino; Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand and South Africa.[dead link]

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[329] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[330]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[331] Lebanon,[332] Libya,[333] Saudi Arabia,[334] Sudan,[335] Syria[336] and Yemen[337] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [338] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[339][340] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[341] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[342] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[343] As of late 2017 the list contains 699 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example, Canada and the United States[344]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[345]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[346]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[347][348] Argentina,[349] Brunei, Cambodia,[350] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[351] Ethiopia,[352] Ghana, India, Japan,[353][354] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[355] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[356] Singapore, South Korea,[357] and Taiwan.[358]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[359][360]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2018" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 6 March 2018. 
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ https://kryeministria.al/al/newsroom/vkm/vendime-te-miratuara-ne-mbledhjen-e-keshillit-te-ministrave-date-21-mars-2018
  5. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  6. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  7. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  8. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  9. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  10. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  11. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  12. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  13. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  14. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  15. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  16. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  17. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  18. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  19. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  20. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  23. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  24. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  25. ^ eVisa Benin
  26. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  27. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  28. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  29. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  30. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  31. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  32. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  33. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  34. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  35. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  36. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  42. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  43. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  44. ^ http://www.cancilleria.gov.co/newsroom/news/ciudadanos-chinos-tengan-visado-schengen-o-estados-unidos-no-deberan-tramitar-visa
  45. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  49. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  50. ^ http://www.snedai.com/en/index.php
  51. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  52. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  53. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  54. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  55. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  56. ^ eVisa
  57. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  58. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  59. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&COUNTRY=EG&SECTION=VI&SUBSECTION=00&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C
  62. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  63. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  64. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  65. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  68. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  69. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  70. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  71. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  72. ^ "ENTRY INTO THE GAMBIA. GAMBIA IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT". gid.gov.gm. 2017-12-23. Retrieved 2017-12-23. 
  73. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  74. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  75. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  76. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  77. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  80. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  85. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  86. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 
  87. ^ e-Visa
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  90. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
  91. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  92. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  93. ^ The Irish Short-stay Visa Waiver Programme
  94. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  95. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  96. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  97. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  98. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  99. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  100. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  101. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  102. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  103. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  104. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  105. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  108. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  109. ^ eVisa Lesotho
  110. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  111. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  112. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  113. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  114. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  115. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  118. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  128. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  129. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  131. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  135. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  137. ^ Thailand, Myanmar sign visa-free agreement
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  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  141. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  142. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  143. ^ Transit visa country waiver list
  144. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  145. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  146. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  147. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  148. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
  149. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  150. ^ Business Visa. Ministry of Interior of Pakistan
  151. ^ Group Tourism through Designated Tour Operators
  152. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  153. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  154. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  155. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  156. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  157. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  158. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  159. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  160. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  161. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  162. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  163. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  164. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  165. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  166. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  167. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  168. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  169. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  170. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  171. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  172. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  173. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.rs/en/consular-affairs/entry-serbia/visa-regime
  174. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  175. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  176. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  177. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  178. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  179. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  180. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  181. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  182. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  183. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  184. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  185. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  186. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  187. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  188. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  189. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
  190. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  191. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  192. ^ https://www.evisa.tj
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  194. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  195. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  207. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
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  209. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  261. ^ "Iran Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  262. ^ Entry and exit of non-residents, Public Security Police Force of Macau.
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  282. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  283. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
  284. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  285. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  286. ^ Requirements to obtain a Turks and Caicos visitor's visa, Ministry of Border Control and Employment of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  287. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  288. ^ General information, American Samoa Visitors Bureau.
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  296. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
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  328. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany – Passports expired within the last year / ID’s expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria – Valid ordinary passport 
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  330. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
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  346. ^ Calder, Simon (24 April 2017). "Airline lobbying for a relaxation of draconian rules for London-Auckland travellers". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for travellers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently “strict requirements for travellers” in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration. 
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  351. ^ "China to require fingerprints of all foreign visitors as new security step". Boing Boing. 8 Feb 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The fingerprinting of foreigners will be introduced at Shenzhen airport in the south from Friday, and it will then be gradually rolled out at other entry points around the country, the ministry said in a statement. All foreign passport holders aged 14-70 will have to give their fingerprints, it said, without saying if other biometric data would also be collected. The ministry said the regulation would strengthen immigration controls and increase efficiency. 
  352. ^ "Äthiopien: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise". Auswaertiges-amt.de. 
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  360. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system. 
Notes