Visakhapatnam Airport

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Visakhapatnam International Airport
విశాఖపట్నం విమానాశ్రయం
Vizag airport terminal full view.jpg
Airport type Military/Public
Owner Indian Navy
Serves Visakhapatnam
Location Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
Focus city for IndiGo
Elevation AMSL 19 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 17°43′16″N 083°13′28″E / 17.72111°N 83.22444°E / 17.72111; 83.22444Coordinates: 17°43′16″N 083°13′28″E / 17.72111°N 83.22444°E / 17.72111; 83.22444
VTZ is located in Andhra Pradesh
VTZ is located in India
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 6,000 1,829 Asphalt
10/28 10,007 3,050 Asphalt
Statistics (Apr 2015-Mar 2016)
Passenger movements 1,804,634 (Increase64.1%)
Aircraft movements 16,739 (Increase46.3%)
Cargo tonnage 2,960 (Increase137.9%)
Source: AAI,[1][2][3]

Visakhapatnam Airport (IATA: VTZICAO: VOVZ) is a customs airport located in Visakhapatnam, India. It is the largest and busiest airport in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is approximately 12 km (7.5 mi) from Visakhapatnam and operates as a civil enclave on an Indian Navy airfield named INS DEGA. The airport has experienced significant growth in the last decade, with the construction of a new terminal and runway and commencing of international flights to Dubai, Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.[4]


In 1989, the airport commenced civilian operations with one flight per day. The original runway was 6,000 ft (1,800 m) long and a new 10,007 ft (3,050 m)-long and 60 m (200 ft)-wide runway was inaugurated on 15 June 2007 to accommodate medium-sized and wide body aircraft. With the installation and calibration of the instrument landing system on runway 28, the airport got night landing facilities in July 2007, with the inaugural flight of Dornier Do 228 operated by Indian Navy. The night landing facility became operational from 30 March 2008 for commercial Airlines, SpiceJet is the first Airline to use night landing facility at Visakhapatnam Airport. A new terminal building was inaugurated on 20 February 2009 and became operational on 27 March 2009.[5]


The airport has two adjacent terminals. Currently the integrated terminal is being used for both International and Domestic purpose. Airport Authority of India has converted the old terminal into a Full-fledged cargo complex.

IndiGo A320 at New Terminal Building

Passenger terminal[edit]

As the part of modernizing 35 non-metro airports, AAI constructed a state-of-art new integrated passenger terminal adjacent to the old terminal.The 1 billion (US$15 million) new integrated passenger terminal building was inaugurated on 20 February 2009. A total of 350 acres (140 ha) land area is used for Airport Construction. This terminal with an area of 20,470 m2 (220,300 sq ft) can handle a passenger capacity of 375 on arrival and 750 on departure. The airport parking area has the capacity to park 300 cars. Some of the features of the new terminal include:

  • Counters
    • 20 Check-in counters
    • 1 Self Check-in
    • Immigration Counters
      • 5 Arrivals
      • 6 Departures
    • Custom Counters
      • 8 Arrivals
      • 1 Departures
    • Security Counters
      • 4 Domestic
      • 3 International
  • 2 X-ray scanners for baggage
  • 3 Aero Bridges
  • Total aircraft stands = 8
    • 1 B747-400/A340
    • 3 B737-800W/A320-200
    • 2 ATR 72–500/E-Jets
    • 2 Old Apron Parkings
  • 3 Remote Bays

and an Isolation Bay at the end of active runway 10/28


Due to growing Air traffic at Visakhapatnam Airport, AAI has planned to construct 6 additional Parking Bays at Visakhapatnam Airport by extending the Apron towards NH5.

Cargo terminal[edit]

Considering the growing cargo potential in Visakhapatnam Airport, AAI has decided to modify old terminal into a full-fledged cargo complex. Which can handle 2 B734F or 1 B747F at a time.


Visakhapatnam airport has two runway 10/28 (North-west - South-East Orientation) of length 3,050 m (10,010 ft) and 05/23 (North-west - South-east orientation) with Length of 1,829 m (6,001 ft). Airport uses Runway 10/28 as the Primary Runway for both Civil aand Military use. Visakhapatnam Airport has VOR/DME,NDB navigation aids. Landing Aids and Visual Instruments available at Visakhapatnam airport on Runway 28 are ILS CAT I, PAPI 3° and HIALS. Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI)-type landing aids are available in all the runways. Runway 10 is not allowed for Civil Flights and Runway 05/23 are used for Naval Operations. Runway 05 is Equipped with ALS PAPI-L and Runway 23 is Equipped with PAPI-L with angle of 3°.

Number Length Width ILS Visual Navigation Aids Notes
10-28 3,050 m (10,007 ft) 60 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (28) HIRL, HIALS, PAPI-L Runway 10/28 is the airport's main runway with 2 taxiway exits N3 & N4 connect the main Apron to New Terminal. It intersects the secondary runway. The New Runway was inaugurated on 15 June 2007. The ILS on Runway 28 starts at 2,200 ft (670 m) and is 6.7 nautical miles (12.4 km) long with a glide slope path of 3°.
05-23 1,829 m (6,001 ft) 46 metres (151 ft) NIL Runway 05: RL, ALS PAPI-L;

Runway 23: RL PAPI-L angle 3°

Runway 05/23 has 4 taxiways connecting the New and Old Military Aprons at Visakhapatnam Airport. It runs between runway 10/28 and Old Runway 09/27(now converted into Taxiway for Old Apron) connecting the Cargo Terminal at Visakhapatnam by N1 & N2 Taxiways.

Visakhapatnam airport is equipped with VSP (VOR frequency 116.60 MHz), VVZ (VOR/DME frequency 114.00 MHz) and NDB (VZ frequency 244 kHz). Communication frequencies for Tower is 119.7 MHz & 124.3 MHz and Approach is 123.5 MHz. The airport operates on a 24-hours basis.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations
Air Costa Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Tirupati
Air India Delhi, Dubai-International, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Port Blair, Raipur
Air India Regional Hyderabad, Vijayawada
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
AirAsia India Bengaluru, Kochi
IndiGo Agartala (begins 15 August 2016), [6] Ahmedabad, [7] Bengaluru, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Coimbatore, [8] Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai
Jet Airways Mumbai
SilkAir Singapore
SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Chennai, Coimbatore, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Tirupati, Udaipur, Vijayawada Seasonal:Mangalore


Aircraft movements Passenger movements

Statistics for Visakhapatnam Airport - Source: AAI,[9]
Year Total passengers Total Percentage Change Total aircraft movements Total Percentage change Total Cargo Handled Total Percentage Change
2015-16 1,804,634 Increase64.1% 16,739 Increase46.3% Increase2960 Increase137.9%
2014-15 1,099,480 Increase8.6% 11,445 Increase4.0% Increase2812 Increase54.3%
2013-14 1,012,522 Decrease2.4% 11,008 Decrease27.5% Increase1823 Increase10.9%
2012-13 1,037,608 Increase8.3% 15,129 Decrease2.3% Increase1644 Increase57.2%
2011-12 958,160 Increase34.7% 15,488 Increase31.4% Decrease1046 Decrease5.5%
2010-11 711,566 Increase12.8% 11,785 Increase2.4% Increase1107 Increase18.0%


Apart from Normal Cab and Radio Taxi Services. APSRTC has Introduced Volvo Metroluxury Low Floor Air Conditioned Buses from Airport to Dwaraka Nagar Bus Station(RTC Complex) and Kakinada from 22 August 2015.Including this all city services from and to Gajuwaka and Steel Plant have a stop here. Visakhapatnam Airport has Car Rentals and Pre-Paid Taxi services at the Arrivals.

Parking Facilities[edit]

Visakhapatnam Airport has a Parking Facilities for over 290 Cars, 209 Two-Wheeler Parkings and 34 VIP Parkings. And charges 70/- for Bus, 55/- for Cars and 15/- for Two-Wheelers

Naval Station at Visakhapatnam Airport[edit]

Main article: INS Dega

The Indian Navy initially started aviation operations in Visakhapatnam in the late 1970s, with the construction of four helipads adjacent to the civil airfield. The airport at Visakhapatnam was transferred from the Directorate General of Civil Aviation in 1986. The air station was then called Naval Air Station, Visakhapatnam. Additional hangars, maintenance facilities and an operations complex were constructed soon after.

On 21 October 1991, the air station was renamed and formally commissioned as INS Dega by then Vice Admiral Laxminarayan Ramdas.[10] It is named for the Telugu language word for a big & powerful bird of Eagle family. Indian Navy Inducted Advanced Jet Trainer Aircrafts in INS Dega on 6 November 2013 for Naval Pilot Training. INS Dega consists of 2 Military Aprons in Visakhapatnam Airport used by INAS 311 Squadron Dornier Do 228 aircrafts and BAE Systems Hawk advanced jet trainer Aircrafts. INS Dega also houses Indian Navy Squadrons INAS 321, a search and rescue squadron operating HAL Chetak helicopters, INAS 333, an anti-submarine warfare squadron operating Kamov Ka-28 helicopters, INAS 350, a logistics and transport squadron operating UH-3 Sea King helicopters, a UAV squadron, operating the DRDO Lakshya pilotless targeting UAVs. As of 2014 preparations have begun to deploy and permanently base a full squadron of Mig -29K/KUB fighters to strengthen the security of India's eastern seaboard

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • The airport was extensively damaged with winds blasting at speeds of 185 km/h (115 mph) during the Hudhud cyclone in October 2014, inundating the runway and destroying navigational aids. The terminal building roof also suffered substantial damage.[11] The airport was shutdown for commercial operations on 11 October as a precautionary measure and naval and other flights carrying relief materials were the only aircraft operating from the airport.[12] The airport re-commenced partial operations from Friday 17 October after electric supply was restored to the airport. AAI restored the airport to full operations within the span of three months.[13]


  1. ^ "Traffic Statistics-2016" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Aircraft Movements-2016" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Cargo Statistics-2016" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Vizag international airport terminal to be inaugurated on Feb 20". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Vizag airport terminal to be inaugurated on Feb 20". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "IndiGo Tweet". IndiGo Twitter Official. Retrieved 8 July 2016.  line feed character in |accessdate= at position 7 (help); Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  7. ^ "IndiGo flights to Ahmedabad from July 14". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "IndiGo flights to Ahmedabad from July 14". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Traffic Statistics" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "INS Dega". Indian Navy. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Hudhud rips through Visakhapatnam airport". The Times of India. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Visakhapatnam Airport to be Shut for a Week". The New Indian Express. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Visakhapatnam Airport to Resume Partial Services from Today". The New Indian Express. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 

External links[edit]