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Visakhapatnam Airport

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Visakhapatnam Airport
Vizag airport terminal full view.jpg
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Owner Indian Navy
Operator
Serves Visakhapatnam
Location Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 3 m / 10 ft
Coordinates 17°43′16″N 083°13′28″E / 17.72111°N 83.22444°E / 17.72111; 83.22444Coordinates: 17°43′16″N 083°13′28″E / 17.72111°N 83.22444°E / 17.72111; 83.22444
Website www.flyvizag.com
Map
VTZ is located in Andhra Pradesh
VTZ
VTZ
VTZ is located in India
VTZ
VTZ
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 1,829 6,000 Asphalt
10/28 3,050 10,007 Asphalt
Statistics (Apr 2015-Mar 2016)
Passenger movements 1,804,634 (Increase64.1%)
Aircraft movements 16,739 (Increase46.3%)
Cargo tonnage 2,960 (Increase5.2%)
Source: AAI,[1][2][3]

Visakhapatnam Airport (IATA: VTZICAO: VOVZ) is a customs airport located in Visakhapatnam, India. It is the largest and busiest airport in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is approximately 12 km (7.5 mi) from Visakhapatnam and operates as a civil enclave on an Indian Navy air base named INS Dega. The airport has experienced significant growth since the beginning of the 21st century, with the construction of a new terminal and runway; and commencing of international flights to Dubai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Colombo.

History

In 1981, the airport commenced civilian operations with one flight per day. The original runway was 6,000 ft (1,800 m) long and a new 10,007 ft (3,050 m)-long and 60 m (200 ft)-wide runway was inaugurated on 15 June 2007 to accommodate medium-sized and wide body aircraft, with the installation and calibration of an instrument landing system (ILS) on Runway 28 as well. Used initially only for military operations, the ILS became operational for commercial aircraft from 30 March 2008. A new terminal building was inaugurated on 20 February 2009 and became operational on 27 March that year.[4]

Terminals

The airport has two adjacent terminals. Currently the integrated terminal handles both international and domestic flights. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has converted the old terminal into a cargo complex.

Passenger terminal

As part of a program to modernize 35 non-metro airports, AAI constructed a state-of-the-art integrated passenger terminal adjacent to the old terminal, at a cost of 1 billion (US$15 million). The new terminal building was inaugurated on 20 February 2009. A total of 350 acres (140 ha) land area was used for the project. The terminal has an area of 20,470 m2 (220,300 sq ft) and can handle 375 passengers on arrival and 750 on departure at a time. It has three jet bridges and the original apron with parking bays for two aircraft was expanded with bays for another six; three to handle Airbus A340 or Boeing 747-400-sized aircraft; two for medium-sized aircraft; and one to handle regional aircraft such as the ATR 72. There are three remote aircraft parking bays and an isolation bay at the end of Runway 10/28 as well.

Expansion

Due to growing air traffic at the airport, the AAI has made plans to construct six additional aircraft parking bays by extending the apron.

Cargo terminal

The old passenger terminal has been modified into a cargo complex that can handle two Boeing 737-sized aircraft at a time, or a single Boeing 747.

Runways

The airport has two runways: 10/28 (East - West orientation) 3,050 m (10,010 ft) in length; and 05/23 (Northeast - Southwest orientation) with a length of 1,829 m (6,001 ft). Runway 10/28 is used as the primary runway for both civil- and military operations, although civilian operations from Runway 10 are not permitted. Runway 05/23 is exclusively for military operations. The airport operates on a 24-hours basis.

Airlines and destinations

IndiGo Airbus A320 at Visakhapatnam Airport, 2014
Airlines Destinations
Air India Delhi, Dubai–International, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Port Blair
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
AirAsia India Bangalore, Kochi
Alliance Air Hyderabad, Raipur, Tirupati, Vijayawada
IndiGo Agartala, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai
Jet Airways Mumbai
SilkAir Singapore
SpiceJet Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Udaipur
SriLankan Airlines Colombo (begins 8 July 2017)[5]

Statistics

Statistics for Visakhapatnam Airport - Source: AAI[6]
Year Total passengers Total Percentage Change Total aircraft movements Total Percentage change Total Cargo Handled Total Percentage Change
2015-16 1,804,634 Increase64.1% 16,739 Increase46.3% Increase2960 Increase5.2%
2014-15 1,099,480 Increase8.6% 11,445 Increase4.0% Increase2812 Increase54.3%
2013-14 1,012,522 Decrease2.4% 11,008 Decrease27.5% Increase1823 Increase10.9%
2012-13 1,037,608 Increase8.3% 15,129 Decrease2.3% Increase1644 Increase57.2%
2011-12 958,160 Increase34.7% 15,488 Increase31.4% Decrease1046 Decrease5.5%
2010-11 711,566 Increase12.8% 11,785 Increase2.4% Increase1107 Increase18.0%

Ground transport

Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from the airport to Dwaraka Nagar Bus Station (RTC Complex) and Kakinada; and all city services from and to Gajuwaka and Steel Plant have a stop here.Recently APSRTC had launched ac luxary services from Airport to RTC complex and Madhurawada. Visakhapatnam Airport is situated around 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) west of the Visakhapatnam Railway Station and 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) east of Duvvada railway station

Awards and recognition

  • Visakhapatnam Airport was awarded Best Airport in Tier-2 Airport Category(Rest of India) in National Tourism Awards 2011-2012.[7]

INS Dega naval base

Main article: INS Dega

The Indian Navy started aviation operations in Visakhapatnam in the late 1970s, with the construction of four helipads adjacent to the civil airfield. The airport at Visakhapatnam was transferred to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation in 1981. Additional hangars, maintenance facilities and an operations complex were constructed soon after. The air station was called "Naval Air Station, Visakhapatnam".

On 21 October 1991, the air station was renamed and formally commissioned as INS Dega.[8] The base has two aprons and is home to several squadrons, these being INAS 311, INAS 321, INAS 333, INAS 350.

Accidents and incidents

  • The airport was extensively damaged during Cyclone Hudhud in October 2014, with winds blasting at speeds of 185 km/h (115 mph); the runway was inundated and navigational aids destroyed, the terminal building roof also suffered substantial damage.[9] The airport was shut down for commercial operations on 11 October as a precautionary measure; and naval- and other flights carrying relief materials were the only aircraft operating from the airport.[10] The airport re-commenced partial operations from 17 October after electrical power was restored. AAI restored the airport to full operations within the span of three months.[11]

References

  1. ^ "Traffic Statistics-2016" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Aircraft Movements-2016" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Cargo Statistics-2016" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Vizag airport terminal to be inaugurated on Feb 20". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Direct flights to Colombo from Vizag". The Hans India. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "Traffic Statistics" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "National Awards 2011-2012". Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "INS Dega". Indian Navy. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Hudhud rips through Visakhapatnam airport". The Times of India. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Visakhapatnam Airport to be Shut for a Week". The New Indian Express. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Visakhapatnam Airport to Resume Partial Services from Today". The New Indian Express. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 

External links

Media related to Visakhapatnam Airport at Wikimedia Commons