Viscount Falkland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Arms of Cary: Argent, on a bend sable three roses of the field[1]
Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland
Stained glass heraldic achievement of Lucius Cary, 6th Viscount (1687–1730), on the south chancel window in All Saints Church, Clovelly, Devon

Viscount Falkland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. Referring to the royal burgh of Falkland in Fife, it was created in 1620, by Scottish King James VI, for Sir Henry Cary, although he was actually English and had no connection to Scotland. He was made Lord Cary at the same time, also in the Peerage of Scotland. His son, the second Viscount, was a prominent statesman. The latter's younger son, the fourth Viscount (who succeeded his elder brother), notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire. His son, the fifth Viscount, represented several constituencies in the House of Commons and held office as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1693 to 1694. The Falkland Islands in the south Atlantic are named after him.

On his death the line of the second Viscount failed and the titles were inherited by the late Viscount's second cousin, the sixth Viscount. He was the grandson of the Hon. Patrick Cary, fifth son of the first Viscount. A lifelong adherent of the exiled Royal Family of Stuart, he was created, on 13 December 1722, by James Francis Edward Stuart (recognised by Jacobites as "King James III") Earl of Falkland, in the Jacobite Peerage. He also embraced the Roman Catholic faith. His great-great-grandson, the tenth Viscount, was a colonial administrator and Liberal politician. In 1832 he was created Baron Hunsdon, of Scutterskelfe in the County of York, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. This title gave him an automatic seat in the House of Lords but became extinct on his death in 1884. The Scottish titles were inherited by his younger brother, the eleventh Viscount. He was an Admiral in the Royal Navy.

His nephew, the twelfth Viscount, sat in the House of Lords as a Scottish Representative Peer from 1894 to 1922. He was succeeded by his son, the thirteenth Viscount, who served as a Scottish Representative Peer between 1922 and 1931. As of 2018 the titles are held by the latter's grandson, the fifteenth Viscount, who succeeded his father in 1984. He is one of the ninety hereditary peers elected to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999; he sits as a Crossbencher.

Theoretically all viscountcies in the Peerage of Scotland have "of" in their titles, but most Scottish Viscounts have dropped the practice of using "of." The only ones who persist in the usage of the word are the Viscount of Arbuthnott, and, to a lesser extent, the Viscount of Oxfuird.

There is a statue of Viscount Falkland in St Stephens Hall, in the Houses of Parliament. On the 27 April 1909, a suffragette named Marjory Hume, chained herself to the statue, shouting "Deeds not words". When the chains were removed the top half of the spur on Falkland's right boot was broken off; the damage can be seen to this day. It is a common misconception that Falkland's sword was broken during this incident. Instead the sword broke shortly after the statue was installed in St Stephens Hall.

Viscounts (of) Falkland (1620)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son the Hon. Lucius Alexander Plantagenet Cary, Master of Falkland (b. 1963)
The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son Lucius Jackson Arthur Plantagenet Cary (b. 1995)[2]


  1. ^ Vivian, p. 150.
  2. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)


External links[edit]