Viscount Goschen

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Viscountcy Goschen
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
COA of Goschen, Viscounts Goschen.svg
Argent, a heart gules, flamant and transfixed by an arrow bendwise, point upwards proper, two anchors erect in chief sable
Creation date 18 December 1900[1]
Monarch Queen Victoria
Peerage Peerage of the United Kingdom
First holder George Goschen
Present holder Giles Goschen, 4th Viscount Goschen[1]
Heir apparent Hon. Alexander Goschen
Remainder to Heirs male of the first viscount's body lawfully begotten[2]
Seat(s) Hilton House, Berkshire
Armorial motto Pacem ("For Peace")[1]
Heraldic achievement of the Viscounts Goschen

Viscount Goschen, of Hawkhurst in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1900 for the politician George Goschen.

History[edit]

The Goschen family descended from prominent publisher and printer Georg Joachim Göschen of Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony.[3] His third son Wilhelm Heinrich (William Henry) Göschen (1793–1866) came to England in 1814 and the next year co-founded the merchant banking firm Frühling & Göschen, of Leipzig and London.[4][5]

Wilhelm's eldest son George joined the family firm before he entered politics.[1] He served variously as Member of Parliament, Vice-President of the Board of Trade, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, President of the Poor Law Board, Chancellor of the Exchequer and First Lord of the Admiralty. He was raised to the peerage in December 1900 by Queen Victoria.[2] Wilhelm's son, the second Viscount, sat as a Conservative Member of Parliament for East Grinstead and served as Governor of Madras.[1] The second Viscount's only son, Lieutenant George Joachim Goschen (1893–1916), was killed during the First World War, dying of wounds received during the Siege of Kut. Upon the second Viscount's death in 1952, the title was inherited by his nephew John Goschen, the second son of his brother, Sir William Henry Goschen (1870–1943). Sir William's eldest son Brig.-Gen. William Henry Goschen (1900–1944) was killed in action in Burma in the Second World War. The third Viscount served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard (Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords) in the Conservative administrations of Harold Macmillan, Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Edward Heath.[1] As of 2016, the title is held by the fourth Viscount, who succeeded in 1977. He held junior ministerial positions in the Conservative government of John Major and is now one of the 90 elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999.

The diplomat Sir Edward Goschen, 1st Baronet was the younger brother of the first Viscount.[1]

The family seat is Hilton House, near Crowthorne, Berkshire.

Viscounts Goschen (1900)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. Alexander John Edward Goschen (b. 5 October 2001).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke’s Peerage & Gentry. pp. 1607–1608. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. 
  2. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 27257. p. 8538. 18 December 1900.
  3. ^ Spinner, Thomas J. (1977). George Joachim Goschen: The Transformation of a Victorian Liberal. CUP Archive. p. 1. ISBN 9780521202107. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "Goschen Publishers and Printer". Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. John W. Parker and Son: 201. 1903. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  5. ^ Laybourn, Keith (2001). British Political Leaders: A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO. p. 133. ISBN 9781576070437. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 

External links[edit]