Vishnya-class intelligence ship
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SSV-535 Kareliya and USS Texas (CGN-39) in 1988
|Builders:||Stocznia Północna, Gdańsk, Poland|
|Preceded by:||Balzam class intelligence ship|
|Succeeded by:||Yury Ivanov-class intelligence ship|
|Type:||Intelligence collection ship|
|Displacement:||3,470 tons full load|
|Propulsion:||2 shafts, 2 Sulzer diesels, 4,400 bhp|
|Complement:||146 (= 6 passengers)|
|Sensors and |
|Sonar: Pamyat hull mounted arrays, HF dipping|
|Electronic warfare |
2 AK-630 six-barreled Gatling 30 mm/L60 guns2 SA-N-8 surface-to-air missiles
The Vishnya class (also known as the Meridian class) are a group of intelligence collection ships built for the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. The ships continue in service with the Russian Navy. The Soviet designation is Project 864. The Russian Navy operates seven of these ships.
These ships are large, purpose built ships designed for signals intelligence gathering via an extensive array of sensors. The data could be transmitted to shore via satellite link antennas housed in two large radomes. The ships are armed with two AK-630 close-in weapon systems and SA-N-8 SAM launchers, for last resort self-defense.
On February 15, 2017, CNN reported that SSV Viktor Leonov, a Russian spy ship sits 30 miles off the coast of Connecticut, a US defense official told CNN. This is the farthest north the Russian spy vessel has ever ventured, according to US defense official. CNN reported that Viktor Leonov, which conducted similar patrols in 2014 and 2015, was off the coast of Delaware Wednesday, but typically she only travels as far as Virginia. The ship is based with Russia's northern fleet on the North Sea but had stopped over in Cuba before conducting her patrol along the Atlantic Coast and is expected to return there following her latest mission. The ship is outfitted with a variety of high-tech spying equipment and is designed to intercept signals intelligence. The official said that the US Navy is "keeping a close eye on it." Viktor Leonov is a NATO reporting name Vishnya-class spy ship, as is a Russian ship that trailed the US ship that encountered close-flying Russian aircraft in the Black Sea on Friday.
|Name||Hull No.||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Fleet||Status||Notes|
|520||14 November 1985||Baltic Fleet||Active|
|Kareliya||535||5 July 1986||Pacific Fleet||Active||Repairs and retrofit completed on 20 July 2017.|
|Tavriya||169||17 January 1987||Northern Fleet||Active|
|Priazovye||201||12 June 1987||Black Sea Fleet||Active|
|Kurily||208||16 October 1987||Pacific Fleet||Active|
|231||27 November 1987||23 July 1988||Baltic Fleet||Active|
- "Project 864".
- Pike, John. "Vishnya class".
- Ryan Browne; Barbara Starr. "Russian spy ship lurks off Connecticut coast". CNN.