Vishrambaag Wada (Marathi: विश्रामबाग वाडा), a fine mansion situated at central Pune's Thorale Bajirao Road,was the luxurious residence of Peshwa Bajirao II, the last Peshwa of Maratha confederacy, in early nineteenth century. The 20,000 sq. ft. wada presently houses a post office on its ground floor, a few other offices of the municipal corporation and a small museum of Maratha artefacts put together by noted Maratha historian, Babasaheb Purandare. This structure is famous for its fine entrance and the balcony with carved woodwork.
Vishrambaag Wada was built in 1807 AD at the price of Rs 200,000. It took six years to complete the construction. Bajirao II preferred this residence to the ill-fated Shaniwar Wada, the citadel of the Peshwas. Bajirao II stayed here for eleven years until his defeat in the Third Anglo-Maratha War. After the war the British exiled him with a pension to Bithur near Kanpur. His wife, Varanasibai, continued to stay here for a while before joining him in Bithur. Soon the British took over Pune.
In 1821,The new East India Company rulers of Pune started the Hindoo college in the Wada to continue Sanskrit learning in the city.The college was the forerunner of the Poona college which later became Deccan College.A high school called Vishrambag High School also operated out of the palace. In 1871, an act of arson entirely destroyed the eastern wing of the wada.
In 1930, the then Poona municipality bought the property from the colonial Bombay Presidency government for a sum of Rs 100,000.Until 1959, Municipality and its successor,the Pune Municipal Corporation|the PMC operated out of Vishrambaag Wada. Several PMC department offices were based in the wada until 2003.
The PMC has undertaken the restoration work of Vishrambaag Wada under the Heritage Corridor Plan. The conservation is set to be carried out in three phases, starting with the double storeyed mansion where the Peshwa is said to have lived with a battery of 6,000 servants.
According to PMC’s heritage cell chief Shyam Dhavale, the bricks mriginal wada, are specially being recreated. And so are some of the windows, wooden pillars and motifs.
Red tiles on the sloping roof and the courtyard—a typical feature of Maratha architecture—will be retained.
As of 2004, ₹2,500,000 (US$36,000) have been spent on the restoration work.
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