Visigothic art and architecture
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (April 2020)
This period in Iberian art is dominated by their style. Visigothic art is generally considered in the English-speaking world to be a strain of Migration art, while the Portugues- and Spanish-speaking worlds generally classify it as Pre-Romanesque.
Branches of Visigothic art include their architecture, crafts (especially jewellery), and their script.
The only remaining examples of Visigothic architecture from the 6th century are the church of San Cugat del Vallés in Barcelona, the hermitage and church of Santa Maria de Lara in Burgos, Saint Frutuoso Chapel in (Braga), the church of São Gião in (Nazaré) and the few remnants of the church at Cabeza de Griego, Cuenca. However, their style developed over the next centuries, though the prime remaining examples of it are mostly rural and often run-down. Some of the characteristics of their architecture are:
- Generally basilican in layout, sometimes a Greek cross plan or, more rarely, a combination of the two. The spaces are highly compartmentalised.
- Horseshoe arches without keystones.
- A rectangular, exterior apse.
- Use of columns and pillars with Corinthian capitals of unique design.
- Barrel vaults with cupolas at the crosses.
- Walls of ashlar blocks, occasionally alternating with Roman brickwork.
- Decoration commonly of animal or plant motifs.
- Crypt of San Antolín in the cathedral of Palencia (province of Palencia)
- Church of Santa Comba in Bande (province of Ourense)
- Chapel of San Xes (or San Ginés) de Francelos in Ribadavia (province of Ourense)
- Church of San Pedro de la Mata (in ruins) in Sonseca (province of Toledo)
- Church of Santa María de Melque in San Martín de Montalbán (province of Toledo)
- Suso monastery at San Millán de la Cogolla, La Rioja
- Basilica of Santa María de Batres in Carranque (province of Toledo)
- Hermitage of Santa María in Quintanilla de las Viñas (province of Burgos)
- Church of Santa Lucía del Trampal near Alcuéscar (province of Cáceres)
- Crypt of the Monastery of San Salvador de Leyre, Navarre
- Head of the Church of San Miguel de los Fresnos (in ruins) in Fregenal de la Sierra (province of Badajoz)
- Saint Frutuoso Chapel in Braga (Portugal)
- Church of São Gião in Nazaré (Portugal)
- The Pre-Romanesque church of San Pedro de la Nave in San Pedro de la Nave-Almendra (province of Zamora) was formerly regarded as an exemplar of Visigothic architecture, but current thinking as to the date of the building suggests that it is better described as Mozarabic or Repoblación. A similar redating has been suggested for the Church of San Juan Bautista in Baños de Cerrato (province of Palencia).
- "Group of Mozarabic buildings on the Iberian Peninsula". Retrieved 2019-06-15.
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