Vision of a Knight (Raphael)

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Vision of a Knight
RAFAEL - Sueño del Caballero (National Gallery de Londres, 1504. Óleo sobre tabla, 17 x 17 cm).jpg
Artist Raphael
Year 1504–1505
Type Egg tempera on poplar
Dimensions 17.1 cm × 17.1 cm (6.7 in × 6.7 in)
Location National Gallery, London

The Vision of a Knight or The Dream of Scipio or Allegory is a small egg tempera painting on poplar by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael, finished in 1504–1505.[1][2] It is in the National Gallery in London. It probably formed a pair with the Three Graces panel, also 17 cm square, now in the Château de Chantilly museum.

There are a number of theories as to what the panel is intended to represent. Some art historians think the sleeping knight represents the Roman general Scipio Africanus (236–184 BC) who dreamed that he had to choose between Virtue (behind whom is a steep and rocky path) and Pleasure (in looser robes). However, the two feminine figures are not presented as contestants. They may represent the ideal attributes of the knight: the book, sword and flower which they hold suggest the ideals of scholar, soldier and lover which a knight should combine.

The most likely source for the allegory depicted is from a passage in the Punica, an epic poem recounting the Second Punic War by the Latin poet Silius Italicus.[3]

The panel was moved to England by William Young Ottley in 1800.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thoenes, Christof, Raphael (2005) Ed. Taschen. pp. 17
  2. ^ Girardi, Monica, Raffaello. La ricerca della perfezione e la tenerezza della natura (1999) Ed. Associati. pp. 31
  3. ^ "Iconography | Studying Raphael | Research | The National Gallery, London". Nationalgallery.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 

External links[edit]