Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija

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Volumes of the Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija
The 9th volume

The Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija or VLE (translation Universal Lithuanian Encyclopedia) is a 25-volume universal Lithuanian-language encyclopedia published by the Science and Encyclopaedia Publishing Institute from 2001 to 2014. VLE is the first published universal encyclopedia in independent Lithuania (it replaces the former Lietuviškoji Tarybinė Enciklopedija which was published in thirteen volumes from 1976 to 1985). The last volume, XXV, was published in July 2014.[1] An additional volume of updates, error corrections, and indexes was published in 2015.[2] The encyclopedia's twenty-five volumes contain nearly 122,000 articles and about 25,000 illustrations. Since 2017 June the VLE is published as an online encyclopedia being updated to present day.[3]


VLE is an encyclopedia published in Lithuanian, therefore it focuses on Lithuania, Lithuanians and Lithuanian topics (Lithuanian personalities, organizations, language, culture, national activities). These articles make up about 20-25% of all articles and illustrations (about 6,000 articles are intended to describe personalities alone).

Separate thematic articles contain articles on Lithuanian studies - about Lithuania and Lithuanians. Much space in the VLE is devoted to topics banned or ignored during the occupation of the USSR: Lithuanian statehood, the history of the Catholic Church, the army, Lithuania's resistance to Nazi and Soviet occupation, the history of the Lithuanian state, Lithuania Minor for patriotic activities.[4] Juozapas Girdzijauskas stated that VLE "will objectively acquaint the society with the world's culture, capture the modern level of science, promote the humanistic values ​​of humanity, and help the Lithuanian people to overcome the Soviet ideology".

Editorial board[edit]

Coordination and editing of Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija is carried by prominent Lithuanian scholars:

Additionally, editorial-scientific boards of 23–25 scholars were established for the main science branches. In total, there were 2,957 authors.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija. T. XXV : Venk–Žvo
  2. ^ ISBN 978-5-420-01754-8 "Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija: Papildymai" (in Lithuanian).
  3. ^ ""Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija" – jau ir internete". Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  4. ^ // / universuotine-lietuviu-enciklopedija Archived 2016-11-28 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedias. The Universal Lithuanian Encyclopedia
  5. ^ "Baigta "Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija" (in Lithuanian). Verslo žinios.

External links[edit]