Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum
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Visvesvaraya Industrial & Technological Museum
|Established||14 July 1962|
|Location||Kasturba road, Bangalore India|
|Visitors||1 million+|
|Director||K G kumar|
|Curator||K Madangopal, K.A. Sadhana, Sajoo Bhaskaran, Jyoti Mehra, Shaik Rafi|
|Public transit access||P K Nandakumar, Senior Controller of Administration (SCA)|
|Template:Infobox museum/NCSM network|
|Template:Infobox museum/NCSM network|
The Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum, Bangalore(VITM), India. a constituent unit of National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture, Government of India, was established in memory of Bharat Ratna Sir M Visvesvaraya. The building, with a built up area of 4000 m2, was constructed in the Cubbon Park, housing various scientific experiments and engines, which was opened by the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 14 July 1962. The first gallery set up at VITM on the theme ‘Electricity” was opened to the public on 27 July1965.
In order to honour Bharat Ratna Sir M Visvesvaraya, the All India Manufactures’ Organization, Mysore State Board, decided to set up a Science & Technology Museum at Bangalore and the foundation stone was laid by Shri B.D. Jatti, Chief Minister of erstwhile Mysore State on 15 September1958. The Visvesvaraya Industrial Museum Society (VIMS) came to be registered as the nodal agency in order to pool in resources from various industrial houses. A building with a built up area of 4000 m2, was constructed by the Society in the serene surrounding of the Cubbon Park, housing various industrial products and engines which was opened by the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 14 July 1962.
However, the Society, felt that the southern region lacked a science museum; whereas the eastern region already had a science museum in Calcutta under CSIR, which was quite popular. On the Society’s request, CSIR took over VITM. The Society was given the liberty to nominate a permanent representative to the Executive Committee of VITM. On 27 July 1965, VITM was opened in Bangalore with the first gallery on the theme ‘Electricity’.
In the year 1970, VITM launched the Mobile Science Exhibition (MSE) with 24 participatory exhibits mounted on a bus for taking science to the common man’s door step. The MSE Bus travels through the length and breadth of the whole of South India and it continues to be a very effective tool for science communication in the rural area as the bus carries with it a portable planetarium, telescope for night sky observations, HD large screen TV for science film shows in the evenings, materials for conducting popular science shows and demonstrations aimed towards the students and the general populace.
In 1978, the science museums/centres including VITM were delinked from CSIR and brought under a newly formed Society registered on 4 April 1978 as National Council of Science Museums (NCSM). In the year 1979, a link block was constructed with a built area of 2900 m2, raising the total built up area of the Museum to 6900 m2.
- Engine Hall
- How Things Work
- Fun Science
- Space Emerging technology in the Service of Mankind
- Biotechnological Revolution
- BEL hall of Electronics
- Children Science gallery
The "Engine Hall" exhibits engines of various cars, machines used in industry, a jet aircraft engine, and other mechanical devices. The predictability and precision of mechanics is demonstrated by the rolling balls that travel endlessly within metal tracks.
How Things Work
This gallery is an attempt to explain the fundamentals and working of some of these machines through interactive exhibits. Exhibits on Pulley system, Gears, different ways of transferring motion, reducing effort by levers, inclined plane, screw etc. introduces the visitors to the story of simple machines. Another section deals with the application of these simple machines in daily life.
The 'Electro Technic Gallery' contains interactive electrical exhibits which work on the basic principles of electricity, electronics and communication. A renovated version of Electro Technic gallery was opened to public on 8 April 2010. This gallery exhibits the classical experiments like Oersted's experiment, Barlow's wheel, Faraday's ring, etc. A demonstration on electrostatics, which include Tesla coil, Van de Graaff generator etc. is on display.
The first floor of the Museum houses the 'Fun Science gallery' that displays exhibits on sciences of sound, optics, fluids, math and perception.
The 'Space Gallery' is about rocket science and the history of space exploration.
Biotechnology hall also on the second floor of the Museum has exhibits on basics of Biotechnology and its applications.
BEL hall of Electronics
Has exhibits on basic electronics and its practical applications.
Science for children
Another gallery named " Science for Children" houses exhibits that engages children in activities that help them to enjoy science. There is a giant piano over which they can dance to play music. A pin-wall helps the children to make the impression of their body parts on it.
The 'Dinosaur alive' has a moving replica of a Spinosaurus. This pneumatically operated dinosaur can move its head, hands and tail and roll its eyes at the visitors.
- Science on a Sphere
- Dinosaur Enclave with mobile app
- Wright Brother flyer
- Wright Brother flyer simulator
- Innovation Hub and Idea lab
- Taramandal- an inflatable dome planetarium
- Science Show Hall
- Auditorium – 250 seating with modern audio video facility
- 3 D theatre
- Telemedicine facility
- V Sat facility for inter museum programmes
- Spark Theatre
- Mobile Science Exhibition
- 11” Clestron Telescope with GPS for night sky observation
- Exhibit development workshop and allied facility
- Cafeteria space
- Lift for accessibility for special visitors
In order to take the message of science to the doorstep of common man, VITM embarked on a novel project in the form of Mobile Science Exhibition (MSE) with 24 participatory exhibits mounted on a bus. Launched in the year 1970, the MSE Bus travels through the length and breadth of the whole of South India. The Mobile Science Exhibition programme has become very popular among the school students.
Between 1982 and 1993, NCSM set up three more science centers at Gulbarga (Karnataka) in 1984, Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu) in 1987 and Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh) in 1993, which are functioning under the direct administrative control of VITM. Thus, VITM became the southern zone headquarters of NCSM.
With the changing times, the contents of the exhibition halls and the display technology at VITM underwent continuous changes with new themes & topics such as Astronomy, Space Sciences, Biotechnology, Electronics and Information Technology added to the galleries.
In order to showcase the achievements of Indian Space Programme, a new gallery ‘Space – Emerging Technology in the Service of Mankind’ was inaugurated on 19 June 1999, which is now under renovation with financial, material and technical support from ISRO. VITM opened to frontier technologies with a new gallery titled ‘Biotechnological Revolution’, which was opened on 4 January 2003 coinciding with the Human Genome Sequencing. VITM joined hands with Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL) to set up a new gallery ‘BEL Hall of Electronics’ which was inaugurated on 29 June 2004. This gallery has exhibits on basic principles of electronics and Information technology. Keeping young children in mind, a gallery ‘Science for Children’, where they could play and enhance their learning skills, was inaugurated on 30 April 2007. The ‘Electrotechnic’ gallery was renovated with new exhibits using latest technology to explain the basic principles of Electricity and Magnetism and inaugurated on 8 April 2010.
This being the Golden Jubilee year of VITM a new facility “Science on a Sphere” was opened at VITM on 28 July 2014. VITM also has on display the first and the only one in India, a 1:1 scale model of the Wright Brothers’ Flyer, fabricated in-house. During the Golden Jubilee, VITM added a simulator to this Flyer model, which gives the visitors thr experience of how the Wright Brothers flew the first aircraft.
VITM has developed several travelling exhibitions. To name a few The World of Astronomical Observatories, Life and work of Sir C V Raman and his life, Nanotechnology, Life and work of Sir M Visvesvaraya, Srinivasa Ramanujan etc. VITM also holds on a regular basis travelling exhibitions that are developed by other units of NCSM on varied themes such as Science of Sports, Giants from the Backyard, Chemistry, Disaster - preparing for the worst, Radiations around us etc.
- "Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum web site, About page" (Web site) (Web page). Bangalore: Visvesvaraya Industrial & Technological Museum. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
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