|Occupation||Architect, Deputy minister|
|Criminal charge||Homicide of Peter Nielsen|
|Criminal penalty||8-year sentence, served two years|
|Criminal status||Released on 8 November 2007|
|Spouse(s)||Svetlana Kaloyeva (1958–2002) |
(m.1991-2002; her death)
Irina Dzarasova (m.2012/2013-present)
|Children||Konstantin Kaloyev (1991–2002)|
Diana Kaloyeva (1998–2002)
Vitaly Konstantinovich Kaloyev (Russian: Виталий Константинович Калоев, born 15 January 1956) is a Russian former architect who was convicted of the premeditated killing of an air traffic controller after his family died aboard Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937, which collided with DHL Flight 611 over Überlingen, Germany, on 1 July 2002.
Kaloyev, who was also former deputy minister of construction of North Ossetia-Alania, held Peter Nielsen, the sole air traffic controller in Switzerland who was handling traffic the night of the collision, responsible; and, in 2004, travelled to the Swiss town of Kloten, where he killed Nielsen who had since retired from air traffic work.
In 2016, Kaloyev was awarded the highest regional medal by the local Ossetian government, the medal "To the Glory of Ossetia". The medal is awarded for the highest achievements, improving the living conditions of the inhabitants of the region, for educating the younger generation and maintaining law and order.
Vitaly Kaloyev lost his wife Svetlana Kaloyeva (Russian: Светлана Калоева) and two children, 10-year-old Konstantin (Russian: Константин) and 4-year-old Diana (Russian: Диана) in the Überlingen mid-air collision two years earlier.
Yuri Kaloyev, the brother of Vitaly Kaloyev, reported that he suffered a nervous breakdown following the loss of his family. Vitaly Kaloyev participated in the search for the bodies and located a broken pearl necklace owned by his daughter, Diana. He also found her body, which was intact as the trees had broken her fall. Svetlana's body landed in a corn field, and Konstantin's body hit asphalt in front of an Überlingen bus shelter.
Kaloyev spent the first year after the accident lingering at the graves of his family and building a shrine to them in his home. At the memorial service for the first anniversary of the tragedy, he asked the head of Skyguide about the possibility of meeting the controller who had been responsible for the disaster, but received no response. Kaloyev then hired a Moscow private investigator to find Nielsen's address outside Zürich, before travelling to the former air traffic controller's home in Kloten.
Homicide of Peter Nielsen
On the afternoon of 24 February 2004, he set off for Nielsen's house. A neighbor spotted Kaloyev and asked what he wanted. He waved a piece of paper with Nielsen's name on it. The neighbor pointed to Nielsen's front door, but instead of knocking, Kaloyev sat down in the garden.
Nielsen, who had lived in Switzerland since 1995, spotted the intruder, went outside and asked what he wanted. His children accompanied him into the garden as well, but his wife tried to call them back; she was still inside when she heard a "kind of scream". Nielsen was stabbed several times and died of his injuries a few minutes later in the presence of his wife and three children.
Answering questions from the judge, Kaloyev said the plane crash above Lake Constance had ended his life. He said his children were the youngest on board Flight 2937, so there was no need for him to identify the bodies. Kaloyev said he was crushed by the loss of his family: "I have been living in the cemetery for almost two years, sitting beside their graves".
Kaloyev presented a document received from a law firm in Hamburg dated 11 November 2003. It was an agreement in which Skyguide offered him 60,000 Swiss francs for the death of his wife and 50,000 francs for the death of each of his two children. In return, Skyguide asked Kaloyev to decline any claims to the company. The document infuriated him; he decided to meet the company director Alan Rossier and Nielsen in person.
"Apparently he did not expect that he would have to answer for the results of his work," Kaloyev said. "He murmured something to me. Then I showed him some pictures of my children and said: "They were my children. What would you feel if you saw your children in coffins? I was infuriated about Skyguide's initiative to haggle over my dead children."
Kaloyev wanted Nielsen to apologize to him for the death of his family. "He hit me on the hand, when I was holding the envelope with the photographs of my children. I only remember that I had a very disturbing feeling, as if the bodies of my children were turning over in their graves", he said. Kaloyev offered no explanation for why he brought the weapon with him on a peaceful errand and initially denied the killing entirely.
On 26 October 2005, Kaloyev was convicted of the premeditated killing (a charge that falls between murder and manslaughter in Switzerland) of Nielsen and sentenced to eight years in prison. In 2007, he was paroled by the court, but the prosecution appealed the decision.
On 23 August 2007, the court accepted the appeal, so that Kaloyev remained in prison. On 8 November 2007, Kaloyev was released from prison, because his mental condition was not sufficiently considered in the initial sentence.
Returning to his home in North Ossetian city of Vladikavkaz, Kaloyev was met with enthusiastic crowds who cheered him as a hero. Members of the youth movement Nashi were standing with the accompanying acclamation: "You are the real man."
"Kaloyev is a hero. Those guilty of causing air crashes often remain unpunished. Such a radical punishment is the only way to make them carry responsibility for their crimes," said Vitaly Yusko, a member of a Russian organisation dedicated to helping the relatives of air crash victims. Many Russians shared that sentiment, and believed that he committed "a heroic deed avenging for the death of his family." The positive reaction and appointment in Russia were met with a negative reception in Switzerland.
I don't really take offense at people who call me a murderer. People who say that would betray their own children, their own motherland… I protected the honor of my children and the memory of my children. He's nobody to me. He's nobody to me. He was an idiot and that's why he paid for it with his life. If he'd been smarter, it wouldn't have been like this. If he'd invited me into the house, the conversation would have happened in softer tones and the tragedy might not have happened.— Vitaly Kaloyev
The Swiss government asked Kaloyev to repay the costs of his incarceration, about US$157,000. Kaloyev has refused to do so. When Kaloyev travelled to Germany to attend the 10th-anniversary memorial, he was detained by German authorities, saying that he was on a Swiss watch list. Russian consular authorities protested the man's detainment. The Germans released Kaloyev after Russian diplomats agreed to accompany him.
In his native North Ossetia, Kaloyev was appointed Deputy Minister of Construction of the Republic. He held this post until 15 January 2016, when he retired, receiving the highest state award by the local government, the medal "To the Glory of Ossetia", on his 60th birthday. The medal was awarded for the highest achievements, improving the living conditions of the inhabitants of the region, for educating the younger generation and maintaining law and order.
Kaloyev remarried only more than a decade after the air tragedy in approximately 2012 or 2013, to a woman named Irina Dzarasova, who was an engineer at OAO Sevkavkazenergo, and on 25 December 2018 he became a father of twins when Irina gave birth to a boy and a girl. The boy was named Maxim while the girl was named Sofia.
In popular culture
Kaloyev's story has been referenced in various media formats.
- U.S. rock band Delta Spirit recorded the song "Ballad of Vitaly", featured as the closing track on their 2010 album History from Below, chronicling Kaloyev's story.
- German futurepop band Edge of Dawn alludes to Kaloyev's story and mentions his name in the song "The Flight (Lux)", which appears on their 2005 EP The Flight, and later their full-length 2007 album Enjoy the Fall.
- The 2009 Swiss/German film “Flight in the night. The Misfortune of Ueberlingen” is based on the Ueberlingen mid-air collision with Ken Duken as Nielsen and Evgeni Sitochin as Kaloyev.
- The 2017 U.S. film Aftermath is based on the Überlingen mid-air collision with Arnold Schwarzenegger portraying a character largely based on Kaloyev.
- The 2018 Russian film Unforgiven is based on the Überlingen mid-air collision with Dmitry Nagiyev portraying Kaloyev.
In a U.S. off-Broadway play entitled "My Eyes Went Dark", which opened June 7, 2017 and closed July 2, playwright and director Matthew Wilkinson tells Kaloyev's story, which featured, among other characters, Declan Conlon as Kaloyev and Thusitha Jayasundera as his wife. It played at 59E59 Theaters in New York City.
The mid-flight air crash on 1 July 2002 between a Russian privately chartered jet and a DHL freight plane over the town of Überlingen, near Lake Constance, Germany, and subsequent killing of former Skyguide air traffic controller Peter Nielsen, by Russian architect, Vitaly Kaloyev, was covered in 'Peter Nielsen' (106 Parts One and Two) on 3 and 10 February 2019 by true crime podcast Casefile.
- Drobotov, Alexey (February 2, 2016). "Виталия Калоева наградили медалью "Во Славу Осетии"" [Vitaly Kaloyev awarded with the medal "To the Glory of Ossetia"]. stav.kp.ru. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
- "Case 106: Peter Nielsen (Part 1)". Casefile: True Crime Podcast. 2019-02-02. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- "Case 106: Peter Nielsen (Part 2)". Casefile: True Crime Podcast. 2019-02-09. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- "Nothing left to lose: grief-crazed murder suspect haunted by family's air deaths," The Guardian Retrieved 6 May 2008.
- "Father killed air traffic chief over fatal crash," Times Online Retrieved 6 May 2008.
- "The Internet Movie Database: Mayday (Season 4: Deadly Crossroads)". The Internet Movie Database.
- "Peter Nielsen stabbed to death", The Age February 29, 2004. May 6, 2008.
- "Kommersant". Vitaliy Kaloev told, why he killed Skyguide's air traffic controller. 26 October 2005. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
- "Father jailed for air traffic murder". The Scotsman. Retrieved 18 October 2007.
- "Kaloyev to be released". Lenta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 14 November 2007.
- "Швейцарский суд отменил досрочное освобождение Виталия Калоева" [Swiss court overturned the early release of Vitaly Kaloyev]. Lenta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 14 November 2007.
- "Der Russe Kalojew kommt frei (German)". NZZ. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
- "Man who murdered Swiss flight control officer returns to Russia as national hero," Pravda.ru November 14, 2007.
- Kramer, Andrew E."Plane Crash Remembered; One Mourner Not Welcome." The New York Times. 30 June 2012. Retrieved on 5 February 2013.
- Stack, Megan K. (2008-02-02), Russian's revenge begets rewards, Los Angeles Times
- N. Ovcharuk, transl. by T. Aksyutina (2018-12-26). "Kaloyev, who lost his family in plane crash over Lake Constance, became father of twins". Bashinform News Agency (Ufa). Retrieved 2018-12-26.
- "Дети Виталия Калоева встретили Новый год дома". news-r.ru. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- Da Costa, Diego (June 24, 2015). "Arnold Schwarzenegger se convertirá en un padre vengativo en el drama '478'" [Arnold Schwarzenegger will become a vengeful father in the drama '478']. ecartelera.com. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Aftermath, retrieved 2019-02-24
- Unforgiven, retrieved 2019-02-24
- "Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung - Final Reports - Investigation Report" (PDF). www.bfu-web.de. Retrieved 2019-02-24.