|Allegiance|| Soviet Union
|Award(s)||Order of the Red Star|
|Birth name||Vitaly Shlykov|
|Born||4 February 1934
|Died||19 November 2011
Shlykov was arrested in Switzerland in January 1983 following his betrayal by Dieter Gerhardt under U.S. Central Intelligence Agency interrogation. Gerhardt was a South African national who spied for the Soviet Union for 20 years before his position was compromised by the Farewell Dossier. Shlykov was arrested when he travelled to Zurich under the false name Nikolaev Mikhail Vasilyevich to meet with Gerhardt's wife, Ruth, who acted as a courier. Despite not disclosing his real name or any other details to Swiss authorities, he was jailed for three years for spying for the Soviet Union.
Analysis of the demise of the Soviet Union
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Shlykov argued with his superiors that the Soviet Union was basing its military and economic policies on faulty assumptions, inherited from the Joseph Stalin era.
To prepare for this contingency, it was planned to mobilize between 4 and 8 millions of soldiers and to continuously supply them with enormous quantities of material: tanks, cannon, planes etc., since it was expected that the materiel (and the soldiers) would be constantly attributed at a high rate.
Therefore, most industrial plants in the USSR were required to set aside significant production capacities during peacetime, in order to "mobilize" them when war broke out and to produce the requisite enormous quantities of war materiel. This had the effect of severely undermining the Soviet economy.
Shlykov argued that the assumption that World War III would resemble World War II was wrong and that the above-described approach was ruining the Soviet economy without actually preparing it for possible future conflicts. He pointed out that the Western powers opted out of the World War II-era approach and were actively developing "smart" weapons in order to counter the Soviet preponderance in manpower and classical materiel.
For his efforts he was summarily dismissed from the Soviet Army. He later published his arguments after the fall of the Soviet Union in the open press.
- Панкин, Алексей Борисович (05/12/2012). "Наш разведчик-нелегал пытался спасти СССР, но ему Гайдар помешал". Pravda. Check date values in:
- Mlechin, Leonard (24 Apr 2006). "Our Man in a Swiss Prison". Retrieved 4 Jan 2013.
- Рыковцева, Елена (2 May 2006). "What Occupied the Russian Secret Services Abroad". Retrieved 4 Jan 2013.
- Pilyatskin, Boris (26 December 2005). "Loaf of bread and "The Gates of Hell"". Izvestia. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- "Vitaly Shlykov". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
- Isacbenkov, Vladimir (22 November 2011). "Vitaly Shlykov, 77; Soviet Spy, Top Kremlin Security Adviser". Associated Press via boston.com.