Vitamin D-dependent calcium-binding protein
Vitamin D-dependent calcium binding proteins were discovered in the cytosolic fractions of chicken intestine, and later in mammalian intestine and kidney, by workers including Robert Wasserman of Cornell University.
They bound calcium in the micromolar range and were greatly reduced in vitamin D-deficient animals. Expression could be induced by treating these animals with vitamin D metabolites such as calcitriol.
They were found to exist in two distinct sizes with a molecular weight of approximately 9 kDa and 28 kDa. They were renamed calbindin. Calbindin-D9k (S100G) is found in mammalian intestine and calbindin-D28k is in avian intestine and in mammalian kidney and other tissues.
- Wasserman, RH; Taylor, AN (1966). "Vitamin D3-induced calcium-binding protein in chick intestinal mucosa.". Science 152 (3723): 791–3. doi:10.1126/science.152.3723.791. PMID 17797460.
- Wasserman, RH; Corradino, RA; Taylor, AN (1969). "Binding proteins from animals with possible transport function.". The Journal of General Physiology 54 (1): 114–37. doi:10.1085/jgp.54.1.114. PMID 19873640.