Vitex megapotamica

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Vitex megapotamica
Close-up view of the tree's long, slender leaves and small, plum-like fruits
Close-up of stems, leaves, and ripened fruit
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Vitex
V. megapotamica
Binomial name
Vitex megapotamica
  • Bignonia megapotamica Spreng.
  • Psilogyne viticifolia DC.
  • Vitex montevidensis Cham.
  • Vitex multinervis (Cham.) Schauer
  • Vitex taruma Mart.
  • Vitex viticifolia (DC.) B.L.Rob.

Vitex megapotamica is a hardwood fruit tree found in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern Brazil.[2][1][3][4][5] In Brazil it is commonly called tarumã.

The tarumã grows to be up to ten metres tall.[5] Its bark is coloured dark grey; its compound leaves have a long petiole and five elliptic leaflets.[5] The small, abundant flowers developed into fleshy stone fruit. The fruits are eaten by a number of species, and serve also as fishing bait.[5]

Tarumã grows from the Southeast Region of Brazil to the South Region, and on through Uruguay and Paraguay to Argentina.[5]

In Brazil, its common names include azeitona do mato (forest olive), azeitona brava, cinco folhas (five leaves), copiúba, sombra de touro (bull's shadow), and tarumã romã (tarumã pomegranate).[5]


  1. ^ a b "The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet". Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  2. ^ " Missouri Botanical Garden". Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  3. ^ R. Govaerts; Oliveira-Filho, A.T.; de Lima, C.T.; França, F.; Paña-Chocarro, M.C.; Espada-Mateos, C.; Vera, M.; Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. Jørgensen, P.M.; Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.). "WCSP. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet". Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Vitex in Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro". Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Tarumã". Trilhas da ESALQ (in Portuguese). Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", Universidade de São Paulo. Retrieved 2016-04-04.