Vitexin

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Vitexin
Vitexin.svg
Names
Other names
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.020.876
Properties
C21H20O10
Molar mass 432.38 g/mol
Appearance Light yellow powder
Melting point 203 to 204 °C (397 to 399 °F; 476 to 477 K)
Supplementary data page
Refractive index (n),
Dielectric constantr), etc.
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
solid–liquid–gas
UV, IR, NMR, MS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Vitexin is an apigenin flavone glucoside, a chemical compound found in the passion flower, Vitex agnus-castus (chaste tree or chasteberry), in the Phyllostachys nigra bamboo leaves,[1] in the pearl millet (Pennisetum millet),[2] and in Hawthorn.[3]

Metabolism[edit]

Goitrogenicity of millet flavones : Vitexin inhibits thyroid peroxidase thus contributing to goiter.[4][5]

See also[edit]

Isovitexin (or homovitexin, saponaretin) is the apigenin-6-C-glucoside.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhang, Y; Jiao, J; Liu, C; Wu, X; Zhang, Y (2007). "Isolation and purification of four flavone C-glycosides from antioxidant of bamboo leaves by macroporous resin column chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography". Food Chemistry. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.09.037. Archived from the original on 2012-09-10.
  2. ^ J.O. AKINGBALA (1991). "Effect of Processing on Flavonoids in Millet (Pennisetum americanum) Flour" (PDF). Cereal Chem. 68 (2): 180–183. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
  3. ^ Scholz, Hildemar (1995). Gustav Hegi. Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa IV(2B). Spermatophyta: Angiospermae: Dicotyledones 2(3). Rosaceae 2 (2nd ed.). Berlin: Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag. p. 431. ISBN 978-3-8263-2533-5.
  4. ^ Gaitan, E (1990). "Goitrogens in food and water". Annual Review of Nutrition. 10: 21–39. doi:10.1146/annurev.nu.10.070190.000321. PMID 1696490.
  5. ^ Birzer, D. M., Klopfenstein, C. F., Leipold, H. W. (1987). "Goitre causing compounds found in pearl millet". Nutr. Rep. Int. 36: 131.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]