Vitim, Sakha Republic

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Vitim

Витим
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutВитим
Aerial view of Vitim
Aerial view of Vitim
Location of Vitim
Vitim is located in Russia
Vitim
Vitim
Location of Vitim
Vitim is located in Sakha Republic
Vitim
Vitim
Vitim (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 59°26′N 112°34′E / 59.433°N 112.567°E / 59.433; 112.567Coordinates: 59°26′N 112°34′E / 59.433°N 112.567°E / 59.433; 112.567
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[2]
Administrative districtLensky District[2]
SettlementVitim[2]
First mentioned17th century[3]
Urban-type settlement status since1958[2]
Population
 • Total4,376
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
4,163 (-4.9%)
 • Capital ofSettlement of Vitim[2]
 • Municipal districtLensky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementVitim Urban Settlement[6]
 • Capital ofVitim Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+9 (MSK+6 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
678150, 678152
OKTMO ID98627153051
Vitim population
2010 Census4,376[4]
2002 Census3,973[9]
1989 Census5,311[10]
1979 Census3,461[11]

Vitim (Russian: Вити́м; Yakut: Витим) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Lensky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 229 kilometers (142 mi) from Lensk, the administrative center of the district,[2] on the left bank of the Lena River at its confluence with the Vitim River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,376.[4]

History[edit]

Vitim was first mentioned in 17th-century historical sources as a winter fort and later as a trading fort.[3] By the mid-19th century, the settlement spread along a 2-kilometer (1.2 mi) section of the river, with a population of about 250 inhabitants, who made a living from river trade, fishing, hunting, gold mining, and handicrafts. During the Imperial era, it served as a place of political exile; H. Leivick was exiled here in 1912-1913.

Urban-type settlement status was granted to Vitim in 1958.[2]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Vitim[1] is incorporated within Lensky District as the Settlement of Vitim.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Vitim is incorporated within Lensky Municipal District as Vitim Urban Settlement.[6]

Economy[edit]

Vitim's development is being influenced by the development of the Talakan oil field.

Transportation[edit]

Vitim is served by the Vitim Airport.[12]

Climate[edit]

Vitim has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with severely cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is quite low but is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Vitim
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
3.6
(38.5)
11.9
(53.4)
20.7
(69.3)
32.9
(91.2)
36.8
(98.2)
36.6
(97.9)
36.3
(97.3)
28.9
(84.0)
19.9
(67.8)
7.7
(45.9)
4.6
(40.3)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) −23.8
(−10.8)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
3.8
(38.8)
13.0
(55.4)
22.1
(71.8)
25.2
(77.4)
21.3
(70.3)
12.4
(54.3)
1.0
(33.8)
−13.4
(7.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
1.2
(34.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −28.8
(−19.8)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−15.3
(4.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
6.2
(43.2)
14.6
(58.3)
18.1
(64.6)
14.6
(58.3)
6.4
(43.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−26.9
(−16.4)
−5.1
(22.7)
Average low °C (°F) −34.1
(−29.4)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−10.6
(12.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
7.4
(45.3)
11.5
(52.7)
8.8
(47.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−7.3
(18.9)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−32.1
(−25.8)
−11.2
(11.8)
Record low °C (°F) −60.2
(−76.4)
−57.6
(−71.7)
−51.5
(−60.7)
−40.9
(−41.6)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
−12.3
(9.9)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−50.6
(−59.1)
−61.2
(−78.2)
−61.2
(−78.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26.9
(1.06)
17.8
(0.70)
14.3
(0.56)
16.7
(0.66)
33.7
(1.33)
51.9
(2.04)
56.6
(2.23)
60.3
(2.37)
45.7
(1.80)
41.1
(1.62)
38.8
(1.53)
31.9
(1.26)
435.7
(17.16)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 22.8 22.6 17.6 14.5 14.9 12.1 10.5 13.9 17.3 24.3 26.0 25.0 221.5
Average relative humidity (%) 76.4 75.5 70.8 65.1 62.4 66.3 70.9 77.1 78.0 79.2 78.6 76.2 73.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 54.3 105.0 175.2 210.0 252.7 291.0 291.4 221.7 135.0 85.3 63.0 34.1 1,918.7
Source: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Vitim is the administrative center of the Settlement of Vitim.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b Газета "Якутия". Витимская слобода, November 19, 2009 Archived October 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z 353-III
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. ^ "Vitim Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  13. ^ "Vitim, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 23, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Lensky District. (in Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).