Vitim River

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Coordinates: 59°29′N 112°35′E / 59.483°N 112.583°E / 59.483; 112.583

Vitem River (bxr,Витим мγрэн,evn,Видым)
Vitim posle Bambuyki.jpg
Vitim River
Country Russia
Regions Buryatia , Irkutsk , Sakha Republic , Zabaykalsky Krai
Tributaries
 - left Tsipa River, Muya River, Mamakan, Mama River
 - right Kuanda, Kareng, Kalakan, Kalar, Bodaybo, Taksima
Cities Bodaybo , Vitim, Mama, Russia
Source
 - location Ikat Range, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia
 - elevation 1,171 m (3,842 ft)
Mouth Lena River
Length 1,837 km (1,141 mi)
Basin 225,000 km2 (86,873 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 1,520 m3/s (53,678 cu ft/s)
Lena watershed.png
Lena River watershed

Vitim River (Russian and Russian Buryat: Витим Vitim;[1] Evenki: Витым Witym;[1] Sakha: Виитим Viitim [local pronunciation][1]) is a major tributary of the Lena River. With its source east of Lake Baikal, the Vitim flows 1,978 kilometres (1,229 mi) north through the Transbaikal Mountains and the town of Bodaybo. The river peaks in June and freezes from November to May. It is navigable from the Lena to Bodaybo. Upstream, tugs can haul barges as far as the Baikal Amur Mainline (BAM), but this is becoming rare. Formerly, because of its swift current, goods were hauled 144 kilometres (89 mi) overland from Chita to a place called Romanovka. There boats were built, floated down the river, and broken up at their destination. This lasted until the late 1940s. The Vitim is an excellent place for adventure rafting, but is rarely visited because of its isolation.

Map

The first Russian to explore the river was probably Maksim Perfilyev in 1639–40, who brought back reports of the upper Amur River.[2]

Baissa, one of the famous localities of fossil insects is situated on the left bank of the Vitim River.

Course[edit]

Vitim.png

Going upstream: Vitim town where the Vitim joins the Lena. Mama and Mama Airport, about 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of Vitim. A muscovite mica mine from 1705 until the late 1930s. Now a small settlement. Mamakan, on a west-flowing stretch 200 kilometres (120 mi) south-southeast of Vitim. In 1961 a 86MW dam on a left tributary was completed, one of the first dams built on permafrost. Bodaybo, just upstream, a gold mining center founded in 1864. Upstream, the port of Luzhki was the start of a road to the Lena gold fields. From here upstream the river goes crookedly east and then south. About 240 kilometres (150 mi) upstream from Bodaybo are the Uronsky Rapids and after 140 kilometres (87 mi) more, the Parama Rapids. About 40 kilometres (25 mi) or so upstream, the Vitim is crossed by the Baikal Amur Mainline between Taksimo and Kuanda. Upriver there are more rapids and goldfields. South through the Stanovoy Mountains toward Chita, then west into the Vitim Plateau east of Lake Baikal.[3]

Vitim event[edit]

An event called the Vitim event on September 25, 2002, occurred in the Vitim River basin near Bodaybo. The event was probably caused by a bolide. The event was similar to Tagish Lake.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "KNAB, the Place Names Database of EKI". Eki.ee. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  2. ^ Lantzeff, George V., and Richard A. Pierce (1973). Eastward to Empire: Exploration and Conquest on the Russian Open Frontier, to 1750. Montreal: McGill-Queen's U.P. 
  3. ^ Yates and Zvegentzov,'Siberian BAM Guide',2001

External links[edit]