Vitis balansana

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Vitis balansana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis
Species: V. balansana
Binomial name
Vitis balansana
Planch. [1]
Varieties

V. b. var. balansana[2]
V. b. var. ficifolioides
(W.T.Wang) C.L.Li[1][3]
   [ synon. = V. ficifolioides W.T.Wang ](basionym)[3]
V. b. var. tomentosa
C.L.Li[1][4]

Vitis balansana is a species of climbing vine in the grape family native to temperate and tropical Asia. Its native range encompasses Vietnam and three southeastern provinces in China (Guangdong, Guangxi and the island of Hainan) [1] The habitat of V. balansana varies; it has adapted to living under forest cover, and in sun-soaked shrubland valleys, at between 200–800 meters.[2]

Varieties[edit]

V. b. var. balansana, the type for this species, is the only variety known from Guangdong and Hainan provinces or from Vietnam, the other two are both native to Guangxi, and may not be known from elsewhere.[2][3][4]

Each variety is known by its own distinct name in Chinese:

  • V. b. var. balansana is known as xiao guo pu tao, or fruitlet grape;[2][5]
  • V. b. var. tomentosa is known by the same name, but with an additional prefix, i.e. rong mao xiao guo pu tao, or downy fruitlet grape;[4][6]
  • V. b. var. ficifolioides is known as long zhou pu tao, or Longzhou [Dragon state] grape, from the County of Longzhou in Guangxi, on the Sino-Vietnam border.[3][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d  The original description of V. balansana is found in A. L. P. P. de Candolle & A. C. de Candolle, Monogr. phan. 5(2):612. 1887 "Vitis balansana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d  Being the type from which any additional varieties are based, the description of V. b. var. balansana is the same as that of V. balansana "Vitis balansana var. balansana". Flora of China. eFloras. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d  V. b. var. ficifolioides In: Chin. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 2: 240. 1996.;
    Vitis ficifolioides In: Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 75. 1979. "Vitis balansana var. ficifolioides". Flora of China. eFloras. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c  In: Chin. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 2: 240. 1996. "Vitis balansana var. tomentosa". Flora of China. eFloras. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  5. ^ Page (Vitis balansana var. balansana at eFloras) read through Skweezer translate (Chinese to English)
  6. ^ Page (Vitis balansana var. tomentosa at eFloras) read through Skweezer translate (Chinese to English)
  7. ^ Page (Vitis balansana var. ficifolioides at eFloras) read through Skweezer translate (Chinese to English)