Vitis mustangensis

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Mustang grape
Vitis mustangensis.jpg

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis
Species:
V. mustangensis
Binomial name
Vitis mustangensis
Synonyms[1]

Vitis candicans Engelm. ex Durand

Vitis mustangensis, commonly known as the mustang grape, is a species of grape that is native to the southern United States. Its range includes parts of Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma.[1][2]

Description[edit]

This woody species produces small clusters of hard green fruit that ripen into soft 34-inch (2 cm) dark purple berries between July –September.

They have a thick outer layer of flesh and on average contain four heart-shaped seeds. This variety of grape is recognized by the leaves that have a white velvet-like underside and lobed, cordate shape. These vines often cover trees, shrubs, fences and other objects that it grows near.[3]

V. mustangensis is dioecious, with only female vines bearing fruit.[4]

Culinary use[edit]

The fruit can be potentially irritating to the skin when handled, and are mildly unpleasant to eat raw because of bitterness and a high acidity content.

This grape has a list of culinary use as jelly, pie-filling, wine and grape juice, all of which are typically processed with heat and sweetened with sugar. [4]

Mustang grapes have been used to make mustang wine since before the Civil War.[5]

The fruit and leaves of Mustang Grapes may also be used to dye wool.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Vitis mustangensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2010-12-07.
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  3. ^ Lynch, Daniel. Native and Naturalized Woody Plants of Austin and the Hill Country. Saint Edward's University, 1981, p. 95.
  4. ^ a b "Wild Harvest: Texas' Bounty of Native Fruits|| TPW magazine|August/September 2013". tpwmagazine.com. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  5. ^ C. Allan Jones, Texas Roots: Agriculture and Rural Life Before the Civil War, College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, 2005, pp. 148-149 [1]
  6. ^ Tull, Delena. Edible and Useful Plants of Texas and the Southwest: A Practical Guide. University of Texas Press, 1987, p. 206-208.

External links[edit]