|Look up vitriol in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
In chemistry, vitriol is an archaic name for a sulfate. The name comes from the Latin word "vitriolum" for glassy, as crystals of several metallic sulfates resemble pieces of colored glass.
Vitriol with no further qualification often means sulfuric acid.
- Black vitriol, a mixture of iron(II) sulfate and iron sulfide
- Blue vitriol, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
- Green vitriol, iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate
- Oil of vitriol, sulfuric acid
- Red vitriol, cobalt(II) sulfate heptahydrate
- Roman vitriol, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
- Spirit of vitriol, sulfuric acid
- Sweet oil of vitriol, diethyl ether (not a sulfate)
- Vitriol of argile or vitriol of clay, aluminium sulfate (alum)
- Vitriol of Cyprus, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
- Vitriol of Mars or vitriol martial, iron(III) sulfate
- White vitriol, zinc sulfate heptahydrate
Many other names have the obvious meaning given that "vitriol" means "sulfate": for example, vitriol of lead is lead sulfate and so on.
|This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name.
If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.