Alpha-v beta-3

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αVβ3 is a type of integrin that is a receptor for vitronectin.[1] It consists of two components, integrin alpha V and integrin beta 3 (CD61), and is expressed by platelets. Furthermore, it is a receptor for phagocytosis on macrophages or dendritic cells.[2]

As a drug target[edit]

Integrin αVβ3 is potential drug target because abnormal expression of v3 is linked to the development and progression of various diseases.[3]

Inhibitors like etaracizumab may be used as antiangiogenics.[4]

One novel protein (ProAgio) has been designed to bind at an unusual site, and then induces apoptosis by recruiting caspase 8.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hermann P, Armant M, Brown E, Rubio M, Ishihara H, Ulrich D, Caspary RG, Lindberg FP, Armitage R, Maliszewski C, Delespesse G, Sarfati M (February 1999). "The vitronectin receptor and its associated CD47 molecule mediates proinflammatory cytokine synthesis in human monocytes by interaction with soluble CD23". J. Cell Biol. 144 (4): 767–75. doi:10.1083/jcb.144.4.767. PMC 2132927Freely accessible. PMID 10037797. 
  2. ^ Yamaguchi H, Takagi J, Miyamae T, Yokota S, Fujimoto T, Nakamura S, Ohshima S, Naka T, Nagata S (May 2008). "Milk fat globule EGF factor 8 in the serum of human patients of systemic lupus erythematosus". J. Leukoc. Biol. 83 (5): 1300–7. doi:10.1189/jlb.1107730. PMID 18303131. 
  3. ^ a b Novel Protein Agent Targets Cancer and Host of Other Diseases. June 2016
  4. ^ Santulli, Gaetano; Basilicata, Maria; De Simone, Mariarosaria; Del Giudice, Carmine; Anastasio, Antonio; Sorriento, Daniela; Saviano, Michele; Del Gatto, Annarita; Trimarco, Bruno; Pedone, Carlo; Zaccaro, Laura; Iaccarino, Guido (2011). "Evaluation of the anti-angiogenic properties of the new selective αVβ3 integrin antagonist RGDechiHCit". Journal of Translational Medicine. 9 (1): 7. doi:10.1186/1479-5876-9-7. ISSN 1479-5876. 

External links[edit]