Vittorio Lingiardi

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Vittorio Lingiardi
Vittorio Lingiardi, Convegno American Psychoanalytic Association, New York 2012.jpg
Milan, Italy
Scientific career
FieldsPsychiatry, Psychoanalysis, Psychotherapy
InstitutionsSapienza University of Rome, Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology

Vittorio Lingiardi is an Italian psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Full Professor of Dynamic Psychology and past Director of the Clinical Psychology Specialization Program (2006-2013), Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.[1][2][3] He has coordinated with Nancy McWilliams the second edition of the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual, the PDM-2 (Guilford Press, expected for 2017).[4][5]


He is member of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP), International Association for Relational Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy (IARPP), Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR), Italian Chapter (SPR-it), and of the Italian Psychological Association (AIP, Clinical and Dynamic Division).[6] He is also member of the Steering Committee to the Suitability Assessment of the Psychotherapy Training Programs, Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR, Italy) and of the Scientific Committee of the LGBT Portal of the Department for Equal Opportunities, Presidency of the Council of Ministers (UNAR, Office against Discrimination, Italy).[7]

Research topics[edit]

His scientific and research areas of interest are:

  1. Diagnosis, assessment and therapeutic treatment of personality disorders
  2. Process outcome research in psychotherapy and psychoanalysis
  3. Defense mechanisms
  4. Therapeutic alliance
  5. Gender identity and sexual orientation


For the publishing house Raffaello Cortina (Milan) he is Chief Editor of the series “Psychiatry, Neuroscience, Psychotherapy”. He is editorial consultant for the publisher il Saggiatore and collaborator of the cultural insert Domenica Il Sole 24 ore and of the magazine Il Venerdì di Repubblica, where he writes a weekly column on cinema and psychoanalysis: “Psycho”.[6] He is also the author of two books of poetry: La confusione è precisa in amore [Love is a Precise Confusion] (2012)[8] and Alterazioni del ritmo [Rhythm Disorders] (2015).[9]


  • (in Italian) Mindscapes. Milan: Raffaello Cortina, 2017.
  • Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual - 2nd edition (PDM-2). New York: Guilford Press, 2017 (with N. McWilliams).
  • (in Italian) Citizen gay. Affetti e diritti [Citizen gay: Affections and rights]. Milan: il Saggiatore, 2016 (3rd edition).
  • (in Italian) La personalità e i suoi disturbi. Valutazione e diagnosi al servizio del trattamento [Personality and its disorders: Assessment and diagnosis for treatment indications]. Milan: Raffaello Cortina, 2014. (with F. Gazzillo)
  • (in Italian) La valutazione della personalità con la SWAP-200 [Personality assessment with the SWAP-200]. Milan: Raffaello Cortina 2014. (with J. Shedler & D. Westen)
  • (in Italian) La svolta relazionale. Itinerari italiani [The relational turn: Italian journeys]. Milan: Raffaello Cortina, 2011. (with G. Amadei, G. Caviglia, & F. De Bei)
  • (in Italian) Linee guida per la consulenza psicologica e la psicoterapia con persone lesbiche, gay e bisessuali. [Guidelines for psychological counselling and psychotherapy with lesbians, gay men and bisexuals]. Milan: Raffaello Cortina, 2014. (with N. Nardelli)
  • The Mental Health Professions and Homosexuality: International Perspectives. New York: Haworth, 2003. (with J. Drescher)
  • Men in Love: Male Homosexualities from Ganymede to Batman. Chicago & La Salle: Open Court, 2002.

Selected scholarly publications[edit]

  • Lingiardi, V., Muzi, L., Tanzilli, A., & Carone, N. (2017). Do therapists' subjective variables impact on psychodynamic psychotherapy outcomes? A systematic literature review. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. doi:10.1002/cpp.2131
  • Tanzilli, A., Lingiardi, V., & Hilsenroth, M. (2017). Patient SWAP-200 personality dimensions and FFM traits: Do they predict therapist responses?. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. doi:10.1037/per0000260
  • Tanzilli, A., Colli, A., Gualco, I., Lingiardi, V. (2017). Patient personality and relational patterns in psychotherapy: Factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Psychotherapy Relationship Questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment. doi:10.1080/00223891.2016.1272050
  • Pistella, J., Tanzilli, A., Ioverno, S., Lingiardi, V., Baiocco, R. (2017). Sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting in a sample of heterosexuals and sexual minorities: The mediation effect of sexual stigma. Sexuality Research and Social Policy. doi:10.1007/s13178-017-0284-y
  • Carone, N., Baiocco, R., & Lingiardi, V. (2017). Single fathers by choice: why men choose surrogacy as a single parent. Human Reproduction, 32(1), 1871–1879. doi:10.1093/humrep/dex245
  • Worthen, M.G.F., Lingiardi, V., & Caristo, C. (2017), The roles of politics, feminism, and religion in attitudes toward LGBT individuals: A cross-cultural study of college students in the US, Italy, and Spain. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 14(3), 241-258. doi:10.1007/s13178-016-0244-y
  • Lingiardi, V., Giovanardi, G., Fortunato, A., Nassisi, V., & Speranza, A. M. (2017). Personality and attachment in transsexual adults. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46, 1313–1323. doi:10.1007/s10508-017-0946-0
  • Lingiardi, V., & Giovanardi, G. (2017). Challenges in assessing personality of individuals with Gender Dysphoria with the SWAP-200. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 40(7), 693-703. doi:10.1007/s40618-017-0629-7
  • Tanzilli, A., Muzi, L., Ronningstam, E., & Lingiardi, V. (2017). Countertransference when working with Narcissistic Personality Disorder: An empirical investigation. Psychotherapy, 54(2), 184-194. doi:10.1037/pst0000111
  • Zingaretti, P., Genova, F., Gazzillo, F., & Lingiardi, V. (2017). Patients' crying experiences in psychotherapy: Relationship with the patient level of personality organization, clinician approach, and therapeutic alliance. Psychotherapy, 54(2), 159-166. doi:10.1037/pst0000110
  • Nazzaro, M.P., Boldrini, T., Tanzilli, A., Muzi, L., Giovanardi, G., & Lingiardi, V. (2017). Does reflective functioning mediate the relationship between attachment and personality? Psychiatry Research, 256, 169-175. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.06.045
  • Lingiardi, V., McWilliams, N., & Muzi, L. (2017). The contribution of Sydney Blatt's two polarities model of the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 20(1), 12-18. doi:10.4081/ripppo.2017.242
  • Carone, N., Baiocco, R. & Lingiardi, V. (2017). Italian gay fathers' experiences of transnational surrogacy and their relationship with the surrogate pre- and post-birth. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 34(2), 181-190. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2016.10.010
  • Colli, A., Tanzilli, A., Gualco, I., & Lingiardi, V. (2016). Empirically derived relational pattern prototypes in the treatment of personality disorders. Psychopathology, 49(5), 364-373. doi:10.1159/000448623
  • Condino, V., Tanzilli, A., Speranza, A. M., & Lingiardi, V. (2016). Therapeutic interventions in Intimate Partner Violence: An overview. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 19, 79-88. doi:10.4081/ripppo.2016.241
  • Colli, A., Gentile, D., Tanzilli, A., Speranza, A. M., & Lingiardi, V. (2016). Therapeutic Interventions in the Treatment of Eating Disorders: A Naturalistic Study. Psychotherapy, 53(2), 152-162. doi:10.1037/pst0000063
  • Gordon, R., Gazzillo, F., Blake, A., Bornstein, R. F., Etzi, J., Lingiardi, V., … & Tasso, A. F. (2016). The Relationship Between Theoretical Orientation and Countertransference Expectations: Implications for Ethical Dilemmas and Risk Management. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 23(3), 236-245. doi:10.1002/cpp.1951
  • Lingiardi, V., Carone, N., Morelli, M., & Baiocco, R. (2016). 'It's a bit too much fathering this seed': The meaning-making of the sperm donor in lesbian mother families. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 33(3), 412-424. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2016.06.007
  • Lingiardi, V., Holmqvist, R., & Safran, J. (2016). Relational turn and psychotherapy research. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 52(2), 275-312. doi:10.1080/00107530.2015.1137177
  • Lingiardi, V., Nardelli, N., Ioverno, S., Falanga, S., Di Chiacchio, C., Tanzilli, A., & Baiocco, R. (2016). Homonegativity in Italy: Cultural issues, personality characteristics, and demographic correlates with negative attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 13(2), 95–108. doi:10.1007/s13178-015-0197-6
  • Tanzilli, A., Colli, A., Del Corno, F., & Lingiardi, V. (2016). Factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Therapist Response Questionnaire. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 7(2), 147–158. doi:10.1037/per0000146
  • Baiocco, R., Santamaria, F., Ioverno, S., Fontanesi, L., Baumgartner, E., Laghi, F., & Lingiardi, V. (2015). Lesbian Mother Families and Gay Father Families in Italy: Family Functioning, Dyadic Satisfaction, and Child Well-Being. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 12(3), 202–212. doi:10.1007/s13178-015-0185-x
  • Colli, A., Speranza, A. M., Lingiardi, V., Gentile, D., Nassisi, V., & Hilsenroth, M. J. (2015). Eating disorders and therapist emotional responses. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203(11), 843–849. doi:10.1097/nmd.0000000000000379
  • Gazzillo, F., Lingiardi, V., Del Corno, F., Genova, F., Bornstein, R. F., Gordon, R. M., & McWilliams, N. (2015). Clinicians' emotional responses and Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual adult personality disorders: A clinically relevant empirical investigation. Psychotherapy, 52(2), 238–246. doi:10.1037/a0038799
  • Lingiardi, V., & McWilliams, N. (2015). The Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual – 2nd Edition (PDM-2). World Psychiatry, 14(2), 237–239. doi:10.1037/a0038546
  • Lingiardi, V., McWilliams, N., Bornstein, R. F., Gazzillo, F., & Gordon, R. M. (2015). The Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual Version 2 (PDM-2): Assessing patients for improved clinical practice and research. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 32(1), 94–115. doi:10.1037/a0038546
  • Lingiardi, V., Nardelli, N., & Drescher, J. (2015). New Italian lesbian, gay and bisexual psychotherapy guidelines: A review. International Review of Psychiatry, 27(5), 405–415. doi:10.3109/09540261.2015.1064875
  • Lingiardi, V., Nardelli, N., & Tripodi, E. (2015). Reparative attitudes of Italian psychologists toward lesbian and gay clients: Theoretical, clinical and social implications. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 46(2), 132–139. doi:10.1037/pro0000016
  • Lingiardi, V., Tanzilli, A., & Colli, A. (2015). Does the severity of psychopathological symptoms mediate the relationship between patient personality and therapist response?. Psychotherapy, 52(2), 228–237. doi:10.1037/a0037919
  • Colli, A., Tanzilli, A., Dimaggio, G., & Lingiardi, V. (2014). Patient personality and therapist response: An empirical investigation. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 171(1), 102–108. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.13020224
  • Talia, A., Daniel, S. I. F., Miller-Bottome, M., Brambilla, D., Miccoli, D., Safran, J.D., & Lingiardi, V. (2014). AAI predicts patients' in-session interpersonal behavior and discourse: A "move to the level of the relation" for attachment-informed psychotherapy research. Attachment and Human Development, 16(2), 192–209. doi:10.1080/14616734.2013.859161
  • Gazzillo, F., Lingiardi, V., Peloso, A., Giordani, S., Vesco, S., … & Vicari, S. (2013). Personality subtypes in adolescents with eating disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 54(6), 702–712. doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.03.006
  • Lingiardi, V. (2013). Trying to be useful: Three different interventions for one therapeutic stance. Psychotherapy, 50(3), 413–418. doi:10.1037/a0032195
  • Waldron, S., Gazzillo, F., Genova, F., & Lingiardi, V. (2013). Relational and classical elements in psychoanalyses: An empirical study with case illustrations. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 30(4), 567–600. doi:10.1037/a0033959
  • Lingiardi, V., Baiocco, R., & Nardelli, N. (2012). Measure of Internalized Sexual Stigma for Lesbians and Gay Men: A New Scale. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(8), 1191–1210. doi:10.1080/00918369.2012.712850
  • Lingiardi, V., Colli, A., Gentile, D., & Tanzilli, A. (2011). Exploration of session process: Relationship to depth and alliance. Psychotherapy, 48(4), 391–400. doi:10.1037/a0025248
  • Colli, A., & Lingiardi, V. (2009). The Collaborative Interactions Scale: A new transcript-based method for the assessment of therapeutic alliance ruptures and resolutions in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 19(6), 718–734. doi:10.1080/10503300903121098
  • Lingiardi, V. (2008). Playing with unreality: Transference and Computer. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 89(1), 111–126. doi:10.1111/j.1745-8315.2007.00014.x
  • Lingiardi, V., Shedler, J., & Gazzillo, F. (2006). Assessing Personality Change in Psychotherapy with the SWAP-200: A case study. Journal of Personality Assessment, 86(1), 36–45. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa8601_04
  • Lingiardi, V., Filippucci, L., & Baiocco, R. (2005). Therapeutic Alliance Evaluation in Personality Disorders Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 15(12), 45–53. doi:10.1080/10503300512331327047


  1. ^ "GOMP". Sapienza University of Rome (in Italian). Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology". Sapienza University of Rome (in Italian). Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Faculty of Medicine and Psychology". Sapienza University of Rome (in Italian). Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  4. ^ Lingiardi, Vittorio; McWilliams, Nancy (June 2015). "The psychodynamic diagnostic manual – 2nd edition (PDM-2)". World Psychiatry. 14 (2): 237–239. doi:10.1002/wps.20233. PMC 4471982. PMID 26043343.
  5. ^ Lingiardi, Vittorio; McWilliams, Nancy (2017). Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual. 2nd Edition (PDM-2). Guilford Press. ISBN 9781462530540.
  6. ^ a b "IGAPSYD". IGAPSYD. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Roma, 4 giugno: Presentato il portale di documentazione LGBT". UNAR (in Italian). Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  8. ^ La confusione è precisa in amore [Love is a Precise Confusion] (in Italian). Rome: nottetempo. 2012. ISBN 9788874523429.
  9. ^ Alterazioni del ritmo [Rhythm Disorders] (in Italian). Rome: nottetempo. 2015. ISBN 9788874525751.

External links[edit]